PubMed Journals Articles About "Opioid Counseling Plus Standard Care Instructions Pain Postoperative" RSS

04:22 EDT 17th July 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Opioid counseling plus standard care instructions Pain Postoperative" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 22,000+

Gait analysis in hemiplegic stroke survivors who used the one-arm motorized walker.

A high number of stroke survivors experience limitations in balance and gait abilities. Thus, an improvement in gait ability is an important goal in the rehabilitation of hemiplegic stroke survivors. This study aimed to investigate the effect of using the one-arm motorized walker, a hemi-walker developed to assist hemiplegic stroke survivors in gait training and activities of daily living, on the improvement in gait ability in hemiplegic stroke survivors.

Longitudinal investigation of ischemic stroke using magnetic resonance imaging: Animal model.

Arterial embolism is a major cause of ischemic stroke. Currently, digital subtraction angiography (DSA) is the gold standard in clinical arterial embolization examinations. However, it is invasive and risky.

What Quality Metrics Should We Apply in Barrett's Esophagus?

A GI Quality improvement consortium registry study published in this issue of The American Journal of Gastroenterology confirms the lack of adherence to surveillance intervals and guidelines in patients with Barrett's esophagus (BE). Given the widespread use of upper endoscopy for evaluation of patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease and surveillance of BE, the lack of well-defined standard criteria for performing a high quality upper endoscopy calls for the establishment of valid quality indicators i...

Ten-year Trends in Surgical Mortality, Complications, and Failure to Rescue in Medicare Beneficiaries.

MINI: This study examines how reductions in postoperative complications and improvements in failure to rescue have contributed to improvements in surgical mortality over the past decade. Improvements in rescue explained the majority of observed improvements in surgical mortality, whereas decreased complication rates explained a small proportion of this improvement.

Colon Perforation by Compressed Air: A Case Report and Short Review of Literature.

Barotrauma-associated perforation of the colon is not common and usually occurs due to the passage of compressed air through the anus. Most of the cases are accidental and done for fun often at the victim's workplace. Therefore, it is necessary that the workers should be made aware of the dangers of the equipment they regularly use at their workplace. Here, we describe one such case where a rice mill worker died when compressed air through an air pump pipe entered his rectum. His chief complaint was abdomin...

Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Mimicking Neurosyphilis: A Complex Presentation, Histopathological Findings, and Special Precautions for Autopsy.

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a complex and rapidly fatal prion infection of the central nervous system with characteristic clinical and pathological findings. Herein, we present the case of an 80-year-old man with a 2-month history of rapid cognitive decline and ataxic gait. He was found to have a positive rapid plasma reagin and fluorescent treponemal antibody absorption (FTA-ABS) upon clinical testing and was presumed to have neurosyphilis. His neurological status precipitously declined during his h...

Patient Outcomes and Cost-Effectiveness of a Sepsis Care Quality Improvement Program in a Health System.

Assess patient outcomes in patients with suspected infection and the cost-effectiveness of implementing a quality improvement program.

External Validation of Two Models to Predict Delirium in Critically Ill Adults Using Either the Confusion Assessment Method-ICU or the Intensive Care Delirium Screening Checklist for Delirium Assessment.

To externally validate two delirium prediction models (early prediction model for ICU delirium and recalibrated prediction model for ICU delirium) using either the Confusion Assessment Method-ICU or the Intensive Care Delirium Screening Checklist for delirium assessment.

Declining Mortality of Cirrhotic Variceal Bleeding Requiring Admission to Intensive Care: A Binational Cohort Study.

We aimed to describe changes over time in admissions and outcomes, including length of stay, discharge destinations, and mortality of cirrhotic patients admitted to the ICU for variceal bleeding, and to compare it to the outcomes of those with other causes of ICU admissions.

Antimicrobial Disposition During Pediatric Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy Using an Ex Vivo Model.

Little is known on the impact of continuous renal replacement therapy on antimicrobial dose requirements in children. In this study, we evaluated the pharmacokinetics of commonly administered antimicrobials in an ex vivo continuous renal replacement therapy model.

Osteochondroma of the Pubic Symphysis Involved With Aberrantly Placed Minisling: A Case Report.

Osteochondromas are benign bone tumors that rarely involve the pubic symphysis. This case report describes a 41-year-old woman with a pubic symphyseal osteochondroma associated with an aberrantly placed single incision sling. After an outside surgeon placed a single incision midurethral sling for stress urinary incontinence, she developed pelvic pain, dyspareunia and vaginal mesh sling exposure. Imaging demonstrated a 2.6 centimeter calcified mass posterior to the pubic symphysis. The patient underwent exci...

Meningitis and encephalitis management in the ICU.

Management of patients with meningitis and encephalitis oftentimes requires ICU level of care. This article is an update on management for meningitis and encephalitis with focus on clinical care in the ICU. Information provided is based on a review of recent studies with focus on studies since 2017.

