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PubMed Journals Articles About "Insulin Lispro Insulin Degludec Insulin Lispro Insulin Degludec" RSS

18:56 EDT 19th July 2019 | BioPortfolio

Insulin Lispro Insulin Degludec Insulin Lispro Insulin Degludec PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Insulin Lispro Insulin Degludec Insulin Lispro Insulin Degludec articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Insulin Lispro Insulin Degludec Insulin Lispro Insulin Degludec" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 1,800+

Probing the Differential Dynamics of the Monomeric and Dimeric Insulin from Amide-I IR Spectroscopy.

The monomer-dimer equilibrium for insulin is one of the essential steps in forming the receptor-binding competent monomeric form of the hormone. Despite this importance, the thermodynamic stability, in particular for modified insulins, is quite poorly understood, in part, due to experimental difficulties. This work explores one- and two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy in the range of the amide-I band for the hydrated monomeric and dimeric wild-type hormone. It is found that for the monomer the frequency f...


The nuclear and mitochondrial sirtuins, Sirt6 and Sirt3, regulate each other's activity and protect the heart from developing obesity-mediated diabetic cardiomyopathy.

Sirtuins (Sirts) are implicated in regulating a myriad of biologic functions ranging from cell growth and metabolism to longevity. Here, we show that nuclear Sirt, Sirt6, and mitochondrial Sirt, Sirt3, regulate each other's activity and protect the heart from developing diabetic cardiomyopathy. We found that expression of both Sirt6 and Sirt3 was reduced in cardiomyocytes treated with palmitate and in hearts of mice fed with a high-fat, high-sucrose (HF-HS) diet to develop obesity and diabetes. Conversely, ...

Autophagy induction by the pathogen receptor NECTIN4 and sustained autophagy contribute to peste des petits ruminants virus infectivity.

Macroautophagy/autophagy is an essential cellular response in the fight against intracellular pathogens. Although some viruses can escape from or utilize autophagy to ensure their own replication, the responses of autophagy pathways to viral invasion remain poorly documented. Here, we show that peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV) infection induces successive autophagic signalling in host cells via distinct and uncoupled molecular pathways. Immediately upon invasion, PPRV induced a first transient wave o...


Antidiabetic and antioxidative properties of the hydro-methanolic extract (60:40) of rhizomes of Curcuma amada roxb. (Zingiberaceae) in streptozotocin-induced diabetic male albino rat: a dose-dependent study through biochemical and genomic approaches.

Background Curcuma amada is the most popular traditional medicine in India for the treatment of diabetes. The present study aimed to focus the antidiabetic and antioxidative activity of C. amada through the analysis of biochemical and genomic levels in a dose-dependent manner in streptozotocin-induced male adult rat. Method Streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats were administered orally with hydro-methanolic extract of C. amada at the dose of 10, 20, 40 and 80 mg/100 g body weight of rats for 28 days. T...

Fasting during the holy month of Ramadan among older children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes in Kuwait.

Objective To evaluate the safety of fasting during the holy month of Ramadan among children and adolescent with type 1 diabetes (T1D). Methods A retrospective cohort study of 50 children and adolescents with T1D whose mean age was 12.7 ± 2.1 years was conducted. Twenty-seven patients (54%) were on multiple daily injections (MDI) insulin regimen and 23 (46%) were on insulin pump therapy. Before fasting for Ramadan, children and their families were evaluated and educated about diabetes management during ...

Igf1R/InsR function is required for axon extension and corpus callosum formation.

One of the earliest steps during the development of the nervous system is the establishment of neuronal polarity and the formation of an axon. The intrinsic mechanisms that promote axon formation have been extensively analyzed. However, much less is known about the extrinsic signals that initiate axon formation. One of the candidates for these signals is Insulin-like growth factor 1 (Igf1) that acts through the Igf1 (Igf1R) and insulin receptors (InsR). Since Igf1R and InsR may act redundantly we analyzed c...

Interest of plasma microvesicles to monitor pancreatic islet graft dysfunction: beta cell- and leukocyte-derived microvesicles as specific features in a pilot longitudinal study.

Markers of early pancreatic islet graft dysfunction and its causes are lacking. We monitored 19 T1D islet-transplanted patients for up to 36 months following last islet injection. Patients were categorized as Partial (PS) or complete (S) Success, or Graft Failure (F), using the β-score as an indicator of graft function. F was the subset reference of maximum worsened graft outcome. To identify the immune, pancreatic, and liver contribution to the graft dysfunction, the cell origin and concentration of circu...

Xenobiotic mediated diabetogenesis: Developmental exposure to dichlorvos or atrazine leads to type 1 or type 2 diabetes in drosophila.

