PubMed Journals Articles About "Time Abandon Nobel Prize" RSS

09:58 EST 14th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "time abandon Nobel Prize" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 20,000+

Excellence in orthopaedic surgery: an overview of Nobel Prize nominees 1901-1960 with focus on Friedrich Pauwels and Gerhard Küntscher.

This paper provides for the first time an overview of orthopaedic surgeons nominated for the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine during the first six decades of the twentieth century. The study is part of the project "Enacting Excellency: Nobel Prize nominations for surgeons 1901-1960".

The Nobel Prize database as an indicator of the internationalization of Brazilian science from 1901 to 1966.

Working with the Nobel Prize database, covering 1901-1966, the article examines the analytical potential of the participation of Brazilians both as nominees for the world's most prestigious award in science, the Nobel Prize, and also as invited nominators. Of the 18 Brazilians nominated for the Nobel, nine were in the category Peace, four in Literature, four in Physiology or Medicine, and one in Physics. The article comments on the nominations of Brazilian scientists in the categories of Physics and Physiol...

The Nobel prize in Medicine 2018 - A revolution in cancer management.

For Nobel Peace Prize Winner Dr Denis Mukwege, His Patients Motivate and Inspire.

The 2017 Nobel Peace Prize and the Doomsday Clock - The End of Nuclear Weapons or the End of Us?

A Wake-Up Call from Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.

Conductive Polymers: Opportunities and Challenges in Biomedical Applications.

Research pertaining to conductive polymers has gained significant traction in recent years, and their applications range from optoelectronics to material science. For all intents and purposes, conductive polymers can be described as Nobel Prize-winning materials, given that their discoverers were awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 2000. In this review, we seek to describe the chemical forms and functionalities of the main types of conductive polymers, as well as their synthesis methods. We also present...

Tu Youyou winning the Nobel Prize: Ethical research on the value and safety of traditional Chinese medicine.

In 2015, the Chinese pharmacologist, Tu Youyou, was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for the discovery of artemisinin. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) was the source of inspiration for Tu's discovery and provides an opportunity for the world to know more about TCM as a source of medical knowledge and practice. In this article, the value of TCM is evaluated from an ethical perspective. The characteristics of 'jian, bian, yan, lian' are explored in the way they promote accessibility and e...

Malcolm McIntosh Prize for Jack K. Clegg / Tetrahedron Prize for Creativity.

Not time to abandon use of local vaginal hormone therapies.

Is It Time to Abandon Subconjunctival Antibiotics following Pars Plana Vitrectomy?

A phylogenetic road map to antimalarial Artemisia species.

The discovery of the antimalarial agent artemisinin is considered one of the most significant success stories of ethnopharmacological research in recent times. The isolation of artemisinin was inspired by the use of Artemisia annua in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and was awarded a Nobel Prize in 2015. Antimalarial activity has since been demonstrated for a range of other Artemisia species, suggesting that the genus could provide alternative sources of antimalarial treatments. Given the stunning divers...

The use of the chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane as experimental model to study virus growth and to test the clonal selection hypothesis. The contribution of Sir Mac Farlane Burnet.

Sir Mac Farlane Burnet was the most honored of all Australian scientists. In 1960, Burnet shared the Nobel Prize for Medicine with Peter Medawar of Britain for the discovery of acquired immunological tolerance, He developed techniques for growing influenza viruses in the chorioallantoic membrane of the chick embryo. This became standard laboratory practice. He continued to work with chick embryos long after the use of cell cultures had become general. His virology research resulted in significant discoverie...

In the name of science: the conceptual and ideological background of Charles Richet's eugenics.

The French physiologist and Nobel Prize winner Charles Richet was the author of an impressive quantity of writings, including novels and poetry. He was an out-and-out eugenicist, convinced that "intentional, conscious, scientific, and methodical" selection could achieve "any result, provided we have enough patience." He believed that the quantitative and qualitative growth of the population was of vital importance for France. In La sélection humaine (1919) and other writings, he dreamt of conscious selecti...

