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Slammed Baby Fights Life With Worst Case Meningitis PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Slammed Baby Fights Life With Worst Case Meningitis articles that have been published worldwide.
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Varicella virus is a neurotropic virus that can reactivate later in life to cause zoster or shingles. Typically, it affects elderly, immunocompromised population. We report an unusual case of an immunocompetent young adult presenting with occipital headache and zoster rash, without preherpetic and postherpetic neuralgia, who was diagnosed with varicella meningitis on Polymerase chain reaction (PCR). He was treated with intravenous acyclovir and later discharged on famciclovir. Diagnosis of varicella meningi...
Non-traumatic cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhoea is a rare condition. We describe a case of a 62-year-old woman with pneumococcal bacterial meningitis who later was found to have CSF rhinorrhoea secondary to an eroding skull base tumour, which was proven to be pituitary macroadenoma on biopsy. She recovered well from meningitis without any neurological sequelae and underwent trans-sphenoidal surgery for tumour removal as well as dural repair.
Basic physics places limits on the mechanics involved in shaking a baby. Fundamental definitions and practical limitations are used to compare shaking with car crashes and low-level falls. First-order mathematical considerations applied to a 6-month-old infant determine an angular velocity limit for head rotation around 75 rad/s and maximum angular acceleration less than 1600 rad/swithout impact. By comparison, results from a low-level fall of 0.76 m (30 inches) yield values of 83 rad/s and 13,000 rad/sin a...
Pasteurella multocida is a rare cause of bacterial meningitis, more frequently affecting humans at the extremes of age. We report a case of meningitis and bacteremia caused by P. multocida in a 67-year-old diabetic woman who was living with 10 cats. She didn't have any animal bites or scratches, but she reported kissing the pets in the mouth. The outcome was favorable following antimicrobial treatment. Although rarely encountered, P. multocida should be considered as a possible cause of meningitis, particul...
Cryptococcal meningitis is a life-threatening condition most commonly observed in immunocompromised individuals. We describe a daily cannabis smoker without evidence of immunodeficiency presenting with confirmed Cryptococcus neoformans meningitis. An investigation of cannabis samples from the patient's preferred dispensary demonstrated contamination with several varieties of Cryptococcus, including C. neoformans, and other opportunistic fungi. These findings raise concern regarding the safety of dispensary-...
Salmonella infections usually occur as gastroenteritis that is generally self-limited. However, some serotypes of Salmonella can cause severe extra-intestinal infections, such as bacteremia and meningitis. Here, we report the first Salmonella Panama case of meningitis in 4-month-old male newborn in Brazil. The invasive strain isolated was susceptible to all antimicrobial agents tested. The genes agfA, fimA, invA, sfbA, phoP, and slyA were detected using polymerase chain reactions. These findings are relevan...
Acute bacterial meningitis remains a life-threatening infectious disease with considerable morbidity and mortality. DNA-based detection methods are an urgent requisite for meningitis-causing bacterial pathogens for the prevention of outbreaks and control of infections.
Diagnostic error is an increasing health care concern. An intravenous drug abuser with chronic meningitis died after a prolonged hospitalization from fungal meningitis diagnosed at autopsy. We examine the diagnostic pitfalls and consider how a computer-assisted diagnostic system may influence the outcome of an otherwise fatal condition.
Successful long-term treatment of cryptococcal meningitis in dogs is clinically challenging. In humans, there are only rare case reports of complications post-treatment including arachnoid diverticula. Combination antifungal therapy is standard of practice in human medicine and should be considered in veterinary patients.
Congenital self-healing reticulohistiocytosis (CSHRH) is a benign, rare variant of histiocytosis. This condition can present phenotypically as blueberry muffin baby. This is the case of a male neonate with skin involvement of papulonodular violaceous lesions, which resolved spontaneously. The diagnosis of CSHRH is confirmed using histopathology and immunohistochemistry.
Acute meningitis remains a devastating disease. Clinicians need a low threshold for suspecting meningitis, to undertake appropriate investigations and provide treatment in a timely manner, to minimise the risk of poor outcome in bacterial disease, while limiting unnecessary treatment in viral meningitis.
Invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD), caused by is a leading cause of pneumonia, meningitis and septicaemia worldwide, with increased morbidity and mortality in HIV-infected children.
