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Showing "Domestic Violence Between Childhood Incest victimization Study Among" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 60,000+

Leukocyte cell-derived chemotaxin 2 inhibits development of atherosclerosis in mice.

Leukocyte cell-derived chemotaxin 2 (LECT2), a multifunctional hepatokine, is involved in many pathological conditions. However, its role in atherosclerosis remains undefined. In this study, we administered vehicle or LECT2 to male mice fed a Western diet for 15 weeks. Atherosclerotic lesions were visualized and quantified with Oil-red O and hematoxylin staining. The mRNA expression levels of MCP-1, MMP-1, IL-8, IL-1β, and TNF-α were analyzed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Serum TNF...

Morphology-based intraspecific taxonomy of Oreocryptophis porphyraceus (Cantor, 1839) in mainland China (Serpentes: Colubridae).

In this study, a total of 106 individuals of from mainland China were morphologically examined and recorded. Differences between populations were compared by combining data from this study and other published research. The skulls of three specimens representing three proposed subspecies (i.e., , , and ) were examined by computed tomography (CT) scanning. Both external morphological characters and skull comparisons consistently showed significant differences between the studied populations. Based on these d...

The Genetics of Non-Syndromic Primary Ovarian Insufficiency: A Systematic Review.

Several causes for primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) have been described, including iatrogenic and environmental factor, viral infections, chronic disease as well as genetic alterations. The aim of this review was to collect all the genetic mutations associated with non-syndromic POI. All studies, including gene screening, genome-wide study and assessing genetic mutations associated with POI, were included and analyzed in this systematic review. Syndromic POI and chromosomal abnormalities were not evaluat...

Beneficial Effects of Oral Lactobacillus on Pain Severity in Women Suffering from Endometriosis: A Pilot Placebo-Controlled Randomized Clinical Trial.

This study assessed the effects of a lactobacillus-based medication on pain intensity scores in women with endometriosis.

Toxoplasma Serology Status and Risk of Miscarriage, A Case-Control Study among Women with A History of Spontaneous Abortion.

is one of the major causes of abortion in pregnant women. Most cases of abortion occur in the acute phase of infection and early pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between spontaneous abortion and seropositive status of toxoplasmosis in women with first-time spontaneous abortion.

Effects of Body Mass Index and Biochemical Lipid Levels on Reproductive Outcomes during An Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection: A Retrospective Study.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of body mass index (BMI) and lipid profile on reproductive outcomes of women undergoing intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles.

Effects of Co-Administration of Bone Marrow Stromal Cells and L-Carnitine on The Recovery of Damaged Ovaries by Performing Chemotherapy Model in Rat.

L-carnitine (Lc) as a type of flavonoid antioxidants and bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) as a type of mesenchymal stem cells may recover damaged ovaries. It seems that Lc has favorable effects on differentiation, increasing lifespan and decreasing apoptosis in BMSCs. The aim of this study was to investigate effects of co-administration of BMSC+Lc on damaged ovaries after creating a chemotherapy model with cyclophosphamide in rats.

Stress, Depression, Sexual Function, and Alexithymia in Infertile Females with and without Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A Case-Control Study.

Infertile females experience some types of distress such as social stress, depression, and sexual dysfunction that may be exacerbated by polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). The current study aimed at comparing psychological profile of infertile females with PCOS with that of women without PCOS with respect to four domains: infertility stress, depression, sexual dysfunction, and alexithymia.

Development and Validation of A Decision-Making Donor Conception Questionnaire in Iranian Infertile Couples.

Despite the fact that many infertile couples have to decide about whether or not to choose donor conception, there is no predictive scale for evaluating the process of decision-making on donor conception and its determinants in such couples. The present study was conducted to develop a decision-making questionnaire for selecting donor conception and assess its psychometric properties in Iranian infertile couples.

