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PubMed Journals Articles About "Food Lion" RSS

04:23 EDT 17th July 2019 | BioPortfolio

Food Lion PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Food Lion articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Food Lion" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 5,200+

Reservoir computing model of prefrontal cortex creates novel combinations of previous navigation sequences from hippocampal place-cell replay with spatial reward propagation.

As rats learn to search for multiple sources of food or water in a complex environment, they generate increasingly efficient trajectories between reward sites. Such spatial navigation capacity involves the replay of hippocampal place-cells during awake states, generating small sequences of spatially related place-cell activity that we call "snippets". These snippets occur primarily during sharp-wave-ripples (SWRs). Here we focus on the role of such replay events, as the animal is learning a traveling salesp...


Male and female mice show equal variability in food intake across 4-day spans that encompass estrous cycles.

The exclusion of female rodents from biomedical research is well documented and persists in large part due to perceptions that ovulatory cycles render female traits more variable than those of males, and females must be tested at each of four stages of the estrous cycle to generate reliable data. These beliefs are not empirically based. The magnitude of trait variance associated with the estrous cycle may be sufficiently low and of little impact, or trait variability of males tested on 4 consecutive days ma...

Dietary protein restriction increases hepatic leptin receptor mRNA and plasma soluble leptin receptor in male rodents.

Leptin is an adipokine that regulates adipose tissue mass through membrane-anchored leptin receptor (Ob-R). Extracellular domain of Ob-R in plasma is called soluble leptin receptor (sOb-R), and is the main leptin-binding protein. Based on a previous DNA microarray analysis that showed induction of hepatic Ob-R mRNA in low-protein diet-fed mice, this study aimed to clarify the effect of dietary protein restriction on hepatic Ob-R mRNA and plasma sOb-R levels. First, the effect of protein restriction on hepat...


Brown seaweed (AquaArom) supplementation increases food intake and improves growth, antioxidant status and resistance to temperature stress in Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar.

Seaweeds represent a vast resource that remains underutilized as an ingredient in aquafeeds. Here we probed the effect of addition of AquaArom, a seaweed meal derived from brown seaweeds (Laminaria sp., kelp), to fish feed on growth performance, antioxidant capacity and temperature responsiveness of mitochondrial respiration. A commercial salmonid feed was mixed with 0 (control), 3, 6 and 10% seaweed and fed to Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) smolts for 30 days. The smolts consumed more of the seaweed-supplem...

A comparison of EMA and FDA decisions for new drug marketing applications 2014-2016: concordance, discordance and why.

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and European Medicines Agency (EMA) have robust scientific and technical collaborations. As a window to the impact of these activities we compared the agencies' decisions on drug marketing applications. Decisions were compared for 107 new drug applications with a regulatory outcome at both agencies in the period 2014 to 2016. Further analysis addressed individual applications for which the agencies had differing outcomes in terms of marketing approval, type of approval...

Nutritional treatment for cardiovascular risk in a university worker.

We present the case of a 47 year old nonsmoking university professor with moderate cardiovascular risk (CVR) (2%) according to HeartScore: obesity (body mass index, 32.8kg/m2); waist-to-hip ratio:1.08; high blood pressure, 150/101 mmHg; and hypercholesterolemia: 223 mg/ dL). The initial food inventory (2016) showed a consumption pattern of 2100 kcal/day (24% proteins, 45% fats, 31% carbohydrates); low intake of potassium (51%) and vitamin-D (42%); consumption of two alcoholic drinks/ per week. Dietary treat...

Phenolic compounds from coffee by-products modulate adipogenesis-related inflammation, mitochondrial dysfunction, and insulin resistance in adipocytes, via insulin/PI3K/AKT signaling pathways.

The aim was to evaluate the inhibitory potential of aqueous extracts from coffee silverskin (CSE) and husk (CHE) and their main phenolics on adipogenesis, obesity-related inflammation, mitochondrial dysfunction, and insulin resistance, in vitro. Coffee by-products extracts (31-500 μg mL) and pure phenolics (100 μmol L) reduced lipid accumulation and increased mitochondrial activity in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Also showed lower expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase-2 and dimini...

Aronia melanocarpa (Michx.) Elliot fruit juice reveals neuroprotective effect and improves cognitive and locomotor functions of aged rats.

