PubMed Journals Articles About "Time Abandon Nobel Prize" RSS

16:44 EDT 23rd October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Time Abandon Nobel Prize PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Time Abandon Nobel Prize articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "time abandon Nobel Prize" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 20,000+

Excellence in orthopaedic surgery: an overview of Nobel Prize nominees 1901-1960 with focus on Friedrich Pauwels and Gerhard Küntscher.

This paper provides for the first time an overview of orthopaedic surgeons nominated for the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine during the first six decades of the twentieth century. The study is part of the project "Enacting Excellency: Nobel Prize nominations for surgeons 1901-1960".

The Nobel Prize database as an indicator of the internationalization of Brazilian science from 1901 to 1966.

Working with the Nobel Prize database, covering 1901-1966, the article examines the analytical potential of the participation of Brazilians both as nominees for the world's most prestigious award in science, the Nobel Prize, and also as invited nominators. Of the 18 Brazilians nominated for the Nobel, nine were in the category Peace, four in Literature, four in Physiology or Medicine, and one in Physics. The article comments on the nominations of Brazilian scientists in the categories of Physics and Physiol...

The 2017 Nobel Peace Prize and the Doomsday Clock - The End of Nuclear Weapons or the End of Us?

Conductive Polymers: Opportunities and Challenges in Biomedical Applications.

Research pertaining to conductive polymers has gained significant traction in recent years, and their applications range from optoelectronics to material science. For all intents and purposes, conductive polymers can be described as Nobel Prize-winning materials, given that their discoverers were awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 2000. In this review, we seek to describe the chemical forms and functionalities of the main types of conductive polymers, as well as their synthesis methods. We also present...

Tu Youyou winning the Nobel Prize: Ethical research on the value and safety of traditional Chinese medicine.

In 2015, the Chinese pharmacologist, Tu Youyou, was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for the discovery of artemisinin. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) was the source of inspiration for Tu's discovery and provides an opportunity for the world to know more about TCM as a source of medical knowledge and practice. In this article, the value of TCM is evaluated from an ethical perspective. The characteristics of 'jian, bian, yan, lian' are explored in the way they promote accessibility and e...

Japan Prize / Merck-Banyu Lectureship for Naoya Kumagai / DECHEMA Prize for Timothy Noël.

Not time to abandon use of local vaginal hormone therapies.

Is It Time to Abandon Subconjunctival Antibiotics following Pars Plana Vitrectomy?

A phylogenetic road map to antimalarial Artemisia species.

The discovery of the antimalarial agent artemisinin is considered one of the most significant success stories of ethnopharmacological research in recent times. The isolation of artemisinin was inspired by the use of Artemisia annua in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and was awarded a Nobel Prize in 2015. Antimalarial activity has since been demonstrated for a range of other Artemisia species, suggesting that the genus could provide alternative sources of antimalarial treatments. Given the stunning divers...

The use of the chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane as experimental model to study virus growth and to test the clonal selection hypothesis. The contribution of Sir Mac Farlane Burnet.

Sir Mac Farlane Burnet was the most honored of all Australian scientists. In 1960, Burnet shared the Nobel Prize for Medicine with Peter Medawar of Britain for the discovery of acquired immunological tolerance, He developed techniques for growing influenza viruses in the chorioallantoic membrane of the chick embryo. This became standard laboratory practice. He continued to work with chick embryos long after the use of cell cultures had become general. His virology research resulted in significant discoverie...

In the name of science: the conceptual and ideological background of Charles Richet's eugenics.

The French physiologist and Nobel Prize winner Charles Richet was the author of an impressive quantity of writings, including novels and poetry. He was an out-and-out eugenicist, convinced that "intentional, conscious, scientific, and methodical" selection could achieve "any result, provided we have enough patience." He believed that the quantitative and qualitative growth of the population was of vital importance for France. In La sélection humaine (1919) and other writings, he dreamt of conscious selecti...

Polynucleotide phosphorylase: Not merely an RNase but a pivotal post-transcriptional regulator.