Regulatory mechanisms of T cell activation - from basic research discoveries to a new principle of cancer therapy and the Nobel Prize.

For more than a century, scientists have been attempting to harness the immune system to fight against cancer. In the late 19th century, William Coley reported a significant number of regressions and cures after injection of streptococcal organisms into inoperable sarcoma patients to cause erysipelas. In 1909, Paul Ehrlich proposed that host defence may prevent neoplastic cells from developing into tumours, which was formally introduced as the cancer immunosurveillance hypothesis nearly 50 years later by Ma...

Subjectivity and autonomy: meanings and narratives with respect to discontinuing psychiatric drugs.

The objective of this work was to reconstruct the meanings and narratives surrounding the process of discontinuing psychiatric drugs, taking into account the strategies used to abandon these drugs and the processes of construction of identity. In 2015, in-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted individually with five people from Santiago, Chile who had experiences of psychiatric diagnosis, who received treatment with psychiatric drugs during eight o more years, and who discontinued the use of psychi...

Polynucleotide phosphorylase: Not merely an RNase but a pivotal post-transcriptional regulator.

Almost 60 years ago, Severo Ochoa was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his discovery of the enzymatic synthesis of RNA by polynucleotide phosphorylase (PNPase). Although this discovery provided an important tool for deciphering the genetic code, subsequent work revealed that the predominant function of PNPase in bacteria and eukaryotes is catalyzing the reverse reaction, i.e., the release of ribonucleotides from RNA. PNPase has a crucial role in RNA metabolism in bacteria and eukaryotes...

Policies on Chinese Medicine in China May Have Enlightenments to Complementary and Alternative Medicine in the World.

From the event of TU You-you winning the Nobel Prize, this paper briefly reviewed the history of formation and development of policies on Chinese medicine (CM) in China. On the basis of analyzing the causes of policies on CM, it is believed that policies on CM in China may have 4 kinds of enlightenments to the development of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in the world. Forming the political advantages of policy-making by main leaders of the country attaching importance to CAM; implementing a d...

Experiencing regret about a choice helps children learn to delay gratification.

Children (6- and 7-year-olds) decided whether to wait for a short delay to win a prize or for a longer period to win a different prize. Those who chose to take their prize after a short delay won two candies but were shown that they would have won four candies if they had waited longer. We measured whether children regretted their choice not to wait. The next day, children were faced with the same choice again. Children who regretted choosing the short delay on Day 1 were more likely to delay gratification ...

Prevention of carcinogenesis and metastasis by Artemisinin-type drugs.

Artemisia annua (sweet wormwood, qinhao) is an ancient Chinese herbal remedy for pyrexia. Nowadays, artemisinin (qinghaosu) and its derivatives belong to the standard therapies against malaria worldwide, and its discovery has led to the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine to Youyou Tu in 2015. While most attention has been paid to the treatment of malaria, there is increasing evidence that Artemisinin-type drugs bear a considerable potential to treat and prevent cancer. Rather than reporting on therapy o...

Nobel work that galvanized an industry.

Cheating in the name of others: Offering prosocial justifications promotes unethical behavior in young children.

The current research examined whether young children engage in unethical behavior to a greater extent when they have a prosocial justification for doing so. Participants (3- and 5-year-olds, N = 240) played a guessing game in which they were tempted to cheat to win a prize after promising not to do so. In Study 1, children were randomly assigned to either an experimental prosocial condition in which they were told that the prize would be given to a child who was unable to play the game or a control cond...

It's not me, it's you: Should we abandon the idea of burnout?

Should We Abandon APRV in Pediatric ARDS?

A novel bibliometric index with a simple geometric interpretation.

We propose the χ-index as a bibliometric indicator that generalises the h-index. While the h-index is determined by the maximum square that fits under the citation curve of an author when plotting the number of citations in decreasing order, the χ-index is determined by the maximum area rectangle that fits under the curve. The height of the maximum rectangle is the number of citations ck to the kth most-cited publication, where k is the width of the rectangle. The χ-index is then defined as [Formula: see...

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