PubMed Journals Articles About "Personalised Medicine Urothelial Bladder Cancer" RSS

10:26 EDT 16th July 2019 | BioPortfolio

Personalised Medicine Urothelial Bladder Cancer PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Personalised Medicine Urothelial Bladder Cancer articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Personalised medicine urothelial bladder cancer" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 29,000+

The burden of 14 hr-HPV genotypes in women attending routine cervical cancer screening in 20 states of Mexico: a cross-sectional study.

In Mexico, HPV vaccines available immunize against genotypes 16/18 and 16/18/6/11; however, there is limited surveillance about carcinogenic subtypes in different states of the country that allow evaluating the effectiveness of vaccination and cervical cancer screening programs. Here, we report the regional and age-specific prevalence of 14 hr-HPV genotypes as well as their prevalence in abnormal cytology (from ASCUS to cervical cancer) among Mexican women which were undergoing from cervical cancer screenin...

Fast dose fractionation using ultra-short laser accelerated proton pulses can increase cancer cell mortality, which relies on functional PARP1 protein.

Radiotherapy is a cornerstone of cancer management. The improvement of spatial dose distribution in the tumor volume by minimizing the dose deposited in the healthy tissues have been a major concern during the last decades. Temporal aspects of dose deposition are yet to be investigated. Laser-plasma-based particle accelerators are able to emit pulsed-proton beams at extremely high peak dose rates (~10 Gy/s) during several nanoseconds. The impact of such dose rates on resistant glioblastoma cell lines, SF7...

Consumer exposure and risk assessment to selected chemicals of mold stain remover use in Korea.

Mold stain remover (MSR) is used to clean mold and mildew spots from surfaces and contains a variety of chemical substances. In this study, we estimated the inhalation and dermal exposures associated with the use of trigger spray MSRs, and performed screening-level risk assessments for the use of this type of product in Korea. Inhalation and dermal exposures were estimated using exposure algorithms based on exposure factors obtained from a nationwide survey of 10,000 participants and chemical analyses of th...

Inside out: optimization of lipid nanoparticle formulations for exterior complexation and in vivo delivery of saRNA.

Self-amplifying RNA (saRNA) is a promising biotherapeutic tool that has been used as a vaccine against both infectious diseases and cancer. saRNA has been shown to induce protein expression for up to 60 days and elicit immune responses with lower dosing than messenger RNA (mRNA). Because saRNA is a large (~9500 nt), negatively charged molecule, it requires a delivery vehicle for efficient cellular uptake and degradation protection. Lipid nanoparticles (LNPs) have been widely used for RNA formulations, whe...

Hsa_circ_101555 functions as a competing endogenous RNA of miR-597-5p to promote colorectal cancer progression.

CircRNAs have been reported to exert momentous roles in regulating pathophysiological process and guiding clinical diagnosis and treatment in colorectal cancer (CRC). However, there are still a lot of circRNAs that need to be unearthed. In this study, we evaluated the expression profile of circRNAs in 10 CRC tissues and their corresponding normal-appearing tissues (NATs) by microarray, and identified that hsa_circ_101555 (circ101555) was significantly up-regulated in tumor tissues and closely related to the...

A nanodroplet cell processing platform facilitating drug synergy evaluations for anti-cancer treatments.

Therapeutic drug synergism intervened in cancer treatments has been demonstrated to be more effective than using a single effector. However, it remains inherently challenging, with a limited cell count from tumor samples, to achieve potent personalized drug cocktails. To address the issue above, we herein present a nanodroplet cell processing platform. The platform incorporates an automatic nanodroplet dispenser with cell array ParaStamp chips, which were fabricated by a new wax stamping approach derived fr...

Dental management of a patient with head and neck cancer: a case report.

Head and neck cancer is the eighth most common cancer in the UK. Management may include surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy or a combination of these. A multidisciplinary approach is required, with the dental team forming an integral part of the patient pathway. Prior to commencement of cancer therapy, patients should have a dental assessment and urgent treatment should be provided as necessary. This article presents the case of a 49-year-old male with previous T4N0M0 squamous cell carcinoma of the pharynx....

