PubMed Journals Articles About "Patient Characteristics Health Seeking Delays Among Sputum Smear" RSS

13:27 EDT 21st July 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Patient characteristics health seeking delays among sputum smear" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 35,000+

Histological study of intestinal goblet cells, IgA, and CD 3+ lymphocyte distribution in Huang-huai white goat.

Ten healthy adult Huang-huai white goats were selected and sacrificed by jugular vein bleeding after anesthesia to observe the distribution characteristics of the histological structure of the intestinal mucosa, goblet cells, IgA, and CD 3+ lymphocytes. Three sections of the duodenum, the jejunum, and the ileum were immediately collected and fixed with 4% paraformaldehyde for 72 h to prepare tissue sections. After HE, PAS, and immunohistochemical staining was performed, the distribution characteristics of g...

A Response-Adaptive Randomization Procedure for Multi-Armed Clinical Trials with Normally Distributed Outcomes.

We propose a novel response-adaptive randomization procedure for multi-armed trials with continuous outcomes that are assumed to be normally distributed. Our proposed rule is non-myopic, and oriented towards a patient benefit objective, yet maintains computational feasibility. We derive our response-adaptive algorithm based on the Gittins index for the multi-armed bandit problem, as a modification of the method first introduced in Villar et al. (2015b). The resulting procedure can be implemented under the a...

Waimānalo Pono Research Hui: A Community-Academic Partnership to Promote Native Hawaiian Wellness through Culturally Grounded and Community-Driven Research and Programming.

Although Hawai'i is often portrayed as an idyllic paradise and is recognized as one of the healthiest States in the United States, pervasive health disparities exist among Native Hawaiians. Similar to other indigenous populations across the globe, these disparities are linked to unjust social and economic policies rooted in colonization and historical trauma. Western-centric efforts to address these disparities have yielded limited results. Consequently, indigenous frameworks to decolonize western-centric r...

Quality of life from a randomized trial of laparoscopic or open liver resection for colorectal liver metastases.

Most treatments for cancer cause a decline in patients' health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Limiting this decline is a universal goal for healthcare providers. Using minimally invasive instead of open surgical techniques might be one way to achieve this. The aim of this study was to compare postoperative HRQoL after open and laparoscopic liver resection.

Intratumour heterogeneity of p53 expression; causes and consequences.

Genomic alterations in different types of cancer have been identified by comprehensive sequencing methodologies, revealing TP53 as the most frequently mutated gene across the majority of human cancer types. Cytotoxic treatments are still major cancer therapy strategies but cancer recurrence due to therapy resistance is a major challenge. Resistant cell populations may be associated with TP53 mutant clones exhibiting abnormal p53 expression patterns in tumours. Given data that levels of mutant p53 influence ...

Safely surrendered infants in Los Angeles County: A medically vulnerable population.

As a means to provide safety for a population at great risk of harm through abandonment, every state in the United States now has laws and practices for the safe relinquishment of newborns and infants. However, there is no national database tracking the population of infants surrendered through such programs, and few states monitor these numbers. The primary aim of this study was therefore to examine the descriptive characteristics of infants who have been safely surrendered in a large, socio-economically d...

The experience of carers of children with Cerebral Palsy living in rural areas of Ghana who have received no rehabilitation services: A qualitative study.

Associations of dietetic management with maternal and neonatal health outcomes in women diagnosed with gestational diabetes: a retrospective cohort study.

In 2010, the recommended diagnostic thresholds for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) were amended, which has increased GDM diagnoses, as well as pressure on the services involved in GDM management, specifically impacting dietetic workloads. The present study examined the associations between dietetic intervention in women with GDM and maternal and neonatal health outcomes.

A female patient with X-linked Ohdo syndrome of the Maat-Kievit-Brunner phenotype caused by a novel variant of MED12.

MED12 is a component of the large multiprotein Mediator complex. MED12 variants have been linked to three different X-linked intellectual disability (ID) syndromes, including Ohdo syndrome of the Maat-Kievit-Brunner phenotype (OSMKB), Opitz-Kaveggia (FG) syndrome, and Lujan-Fryns syndrome (LFS). This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

CAGI SickKids challenges: Assessment of phenotype and variant predictions derived from clinical and genomic data of children with undiagnosed diseases.

Whole genome sequencing (WGS) holds great potential as a diagnostic test. However, the majority of patients currently undergoing WGS lack a molecular diagnosis, largely due to the vast number of undiscovered disease genes and our inability to assess the pathogenicity of most genomic variants. The CAGI SickKids challenges attempted to address this knowledge gap by assessing state-of-the-art methods for clinical phenotype prediction from genomes. CAGI4 and CAGI5 participants were provided with WGS data and cl...

Radiotherapy isocenters verified by matching to bony landmarks of the canine and feline head differ when localized using volumetric vs planar imaging.

The "gold standard" for verification of patient positioning before linear accelerator-based stereotactic radiation therapy is kilovoltage cone-beam computed tomography (kV-CBCT), which is not uniformly available or utilized; planar imaging is sometimes used instead. The primary aim of this study was to determine if the position of the bony skull, when used as a surrogate for isocenter verification, is different when orthogonal megavoltage portal (MV) or kilovoltage (kV/kV) radiographs are used for image-gui...

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation recovers insulin deficiency in type 1 diabetes mellitus associated with IPEX syndrome.

