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PubMed Journals Articles About "FaReWell Depression Depression" RSS

12:21 EDT 22nd July 2019 | BioPortfolio

FaReWell Depression Depression PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest FaReWell Depression Depression articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "FaReWell Depression Depression" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 2,600+

Variables affecting first-year student commitment during the transition to college in Ireland.

Third-level student attrition rates internationally are a cause for concern. Thus, student retention and academic success are top priorities for colleges, and students alike. In addition to this, student well-being is a growing public health concern. This study explores the need to incorporate well-being as a predictor in traditionally academically focused models of student persistence during the transition to college. A cross-sectional web-based survey was conducted with 574 first-year students aged 17-22 ...


Investigating the mediating effect of working memory on intentional forgetting in dysphoria.

Our aim was to determine if deficits in intentional forgetting that are associated with depression and dysphoria (subclinical depression) could be explained, at least in part, by variations in working memory function. Sixty dysphoric and 61 non-dysphoric participants completed a modified version of the think/no-think (TNT) task and a measure of complex working memory (the operation span task). The TNT task involved participants learning a series of emotional cue-target word pairs, before being presented wit...

INTERNALIZING SYMPTOMS IN AYA SURVIVORS OF CHILDHOOD CANCER AND MATCHED COMPARISONS.

As the number of pediatric cancer survivors increases, so does our need to understand behavioral late effects. Prior studies show mixed results, with some noting increased emotional distress and psychiatric diagnoses in cancer survivors and others suggesting resilience. The purpose of our study was to evaluate internalizing symptoms such as anxiety and depression in young adult survivors of childhood cancer compared to matched classroom matched peers.


First evidence of protective effects on stroke recovery and post-stroke depression induced by sortilin-derived peptides.

Post-stroke depression (PSD) is the most common mood disorder following stroke with high relevance for outcome and survival of patients. The TREK-1 channel represents a crucial target in the pathogenesis of stroke and depression. Spadin and its short analog mini-spadin were reported to display potent antidepressant properties. We investigated the therapeutic effects of mini-spadin in a mouse model of focal ischemia and PSD. To activate TREK-1 and induce neuroprotection a single low dose of mini-spadin (0.03...

Immune mechanisms of stress susceptibility and resilience: Lessons from animal models.

Stress has an impact on the brain and the body. A growing literature demonstrates that feedback between the peripheral immune system and the brain contributes to individual differences in the behavioral response to stress. Here we examine preclinical literature to demonstrate a holistic vision of risk and resilience to stress. We identify a variety of cellular, cytokine and molecular mechanisms in adult animals that act in concert to produce a stress susceptible individual response. We discuss how cross tal...

Exposure to early life adversity alters the future behavioral response to a stressful challenge in BALB/C mice.

Depression is considered as a maladaptive response to stress in adult life. Exposure to stress in early childhood is recognized as a risk factor for being unable to adapt to environmental changes in adult life. Early life stress (ELS) has been modelled in animals to help understand the behavioral outcome of the adversity. Periodic maternal separation (MS) in rodents for the first two weeks of life is one such model. We used MS as a form of ELS in Balb/c mice to study its effect on a stressful challenge enco...

Assessing depression improvement with the remission evaluation and mood inventory tool (REMIT).

The Remission Evaluation and Mood Inventory Tool (REMIT) was developed as a brief complementary measure to provide a more robust assessment of depression improvement than tracking DSM-V symptom improvement alone. This study provides further validation of the REMIT tool and examines its utility in predicting depression improvement.

Exploring the linkage between greenness exposure and depression among Chinese people: Mediating roles of physical activity, stress and social cohesion and moderating role of urbanicity.

Although a plethora of studies have investigated the association between green exposure and mental health in developed countries, it is only recently that academics and policymakers have paid attention to how this association works in rapidly urbanizing and developing countries. This study aims to explore biopsychosocial pathways linking residential greenness exposure to depression in the Chinese context using data from the 2016 wave of China Labour-force Dynamics Survey. Results from multilevel models alon...

