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PubMed Journals Articles About "Influence Vitamin Deficiency Inflammatory Markers Clinical Disease Activity" RSS

18:08 EDT 24th August 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Influence Vitamin Deficiency Inflammatory Markers Clinical Disease Activity" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 72,000+

Insecticide Resistance Testing of and from Mississippi.

Data on insecticide resistance in mosquitoes from Mississippi are reported. Mosquitoes were collected from June through October 2017 from 28 cities in Mississippi and included wild-caught Say obtained as egg rafts (reared to adults), and (Skuse) collected as larvae (reared to adults). The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) bottle bioassay protocol was utilized. Thirty-six populations of were tested for malathion resistance from 24 cities; 22 of them (61.1%) met the World Health Organization...


The Efficacy of the Larvicide Against in Municipal Wastewater and Water from Natural Wetlands.

Water quality is a factor that is likely to interact with the activity of ()-based mosquito larvicides. High rates of adsorption to dense particulate matter and toxin degradation in water may be expected to reduce effectiveness. Therefore, water from wastewater lagoons may serve as a protective habitat for mosquito larvae against larvicides relative to natural wetlands. We conducted a study in which we exposed larvae of to various concentrations of in water collected from an urban wetlands and an urban...

Resistance Status of to Deltamethrin, Malathion, and Temephos in Ecuador.

In Ecuador, the status of insecticide resistance for , the principal arboviral vector in the country, has not been previously evaluated. The aim of this research was to describe the resistance status of to the principal insecticides used for vector control in provinces with high reports of arboviral clinical cases. This was a descriptive study performed on collected from 2016 to 2017 in 14 localities of Ecuador. The larvae were reared and tested using bioassays applying the adulticides malathion and delta...


Comparative Analysis of Mosquito Trap Counts In the Peruvian Amazon: Effect of Trap Type and Other Covariates On Counts and Diversity.

Efficient detection of multiple species of adult mosquitoes in various habitats using effective traps is a crucial 1st step in any disease prevention program. Novel trap types that target tropical vectors of human diseases require field testing in the habitat of the vector-disease system in question. This paper analyzes a series of mosquito trapping studies conducted at Mapacocha, San Juan Bautista District, Loreto, Peru, during August-September 2013 and April-May 2014. Six trap configurations were evaluate...

Evaluation of Partially Submerged Sticky Traps On Lake Spillways For Adult Black Fly (Diptera: Simuliidae) Surveillance and Arbovirus Detection.

Sentinel surveillance systems demonstrate an improved ability to supplement monitoring data and anticipate arbovirus outbreaks (i.e., sentinel avian species). Management complications can arise during unpredictable or unseasonal disease detections, especially in rural areas where resident distribution is patchy. Using spillways near residential lake communities as static surveillance locations, we tested a novel partially submerged sticky trapping technique and screened wild populations of adult female blac...

Repellent Activity of Carrot Seed Essential Oil and Its Pure Compound, Carotol, Against Mosquitoes.

In our natural products screening program for mosquitoes, carrot seed essential oil showed high repellency. The gas chromatography (GC)/flame ionization detector and GC/mass spectrometry analysis of the essential oil revealed the presence of 47 compounds. Carotol was more than 75% w/w, followed by muurolene (4.86%), ()-β-farnesene (2.9%), and diepicedrene (1.1%). Systematic bioassay-guided fractionation of the essential oil was performed to identify active repellent compounds. In both Klun and Debboun (K&D...

Portable Battery Power and Small-Reservoir Modifications For Pesticide Misting Systems.

United States military personnel deployed in austere hot-arid, temperate, and tropical conditions in remote locations worldwide rely on the Department of Defense (DoD) Pest Management System measures such as application of pesticide residual and ultra-low-volume or thermal fog treatments for protection from routine exposure to nuisance and disease-vector insects. Timed pesticide misting systems originally developed for residential outdoor use show promise as potential enhancements to standard DoD Pest Manag...

Entomological Investigation of In Neighborhoods With Confirmed Human Arbovirus Infection In Puerto Rico.

The exotic arboviruses chikungunya (CHIKV) and Zika (ZIKV) recently caused large outbreaks and continue to circulate in Puerto Rico, prompting entomological investigations at 9 locations with confirmed CHIKV- or ZIKV-infected human cases. Adult mosquitoes were collected using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention autocidal gravid ovitraps over a 14-day period at each site. Mean female captured per trap-week ranged from 13.47 per trap-week to 1.27 per trap-week. Arbovirus-positive pools were detect...