The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of polyphenol-rich Aronia melanocarpa (Michx.) Elliot juice (AMJ) on learning ability and memory, and brain morphology of aged rats. A model of healthy male Wistar rats (24 months of age) divided in 2 groups was used: AMJ group supplemented orally with AMJ (10 mL/kg for 105 days) and old control (CO) group without supplementation. Activity cage test showed that AMJ supplemented rats increased the number of vertical movements compared with old controls (p...

Oleanolic acid attenuates cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity in mice and chemosensitizes human cervical cancer cells to cisplatin cytotoxicity.

Oleanolic acid (OA) is a natural triterpenoid that possesses numerous beneficial health effects such as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic activities. In this study, we investigated the therapeutic effect of OA (10 and 40 mg/kg) on cisplatin (CP)-induced (13 mg/kg) nephrotoxicity. Treatment with OA 40 mg/kg once daily for 2 days, 48 h after CP-intoxication, ameliorated the increased serum markers and histological features of kidney injury. CP administration increased renal expression ...

Myo-inositol in the protection from cadmium-induced toxicity in mice kidney: An emerging nutraceutical challenge.

Cadmium (Cd) induces functional and morphological changes in kidney. Therefore, the effects of a natural nutraceutical antioxidant, myo-inositol (MI), were evaluated in mice kidneys after Cd challenge. Twenty-eight C57 BL/6 J mice were divided into these groups: 0.9% NaCl; MI (360 mg/kg/day); CdCl (2 mg/kg/day) plus vehicle; CdCl (2 mg/kg/day) plus MI (360 mg/kg/day). After 14 days, kidneys were processed for structural, biochemical and morphometric evaluation. Treatment with CdCl increased urea n...

Steroidal alkaloid glycosides and phenolics from the immature fruits of Solanum nigrum.

Solanum nigrum L. (also called as European black nightshade) has been traditionally used as folk medicine and food in some regions. Phytochemical investigations of the immature fruits of S. nigrum yielded five steroidal alkaloid glycosides (1-5), including an unprecedented nor-spirosolane type steroidal alkaloid with a five-membered ring A (1) and two novel spirosolane type steroidal alkaloid glycosides (2, 3), together with eight known phenolic compounds (6-13). Their structures were elucidated on the basi...

Deficits and Opportunities in Allergists' Approaches to Food Allergy-Related Bullying.

Gastric bypass surgery: risk for food allergy?

Innovative nanotechnologies for enhancing nucleic acids/gene therapy: Controlling intracellular trafficking to targeted biodistribution.

Nanomedicine promises to play an important role in next generation therapy, including Nucleic acid/Gene therapy. To accomplish this, innovative nanotechnologies will be needed to support nanomedicine by controlling not only the biodistribution but also the intracellular trafficking of macromolecules such as RNA/DNA. A multifunctional envelope-type nano device (MEND) was developed to meet this requirement. We herein provide an update regarding the functions of the MEND system focusing on the introduction of ...

Lipid-based nano delivery of antimicrobials to control food-borne bacteria.

Direct application of antibacterial agents into foods gives limited advantages because bioactive ingredients may be partially inactivated, neutralized, or easily diffused when contacting with the food matrix. Hence, the aim of this study is to investigate the application of lipid-based nanocarriers as delivery systems for antibacterial ingredients. In this regard, several types of these carriers such as nanoliposomes, nanoemulsions, solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs), and nanostructured lipid carriers (NLCs) ...

Culture-based analysis of fungi in leaves after the primary and secondary fermentation processes during Ishizuchi-kurocha production and lactate assimilation of P. kudriavzevii.

Ishizuchi-kurocha is a Japanese traditional fermented tea that is produced by primary aerobic and secondary fermentation steps. The secondary fermentation step of Ishizuchi-kurocha is mainly mediated through lactic acid bacteria. Here, we performed quantitative analyses of the culturable fungal communities at each step and identified several morphologically representative fungal isolates. While filamentous fungi (median, 3.2 × 10 CFU/g sample) and yeasts (median, 3.7 × 10 CFU/g) were both dete...

Effects of divergent ultrasound pretreatment on the structure of watermelon seed protein and the antioxidant activity of its hydrolysates.

In the present study, the antioxidant hydrolysates obtained from watermelon seed protein (WSP) after divergent ultrasound and ultrafiltration treatment were studied. The results showed that the slit divergent ultrasound (SDU, 20/28 KHz) pretreatment had considerable influence on the structure and enzymatic efficiency of WSP. Besides, compared with hydrolysates without ultrasonic and ultrafiltration treatment, watermelon protein hydrolysates with molecular weight

Individual variation in cognitive style reflects foraging and anti-predator strategies in a small mammal.

