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PubMed Journals Articles About "Antibiotic Microbial Resistance Removal Efficiencies Conventional Advanced Wastewater" RSS

00:19 EDT 24th July 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Antibiotic microbial resistance removal efficiencies conventional advanced wastewater" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 20,000+

High Genetic Diversity of Enterobacteriaceae Clones and Plasmids Disseminating Resistance to Extended-Spectrum Cephalosporins and Colistin in Healthy Chicken in Tunisia.

Enterobacteriaceae resistant to extended-spectrum cephalosporins (ESC-R) are listed as "priority pathogens" by the World Health Organization, and the Agri-food sector has regularly been pointed out as a potential source of ESC-R for humans through food consumption and animal handling. Chicken industry and chicken meat have recurrently been under specific scrutiny due to the high proportions of ESC-R reported worldwide in this sector. In Tunisia, recent studies suggested that the plasmidic AmpC gene may hav...


Single-Port Needlescopic Appendectomy in Children Using a Mediflex Needle: A New Simplified Technique.

Laparoscopic appendectomy is among the most common surgical procedures. Needlescopic appendectomy (NA) is an acceptable, safe technique in children, but with many drawbacks such as a high conversion rate and long operative time. We present a new technique for NA in children using only a single port, Mediflex facial closure needle, and vascular access cannula (VAC). Single-port NA was attempted in 117 patients (51 boys, 66 girls). Under general anesthesia, a 5-mm camera port was inserted through the umbilic...

Feeling the Heat: Evolutionary and Microbial Basis for the Analgesic Mechanisms of Photobiomodulation Therapy.

The clinical therapeutic benefits of Photobiomodulation (PBM) therapy have been well established in many clinical scenarios. However, we are far from having developed a complete understanding of the underlying mechanisms of photon-biological tissue interactions. Concurrent to ongoing PBM studies, there are several parallel fields with evidences from cell and tissue physiology such as evolutionary biology, photobiology, and microbiology among others. This review is focused on extrapolating evidences from an...


FOOT-AND-MOUTH DISEASE IN EXPERIMENTALLY INFECTED MULE DEER ().

The only known outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) in wildlife in the US occurred in mule deer () in California in 1924-25. There is little recorded information on the pathogenesis and epidemiology of the disease in deer in that outbreak. In this experimental study, we compared the susceptibility of mule deer to FMD virus (FMDV) serotype O to that of cattle (). We also determined the potential for intra- and interspecies transmission of FMDV serotype O in mule deer and cattle, and assessed conventional...

On Learning 3D Face Morphable Model from In-the-wild Images.

As a classic statistical model of 3D facial shape and albedo, 3D Morphable Model (3DMM) is widely used in facial analysis, e.g., model fitting, image synthesis. Conventional 3DMM is learned from a set of well-controlled 2D face images with associated 3D face scans, and represented by two sets of PCA basis functions. Due to the type and amount of training data, as well as, the linear bases, the representation power of 3DMM can be limited. To address these problems, this paper proposes an innovative framework...

An Assessment System for Post-Stroke Manual Dexterity Using Principal Component Analysis and Logistic Regression.

Hand function assessment is crucial for patients with stroke, who must perform regular repetitive tasks during rehabilitation. However, the conventional evaluation method is subjective and not uniform among physicians. A novel method is proposed in this paper to analyze raw data from a data glove equipped with 16 six-axis inertial measurement units. The proposed method can provide accurate assistance to physicians and objectively assess patients' hand function. Three tasks (the thumb task, the grip task, an...

Knowledge-Driven Deep Unrolling for Robust Image Layer Separation.

Single-image layer separation targets to decompose the observed image into two independent components in terms of different application demands. It is known that many vision and multimedia applications can be (re)formulated as a separation problem. Due to the fundamentally ill-posed natural of these separations, existing methods are inclined to investigate model priors on the separated components elaborately. Nevertheless, it is knotty to optimize the cost function with complicated model regularizations. Ef...

Dynamic MOPSO-Based Optimal Control for Wastewater Treatment Process.

To achieve excellent treatment performance of complex and time-varying characteristics, the operation of wastewater treatment process (WWTP) has been considered as a dynamic multiobjective control problem. In this paper, an optimal controller, based on a dynamic multiobjective particle swarm optimization (DMOPSO) algorithm, is developed to deal with the dynamic multiple conflicting criteria [i.e., effluent quality (EQ), operation cost, and operation stability]. The novelties and advantages of this proposed ...

Mechanical, physical and chemical characterisation of mycelium-based composites with different types of lignocellulosic substrates.