Insecticidal Effect of Extracts Against .

Of the various plant extracts from 10 plant species tested against larvae of in the laboratory, only extracts from exhibited larvicidal activity. A chloroform leaf extract of exhibited relatively high activity with a lethal concentration causing 50% mortality (LC) of 15.89 ppm, while chloroform and ethyl acetate extracts of fruits were 19.70 and 19.52 ppm, respectively. The chloroform fruit extract at 10 ppm reduced the hatchability of eggs by 20% whereas the chloroform leaf extract was found to be les...

Rapid Immobilization of Adult Caused By Plant Essential Oils At Sublethal Concentrations.

Many synthetic insecticides cause immobilization in insect pests after they are exposed. This immobilization or knockdown is an important feature of intoxication that contributes to the abatement of pest insect populations, while preventing vectors of disease from biting and spreading pathogenic organisms to susceptible individuals. We have previously demonstrated that certain plant essential oils rapidly immobilize adult female mosquitoes that have been exposed via topical application. To further character...

Diversity Of Mosquito Species Ovipositing In Different Zones of Light Intensity Within Limestone Caves In Thailand.

Climate change and human activity affect the geographical and annual distribution and population abundance of mosquitoes. As natural habitats are reduced, it is hypothesized that mosquitoes may seek refuge in more stable environments such as cave habitats. Therefore, we explored the species diversity of mosquitoes exploiting cave habitats in Thailand. Ten species belonging to 4 genera were collected, of which none were considered to be true cave-dwelling species (Troglobiont). The known cavernicolous specie...

Influence of Location and Distance of Biogents Sentinel™ Traps From Human-Occupied Experimental Huts On Recapture and Entry Into Huts.

A mark-release-recapture study was conducted to refine the "push-pull" strategy for controlling the dengue, chikungunya, and Zika virus vector in a peridomestic environment by determining optimal locations and distances from human-occupied experimental huts for placement of the "pull" component (Biogents Sentinel™ [BGS] traps) to maximize the capture of mosquitoes. The BGS traps were placed at portals of entry (windows or doors) or corners of the experimental huts and at varying distances from the huts (...

Influence of Climatic Factors On () In Pantanal Landscape, Mato Grosso State, Brazil.

In order to assess the influence of climatic variations in temperature, relative humidity, and rainfall upon the population density of (Peryassú, 1908) in its natural habitat, samplings were carried out at different times of the year in Mato Grosso, Brazil. Mosquitoes were captured with the use of suction tubes and Shannon traps during 2 different periods of the day and 1 at night. A total of 2,637 specimens were captured, including 497 (18.8%) in March 2009, 1,240 (47.0%) in January 2010, and 484 (18.4%...

Impact of Storage and Handling Temperatures On the Activities of Mosquito Larvicides.

Larvicides based on , (formerly ), and insect growth regulators such as methoprene, and a few others are the most commonly used mosquito control products in the United States and elsewhere because of their relative specificity and high effectiveness against target organisms, safety to nontarget species, and compatibility with the environment. Using standard laboratory bioassay, we have evaluated the loss of larvicidal activities of various formulations after being exposed to different storage and handling...

The Impact of Hurricane Irma on Population Density of the Black Salt-Marsh Mosquito, , in Collier County, Florida.

In 2017, the southeastern USA and Caribbean endured an extremely active year for tropical storm and hurricane activity. On September 10, 2017, Hurricane Irma made a 2nd landfall in Florida, striking Collier County-including Naples and Marco Island, FL. Areas affected by Hurricane Irma are abundant in salt-marsh and mangrove swamps, prime habitats for the black salt-marsh mosquito, . Using both human landing rate and Biogents BG-Counter trap data, here we report the year-to-year fluctuations in population de...

Mood disorders impaired quality of life but not the mortality or morbidity risk in stable coronary heart disease patients.

It was suggested that depression and anxiety might be associated with increased cardiovascular risk in both primary and secondary prevention. In stable coronary heart disease (CHD) patients, we aimed to assess prevalence of depression and anxiety, its relations to conventional risk profile and mortality or morbidity and to quality of life (QoL). We examined 969 patients, at least 6 months after myocardial infarction or coronary revascularisation. Depression or anxiety was assessed using a standard HADS (...

Contribution of Whole Grains to Total Grains Intake Among Adults Aged 20 and Over: United States, 2013-2016.

