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PubMed Journals Articles About "Placebo Lactose Intolerance" RSS

18:12 EDT 18th July 2019 | BioPortfolio

Placebo Lactose Intolerance PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Placebo Lactose Intolerance articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Placebo Lactose Intolerance" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 1,000+

Effectiveness and safety of betrixaban extended prophylaxis for venous thromboembolism compared with standard-duration prophylaxis intervention in acute medically ill patients: a systematic literature review and network meta-analysis.

To determine the clinical effectiveness and safety of venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis using United States- (US) and Europe-approved anticoagulants relative to extended-duration VTE prophylaxis with betrixaban. Low molecular weight heparins (LMWHs), unfractionated heparin (UFH), fondaparinux sodium and placebo were each compared to betrixaban, as standard-duration VTE prophylaxis for hospitalized, nonsurgical patients with acute medical illness at risk of VTE. A systematic literature review was con...


Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic effects of a γ-secretase modulator, PF-06648671, on CSF amyloid-β peptides in randomized Phase 1 studies.

γ-Secretase modulators (GSMs) represent a promising therapy for Alzheimer's disease by reducing pathogenic amyloid-β (Aβ) peptide production. Three Phase 1 studies (NCT02316756, NCT02407353, NCT02440100) investigated the safety/tolerability, pharmacokinetics (PK), and pharmacodynamics (PD) of the oral GSM, PF-06648671. A PKPD indirect-response model was developed (using biomarker data) to simultaneously characterize differential effects of PF-6648671 on multiple Aβ species in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). ...

Nicotine induces insulin resistance via downregulation of Nrf2 in cardiomyocyte.

Clinical studies have demonstrated that cigarette smoking is strongly associated with insulin resistance and heart disease. Nicotine is considered the primary toxin constituent associated with smoking. However, the distinct molecular mechanism of nicotine-induced cardiac dysfunction remains unclear. Cardiomyocytes with nicotine-induced insulin resistance are characterized by decreased glucose uptake, as measured by 2-[N-(7-Nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazol-4-yl)amino]-2-deoxy-d-glucose (2-NBDG), a fluorescent deri...


Effect of Rivastigmine (Acetyl Cholinesterase Inhibitor) versus Placebo on Manic Episodes in Patients with Bipolar Disorders: Results from a Double Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial.

To treat patients with bipolar disorders (BPD) during the acute phase, the standard procedure is to administer lithium or sodium valproate. To further optimize treatment, acetylcholinesterase inhibitors such as donepezil and galantamine have gained increased interest, though with conflicting results. In the present randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial, we investigated whether, and to what extent, adjuvant rivastigmine might improve symptoms of mania in patients with BPD during the acu...

Beneficial Effects of Oral Lactobacillus on Pain Severity in Women Suffering from Endometriosis: A Pilot Placebo-Controlled Randomized Clinical Trial.

This study assessed the effects of a lactobacillus-based medication on pain intensity scores in women with endometriosis.

Overproduction of endothelin-1 impairs glucose tolerance but does not promote visceral adipose tissue inflammation or limit metabolic adaptations to exercise.

Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a potent vasoconstrictor and proinflammatory peptide that is upregulated in obesity. Herein, we tested the hypothesis that ET-1 signaling promotes visceral adipose tissue (AT) inflammation and disrupts glucose homeostasis. We also tested if reduced ET-1 is a required mechanism by which exercise ameliorates AT inflammation and improves glycemic control in obesity. We found that (i) diet-induced obesity, AT inflammation, and glycemic dysregulation were not accompanied by significant inc...

Nephropathy in diabetic db/db mice is accelerated by high protein diet and improved by the SGLT2 inhibitor dapagliflozin.

The widely used db/db mouse as a model of diabetic nephropathy (DN) only mimics the early changes in human DN with a slow disease progression. Since high protein diet (HPD) has been reported to affect progression of nephropathy in both humans and mice, we investigated whether HPD could accelerate nephropathy in db/db mice. Diabetic (C57BLKS-Lepr) and non-diabetic (C57BLKS-Lepr/+) mice were fed either HPD (60 kcal% protein) or control diet (22 kcal% protein), from 7 to 22 weeks of age. In db/db mice, HPD w...

