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PubMed Journals Articles About "Interpreting Disconnect Between American Public Health Association Policy" RSS

12:52 EDT 22nd July 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Interpreting Disconnect Between American Public Health Association Policy" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 40,000+

Variables affecting first-year student commitment during the transition to college in Ireland.

Third-level student attrition rates internationally are a cause for concern. Thus, student retention and academic success are top priorities for colleges, and students alike. In addition to this, student well-being is a growing public health concern. This study explores the need to incorporate well-being as a predictor in traditionally academically focused models of student persistence during the transition to college. A cross-sectional web-based survey was conducted with 574 first-year students aged 17-22 ...


Medication-taking after stroke: a qualitative meta-synthesis of the perspectives of stroke survivors, informal carers and health professionals.

Lifelong secondary prevention medication is recommended after stroke or transient ischaemic attack. However, poor medication adherence and persistence, which lead to suboptimal health outcomes, are common, but the reasons for this are not well understood, mainly because there have been few studies reporting adherence barriers in stroke survivors.

Interleukin-1 Genotype in Periodontitis.

This paper presents the current knowledge concerning the role of polymorphisms of IL1A and IL1B genes in periodontitis. Attention has been paid to the role of IL-1 in the pathogenesis of the disease, and to the significance of a genetic test, investigating the presence of composite two polymorphisms of IL-1 gene, as a risk factor for severe periodontitis. The significance of this test for prevention of periodontitis and its therapy has been discussed. IL-1 polymorphisms have been presented and described acc...


Promoting mobility and healthy aging in men: a narrative review.

Maintaining mobility is an important aspect of health and well-being in older men. This literature review describes several modifiable and nonmodifiable risk factors impacting bone, muscle, and joint health. Exercise and nutritional interventions may help to prevent the progressive deterioration in bones, muscles, and joints impacting mobility in later life. Limitations in mobility are increasingly recognized as a major public health problem due to an aging population and growing number of older individuals...

Identification and characterization of a fast-neutron-induced mutant with elevated seed protein content in soybean.

Protein content of soybean is critical for utility of soybean meal. A fast-neutron-induced deletion on chromosome 12 was found to be associated with increased protein content. Soybean seed composition affects the utility of soybean, and improving seed composition is an essential breeding goal. Fast neutron radiation introduces genomic mutations resulting in novel variation for traits of interest. Two elite soybean lines were irradiated with fast neutrons and screened for altered seed composition. Twenty-thr...

Using environmental clustering to identify specific drought tolerance QTLs in bread wheat (T. aestivum L.).

Environmental clustering helps to identify QTLs associated with grain yield in different water stress scenarios. These QTLs could be useful for breeders to improve grain yields and increase genetic resilience in marginal environments. Drought is one of the main abiotic stresses limiting winter bread wheat growth and productivity around the world. The acquisition of new high-yielding and stress-tolerant varieties is therefore necessary and requires improved understanding of the physiological and genetic base...

Genome-wide association study of pre-harvest sprouting tolerance using a 90K SNP array in common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.).

Three major loci for pre-harvest sprouting tolerance (PHST) were mapped on chromosomes 1AL, 3BS, and 6BL, and two CAPS and one dCAPS markers were validated. Sixteen lines with favorable alleles and increased PHST were identified. Pre-harvest sprouting (PHS) significantly affects wheat grain yield and quality. In the present study, the PHS tolerance (PHST) of 192 wheat varieties (lines) was evaluated by assessment of field sprouting, seed germination index, and period of dormancy in different environments. A...

Prevalence and Genetic Diversity of Bacillus cereus Isolated from Raw Milk and Cattle Farm Environments.

Bacillus cereus not only has adverse effects on the nutrition and shelf life of dairy products but also seriously endanger people's health. This study was conducted to reveal the prevalence and genetic diversity of B. cereus strains isolated from raw milk and cattle farm environments. A total 56 of B. cereus strains were detected from 300 environmental samples (soil, water, fodder, air, milk pails, milking machines, cowsheds, bedding, excrement, cow surfaces, udders, overalls, soles, and staff hand samp...

Childhood bullying victimization, self-labelling, and help-seeking for mental health problems.