Enterococcus gallinarum meningitis (EGM) is rarely found in normal adults and even rarer in children. To our knowledge, EGM in neonate has not been reported previously.
We describe a case of Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp pasteurianus meningitis, unusually occurring in a splenectomised patient and complicated by cerebral venous thrombosis. Following presentation with meningism and diagnosis and management of S. gallolyticus meningitis, the patient represented with a further four days of fevers and subsequently developed left sided paresthesias. Cerebral imaging revealed venous thrombus in the right frontal cortical veins and left sigmoid sinus. The patient recovered foll...
The purpose of this study was to examine laypeople's subjective understanding of their own wisdom development. To do this, autobiographical memories of wisdom-fostering life events were examined for (a) life-event characteristics, and (b) self-reflective processes believed to support growth in wisdom through life experience.
Human parechovirus (HPeV) infections usually cause mild symptoms in children. Although their contribution to severe disease in young children - such as neonatal sepsis and meningo-encephalitis - is increasingly recognized, data on long-term consequences are scarce. Here we present the case of a five-year old boy with severe long-term neurodevelopmental sequelae following HPeV-3 meningitis.
Antibiotic prophylaxis for contacts of meningitis cases is not recommended during outbreaks in the African meningitis belt. We assessed the effectiveness of single-dose oral ciprofloxacin administered to household contacts and in village-wide distributions on the overall attack rate (AR) in an outbreak of meningococcal meningitis.
Meningitis is a serious infection of the nervous system associated with high mortality in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) seropositive individuals. Asian clinical studies describing meningitis in people living with HIV are scarce. We describe the clinical features of meningitis in 116 HIV seropositive patients from a tertiary hospital in India as a cross-sectional observational study. The mean age of the patients in our study was 35±9 years with 70.6% of them being men. Eighty-five percent of the patien...
Prolactinomas may rarely present with meningitis and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea secondary to erosion of the wall of the sella turcica. It is even more un-common for this abnormal communication to be caused by an ectopic prolactinoma arising from the sphenoid sinus and eroding into the sella. This atypical growth pattern makes diagnosis very difficult, as there may be no displacement of the normal pituitary gland. The authors present the first reported case of a patient with an ectopic prolactinoma...
Sphingomonas paucimobilis is a nonfermentative gram-negative bacillus of low pathogenicity. The organism has been involved in causing a wide range of infections in community and hospital settings. Only 3 cases of meningitis caused by this organism have been reported so far. We report a rare case of S paucimobilis meningitis who presented with atypical symptoms. A 50-year-old female presented with headache, dizziness, chills, shakiness, and neck pain along with nuchal rigidity. On physical examination, sever...
Invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) caused by the serogroup W (MenW) sequence type-11 complex strain has recently emerged worldwide. Meningococcal infections due to this strain are associated with high case fatality and often atypical clinical manifestations. However, the annual IMD incidence was low, and MenW is rare in Japan. We described the first Japanese case of meningococcal meningitis and meningococcemia caused by this strain in a previously healthy 27-year-old woman. This case showed various neurol...
The indirect effect of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine on adult pneumococcal meningitis has not been thoroughly investigated. We present data from active surveillance on pneumococcal meningitis in adults in Israel occurring during July 2009-June 2015. Pneumococcal meningitis was diagnosed for 221 patients, 9.4% of all invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) cases. Although overall IPD incidence decreased during the study period, meningitis increased nonsignificantly from 0.66 to 0.85 cases/100,000 population. In...
Early- and late-onset of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) may perhaps be etiologically distinct and potentially attributed to genetics, environmental or microbial factors. We review disease factors and clinical characteristics, as well as unique management and treatment strategies to consider when caring for the "baby" or "baby boomer" with IBD.
Meningitis caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. We evaluated the performance of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) testing with the GeneXpert MTB/RIF assay versus traditional approaches for diagnosing tuberculosis meningitis (TBM).
Spontaneous bleeding in the neonatal period is an unusual presentation, and yet one that can pose a challenge of both diagnosis and management to the general paediatrician. This case chronicles the diagnostic journey of an 8-day-old baby who presented with unrelenting bleeding from the umbilical cord and explores the clinical approach to bleeding in a neonate.