The increased incidence of Diabetes to the magnitude of a global epidemic is attributed to non-traditional risk factors, including exposure to environmental chemicals. However, the contribution of xenobiotic exposure during the development of an organism to the etiology of diabetes is not fully addressed. Developing stages are more susceptible to chemical insult, but knowledge on the consequence of the same to the onset of diabetes is residual. In this context, by using Drosophila melanogaster having conser...

Exploring The Mechanism Of PPARγ Phosphorylation Mediated By CDK5.

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) is a nuclear receptor with a key role in metabolic processes and is target of CDK5 kinase phosphorylation at S245 (S273 in PPARγ isoform 2), thereby inducing insulin resistance. A remarkable effort has been addressed to find PPARγ ligands that inhibit S245 phosphorylation, but the poor understanding in this field challenges the design of such ligands. Here, through computational and biophysical methods, we explored an experimentally validated model...

The Different Roles of miRNA-92a-2-5p and let-7b-5p in Mitochondrial Translation in db/db Mice.

Excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated in mitochondria is known to be a causal event in diabetic cardiomyopathy. Recent studies suggest that microRNAs (miRNAs) are able to translocate to mitochondria to modulate mitochondrial activities, but the roles of such miRNAs in diabetic cardiomyopathy remain unclear. We observed a marked reduction of mitochondrial gene cytochrome-b (mt-Cytb) in the heart of db/db mice compared with controls. Downregulation of mt-Cytb by small interfering RNA (siRNA) recap...

The complementary role of insulin-like growth factor II mRNA-binding protein 3 (IMP3) in diagnosis of Hodgkin's lymphoma.

Cinaciguat in combination with insulin induces a favorable effect on implant osseointegration in type 2 diabetic rats.

The osseointegration process of implant is seriously impaired in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) that causes high failure rate, and insufficiency exists in current insulin therapy, creating a demand for new bone-synergistic agent. Cinaciguat, a novel type of soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) activator, plays a vital role in glucose metabolism, inflammation control and bone regeneration. We hypothesized that the combined application of cinaciguat and insulin could reverse poor implant osseointegration in diabe...

Elevated Insulin and Insulin Resistance are Associated with Altered Myelin in Cognitively Unimpaired Middle-Aged Adults.

Insulin regulates metabolism and influences neural health. Insulin resistance (IR) and type II diabetes have been identified as risk factors for Alzheimer disease (AD). Evidence has also suggested that myelinated white matter alterations may be involved in the pathophysiology of AD; however, it is unknown whether insulin or IR affect the underlying myelin microstructure. The relationships between insulin, IR, and myelin were examined, with the hypothesis that IR would be associated with reduced myelin.

Growth patterns, metabolic indicators and osteoarticular status in the Lusitano horse: A longitudinal study.

Development of a healthy musculoskeletal system is of high concern for horse breeders and users. A longitudinal field study was performed in order to: (i) evaluate growth patterns and long-term changes on bone quality, bone metabolism, growth factors and metabolic variables in the Lusitano horse; and (ii) retrospectively assess whether these changes were related with radiographic findings regarding osteochondrosis-like lesions (OC) at the onset of training. Thirty-four Lusitano foals born and raised at four...

Gadofullerene Nanoparticles Reverse Dysfunctions of Pancreas and Improve Hepatic Insulin Resistance for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Treatment.

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has been one of the most prevalent metabolic disorders. Nonetheless, the commonly used anti-T2DM drugs failed to substantially treat T2DM, which always rapidly rebound in blood glucose when withdrawal. Here we put forward a superior and sustainable anti-diabetic strategy using intraperitoneal (i.p.) administration of amino acid functionalized gadofullerene nanoparticles (GFNPs) in db/db diabetic mice. Highly accumulated into pancreas and liver, GFNPs could prominently decreas...

Nicotine induces insulin resistance via downregulation of Nrf2 in cardiomyocyte.

Clinical studies have demonstrated that cigarette smoking is strongly associated with insulin resistance and heart disease. Nicotine is considered the primary toxin constituent associated with smoking. However, the distinct molecular mechanism of nicotine-induced cardiac dysfunction remains unclear. Cardiomyocytes with nicotine-induced insulin resistance are characterized by decreased glucose uptake, as measured by 2-[N-(7-Nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazol-4-yl)amino]-2-deoxy-d-glucose (2-NBDG), a fluorescent deri...

Mitochondrial GTP Links Nutrient Sensing to β Cell Health, Mitochondrial Morphology, and Insulin Secretion Independent of OxPhos.

