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PubMed Journals Articles About "Effect Variability Blood Pressure Glucose Total Cholesterol Body" RSS

14:40 EDT 24th August 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Effect variability blood pressure glucose total cholesterol body" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 48,000+

Low Doses of Ionizing Radiation Enhance the Angiogenic Potential of Adipocyte Conditioned Medium.

At low doses, ionizing radiation activates endothelial cells and promotes angiogenesis. However, it is still unknown if other cells may contribute to this process. In this study, the effect of low-dose ionizing radiation (LDIR) in modulating the pro-angiogenic potential of adipocytes was investigated. Adipocytes are known to secrete multiple angiogenic factors and adipokines that induce angiogenesis. In this work, a confluent monolayer of 3T3-L1 pre-adipocytes was exposed to low doses (0.1 and 0.3 Gy) and t...


Resistance Status of to Deltamethrin, Malathion, and Temephos in Ecuador.

In Ecuador, the status of insecticide resistance for , the principal arboviral vector in the country, has not been previously evaluated. The aim of this research was to describe the resistance status of to the principal insecticides used for vector control in provinces with high reports of arboviral clinical cases. This was a descriptive study performed on collected from 2016 to 2017 in 14 localities of Ecuador. The larvae were reared and tested using bioassays applying the adulticides malathion and delta...

Colonization and Maintenance of and From the Republic Of Korea.

The Hyrcanus Group in the Republic of Korea (ROK) consists of 5 morphologically indistinct species that can only be identified with certainty by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). A total of 86 bloodfed spp. were collected from a cow barn located in the village of Tongilchon near the demilitarized zone in the ROK on June 13, 2016, and sent to the Armed Forces Research Institute of Medical Sciences in Bangkok, Thailand, where they were identified to species by PCR. The 1st shipment contained 15 and 37 fema...


Diversity and Abundance of Nonculicid Biting Flies (Diptera) In A Zoo Environment.

The diversity of nonculicid biting flies was surveyed in Sunset Zoo, Manhattan, KS, by carbon dioxide-baited traps. A total of 8,399 nonculicid biting-fly females representing 32 species and 5 families were collected. Twenty-one biting midge (Ceratopogonidae: ) and 7 black fly (Simuliidae) species were collected, including new state records of 3 and 1 simuliid. The species richness of and Simuliidae within the zoo represents 72.4% and 41.2%, respectively, of the fauna known to occur in Kansas. Trap type s...

Comparative Analysis of Mosquito Trap Counts In the Peruvian Amazon: Effect of Trap Type and Other Covariates On Counts and Diversity.

Efficient detection of multiple species of adult mosquitoes in various habitats using effective traps is a crucial 1st step in any disease prevention program. Novel trap types that target tropical vectors of human diseases require field testing in the habitat of the vector-disease system in question. This paper analyzes a series of mosquito trapping studies conducted at Mapacocha, San Juan Bautista District, Loreto, Peru, during August-September 2013 and April-May 2014. Six trap configurations were evaluate...

Survival of Overwintering Eggs Under Natural Conditions In North-Central Florida.

mosquitoes overwinter as eggs in north-central Florida. Knowledge of this species' overwintering survival rate is of great interest to local mosquito control districts. In this study, field-collected eggs were exposed to natural conditions during winter 2016-17 in Gainesville, FL, to determine the overwintering survival rate. Individual strips of germination paper containing eggs of this species were collected from ovitraps in November 2016 then later clipped to the inner edge of empty flowerpots and place...

Effects of Plant Species, Insecticide, and Exposure Time On the Efficacy Of Barrier Treatments Against .

The effect of 5 plant species (arborvitae [], boxwood [ sp., Japanese honeysuckle [], rhododendron [ sp.], and zebra grass []) and 2 rates of lambda-cyhalothrin (3.13 ml and 6.25 ml active ingredient [AI]/liter) on knockdown (1 h) and mortality (24 h) of adult female was evaluated over an 8-wk period. A significant difference in knockdown was observed between the 2 rates of lambda-cyhalothrin on the 5 plant species, with the highest proportion of knockdown observed on zebra grass and rhododendron treated a...

Insecticidal Effect of Extracts Against .

Of the various plant extracts from 10 plant species tested against larvae of in the laboratory, only extracts from exhibited larvicidal activity. A chloroform leaf extract of exhibited relatively high activity with a lethal concentration causing 50% mortality (LC) of 15.89 ppm, while chloroform and ethyl acetate extracts of fruits were 19.70 and 19.52 ppm, respectively. The chloroform fruit extract at 10 ppm reduced the hatchability of eggs by 20% whereas the chloroform leaf extract was found to be les...