Molecular characteristics and therapeutic vulnerabilities across paediatric solid tumours.

The spectrum of tumours arising in childhood is fundamentally different from that seen in adults, and they are known to be divergent from adult malignancies in terms of cellular origins, epidemiology, genetic complexity, driver mutations and underlying mutational processes. Despite the immense knowledge generated through sequencing efforts and functional characterization of identified (epi-)genetic alterations over the past decade, the clinical implications of this knowledge have so far been limited. Novel ...

A trans-fatty acid-rich diet promotes liver tumorigenesis in HCV core gene transgenic mice.

Excess consumption of trans-fatty acid (TFA), an unsaturated fatty acid containing trans double bonds, is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome. However, little is known about the link between TFA and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) despite it being a frequent form of cancer in humans. In the current study, the impact of excessive dietary TFA on hepatic tumorigenesis was assessed using hepatitis C virus (HCV) core gene transgenic mice that spontaneously developed HCC. Male tra...

Pulmonary function changes following helical tomotherapy in patients with inoperable, locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer.

To evaluate alterations in pulmonary function indices after helical tomotherapy and explore potential associations with biologically corrected dosimetric parameters.

Associations among dietary seaweed intake, c-MYC rs6983267 polymorphism, and risk of colorectal cancer in a Korean population: a case-control study.

The effects of seaweed compounds have been studied in relation to colorectal cancer (CRC) based on their ability to modulate carcinogen metabolism in vivo and in vitro. However, no epidemiological studies on the interaction between edible seaweed and genetic variants relevant to CRC have been reported. This study examined the associations among dietary seaweed intake (gim, miyeok, and dashima), single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs; rs6983267, rs7014346, and rs719725), and CRC risk in a Korean population.

Comorbidity burden in systemic sclerosis: beyond disease-specific complications.

Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a chronic, systemic disease characterized by fibrosis of the skin and internal organs, vasculopathy, and auto-immune activation. On the top of severe organ involvement such as interstitial lung and myocardial fibrosis, pulmonary hypertension, and renal crisis, individuals diagnosed with SSc may suffer from a number of comorbidities. This is a narrative review according to published recommendations and we searched the online databases MEDLINE and EMBASE using as key words the foll...

Biological functions and clinical applications of exosomal non-coding RNAs in hepatocellular carcinoma.

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignancies worldwide, with a high mortality rate. Its dismal prognosis is attributed to late diagnosis, high risk of recurrence and drug resistance. To improve the survival of patients with HCC, new approaches are required for early diagnosis, real-time monitoring and effective treatment. Exosomes are small membranous vesicles released by most cells that contain biological molecules and play a great role in intercellular communication under physiolo...

Exercise on quality of life and cancer-related fatigue for lymphoma survivors: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

People treated for lymphoma can experience several significant long-term and late effects, including fatigue and decreased quality of life. This study aimed to systematically review the evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and to conduct a meta-analysis of the effect of exercise on quality of life and other health outcomes for adults suffering from lymphoma.

Immunohistochemical assessment of basal and luminal markers in non-muscle invasive urothelial carcinoma of bladder.

The Cancer Genome Atlas project introduced genomic taxonomy of basal and luminal molecular subtypes in muscle invasive bladder cancer. Fewer studies have addressed the molecular classification in non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). Our aim is to assess the applicability of the proposed phenotypic classification for NMIBC. Three TMAs were constructed from 193 TURBT specimens of 60 bladder cancer patients treated at one of the authors' institutions (1998-2008). Follow-up data on recurrence, grade, or ...

Immune response profile of primary tumour, sentinel and non-sentinel axillary lymph nodes related to metastasis in breast cancer: an immunohistochemical point of view.

Approximately 1.67 million new cases of breast cancer (BC) are diagnosed annually, and patient survival significantly decreases when the disease metastasizes. The axillary lymph nodes (ALNs) are the main doorway for BC tumoral cell escape, through which cells can disseminate to distant organs. The immune response, which principally develops in the lymph nodes, is linked to cancer progression, and its efficacy at controlling tumoral growth is compromised during the disease. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) is one ...