Effects of Melatonin Administration on Chemical Pregnancy Rates of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Patients Undergoing Intrauterine Insemination: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Oxidative stress as a potential cause of poor oocyte quality can influence a female's reproductive system. This study aimed to investigate the effects of melatonin on chemical pregnancy rates of a significant number of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients undergoing intrauterine insemination (IUI).

Association between Sexual Activity during Menstruation and Endometriosis: A Case-Control Study.

The prevalence of endometriosis in the general population is estimated at 7-10%. There are various risk factors for this disease, including early menarche age, prolonged menstruation or no history of pregnancy. It seems that sexual activity leading to orgasm during menstruation increases the retrograde menstruation, sending endometrial tissue to an abnormal sites and thus increasing the risk of endometriosis. The present study is aimed to determine the association between sexual activity during menstruation...

Hospital admission and mortality causes of HIV patients in a third level hospital.

The aim of this study is to describe the HIV population admitted to a tertiary level hospital and analyze hospital admission and mortality causes during hospitalization.

Microscale Isotopic Variation observed in Uranium Fuel Pellets with implications for Nuclear Forensics.

Until recently, the analysis and identification of nuclear fuel pellets in the context of a nuclear forensics investigation have been mainly focused on macroscopic characteristics such as fuel pellet dimensions, uranium enrichment, and other reactor-specific features. Here we report microscale isotopic heterogeneity observed in different fuel pellet fragments that were characterized in situ by NanoSIMS. The materials analyzed include fuel fragments obtained as part of the Collaborative Materials Exercise (C...

A Tumor Targeting NIRF NanoGUMBOS with Cyclodextrin Enhanced Chemo/Photothermal Antitumor Activities.

The near-infrared fluorescent (NIRF) dye, IR780, is recognized as a promising theranostic agent and has been widely investigated for imaging, chemotherapeutic, and phototherapeutic applications. However, its poor photostability and non-selective toxicities towards both cancer and normal cells limit its biological applications. Herein, we introduce the use of GUMBOS (a group of uniform materials based on organic salts) developed through counter-anion exchange with IR780, and subsequent nanomaterials (nanoGUM...

Effect of Fluorination on the Structure and Anti- Activity of Oxorhenium(V) Complexes with ,,-Tridentate Thiosemicarbazones and Benzoylthioureas. Synthesis and Structures of Technetium(V) Analogues.

A series of 16 "3 + 2" mixed-ligand complexes of the general composition [ReO(L1)(L2)] (HL1a-HL1d = tridentate thiosemicarbazones having a phenyl group with 4-H, 4-F, 3,5-di-F, and 4-CF substituents; HL2a-HL2d = bidentate ,-diethyl-'-benzoylthioureas with 4-H, 4-F, 3,5-di-F, and 4-CF substituents at the benzoyl groups) have been synthesized and characterized by spectroscopic methods and X-ray diffraction. Irrespective of the individual fluorine substitution, the complexes are stable and possess the same gen...

Bisphenol A, chlorinated derivatives of Bisphenol A and occurrence of myocardial infarction in patients with type 2 diabetes: nested case-control studies in two European cohorts.

A positive association between Bisphenol A (BPA) exposure and coronary heart disease has been shown, but not in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). During the treatment of drinking water, chlorination leads to the formation of chlorinated derivatives of Bisphenol A (ClxBPA), that have higher estrogenic activity than BPA. No evidence exists for a relationship between exposure to ClxBPA and myocardial infarction in patients with T2D. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between exposu...

A Theoretical Study on the Geometry, Aromaticity, and Electronic Properties of Benzo3,4cyclobutathiophenes and Their Homologues.

The geometry, aromaticity, and electronic properties of benzo[3,4]cyclobutathiophenes (BCTs), and their homologues have been examined theoretically using DFT calculations. The harmonic oscillator measure of aromaticity (HOMA) and nucleus-independent chemical shift (NICS) analyses revealed the aromaticity characteristics of the two regioisomers bBCT and cBCT. When the aromaticity of one of the six--electron rings increases, it concomitantly decreases in the other ring. The anti-aromaticity of the four-mem...