Balancing foraging gain and predation risk is a fundamental trade-off in the life of animals. Individual strategies to acquire, process, store and use information to solve cognitive tasks are likely to affect speed and flexibility of learning, and ecologically relevant decisions regarding foraging and predation risk. Theory suggests a functional link between individual variation in cognitive style and behaviour (animal personality) via speed-accuracy and risk-reward trade-offs. We tested whether cognitive s...

Impact of nutritional stress on the honeybee colony health.

Honeybees Apis mellifera are important pollinators of wild plants and commercial crops. For more than a decade, high percentages of honeybee colony losses have been reported worldwide. Nutritional stress due to habitat depletion, infection by different pests and pathogens and pesticide exposure has been proposed as the major causes. In this study we analyzed how nutritional stress affects colony strength and health. Two groups of colonies were set in a Eucalyptus grandis plantation at the beginning of the f...

Zooplankton and micronekton respond to climate fluctuations in the Amundsen Sea polynya, Antarctica.

The vertical migration of zooplankton and micronekton (hereafter 'zooplankton') has ramifications throughout the food web. Here, we present the first evidence that climate fluctuations affect the vertical migration of zooplankton in the Southern Ocean, based on multi-year acoustic backscatter data from one of the deep troughs in the Amundsen Sea, Antarctica. High net primary productivity (NPP) and the annual variation in seasonal ice cover make the Amundsen Sea coastal polynya an ideal site in which to exam...

Endosymbiotic Bacteria Are Prevalent and Diverse in Agricultural Spiders.

Maternally inherited bacterial endosymbionts are common in arthropods, but their distribution and prevalence are poorly characterized in many host taxa. Initial surveys have suggested that vertically transmitted symbionts may be particularly common in spiders (Araneae). Here, we used diagnostic PCR and high-throughput sequencing to evaluate symbiont infection in 267 individual spiders representing 14 species (3 families) of agricultural spiders. We found 27 operational taxonomic units (OTUs) that are likely...

The administration of L-cysteine and L-arginine inhibits biofilm formation in wild-type biofilm-forming yeast by modulating FLO11 gene expression.

Microbial biofilms are undesired in food manufacturing, drinking water distribution systems, and clinical realms. Yeast biofilms are particularly problematic because of the strong capacity of yeast cells to adhere to abiotic surfaces, cells, and tissues. Novel approaches have been developed over recent years to prevent the establishment of microbial biofilms, such as through the use of small molecules with inhibiting and dispersing properties. Here, we studied the inhibitory activity of 11 different amino a...

Factors influencing the membrane fluidity and the impact on production of lactic acid bacteria starters.

Production of lactic acid bacteria starters for manufacturing food, probiotic, and chemical products requires the application of successive steps: fermentation, concentration, stabilization, and storage. Despite process optimization, losses of bacterial viability and functional activities are observed after stabilization and storage steps due to cell exposure to environmental stresses (thermal, osmotic, mechanical, and oxidative). Bacterial membrane is the primary target for injury and its damage is highly ...

Development of a new fluorescent probe for cysteine detection in processed food samples.

Cysteine is a crucial amino acid, found in a huge amount in protein-rich foods. We focused our research to determine the amount of free cysteine consumed highly in foods such as pork, beef, poultry, eggs, dairy, red peppers, soybeans, broccoli, brussels sprouts, oats, and wheat germs. A newly designed carbazole-pyridine-based fluorescent probe (CPI) has been introduced for quantitative estimation of cysteine (Cys) with a "turn on" fluorescence in some popular processed food samples chosen from our daily die...

Distribution and health risk assessment of cadmium, lead, and mercury in freshwater fish from the right bank of Senegal River in Mauritania.

Clarias gariepinus (African catfish) and Oreochromis niloticus (Tilapia fish) from the right North bank of the Senegal River in Mauritania (Rosso, Boghé, and Kaédi) were sampled during 1-year monitoring and tested for lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), and mercury (Hg) levels. Fishing from the Senegal River is an essential source of food for the local population and these two species are the most common. Muscle presents higher Hg concentrations than liver and gills for both species. Gill Hg concentrations from Kaé...


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