Laparoscopic total gastrectomy for upper-middle advanced gastric cancer: analysis based on lymph node noncompliance.

Increasing number of clinical studies have shown that laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (LDG) with D2 lymph node (LN) dissection is an effective method for the treatment of advanced gastric cancer (AGC). However, reports on the technical feasibility and oncology efficacy of laparoscopic total gastrectomy (LTG) in the treatment of AGC are rare.

The synergy between radiographic and macroscopic observation of skeletal lesions on dry bone.

The diagnosis of bone lesions is a fundamental part of the study of skeletal remains, both in the archeological and forensic context. On the one side, the literature proved the relevance of radiography for the detection of bone lesions; on the other side, the careful macroscopic observation of the morphology of bone lesions is often underestimated. For this study, we examined and performed plain radiography on 14 skeletons of the CAL Milano Cemetery Skeletal Collection diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis, d...

Correction to: Schlafen-11 expression is associated with immune signatures and basal-like phenotype in breast cancer.

In the original publication of the article, the funding information was incorrectly published. The corrected funding statement is given in this correction article.

Prospective, multicenter study on the economic and clinical impact of gene-expression assays in early-stage breast cancer from a single region: the PREGECAM registry experience.

The aim of this study is to evaluate the cost-effectiveness and impact of gene-expression assays (GEAs) on treatment decisions in a real-world setting of early-stage breast cancer (ESBC) patients.

Structure based design of selective SHP2 inhibitors by De novo design, synthesis and biological evaluation.

SHP2 phosphatase, encoded by the PTPN11 gene, is a non-receptor PTP, which plays an important role in growth factor, cytokine, integrin, hormone signaling pathways, and regulates cellular responses, such as proliferation, differentiation, adhesion migration and apoptosis. Many studies have reported that upregulation of SHP2 expression is closely related to human cancer, such as breast cancer, liver cancer and gastric cancer. Hence, SHP2 has become a promising target for cancer immunotherapy. In this paper, ...

Clinical characteristics and survival patterns of subsequent sarcoma, breast cancer, and melanoma after childhood cancer in the DCOG-LATER cohort.

Childhood cancer survivors are at increased risk of developing subsequent malignant neoplasms (SMNs). We compared survival and clinical characteristics of survivors with SMNs (sarcoma, breast cancer, or melanoma) and a population-based sample of similar first malignant neoplasm (FMN) patients.

Selenoproteins of the Human Prostate: Unusual Properties and Role in Cancer Etiology.

The prostate is an important organ for the maintenance of sperm health with prostate cancer being a common disease for which there is a critical need to distinguish indolent from aggressive disease. Several selenium-containing proteins have been implicated in prostate cancer risk or outcome due to either enzyme function, the reduced levels of these proteins being associated with cancer recurrence after prostatectomy or their corresponding genes containing single-nucleotide polymorphisms associated with incr...

The Health Care Providers' Perspectives on End-of-Life Patients' Sense of Dignity. A Comparison Among Four Different Professionals' Categories.

The studies on terminally ill patients' dignity as perceived by health care providers (HCPs) in palliative care are growing. The comparison of different HCPs' perspectives in particular is necessary to explore how HCPs perceive patients' dignity in order to promote reflection on this core issue. This study aimed to investigate the perspectives on end-of-life patients' sense of dignity among four different categories of professionals: nurse assistants, nurses, psychologists, and physicians. A sample of 306 H...

What will the future hold for artificial organs in the service of assisted reproduction: prospects and considerations.

Assisted reproduction provides a wide spectrum of treatments and strategies addressing infertility. However, distinct groups of infertile patients with unexplained infertility, congenital disorders, and other complex cases pose a challenge in in vitro fertilization (IVF) practices. This special cohort of patients is associated with futile attempts, IVF overuse, and dead ends in management. Cutting edge research on animal models introduced this concept, along with the development of artificial organs with th...

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