Intravenous administration of ghrelin increases serum cortisol and aldosterone concentrations in heavy-drinking alcohol-dependent individuals: Results from a double-blind, placebo-controlled human laboratory study.

Increasing evidence supports the role of appetite-regulating hormones, including ghrelin, in alcohol use disorder (AUD). Effects of ghrelin administration on cortisol and aldosterone, two hormones known to influence the development and maintenance of AUD, have been observed in ghrelin-exposed tissues or cells, as well as rodents and healthy volunteers, however whether these effects replicate in individuals with AUD is unknown. Here, we tested the hypothesis that intravenous administration of ghrelin leads t...

Simulated amniotic fluid-like solution given enterally to neonates after obstructive bowel surgeries: A randomized controlled trial.

Withholding postoperative feeding is common in neonates recovering from surgeries for congenital abnormalities of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT), which leads to prolonged exposure to total parenteral nutrition, intestinal atrophy, and feeding intolerance. Because amniotic fluid plays a significant role in fetal gut maturation and development, the aim of this study was to test a hypothesis suggesting that feeding tolerance could be improved in neonates recovering from surgeries for congenital obstructive b...

Exposure to the smell and taste of milk to accelerate feeding in preterm infants.

Preterm infants are often unable to co-ordinate sucking, swallowing and breathing for oral feeding because of their immaturity; in such cases, initial nutrition is provided by orogastric or nasogastric tube feeding. Feed intolerance is common and can delay attainment of full enteral feeds and sucking feeds, which prolongs the need for intravenous nutrition and hospital stay. Smell and taste play an important role in the activation of physiological pre-absorptive processes that contribute to food digestion a...

Correlation of Inhaled Long-acting Bronchodilators with Adverse Cardiovascular Outcomes in Patients with Stable COPD: A Bayesian Network Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

A majority of existing studies have focused on the efficacy of inhaled long-acting bronchodilators (ILABs), such as long-acting muscarinic antagonists (LAMAs) and long-acting β2-agonists (LABAs), and LABAs combined with LAMAs in treating chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The current meta-analysis aimed to investigate the correlation of ILABs with specific cardiovascular adverse events (CAEs). Five electronic databases, including PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Scopus and Web of Science, were ...

The pharmacodynamic effects of a dopamine-somatostatin chimera agonist on the cardiovascular system.

The quantification of the effect of pharmacological treatment on the cardiovascular system is complicated due to the high level of inter-individual and circadian variability. Recently, a dopamine-somatostatin chimera, BIM23B065, was under investigation to concurrently target the somatostatin and dopamine D2 receptors for the treatment of neuroendocrine tumors. However, both dopamine and somatostatin interact with different components of the cardiovascular system. This study established the response of the h...

The Effect of 2 Weeks of Inactivated Probiotic Bacillus coagulans on Endocrine, Inflammatory, and Performance Responses During Self-Defense Training in Soldiers.

Hoffman, JR, Hoffman, MW, Zelicha, H, Gepner, Y, Willoughby, DS, Feinstein, U, and Ostfeld, I. The Effect of 2-Weeks of Inactivated Probiotic Bacillus coagulans on Endocrine, Inflammatory and Performance Responses During Self-Defense Training in Soldiers. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2019-The effect of 2 weeks of inactivated Bacillus coagulans (iBC) ingestion on performance and inflammatory cytokines was examined during a self-defense course in soldiers. Sixteen male soldiers were randomly assigned t...

Tributyltin exposure disturbs hepatic glucose metabolism in male mice.

Some previous studies showed that organotin compounds induced diabetes in animal models. The underlying mechanisms should be further revealed. In this study, male KM mice were exposed to tributyltin (TBT) at 0.5, 5 and 50 μg/kg once every three days for 45 days. The TBT-treated mice exhibited an elevation of fasting blood glucose level and glucose intolerance. The fasting serum insulin levels were increased and reached a significant difference in the 50 μg/kg group; the glucagon levels were significan...