Total grains intake comes from whole grains and refined grains. Whole grains contain the entire grain kernel (bran, germ, and endosperm) (1). A higher intake of whole grains is linked with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease, cancer, and mortality (2). The "2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans" recommend that at least one-half of total grains intake be from whole grains (3). This report provides estimates of the percentage of total grains intake consumed from whole grains sources, for adults aged 2...

Statistical learning attenuates visual activity only for attended stimuli.

Perception and behavior can be guided by predictions, which are often based on learned statistical regularities. Neural responses to expected stimuli are frequently found to be attenuated after statistical learning. However, whether this sensory attenuation following statistical learning occurs automatically or depends on attention remains unknown. In the present fMRI study, we exposed human volunteers to sequentially presented object stimuli, in which the first object predicted the identity of the second o...

Efficacy and safety of Achillea wilhelmsii C. Koch capsules on symptom severity and quality of life in patients with irritable bowel syndrome: a randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial.

Background Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is one of the most common digestive diseases. The aim of this clinical trial was to determine the effectiveness of Achillea wilhelmsii C. Koch on the symptom severity and quality of life (QOL) in patients with IBS. Methods The patients were randomized into two groups of 45 each. The QOL and symptom severity of the patients were evaluated at baseline and at completion of the treatments by means of IBS-QOL and IBS severity index. Results The mean severity of clinical ...

Efficacy of osteopathic treatment in patients with stable moderate-to-severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a randomized controlled pilot study.

Background This randomized controlled pilot study evaluated the efficacy of osteopathic treatment in patients with moderate-to-severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) assessed using spirometry, COPD Assessment Test (CAT) and six minutes walking test (6MWT). The main goals were to improve the quality of life of patients with stable moderate-to-severe COPD, and to revise the parameters of the assessment tests, such as spirometry and 6MWT. Methods The study comprised several phases and patients wer...

A disparate role of RP11-424C20.2/UHRF1 axis through control of tumor immune escape in liver hepatocellular carcinoma and thymoma.

The immune system is critical in modulating cancer progression. Pseudogenes are a special type of long non-coding RNAs that regulate different tumorigenic processes. However, the potential roles of pseudogenes in tumor-immune interaction remain largely unclear. Here, we reported that pseudogene RP11-424C20.2 and its parental gene UHRF1 were frequently up-regulated and positively correlated in liver hepatocellular carcinoma (LIHC) and thymoma (THYM), but associated with distinct clinical outcomes. We further...

Benefits and Risks of Subsection Laminectomy with Pedicle Screw Fixation for Ossification of the Ligamentum Flavum of the Thoracic Spine: A Retrospective Study of 30 Patients.

BACKGROUND This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of subsection laminectomy with pedicle screw fixation (SLPF) for the treatment of ossification of the ligamentum flavum of the thoracic spine. MATERIAL AND METHODS Thirty patients (age, 40-71 years) with ossification of the ligamentum flavum of the thoracic spine underwent SLPF (13 men, 17 women). Operative time, intraoperative blood loss, preoperative and postoperative change in thoracic kyphosis, and perioperative complications were recorded. The J...

A case report of hand, foot, and mouth disease with necrotizing mucocutaneous lesions.

In most cases, the cause of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is coxsackievirus A type 16. The infection can also be caused by other strains of coxsackievirus, spreading mainly by the oral-fecal route, while it is less likely to be transmitted through secretions. HFMD occurs mainly in summer and is more common in children under ten. Skin lesions develop during the disease but rarely become necrotic. When present, they are a severe complication requiring hospitalization. This paper reports the case of a p...

Ovarian Burkitt lymphoma as the primary manifestation: A case report and literature review.

Ovarian involvement as the initial manifestation of a Burkitt lymphoma without detectable extra-ovarian disease is rare, which is why it is usually not included in the differential diagnosis when an ovarian tumor is detected. A missed diagnosis will lead to the wrong treatment being given, and this can compromise any future reproductive wishes of the patient. In this article, a patient presents a Burkitt lymphoma with ovarian involvement as an initial manifestation and an unusually rapid systemic progressio...

Optimizing antibody affinity and stability by the automated design of the variable light-heavy chain interfaces.

Antibodies developed for research and clinical applications may exhibit suboptimal stability, expressibility, or affinity. Existing optimization strategies focus on surface mutations, whereas natural affinity maturation also introduces mutations in the antibody core, simultaneously improving stability and affinity. To systematically map the mutational tolerance of an antibody variable fragment (Fv), we performed yeast display and applied deep mutational scanning to an anti-lysozyme antibody and found that m...


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