Immune dysregulation, polyendocrinopathy, enteropathy, and X-linked (IPEX) syndrome is an autoimmune disorder caused by the dysfunction of FOXP3, which leads to regulatory T (Treg) cell dysfunction and subsequently autoimmunity including type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D). Presently, allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is a potential curative therapy for IPEX syndrome, but not for T1D. Generally, after complete loss of pancreatic β-cells, HSCT cannot improve the prognosis of T1D. Here, we...

Researchers' perspectives on public involvement in health research in Singapore: The argument for a community-based approach.

Singapore is becoming a world-class research hub, promoting the advancement of patient care through translational clinical research. Despite growing evidence internationally of the positive impact of public involvement (PPI), in Singapore PPI remains unusual beyond patient participation as subjects in studies.

Evaluating and providing quality health information for adolescents and young adults with cancer.

Adolescents and young adults (AYAs, 15-39 years old) are an ideal population to benefit from the ever-expanding number and variety of cancer information and health resources available via the Internet and other digital platforms. However, the ability of individual AYAs to fully utilize such resources depends on their degree of health literacy. Across the trajectory of cancer care, an important role for the oncology clinician is assisting AYAs and caregivers in accessing quality health information consistent...

Long-Term Effects of Breast Cancer Surgery, Treatment, and Survivor Care.

Women are increasingly surviving breast cancer, but up to 90% experience unexpected long-term sequelae as a result of treatment. Symptoms may include physical, functional, emotional, and psychosocial changes that can dramatically alter the quality of life for breast cancer survivors. Primary care clinicians, including midwives, are likely to care for these women and should be familiar with common symptoms, treatment, and best practices to avoid permanent dysfunction. A holistic approach to assessment, treat...

Leishmania donovani and Pneumocystis jirovecii (carinii) diagnosed on bronchoalveolar lavage cytology in a liver transplant recipient with Cytomegalovirus infection.

Liver transplant recipients are prone to several infections, including lung infections, which can lead to substantial morbidity and mortality. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) cytology is a rapid and sensitive diagnostic tool to identify the etiologic agents. We report a rare case of a 24-year-old male, post Live donor liver transplantation for autoimmune chronic liver disease, who presented with cough, fever, weight loss, and cavitatory lesion in lung. BAL cytology revealed Leishmania donovani (LD) and Pneumoc...

Expanded Practice in Midwifery: Designing, Implementing, and Maintaining Programs.

Advances in health care science and delivery, coupled with patient need for access to care, have driven expanded practice in midwifery for decades. The process for development and implementation of expanded practices for midwives and midwifery practices is described. Important components include assessment of need, identifying stakeholders and supporters, development of a program proposal, obtaining privileges, developing training programs, and conducting ongoing quality management and program evaluation. E...

Prevalence of Asbestos-Related Disease Among Workers in Sri Lanka.

Asbestos products are manufactured and used in Sri Lanka in the construction and automobile industries.

Certification of medical care facilities in Mexico: analysis of the incentives for its continuity.

To analyze the possible effect of certification models and healthcare organizations' (HOs) participation incentives in the General Health Council certification process in the 1999-2017 period.

Strategies to Counteract Botulinum Neurotoxin A: Nature's Deadliest Biomolecule.

Botulinum neurotoxin serotype A (BoNT/A), marketed commercially as Botox, is the most toxic substance known to man with an estimated intravenous lethal dose (LD) of 1-2 ng/kg in humans. Despite its widespread use in cosmetic and medicinal applications, no postexposure therapeutics are available for the reversal of intoxication in the event of medical malpractice or bioterrorism. Accordingly, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention categorizes BoNT/A as a Category A pathogen, posing the highest risk t...

Differential Isotope Labeling by Permethylation and Reversed-Phase Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry for Relative Quantification of Intact Neutral Glycolipids in Mammalian Cells.

Probing the role of glycolipids in health and disease warrants development of practical strategies to determine these molecules at the intact structural level, namely to simultaneously characterize and quantify the glycan and lipid moieties without breaking the linkage between them. Herein we present such an approach utilizing differential isotope labeling and reversed phase liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (RPLC-MS/MS) for structural characterization and relative quantification of intact neut...

Protein cross-interactions for efficient photosynthesis in the cassava cultivar SC205 relative to its wild species.

The underlying mechanisms of higher photosynthetic efficiency of cultivated cassava relative to its wild species are poorly understood. In the present study, proteins in leaves and chloroplasts were analyzed to compare the differences among the cultivar SC205, its wild ancestor W14 and the related species Glaziovii. The functions of differential proteins are associated with 10 ontology groups including photosynthesis, carbohydrate and energy metabolism, as well as potential signal pathway. The protein-prote...

Instrument-Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization: A Systematic Review and Effect-Size Analysis.

To determine the overall effectiveness of instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM) in improving range of motion (ROM), pain, strength, and patient-reported function in order to provide recommendations for use. We also sought to examine the influence of IASTM on injured and healthy participants, body part treated, and product used.

New Tobacco Products Do Not Protect Public Health.

Artificial intelligence for precision education in radiology.

In the era of personalized medicine, the emphasis of health care is shifting from populations to individuals. Artificial intelligence (AI) is capable of learning without explicit instruction and has emerging applications in radiology. Whereas much attention has focused on teaching radiology trainees about AI, here our goal is to instead focus on how AI might be developed to better teach radiology trainees. While the idea of using AI to improve education is not new, the application of AI to medical and radio...

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