PubMed Journals Articles About "Corneal Diseases Glaucoma" RSS

09:49 EDT 18th July 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Corneal Diseases Glaucoma" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 11,000+

Dark-Field Microwells toward High-Throughput Direct miRNA Sensing with Gold Nanoparticles.

MicroRNA (miRNA) is a class of short RNA that is emerging as an ideal biomarker, as its expression level has been found to correlate with different types of diseases including diabetes and cancer. The detection of miRNA is highly beneficial for early diagnostics and disease monitoring. However, miRNA sensing remains difficult because of its small size and low expression levels. Common techniques such as quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), hybridization and Northern blotting have bee...

Association between sensitization and allergic diseases in 7-years-old Korean children.

Sensitization is associated with the exacerbation, severity, and prognosis of allergic diseases in children OBJECTIVE: We characterized the association between sensitization patterns and allergic diseases.

Multidrug-Resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae ST307 in Traveler Returning from Puerto Rico to Dominican Republic.

We report bla-harboring carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae in an emerging sequence type 307 lineage in a traveler returning from Puerto Rico to the Dominican Republic. Phylogenetic analyses indicate regional dissemination of this highly drug-resistant clone across the Americas, underscoring the need for adequate surveillance and infection control efforts to prevent further spread.

Intact Mycobacterium leprae Isolated from Placenta of a Pregnant Woman, China.

Whether Mycobacterium leprae transmits from placenta to fetus remains unknown. We describe the case of a pregnant woman with untreated histoid leproma. Although her newborn was healthy, laboratory examination revealed intact M. leprae present in the placenta, suggesting that the placental barrier might prevent vertical dissemination of M. leprae.

Chikungunya Fever Outbreak, Zhejiang Province, China, 2017.

We report a disease outbreak caused by chikungunya virus in Zhejiang Province, China, in August 2017. Phylogenic analysis indicated that this virus belonged to the Indian Ocean clade of the East/Central/South African genotype and was imported by a traveler returning from Bangladesh.

Feast of Sacrifice and Orf, Milan, Italy, 2015-2018.

Orf (ecthyma contagiosum) is an infection of the skin caused by a DNA virus belonging to the genus Parapoxvirus. We recently observed 7 cases of orf in Muslim men living in the metropolitan area of Milan, Italy, who acquired the infection after the Feast of Sacrifice.

Erwinia billingiae as Unusual Cause of Septic Arthritis, France, 2017.

In 2017 in France, we treated a patient with knee septic arthritis caused by Erwinia billingiae after trauma involving a palm tree. This rare pathogen could only be identified through 16S rRNA gene sequencing. For bacterial infections after injuries with plants, 16S rRNA gene sequencing might be required for species identification.

No Evidence for Role of Cutavirus in Malignant Melanoma.

Cutavirus was previously found in cutaneous melanoma. We detected cutavirus DNA in only 2/185 melanoma biopsies and in 0/52 melanoma metastases from patients in Germany. Viral DNA was localized in the upper epidermal layers. Swab specimens from healthy skin were cutavirus positive for 3.8% (9/237) of immunocompetent and 17.1% (35/205) of HIV-positive men.

Zoonotic Virus Seroprevalence among Bank Voles, Poland, 2002-2010.

Bank voles in Poland are reservoirs of zoonotic viruses. To determine seroprevalence of hantavirus, arenavirus, and cowpox virus and factors affecting seroprevalence, we screened for antibodies against these viruses over 9 years. Cowpox virus was most prevalent and affected by extrinsic and intrinsic factors. Long-term and multisite surveillance is crucial.

Prolonged Zika Virus RNA Detection in Semen of Immunosuppressed Patient.

Zika virus RNA has been detected in semen samples collected 900 days, in a patient with immunosuppression.

Sneathia amnii and Maternal Chorioamnionitis and Stillbirth, Mozambique.

We report a case of Sneathia amnii as the causative agent of maternal chorioamnionitis and congenital pneumonia resulting in a late fetal death in Mozambique, with strong supportive postmortem molecular and histopathologic confirmation. This rare, fastidious gram-negative coccobacillus has been reported to infrequently cause abortions, stillbirths, and neonatal infections.

Recombinant GII.Pe-GII.4 Norovirus, Thailand, 2017-2018.

During June 2017-December 2018, norovirus was responsible for 10.9% of acute gastroenteritis cases in Thailand. Genogroup I (GI) was found in 14% of samples, of which 12 were co-infected with genogroup II (GII). In 35.8% of samples, GII.Pe-GII.4 Sydney predominated. Diverse recombinant strains of GI and GII norovirus co-circulated year-round.

Molecular Genotyping of Hepatitis A Virus, California, USA, 2017-2018.

We implemented subgenomic and whole-genome sequencing to support the investigation of a large hepatitis A virus outbreak among persons experiencing homelessness, users of illicit drugs, or both in California, USA, during 2017-2018. Genotyping data helped confirm case-patients, track chains of transmission, and monitor the effectiveness of public health control measures.

Bejel, a Nonvenereal Treponematosis, among Men Who Have Sex with Men, Japan.