Previous research found sustained high levels of mental health service use among adults who experienced bullying victimization during childhood. This could be due to increased psychopathology among this group, but other factors, such as self-perception as having a mental health problem, might contribute to increased service use. Additionally, the relationship between informal help-seeking for mental health problems and bullying victimization is incompletely understood.

Prenatal maternal stress and risk of neurodevelopmental disorders in the offspring: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Exposure to prenatal stress has been reported to affect the risk of adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes in the offspring; however, there is currently no clear consensus. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to examine the existing literature on the association between prenatal stress and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in the offspring.

How Ponto-Caspian invaders affect local parasite communities of native fish.

Invasive species are a major threat to ecosystems worldwide. Their effects are versatile and mostly well studied. However, not much is known about the impact of invasion on native parasite communities, although parasites are usually important response variables for ecosystem health. To improve the knowledge on how native fish parasite communities and their dynamics are affected by invasive species and how these processes change local host-parasite interactions over time, we studied different host-parasite s...

Housing First: Unsuppressed Viral Load Among Women Living with HIV in San Francisco.

While poverty is an established barrier to achieving success at each step of the HIV care continuum, less is known about specific aspects of poverty and how they overlap with behavior in exceptionally low-income individuals who live in well-resourced areas. We considered unsuppressed viral load over 3 years among women living with HIV in San Francisco who used homeless shelters, low-income hotels and free meal programs. One-hundred twenty study participants were followed; 60% had > 1 unsuppressed viral...

Clinical, histopathological, and molecular analyses of IDH-wild-type WHO grade II-III gliomas to establish genetic predictors of poor prognosis.

The genetic features of isocitrate dehydrogenase-wild-type (IDH-wt) lower-grade gliomas (LGGs; World Health Organization grades II and III) are not well defined. This study analyzed the genetic and other features of IDH-wt LGGs to develop a subclassification that can be used to predict their prognosis. Clinical, histopathological, and genetic features of 35 cases of diffuse IDH-wt astrocytoma and IDH-wt anaplastic astrocytoma were analyzed. The following genetic factors were examined: mutations of B-rapidly...

NICE and Fair? Health Technology Assessment Policy Under the UK's National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, 1999-2018.

The UK's National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) is responsible for conducting health technology assessment (HTA) on behalf of the National Health Service (NHS). In seeking to justify its recommendations to the NHS about which technologies to fund, NICE claims to adopt two complementary ethical frameworks, one procedural-accountability for reasonableness (AfR)-and one substantive-an 'ethics of opportunity costs' (EOC) that rests primarily on the notion of allocative efficiency. This study i...

"Not Just One, It's Both of Us": Low-Income Mothers' Perceptions of Structural Family Therapy Delivered in a Semi-rural Community Mental Health Center.

Qualitative methods were used to explore mothers' perceptions of structural family therapy (SFT) delivered in a semi-rural community mental health clinic. In-depth, semi-structured interviews were conducted with sixteen mothers who received SFT after seeking services for their children. Thematic analysis suggests mothers found SFT acceptable and valuable. Mothers reported using SFT strategies to regain parental authority, which they believed improved their ability to manage their child's needs and decreased...

Integrated k-means clustering with data envelopment analysis of public hospital efficiency.

The goal of this study is to integrate k-means clustering with data envelopment analysis to examine technical efficiencies in public hospitals in Turkey. A two-step analysis procedure involving provinces and public hospitals is applied in this study. The first step examines similar provinces in terms of welfare state indicators by using k-means clustering and silhouette (Sil) cluster validity index measures. Then, the efficiencies of public hospitals in different groups of provinces are determined. The data...

Defining picky eating and its relationship to feeding behaviors and weight status.

We assessed the individual constructs that comprise "picky eaters" and determined the relationship of each construct to parental perception of their child's weight status, parental pressure-to-eat, and the child's body mass index z-score (BMIz). We developed a questionnaire including 7 commonly used measures of picky eating, which was completed by parents of 2-8 year-olds in pediatric clinics. We performed exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, and model fit. Regression models assessed ...