Scavenging of Acrolein by a Food-Grade Antioxidant Propyl Gallate in model reaction system and in Cakes.

Reactive carbonyl species (RCS), such as acrolein (ACR), glyoxal (GO), and methylglyoxal (MGO) have received extensive attention recently due to their high activity and toxicity in vitro and in vivo. In the present study, propyl gallate (PG), a common food antioxidant, was found to effectively trap more ACR than butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) and butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) through the formation of mono-ACR adducts (PG-ACR) and di-ACR adducts (PG-2ACR). The two adducts were successfully purified, and the...

Study on Interaction between Propargyl-Terminated Polybutadiene and Plasticizers Based on Simulation and Experiments.

Molecular dynamics (MD) simulation and experimental methods are used to explore the interaction between the propargyl-terminated polybutadiene (PTPB) binder and plasticizers bis(2,2-dinitropropyl) formal/acetal (BDNPF/A) and dioctyl sebacate (DOS). Flory-Huggins parameters, radial distribution functions, and binding energies between PTPB and plasticizers are calculated using MD simulations. The solubility parameters of PTPB and the plasticizers are calculated by both MD and group contribution method. The me...

Sphingolipidomics investigation of the temporal dynamics after ischemic brain injury.

Sphingolipids (SPL) have been proposed as a potential therapeutic target for strokes, but no reports have ever profiled the changes of the entire range of SPLs after stroke. This study applied sphingolipidomic methods to investigate the temporal and individual changes in the sphingolipidome including the effect of atorvastatin after ischemic brain injury. We conducted sphingolipidomic profiling of mouse brain tissue by liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry at 3 hour (hr) and...

Superhalogen Species of Titanium Oxide Related Clusters Generated by Laser Ablation.

Negative ion mass spectrometry can serve as an effective, easy way to find new candidates of superhalogen species. In order to investigate superhalogen properties of polytitanium clusters, laser ablation mass spectrum of TiO2 was obtained with a Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometer. And density functional theory calculations were also performed in this study. Species of [(TiO2)x(H2O)yOH]- (x=1-8, y=1-3) were observed in the mass spectrum. Among them, the intensities of [(TiO2)4(H2O)OH...

Initial growth study of atomic-layer deposition of AlO by vibrational sum-frequency generation.

The initial growth during atomic-layer deposition (ALD) of AlO using trimethylaluminum (TMA) and water was studied on two starting surfaces: SiO and -H terminated Si(111) [H/Si(111)]. In-situ spectroscopy ellipsometry (SE) showed virtually immediate growth of AlO on both surfaces although for H/Si(111) a reduced growth-per-cycle (GPC) was observed in the initial 20 cycles. The underlying surface chemistry during the initial cycles of ALD was monitored with in-situ broadband sum-frequency generation (BB-SFG)...

Pistachio and cashew nut allergy in childhood: Predictive factors towards development of a decision tree.

Pistachio and cashew nut, which belong to the same botanical family, are tree nuts that induce serious allergic reactions.

A preliminary cohort study assessing routine blood analyte levels and neurological outcome following spinal cord injury.

There is increasing interest in the identification of biomarkers that could predict neurological outcome following a spinal cord injury (SCI). Although initial American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) Impairment Scale (AIS) grade is a good indicator of neurological outcome, for the patient and clinicians, an element of uncertainty remains. This preliminary study aimed to assess the additive potential of routine blood analytes following Principal Component Analysis (PCA) to develop prognostic models for neu...

miR-4513 promotes gastric cancer cell proliferation and epithelial-mesenchymal transition through targeting KAT6B.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression level of microRNA-4513 (miR-4513) in gastric cancer, and the underlying mechanisms of miR-4513 in regulating gastric cancer (GC) progression. Quantitative real time-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was performed to measure the expression level of miR-4513 in GC cells. Transfection efficacy of synthetic miRNAs was examined by qRT-PCR. After synthetic miRNAs transfection, cell counting kit-8 assay and transwell invasion assay was conducted to meas...

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