Rapid Immobilization of Adult Caused By Plant Essential Oils At Sublethal Concentrations.

Many synthetic insecticides cause immobilization in insect pests after they are exposed. This immobilization or knockdown is an important feature of intoxication that contributes to the abatement of pest insect populations, while preventing vectors of disease from biting and spreading pathogenic organisms to susceptible individuals. We have previously demonstrated that certain plant essential oils rapidly immobilize adult female mosquitoes that have been exposed via topical application. To further character...

Habitat Characteristics For Immature Stages of In Zanzibar City, Tanzania.

is the main vector for dengue, chikungunya, yellow fever, Zika, and other arboviruses of public health importance. The presence of has never been systematically assessed in Zanzibar, including its preferred larval habitats. In 2016 we conducted a cross-sectional entomological survey to describe the preferred larval habitats of in Zanzibar City, the main urban area of the Zanzibar archipelago. The surveys for container habitats were conducted for a 17-wk period beginning in January 2016. Immature stages (l...

Influence of Climatic Factors On () In Pantanal Landscape, Mato Grosso State, Brazil.

In order to assess the influence of climatic variations in temperature, relative humidity, and rainfall upon the population density of (Peryassú, 1908) in its natural habitat, samplings were carried out at different times of the year in Mato Grosso, Brazil. Mosquitoes were captured with the use of suction tubes and Shannon traps during 2 different periods of the day and 1 at night. A total of 2,637 specimens were captured, including 497 (18.8%) in March 2009, 1,240 (47.0%) in January 2010, and 484 (18.4%...

Comparison of BG-Sentinel Prototype, BG-Sentinel-1, and BG-Sentinel-2: Better Results With Modification of Earlier Design.

The BG-Sentinel (BGS) trap is considered "the gold standard" for surveillance. With the risk of dengue, chikungunya, and Zika viruses in the USA, it is imperative our best surveillance asset is as dependable and cost-effective as possible. Biogents AG (Regensburg, Germany) in recent years has manufactured 3 generations of BGS traps in an effort to optimize trapping performance of invasive species. We evaluated the field efficacy of BG-Sentinel 2 prototype (BGS2P), BG-Sentinel (BGS1), and BG-Sentinel 2 (BG...

2018 Highlights of Mosquito and Vector Biology and Control in Latin America.

The 28th Annual Latin American Symposium presented by the American Mosquito Control Association (AMCA) was held as part of the 84th Annual Meeting of the AMCA held in Kansas City, MO, in February 2018. The Latin American Symposium promotes the participation of vector control specialists, public health workers, and academic members from Latin America and the sharing of scientific data between continents. Generally, presentations are in Spanish with simultaneous translation into English. The majority of prese...

Evaluation of Barrier Sprays for Controlling Mosquitoes in Eastern North Carolina: Can Land Cover and Spatial Analyses Improve Predictions of Efficacy?

Mosquitoes can be a nuisance and can transmit pathogens causing numerous diseases. Homeowners may hire private companies that use barrier sprays to alleviate mosquito-related issues, especially in areas where government funding for mosquito control programs is limited. Here, the spatial distribution of mosquitoes was evaluated in a suburban neighborhood during successive treatments with either Bifen Insecticide/Termiticide (active ingredient: bifenthrin) or Suspend Polyzone (active ingredient: deltamethrin)...

Do Gutter Guards Affect Mosquito Production in Roof Gutter Habitats?

Roof gutters on houses that have become inundated with leaf litter and cannot drain properly are an often-overlooked man-made container habitat that is suitable for mosquito larval development. In order to reduce the amount of leaf litter debris in gutters, many homeowners install debris screens, commonly referred to as "gutter guards," on their roof gutters, but no study has examined the effect of gutter guards on mosquito production. The objective of this research was to determine the extent to which diff...

Contribution of Whole Grains to Total Grains Intake Among Adults Aged 20 and Over: United States, 2013-2016.

Total grains intake comes from whole grains and refined grains. Whole grains contain the entire grain kernel (bran, germ, and endosperm) (1). A higher intake of whole grains is linked with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease, cancer, and mortality (2). The "2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans" recommend that at least one-half of total grains intake be from whole grains (3). This report provides estimates of the percentage of total grains intake consumed from whole grains sources, for adults aged 2...

Benefits and Risks of Subsection Laminectomy with Pedicle Screw Fixation for Ossification of the Ligamentum Flavum of the Thoracic Spine: A Retrospective Study of 30 Patients.