The current physical goods economy produces materials by extracting finite valuable resources without taking their end of the life and environmental impact into account. Mycelium-based materials offer an alternative fabrication paradigm, based on the growth of materials rather than on extraction. Agricultural residue fibres are inoculated with fungal mycelium, which form an interwoven three-dimensional filamentous network binding the feedstock into a lightweight material. The mycelium-based material is heat...

Ultrasound-guided minimally invasive autopsy as a tool for rapid post-mortem diagnosis in the 2018 Sao Paulo yellow fever epidemic: Correlation with conventional autopsy.

New strategies for collecting post-mortem tissue are necessary, particularly in areas with emerging infections. Minimally invasive autopsy (MIA) has been proposed as an alternative to conventional autopsy (CA), with promising results. Previous studies using MIA addressed the cause of death in adults and children in developing countries. However, none of these studies was conducted in areas with an undergoing infectious disease epidemic. We have recently experienced an epidemic of yellow fever (YF) in Brazil...

Synergistic effects of LFchimera and antibiotic against planktonic and biofilm form of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans.

Adjunctive use of antibiotics in periodontal treatment have limitations and disadvantages including bacterial resistance. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are potential new agents that can combat bacterial infection. In this study, antimicrobial activity of different concentrations of conventional antibiotics minocycline (MH), doxycycline (DOX), and antimicrobial peptides LL-37, LL-31, Lactoferrin chimera (LFchimera) and Innate Defense Regulator Peptide 1018 (IDR-1018) against Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomi...

Effect of live yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae supplementation on the performance and cecum microbial profile of suckling piglets.

One mechanism through which S. cerevisiae may improve the performance of pigs is by altering the composition of the gut microbiota, a response that may be enhanced by early postnatal supplementation of probiotics. To test this hypothesis, newborn piglets (16 piglets/group) were treated with either S. cerevisiae yeast (5 x 109 cfu/pig: Low) or (2.5 x 1010 cfu/piglet: High) or equivalent volume of sterile water (Control) by oral gavage every other day starting from day 1 of age until weaning (28±1 days of ag...

Preservation of cellular nano-architecture by the process of chemical fixation for nanopathology.

Transformation in chromatin organization is one of the most universal markers of carcinogenesis. Microscale chromatin alterations have been a staple of histopathological diagnosis of neoplasia, and nanoscale alterations have emerged as a promising marker for cancer prognostication and the detection of predysplastic changes. While numerous methods have been developed to detect these alterations, most methods for sample preparation remain largely validated via conventional microscopy and have not been examine...

Characterization and whole genome sequencing of closely related multidrug-resistant Salmonella enterica serovar Heidelberg isolates from imported poultry meat in the Netherlands.

Multidrug-resistant Salmonella enterica serovar Heidelberg isolates are frequently recovered in the Netherlands from poultry meat imported from South America. Our aim was to retrospectively assess the characteristics of the antimicrobial determinants, gene content and the clonal relatedness of 122 unique S. Heidelberg isolates from chicken meat from Brazil (n = 119) and Argentina (n = 3) that were imported between 2010 and 2015. These isolates were subjected to antimicrobial susceptibility testing, PCR and ...

A non-traditional approach to cryopreservation by ultra-rapid cooling for human mesenchymal stem cells.

Cryopreservation is the most common method for long-term cell storage. Successful cryopreservation of cells depends on optimal freezing conditions, freezer storage and a proper thawing technique to minimize the cellular damage that can occur during the cryopreservation process. These factors are especially critical for sensitive stem cells with a consequential and significant impact on viability and functionality. Until now, slow-freezing has been the routine method of cryopreservation but, more recently ra...

Effects of two-dose ceftiofur treatment for metritis on the temporal dynamics of antimicrobial resistance among fecal Escherichia coli in Holstein-Friesian dairy cows.

A pair-matched longitudinal study conducted on three dairy farms in the U.S. High-Plains explored the temporal effects of two-dose ceftiofur crystalline-free acid (CCFA) treatment for metritis on third-generation cephalosporin (3GC) resistance among enteric E. coli in Holstein-Friesian cows. The current 13-day slaughter withholding period does not account for rising populations of third-generation cephalosporin (3GC) resistant bacteria in feces of animals following CCFA treatment. A total of 124 matched-pai...

Safety, feasibility, and effect of an enhanced nutritional support pathway including extended preoperative and home enteral nutrition in patients undergoing enhanced recovery after esophagectomy: a pilot randomized clinical trial.