Validation of 3-minute diagnostic interview for CAM-defined Delirium to detect postoperative delirium in the recovery room: A prospective diagnostic study.

Recent guidelines on postoperative delirium (POD) recommend POD screening in all patients, using a validated tool, starting in the recovery room. An operationalisation of the Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) criteria, the 3-Minute Diagnostic Interview for CAM-defined Delirium (3D-CAM), has been developed for use in general medical units.

Breathlessness and the brain: the role of expectation.

Breathlessness debilitates countless people with a wide range of common diseases. For some people, the experience of breathlessness is poorly explained by the findings of medical tests. This disparity complicates diagnostic and treatment options and means that disease-modifying treatments do not always have the expected effect upon symptoms. These observations suggest that brain processing of respiratory perceptions may be somewhat independent of disease processes. This may help to explain the dissonance ob...

Quality and Safety in Healthcare, Part LV: Leadership to prevent burnout and increase joy.

Leadership is very important to reduce burnout and promote happiness in the healthcare workplace. Whereas burnout and unhappiness lead to doctor turnover, more errors, more accidents, and decreased patient satisfaction, joy in the workplace results in better patient care, enhanced engagement and productivity, and more profitability for the healthcare organization. Many leadership characteristics are critical including integrity, putting the well-being of others first, being fair, standing for important prin...

Normal Variant 18F-Sodium Fluoride Uptake in the Falx Cerebri Ossification.

Falx cerebri ossification is an incidental finding. Mostly it is easy to diagnose, but can be challenging in few cases, and should be distinguished from calcified meningioma, hematoma, and meningeal infiltration. We report a case of a 46-year-old woman with breast cancer complaining of back pain. F-NaF PET/CT images show focal increase uptake at facet joints of L5/S1 vertebrae and both knees joints, suggesting degenerative disease. There is normal variant F-NaF uptake noted in the ossification at the falx c...

The challenges of diabetic polyneuropathy: a brief update.

The current review addresses one of the most common neurological disorders, diabetic polyneuropathy (DPN). DPN is debilitating, irreversible and dwarfs the prevalence of most other chronic disorders of the nervous system. Its complications include foot ulceration, amputation, falling and intractable neuropathic pain. Moreover, tight control of hyperglycemia reduces the incidence of DPN in type 1 diabetes mellitus but its role in type 2 diabetes mellitus is less clear.

Toxic neuropathies: chemotherapy-induced peripheral neurotoxicity.

Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is a common and distressing side-effect of many chemotherapy regimens. Currently, aside from symptomatic treatments for neuropathic pain, there are no treatments to prevent CIPN or treat established CIPN. We discuss recent articles addressing clinimetric issues and treatment of CIPN.

Role of the Neonatal Nurse Practitioner in the Community Hospital.

The role of the neonatal nurse practitioner (NNP) is well established in the neonatal intensive care unit. The level IV NNP is traditionally supported by large multidisciplinary teams while the level I to III NNP may be the sole in-house provider with limited resources.

Maternal Distress in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit: A Concept Analysis.

The neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) can cause significant psychological distress in a mother. There is no common definition of maternal distress in the NICU currently in use.

Malassezia furfur Emergence and Candidemia Trends in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit During 10 Years: The Experience of Fluconazole Prophylaxis in a Single Hospital.

Because Candida spp is a major cause of mortality and morbidity in preterm infants, fluconazole prophylaxis has been suggested by some experts and hospital policy. In our hospital, fluconazole prophylaxis was used in eligible preterm infants and set as the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) practice in 2014.

Improving Staff Knowledge and Attitudes Toward Providing Psychosocial Support to NICU Parents Through an Online Education Course.

Provider-parent communication is a critical determinant of how neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) parents cope, yet staff feel inadequately trained in communication techniques; many parents are not satisfied with the support they receive from hospital providers.

Pharmacologic Management of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Using a Protocol.

The opioid epidemic in the United States has reached unprecedented proportions with far-reaching impacts on the most vulnerable population. The number of neonates born addicted to opioids has grown exponentially over the last several decades, leading to increased neonatal intensive care unit admissions and rising healthcare costs. Recent studies have yielded mixed results regarding which medication is most effective at relieving the symptoms of opioid withdrawal and reducing the weaning timeframe for babies...

Integrating Safe Patient Handling and Early Mobility: Combining Quality Initiatives.

Safe Patient Handling and Mobility (SPHM) programs reduce staff injuries from lifting and repositioning patients. Early Mobility programs improve many patient-centered outcomes. Reframing SPHM equipment as mobilization tools can help safely mobilize hospitalized patients to their highest abilities.

Developing a Process for Criteria-Led Discharge: Selection of Patients for Efficient and Effective Discharge (SPEED).

Criteria-led discharge (CLD) is an approach for maximizing bed capacity by expediting patient discharge.

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