Causes and risk evaluation of oil and brine contamination in the Lower Cretaceous Continental Intercalaire aquifer in the Kebili region of southern Tunisia using chemical fingerprinting techniques.

In the Kebili region of southern Tunisia, there is increasing demand of water from the Lower Cretaceous Continental Intercalaire (CI) aquifer and the Upper Cretaceous-Miocene Complex Terminal (CT) aquifer. The CI aquifer, given limited low recharge of water and increasing amounts of water extraction, has suffered intense overexploitation since the year 2000. Currently, the sustainability of CI resources is threatened by oil and brine contamination detected at a number of water wells in the Kebili region. Hy...

The prevalence and correlates of eating disorders in adult emergency department patients.

This study describes the prevalence of eating disorders among adult patients who present to the emergency department for medical care and examines the relationship between eating disorders, depression, and substance use disorders.

Cognitive mediation in people with dementia: Development, structural, and construct validity of the first dementia-specific measure.

Anxiety and depression are common and deleterious comorbidities in people living with dementia (PLWD). Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is one of the few promising treatments; however, it is unclear whether PLWD have the necessary prerequisites to engage in this. Having an understanding of cognitive mediation, that a thought mediates the relationship between an antecedent event and its emotional consequence, is key for engaging with CBT and is also a critical component of emotion regulation. There are no...

Long-Term Effects of Breast Cancer Surgery, Treatment, and Survivor Care.

Women are increasingly surviving breast cancer, but up to 90% experience unexpected long-term sequelae as a result of treatment. Symptoms may include physical, functional, emotional, and psychosocial changes that can dramatically alter the quality of life for breast cancer survivors. Primary care clinicians, including midwives, are likely to care for these women and should be familiar with common symptoms, treatment, and best practices to avoid permanent dysfunction. A holistic approach to assessment, treat...

Perineuronal oligodendrocytes in health and disease: the journey so far.

Perineuronal oligodendrocytes (pn-Ols) are located in the cerebral gray matter in close proximity to neuronal perikarya and less frequently near dendrites and neurites. Although their morphology is indistinguishable from that of other oligodendrocytes, it is not known if pn-Ols have a similar or different cell signature from that of typical myelinating oligodendroglial cells. In this review, we discussed the potential roles of these cells in myelination under normal and pathophysiologic conditions as functi...

Multi-scale modeling of the circadian modulation of learning and memory.

We propose a multi-scale model to explain the time-of-day effects on learning and memory. We specifically model the circadian variation of hippocampus (HC) dependent long-term potentiation (LTP), depression (LTD), and the fear conditioning paradigm in amygdala. The model we built has both Goodwin type circadian gene regulatory network (GRN) and the conductance model of Morris-Lecar (ML) type to explain the spontaneous firing patterns (SFR) in suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN). In the conductance model, we also ...

Upregulation of the nitrosylome in bipolar disorder type 1 (BP1) and major depression, but not BP2: Increased IgM antibodies to nitrosylated conjugates are associated with indicants of leaky gut.

Major depression (MDD) and a lifetime history of MDD are characterized by increased nitrosylation, while bipolar disorder type 1 (BP1), but not BP2, is accompanied by highly increased levels of oxidative stress and nitric oxide (NO) production. Nevertheless, it is unknown whether nitrosylation is involved in BP and whether there are differences in nitrosylation between BP1 and BP2.

Resistance training in addition to aerobic activity is associated with lower likelihood of depression and comorbid depression and anxiety symptoms: A cross sectional analysis of Australian women.

The mental health benefits of resistance training (RT) alone or beyond those provided by aerobic physical activity (PA) are unclear. This study aimed to determine the association between meeting recommendations for aerobic PA and/or RT, and symptoms of depression and/or anxiety. Participants were Australian female members of the 10,000 Steps project (n = 5180, 50.0 ± 11.5 years). Symptoms of depression and anxiety were determined using the Depression Anxiety Stress Score. Participants were groupe...