BACKGROUND This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of subsection laminectomy with pedicle screw fixation (SLPF) for the treatment of ossification of the ligamentum flavum of the thoracic spine. MATERIAL AND METHODS Thirty patients (age, 40-71 years) with ossification of the ligamentum flavum of the thoracic spine underwent SLPF (13 men, 17 women). Operative time, intraoperative blood loss, preoperative and postoperative change in thoracic kyphosis, and perioperative complications were recorded. The J...

Entomological assessment of dengue virus transmission risk in three urban areas of Kenya.

Urbanization is one of the major drivers of dengue epidemics globally. In Kenya, an intriguing pattern of urban dengue virus epidemics has been documented in which recurrent epidemics are reported from the coastal city of Mombasa, whereas no outbreaks occur in the two major inland cities of Kisumu and Nairobi. In an attempt to understand the entomological risk factors underlying the observed urban dengue epidemic pattern in Kenya, we evaluated vector density, human feeding patterns, vector genetics, and pre...

Regulation of cAMP accumulation and activity by distinct phosphodiesterase subtypes in INS-1 cells and human pancreatic β-cells.

Pancreatic β-cells express multiple phosphodiesterase (PDE) subtypes, but the specific roles for each in β-cell function, particularly in humans, is not clear. We evaluated the cellular role of PDE1, PDE3, and PDE4 activity in the rat insulinoma cell line INS-1 and in primary human β-cells using subtype-selective PDE inhibitors. Using a genetically encoded, FRET-based cAMP sensor, we found that the PDE1 inhibitor 8MM-IBMX, elevated cAMP levels in the absence of glucose to a greater extent than either the...

Superadditive and subadditive dynamics are not inherent to the types of interacting threat.

Species and ecosystems usually face more than one threat. The damage caused by these multiple threats can accumulate nonlinearly: either subadditively, when the joint damage of combined threats is less than the damages of both threats individually added together, or superadditively, when the joint damage is greater than the two individual damages added together. These additivity dynamics are commonly attributed to the nature of the threatening processes, but conflicting empirical observations challenge this...

Arsenic bioaccumulation in subarctic fishes of a mine-impacted bay on Great Slave Lake, Northwest Territories, Canada.

A subarctic fish community in mine-impacted Yellowknife Bay (Great Slave Lake, Northwest Territories, Canada) was investigated for biological and ecological processes controlling arsenic bioaccumulation. Total concentrations of arsenic, antimony, and metals were measured in over 400 fishes representing 13 species, and primary producers and consumers were included to characterize food web transfer. Yellowknife Bay had slightly more arsenic in surface waters (~3 μg/L) relative to the main body of Great Slave...

Pollen morphology and variability of invasive Spiraea tomentosa L. (Rosaceae) from populations in Poland.

The aim of this study was to investigate the pollen morphology and the ranges of intraspecific and interindividual variability of the North American steeplebush-Spiraea tomentosa L., an invasive species in Poland. Steeplebush inflorescences were collected randomly from 30 localities of S. tomentosa in Poland. In total, 900 pollen grains were analysed with both a light and a scanning electron microscope. Nine quantitative and three qualitative pollen features were studied. The diagnostic features were: exine...

P wave indices, heart rate variability and anthropometry in a healthy South Asian population.

South Asians have a low prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) in comparison with White Europeans despite a higher burden of hypertension, diabetes mellitus and coronary artery disease. The reason for this disparity is unclear but may relate to electrophysiological or structural differences within the atria or variations in autonomic function. We aimed to assess these areas using a range of non-invasive cardiac investigations.

A genetic sum score of risk alleles associated with body mass index interacts with socioeconomic position in the Heinz Nixdorf Recall Study.

Body mass index (BMI) is influenced by genetic, behavioral and environmental factors, while interactions between genetic and socioeconomic factors have been suggested. Aim of the study was to investigate whether socioeconomic position (SEP) interacts with a BMI-related genetic sum score (GRSBMI) to affect BMI in a population-based cohort. SEP-related health behaviors and a GRS associated with educational attainment (GRSEdu) were included in the analysis to explore potential interactions underlying the GRSBM...

Silencing Nogo-B receptor inhibits penile corpus cavernosum vascular smooth muscle cell apoptosis of rats with diabetic erectile dysfunction by down-regulating ICAM-1.

Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a major sexual problem for men. Nogo-B receptor (NgBR) has been found to be involved in the regulation of vascular remodeling and angiogenesis. The present study explores the effects of NgBR in penile corpus cavernosum in rats with diabetic ED. Firstly, the ED model of Sprague Dawley rats was established. Hematoxylin-eosin staining and Masson staining were conducted to observe pathological morphology. Immunochemical assay was adopted to detect α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), Ng...


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