The aims of this pilot study are to evaluate the feasibility, safety, and effectiveness of conducting an enhanced nutritional support pathway including extended preoperative nutritional support and one month home enteral nutrition (HEN) for patients who underwent enhanced recovery after esophagectomy. We implemented extended preoperative nutritional support and one month HEN after discharge for patients randomized into an enhanced nutrition group and implemented standard nutritional support for patients ran...

Single-cell transcriptome-based multilayer network biomarker for predicting prognosis and therapeutic response of gliomas.

Occurrence and development of cancers are governed by complex networks of interacting intercellular and intracellular signals. The technology of single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) provides an unprecedented opportunity for dissecting the interplay between the cancer cells and the associated microenvironment. Here we combined scRNA-seq data with clinical bulk gene expression data to develop a computational pipeline for identifying the prognostic and predictive signature that connects cancer cells and micr...

Magnetic resonance hyperpolarization imaging detects early myocardial dysfunction in a porcine model of right ventricular heart failure.

Early detection of heart failure is important for timely treatment. During the development of heart failure, adaptive intracellular metabolic processes that evolve prior to macro-anatomic remodelling, could provide an early signal of impending failure. We hypothesized that metabolic imaging with hyperpolarized magnetic resonance would detect the early development of heart failure before conventional echocardiography could reveal cardiac dysfunction.

Incidence of appropriate implantable cardioverter-defibrillator therapy and mortality after implantable cardioverter-defibrillator generator replacement: results from a real-world nationwide cohort.

The safety of omitting implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) generator replacement in patients with no prior appropriate therapy, comorbid conditions, and advanced age is unclear. The aim was to investigate incidence of appropriate ICD therapy after generator replacement.

NRF2 activates a partial epithelial-mesenchymal transition and is maximally present in a hybrid epithelial/mesenchymal phenotype.

The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a key process implicated in cancer metastasis and therapy resistance. Recent studies have emphasized that cells can undergo partial EMT to attain a hybrid epithelial/mesenchymal (E/M) phenotype - a cornerstone of tumour aggressiveness and poor prognosis. These cells can have enhanced tumour-initiation potential as compared to purely epithelial or mesenchymal ones and can integrate the properties of cell-cell adhesion and motility that facilitates collective cel...

Citrullus ecirrhosus: Wild Source of Resistance Against Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) for Cultivated Watermelon.

Members of the highly polyphagous Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) species complex cause major crop damage by feeding and by transmitting plant viruses. The Middle East-Asia Minor 1 (MEAM1) of the B. tabaci complex is by far the most problematic whitefly affecting crops including cultivated watermelon (Citrullus lanatus; Cucurbitaceae: Cucurbitales). Watermelon cultivars share a narrow genetic base and are highly susceptible to whiteflies. We studied the potential of C. ecirrhosus, a pere...

Toxicities and Residual Effect of Spinosad and Alpha-Cypermethrin-Based Baits to Replace Malathion for Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae) Control.

Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann, 1824) is the main insect pest of fruits worldwide. The objective of this study was to evaluate the toxicity and residual effects of the ready-to-use toxic baits Success 0.02CB (0.24 g of active ingredient [a.i.] per liter of spinosad) and Gelsura (6 g of a.i./liter of alpha-cypermethrin) and to compare them with other food lures containing spinosad and malathion mixed with hydrolyzed protein (Biofruit 5% and Flyral 1.25%), Anamed without dilution or sugarcane molasses (7%) aga...

Characterization of an Intradiol Ring-Cleavage Dioxygenase Gene Associated With Abamectin Resistance in Tetranychus cinnabarinus (Acari: Tetranychidae).

Tetranychus cinnabarinus (Boisduval), i.e., carmine spider mite, is a worldwide pest that can cause serious damage to plants. Problems of resistance have arisen since abamectin usage in the control of T. cinnabarinus. Unfortunately, there are only limited data on the extent of this problem. To understand the development of abamectin resistance in the carmine spider mite, we prokaryotically expressed an intradiol ring-cleavage dioxygenase (ID-RCD) gene sequence, TcID-RCD1, which had a significant upregulated...

Development of a Quick Knockdown Test for Diagnosing Resistance to Phosphine in Sitophilus oryzae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), a Major Pest of Stored Products.

A key component in the management of resistance to fumigant phosphine in stored products pests is their early detection and implementation of control strategies. Currently, resistance testing involves exposing adults to a specific discriminating concentration over a fixed time period (20-48 h). Although it is widely adopted, this test takes significant time for assay preparation (up to 4 wk) as well as diagnosis (1-2 wk). To address these lacunae, we have established a 'quick knockdown test' using a key gra...


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