Brexanolone for postpartum depression: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled studies.

To systematically examine the effectiveness, tolerability, and safety of brexanolone infusion in treating postpartum depression (PPD).

Effects of Psychology and Extra-Gastrointestinal Symptoms on Healthcare Use by Subjects With and Without Irritable Bowel Syndrome.

There is controversy about whether psychological factors (anxiety and depression) increase seeking of healthcare by patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). We investigated whether psychological factors increase healthcare seeking by patients with IBS and the effects of extra-GI symptoms.

Outcomes and Safety of Overlapping Surgery in Patients Undergoing Microvascular Decompression for Hemifacial Spasm and Trigeminal Neuralgia.

Overlapping surgery, performed by the same primary attending surgeon asynchronously, has gained significant attention from the government and media as potentially harmful to patients. Therefore, the goal of this study was to evaluate the outcomes and safety of overlapping versus nonoverlapping microvascular decompression (MVD) operation.

Reflective pondering is associated with executive control for emotional information: An adolescent prospective study.

In adult populations, rumination and executive control impairments have been highlighted as vulnerability factors for later depression and rumination as a whole construct has recently been linked to lower executive control. However, research with adolescent populations is limited and little is known developmentally of the association between rumination and executive control. A prospective design was used to investigate the relationship between brooding rumination and reflective pondering and executive contr...

Problematic internet use in Bangladeshi students: The role of socio-demographic factors, depression, anxiety, and stress.

Problematic Internet Use (PIU) has become a concern for public mental health across the globe. However, there are few studies assessing PIU in Bangladesh. The present cross-sectional study estimated the prevalence rate of PIU and its associated risk factors among 405 university students in Bangladesh between June and July 2018. The measures included sociodemographic questions, internet and health-related variables, the Internet Addiction Test (IAT) and the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21). The...

The psychological burden of baby weight: Pregnancy, weight stigma, and maternal health.

Weight stigma is increasingly prevalent, highly distressing, and associated with an array of negative health and psychological outcomes. Many of the known correlates - depression, stress, and weight gain - have the potential to be particularly harmful in the context of pregnancy and the postpartum, a life phase in which women's social roles, body weights, and body meanings are in particular flux. Yet, there is little literature connecting the experiences of weight stigma to the wellbeing of pregnant and pos...

The Cortisol Awakening Response: A Feasibility Study Investigating the Use of the Area Under the Curve With Respect to Increase as an Effective Objective Measure of Tinnitus Distress.

Purpose Tinnitus is a chronic medical condition that can result in distress, concentration difficulties, and clinical depression. An effective, objective measure of tinnitus distress does not currently exist. Endocrinal studies into the condition have been few, with those investigating the cortisol awakening response limited in scope. It was hypothesized that distressed individuals with tinnitus would awaken and be unable to effectively prepare for the day ahead due to a blunted cortisol response. Method Tw...

Evaluation of the antianxiety and antidepressant activities of mosapride in Wistar albino rats.

Background The 5HT4 receptor agonists are antidepressants with a unique mode of action. Many studies have been done on investigational drugs, and mosapride has been shown to have a 5HT3 antagonistic property. In this study, we assessed the potential anxiolytic and antidepressant effects of mosapride on Wistar albino rats. Methods The rats were randomly assigned to two models containing 4 groups of 6 animals each. In the anxiety model, four groups included 0.5 mL of 0.5% carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC), mosapr...

Heart-Focused Anxiety Among Latinxs in Primary Care: Relations to Anxiety, Depression, Pain, and Functional Impairment.

There is a public health need to better characterize the individual-based differences that may be involved in the expression and maintenance of psychological and related health problems among Latinx individuals. One individual difference factor that may be relevant to the nexus of psychological and physical concerns is heart-focused anxiety. The current study sought to evaluate the potential explanatory relevance of heart-focused anxiety as an important individual difference factor for anxiety, depression, ...


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