Almost 60 years ago, Severo Ochoa was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his discovery of the enzymatic synthesis of RNA by polynucleotide phosphorylase (PNPase). Although this discovery provided an important tool for deciphering the genetic code, subsequent work revealed that the predominant function of PNPase in bacteria and eukaryotes is catalyzing the reverse reaction, i.e., the release of ribonucleotides from RNA. PNPase has a crucial role in RNA metabolism in bacteria and eukaryotes...

Policies on Chinese Medicine in China May Have Enlightenments to Complementary and Alternative Medicine in the World.

From the event of TU You-you winning the Nobel Prize, this paper briefly reviewed the history of formation and development of policies on Chinese medicine (CM) in China. On the basis of analyzing the causes of policies on CM, it is believed that policies on CM in China may have 4 kinds of enlightenments to the development of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in the world. Forming the political advantages of policy-making by main leaders of the country attaching importance to CAM; implementing a d...

Prevention of carcinogenesis and metastasis by Artemisinin-type drugs.

Artemisia annua (sweet wormwood, qinhao) is an ancient Chinese herbal remedy for pyrexia. Nowadays, artemisinin (qinghaosu) and its derivatives belong to the standard therapies against malaria worldwide, and its discovery has led to the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine to Youyou Tu in 2015. While most attention has been paid to the treatment of malaria, there is increasing evidence that Artemisinin-type drugs bear a considerable potential to treat and prevent cancer. Rather than reporting on therapy o...

Cheating in the name of others: Offering prosocial justifications promotes unethical behavior in young children.

The current research examined whether young children engage in unethical behavior to a greater extent when they have a prosocial justification for doing so. Participants (3- and 5-year-olds, N = 240) played a guessing game in which they were tempted to cheat to win a prize after promising not to do so. In Study 1, children were randomly assigned to either an experimental prosocial condition in which they were told that the prize would be given to a child who was unable to play the game or a control cond...

Nobel prizes in economics at the service of health systems.

Should We Abandon APRV in Pediatric ARDS?

A novel bibliometric index with a simple geometric interpretation.

We propose the χ-index as a bibliometric indicator that generalises the h-index. While the h-index is determined by the maximum square that fits under the citation curve of an author when plotting the number of citations in decreasing order, the χ-index is determined by the maximum area rectangle that fits under the curve. The height of the maximum rectangle is the number of citations ck to the kth most-cited publication, where k is the width of the rectangle. The χ-index is then defined as [Formula: see...

Journal Prize Announcement 2017.

Birth Centennial of Nobel Laureate Skou, an Investigator of Local Anesthetics and the Sodium-Potassium Pump.

The Monty Hall problem revisited: Autonomic arousal in an inverted version of the game.

The asymmetry of autonomic arousal for potential losses and gains was assessed by the galvanic skin response (GSR) of participants playing classic and inverted versions of the Monty Hall problem (MHP). In both versions, the prize remained the same (a pen valued at £10 for the right answer), but in the modified version, prizes were received prior to choosing the door. Both experimental groups showed increased levels of GSR while completing the task, demonstrating increased autonomic arousal during the game....

Is it Time to Abandon the Milan Criteria?: Results of a Bicoastal US Collaboration to Redefine Hepatocellular Carcinoma Liver Transplantation Selection Policies.

European liver transplant (LT) centers have moved away from using the Milan Criteria (MC) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patient selection, turning to models including tumor biological indices, namely alpha-fetoprotein (AFP). We present the first US model to incorporate an AFP response (AFP-R), with comparisons to MC and French-AFP models (F-AFP).

2018 ISCB Overton Prize awarded to Cole Trapnell.

Why outcross? The abandon-ship hypothesis in a facultative outcrossing/selfing fungal species.

Most species able to reproduce both sexually and asexually (facultative sexual species) invest more in sexual reproduction in stressful environment conditions. According to the abandon-ship hypothesis, plasticity for investment in sexual reproduction may have been selected in these species, allowing unfit genotypes to generate progeny carrying new advantageous allelic combinations. We tested this hypothesis in Aspergillus nidulans, a fungus able to reproduce asexually, or sexually, by outcrossing and/or hap...

'Dear Anesthesiologist, Please Don't Abandon us': Excessive Anesthesia Handovers and Adverse Perioperative Outcomes in Neurosurgery.

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