Mechanisms coordinating pancreatic β cell metabolism with insulin secretion are essential for glucose homeostasis. One key mechanism of β cell nutrient sensing uses the mitochondrial GTP (mtGTP) cycle. In this cycle, mtGTP synthesized by succinyl-CoA synthetase (SCS) is hydrolyzed via mitochondrial PEPCK (PEPCK-M) to make phosphoenolpyruvate, a high-energy metabolite that integrates TCA cycling and anaplerosis with glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS). Several strategies, including xenotopic overex...

Functional Inactivation of Mast Cells Enhances Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue Browning in Mice.

Adipose tissue browning and systemic energy expenditure provide a defense mechanism against obesity and associated metabolic diseases. In high-cholesterol Western diet-fed mice, mast cell (MC) inactivation ameliorates obesity and insulin resistance and improves the metabolic rate, but a direct role of adipose tissue MCs in thermogenesis and browning remains unproven. Here, we report that adrenoceptor agonist norepinephrine-stimulated metabolic rate and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) browning are enhanced...

Triglyceride Glucose Index Predicting Cardiovascular Mortality in Chinese Initiating Peritoneal Dialysis: A Cohort Study.

Insulin resistance (IR) is increased among people with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). The Triglyceride glucose (TyG) index is a marker of IR and is also associated with the prognosis of cardiovascular disease among patients initiating peritoneal dialysis (PD). This study was aimed at examining the associations between TyG index and cardiovascular deaths in patients initiating PD.

Simultaneous onset of type 1 diabetes mellitus and silent thyroiditis under durvalumab treatment

Durvalumab, a human immunoglobulin G1 kappa monoclonal antibody that blocks the interaction of programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) with the PD-1 and CD80 (B7.1) molecules, is increasingly used in advanced neoplasias. Durvalumab use is associated with increased immune-related adverse events. We report a case of a 55-year-old man who presented to our emergency room with hyperglycaemia after receiving durvalumab for urothelial high-grade non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer. On presentation, he had polyuria, ...

Viral Hormones: Expanding Dimensions in Endocrinology.

Viruses have developed different mechanisms to manipulate their hosts, including the process of viral mimicry in which viruses express important host proteins. Until recently, examples of viral mimicry were limited to mimics of growth factors and immunomodulatory proteins. Using a comprehensive bioinformatics approach, we have shown that viruses possess the DNA/RNA with potential to encode 16 different peptides with high sequence similarity to human peptide hormones and metabolically important regulatory pr...

Overexpressed IGFBP5 promotes cell proliferation and inhibits apoptosis of nucleus pulposus derived from rats with disc degeneration through inactivating the ERK/MAPK axis.

It is previously suggested that insulin-like growth factor binding proteins (IGFBPs) potentially share an association with disc degeneration (DD) that causes back pain. This study aimed at exploring the functional relevance of IGFBP5 in DD by establishing a rat model of DD. The nucleus pulposus (NP) cells were transduced with IGFBP5-shRNA or IGFBP5 overexpression to determine the cellular processes (proliferation, apoptosis, as well as colony formation). The protein levels of apoptosis-related proteins were...

SREBP-regulated adipocyte lipogenesis is dependent on substrate availability and redox modulation of mTORC1.

The synthesis of lipid and sterol species through de novo lipogenesis (DNL) is regulated by two functionally overlapping but distinct transcription factors: the sterol regulatory element-binding proteins (SREBPs) and carbohydrate response element binding protein (ChREBP). ChREBP is considered to be the dominant regulator of DNL in adipose tissue (AT); however, the SREBPs are highly expressed and robustly regulated in adipocytes, suggesting that the model of AT DNL may be incomplete. Here we describe a new m...

Design, synthesis, molecular modeling and anti-hyperglycemic evaluation of phthalimide-sulfonylurea hybrids as PPARγ and SUR agonists.

New series of phthalimide-sulfonylurea hybrids were prepared and examined for their in vivo anti-hyperglycemic activities in STZ-induced hyperglycemic rats using glibenclamide as a reference drug. Compounds 6, 6, 6, 6, 6 and 6 induced significant reduction in the blood glucose levels of diabetic rats ranging from 24.43 to 21.43%. Moreover, molecular docking and pharmacophore approaches were carried out to examine binding modes and fit values of the prepared compounds against PPARγ and SUR, respectively. Co...

Assessment of mouse liver 1-13Cpyruvate metabolism by dynamic hyperpolarized MRS.

Hyperpolarized [1-13C]pyruvate magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy has the unique ability to detect real-time metabolic changes in vivo owing to its high sensitivity compared with thermal MR and high specificity compared with other metabolic imaging methods. The aim of this study was to explore the potential of hyperpolarized MR spectroscopy for quantification of liver pyruvate metabolism during a hyperinsulinemic isoglycemic clamp in mice. Hyperpolarized [1-13C]pyruvate was used for in vivo MR spectroscop...


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