Bejel, an endemic treponematosis caused by infection with Treponema pallidum subspecies endemicum, has not been reported in eastern Asia and the Pacific region. We report local spread of bejel among men who have sex with men in Japan. Spread was complicated by venereal syphilis.

Zika Virus Infection in Pregnant Women, Yucatan, Mexico.

We report demographic, epidemiologic, and clinical findings for a prospective cohort of pregnant women during the initial phase of Zika virus introduction into Yucatan, Mexico. We monitored 115 pregnant women for signs of active or recent Zika virus infection. The estimated cumulative incidence of Zika virus infection was 0.31 and the ratio of symptomatic to asymptomatic cases was 1.7 (range 1.3-4.0 depending on age group). Exanthema was the most sensitive clinical sign but also the least specific. Conjunct...

Kaposi Sarcoma in Mantled Guereza.

We identified a novel Kaposi's sarcoma herpesvirus-related rhadinovirus (Colobine gammaherpesvirus 1) in a mantled guereza (Colobus guereza kikuyensis). The animal had multiple oral tumors characterized by proliferation of latent nuclear antigen 1-positive spindle cells and was not co-infected with immunosuppressive simian viruses, suggesting that it had Kaposi sarcoma caused by this novel rhadinovirus.

Pseudomonas poae-Associated Fatal Septic Transfusion Reaction, Peoria, Illinois, USA, 2017.

In the United States, fatal transfusion-transmitted infections from red blood cell units are rare. Although this pattern mostly reflects how inhospitable refrigerated red blood cell units are to contaminant growth, fatalities caused by microorganisms that can grow at storage temperature (4°C), but not in standard clinical blood cultures at 37°C, are probably underestimated. We analyzed a fatal red blood cell transfusion in Peoria, Illinois, USA, that occurred in 2017. Samples from the patient's whole bloo...

Sustained Low-Level Transmission of Zika and Chikungunya Viruses after Emergence in the Fiji Islands.

Zika and chikungunya viruses were first detected in Fiji in 2015. Examining surveillance and phylogenetic and serologic data, we found evidence of low-level transmission of Zika and chikungunya viruses during 2013-2017, in contrast to the major outbreaks caused by closely related virus strains in other Pacific Island countries.

Lethal Encephalitis in Seals with Japanese Encephalitis Virus Infection, China, 2017.

We isolated Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) from brain samples of 2 seals with lethal encephalitis at Weihai Aquarium, Weihai, China, in 2017. We confirmed our findings by immunohistochemical staining and electron microscopy. Phylogenetic analysis showed this virus was genotype I. Our findings suggest that JEV might disseminate though infected zoo animals.

Novel Virus Related to Kaposi's Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus from Colobus Monkey.

We determined the complete genome sequence of a virus isolated from a mantled guereza that died of primary effusion lymphoma. The virus is closely related to Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) but lacks some genes implicated in KSHV pathogenesis. This finding may help determine how KSHV causes primary effusion lymphoma in humans.

Wild-Type Yellow Fever Virus RNA in Cerebrospinal Fluid of Child.

We report a 3-year-old child who was hospitalized because of severe manifestations of the central nervous system. The child died after 6 days of hospitalization. Analysis of postmortem cerebrospinal fluid showed the presence of yellow fever virus RNA. Nucleotide sequencing confirmed that the virus was wild-type yellow fever virus.

Emergence of a Novel Recombinant Norovirus GII.P16-GII.12 Strain Causing Gastroenteritis, Alberta, Canada.

We identified a novel recombinant GII.P16-GII.12 norovirus associated with epidemic and endemic gastroenteritis during March 1, 2018-February 12, 2019, in Alberta, Canada. GII.12 viruses have not been detected in Alberta since 2000. Comparing the full genome of this strain to previously published sequences revealed this virus to be a novel recombinant strain.

Congenital Syphilis as a Measure of Maternal and Child Healthcare, Brazil.

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection that has direct adverse effects on maternal and infant health through vertical Treponema pallidum transmission during early pregnancy. We evaluated congenital syphilis as a predictor of the quality of basic maternal and child healthcare in Brazil during 2010-2015. We investigated case rates and correlations with epidemiologic and socioeconomic indicators. We observed rising congenital syphilis incidence rates and increasing syphilis-associated perinatal and infan...

Natural Vertical Transmission of Zika Virus in Larval Aedes aegypti Populations, Morelos, Mexico.

We characterized natural vertical transmission of Zika virus in pools of Aedes aegypti larvae hatched from eggs collected in Jojutla, Morelos, Mexico. Of the 151 pools analyzed, 17 tested positive for Zika virus RNA; infectious Zika virus was successfully isolated from 1 of the larvae pools (31N) in C6/36 cells. Real-time quantitative PCR and indirect immunofluorescence assays confirmed the identity of the isolate, named Zika virus isolate 31N; plaque assays in Vero cells demonstrated the isolate's infectiv...

Efficacy of High-Dose Albendazole with Ivermectin for Treating Imported Loiasis, Italy.

We describe the outcomes of 16 cases of imported loiasis in Italy. Patients had microfilaremia

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