Is the transmission of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) infection through milk intended to feed calves an overlooked item in paratuberculosis control programs?

As in many parts of the world, Chile shows a high Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) infection rate. Evidently, the control recommendations have been inefficient. In the author's opinion, the potential risk of MAP transmission to susceptible calves through milk consumption is largely overlooked. Two observational studies were performed, one to confirm MAP shedding in young stock in a high MAP-infected dairy herd and MAP load in milk intended to feed these calves was estimated. In parallel, in...

Herd management and welfare assessment of dairy goat farms in Northern Cyprus by using breeding, health, reproduction, and biosecurity indicators.

This study describes the results of a farm-based welfare assessment, herd management, and some yield indicators in Northern Cyprus dairy goat farms. Out of 324 intensive milk goat farms which produce goats, only the 42 goat farms which had 7950 heads were chosen by random sampling in Northern Cyprus (2016), and face-to-face questionnaires and observations were conducted to collect data. Regarding the breeding techniques in these farms, of all the goats in these farms, 45.2% were cross-breed, 38.1% were Dama...

Deciphering the Role of WNT Signaling in Metabolic Syndrome-Linked Alzheimer's Disease.

It has been well established in recent research that there is a strong correlation between metabolic syndrome (MetS) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the knowledge of exact mechanistic behind this association remains elusive. It has been reported in recent studies that inflammation and hypercoagulation are pivotal to the pathophysiology of MetS-induced AD. It is rather captivating that aberrant Wnt signaling pathway has been found to be implicated in each of the four conditions, i.e., inflammation, hy...

Extraction and Characterization of Hemicellulose from Eucalyptus By-product: Assessment of Enzymatic Hydrolysis to Produce Xylooligosaccharides.

Eucalyptus wood is the primary source of fibers to produce paper and cellulose in South American countries. The major by-product generated in the cellulose industry is sawdust derived from chip wood production, which is designated as Eucalyptus by-product (EB). The xylooligosaccharides (XOS) are xylose-based oligomers with proven effects over maintenance and stimulation of beneficial human gut bacteria. This study reported the EB extraction and characterization along with an assessment of hemicellulose hydr...

Gastroschisis at school age: what do parents report?

Children with gastroschisis are at high risk of morbidity in early life, which could affect long-term outcomes. We determined parent-reported outcomes in school-aged children born in 2000-2012, using paper questionnaires. Parent-perceived child vulnerability and motor function were compared with the Dutch reference data; parent-rated data on cognition, health status, quality of life, and behavior were compared with those of controls matched for age, gender, and maternal education level. Of 77 eligible parti...

Daily intake of wheat germ-enriched bread may promote a healthy gut bacterial microbiota: a randomised controlled trial.

Wheat bran fibre has a beneficial effect on gastrointestinal function, but evidence for wheat germ is scarce. Accordingly, we evaluated the effects of daily intake of wheat germ on gastrointestinal discomfort and gut microbiota by adding wheat germ to refined (white) wheat bread, the most consumed bread type. We hypothesised that an improvement in the composition of refined bread could beneficially affect intestinal health without compromising consumers' acceptance.

Development of predictive models for all individual questions of SRS-22R after adult spinal deformity surgery: a step toward individualized medicine.

Health-related quality of life (HRQL) instruments are essential in value-driven health care, but patients often have more specific, personal priorities when seeking surgical care. The Scoliosis Research Society-22R (SRS-22R), an HRQL instrument for spinal deformity, provides summary scores spanning several health domains, but these may be difficult for patients to utilize in planning their specific care goals. Our objective was to create preoperative predictive models for responses to individual SRS-22R que...

Left atrial enlargement as a maker of significant high-risk patent foramen ovale.

Left atrial (LA) enlargement is a marker of LA cardiopathy and, in patients with patent foramen ovale (PFO), is associated with an increased risk of ischemic stroke. The primary study outcome was the comparison of LA diameter between patients undergoing percutaneous PFO closure versus those treated conservatively. The secondary endpoints were the association of LA diameter with the Risk of Paradoxical Emboli (ROPE) score and the presence of Atrial septal aneurysm (ASA) and Right-To-Left Shunt (RLS). Retrosp...


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