Preparation of 1,6-di-deoxy-d-galacto and 1,6-di-deoxy-l-altro nojirimycin derivatives by aminocyclization of a 1,5-dicarbonyl derivative.

Iminosugars are known glycosidase inhibitors which are the subject of drug development efforts against several diseases. The access to structurally-related families of iminosugars is of primary importance for running structure-activity relationship studies. In this work, the double reductive amination (aminocyclization) reaction of a dicarbonyl derivative of the l-arabino series, in turn obtained from lactose, is reported. Different ratios of 1,6-di-deoxy-d-galacto and 1,6-di-deoxy-l-altro nojirimycin deriv...

Dietary supplementation with Zyflamend poly-herbal extracts and fish oil inhibits intimal hyperplasia development following vascular intervention.

The polyherbal blend Zyflamend™ has been shown to have anti-inflammatory properties and attenuate inflammatory-modulated pathologies. Fish oils have also been shown to have cardioprotective properties. However, the beneficial effects of their combination have not been investigated. Intimal hyperplasia (IH), a pathological remodeling response of a vessel to injury, is heavily regulated by an immune-mediated reaction. The objective of this study was to determine if dietary supplementation with Zyflamend and...

In AF with recent ACS or PCI, apixaban reduced bleeding vs VKAs; aspirin increased bleeding vs placebo.

BeamSAT MRI helps to identify patients at risk for intolerance to temporary internal carotid artery occlusion during CEA and CAS.

There has been no effective method to predict ischemic intolerance to temporary internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusion during carotid artery reconstruction. Pencil beam pre-saturation (BeamSAT) pulse suppresses the flow signal of target vessel in magnetic resonance angiography (MRA). Applying this method, we construct "ICA-selective MRA" images. The aim of the current study is to identify patients at risk for ischemic intolerance by ICA-selective MRA.

Effects of Fecal Microbiota Transplantation With Oral Capsules in Obese Patients.

Studies in mice have shown that the intestinal microbiota can contribute to obesity via the anorexigenic gut hormone glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP1) and bile acids, which affect lipid metabolism. We performed a randomized, placebo-controlled pilot study of the effects of fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) in obese, metabolically uncompromised patients.

Nalmefene in alcohol-dependent patients with a high drinking risk: a randomized controlled trial.

Reducing alcohol consumption is one treatment approach for alcohol-dependent patients. This study compared nalmefene 20 mg and 10 mg with placebo, combined with psychosocial support, in alcohol-dependent Japanese patients with a high or very high drinking risk level (DRL).

Placebo mechanisms in depression: An experimental investigation of the impact of expectations on sadness in female participants.

We aimed to examine whether drug-associated expectations have an impact on the experience of sadness. We hypothesized that participants who received an active placebo nasal spray (but were told that it was an antidepressant that would protect them from experiencing negative emotions) would become less sad than the control groups.

Food as medicine: Selenium enriched lentils offer relief against chronic arsenic poisoning in Bangladesh.

Chronic arsenic (As) exposure is a major environmental threat to human health affecting >100 million people worldwide. Low blood selenium (Se) increases the risk of As-induced health problems. Our aim was to reduce As toxicity through a naturally Se-rich lentil diet. In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-control trial in Bangladesh, 405 participants chronically exposed to As were enrolled. The intervention arm (Se-group) consumed Se-rich lentils (55 μg Se/day); the control arm received lentils of simila...

Common Type 2 Diabetes Genetic Risk Variants Improve the Prediction of Gestational Diabetes.

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a carbohydrate intolerance that occurs in women during pregnancy. The aims of this study were to develop a model to predict the risk of GDM development using common clinical parameters and selected genetic polymorphisms and to analyse the performance of the model using receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curves. ROC analysis was used to examine whether the evaluation of genetic polymorphisms may enhance the accuracy of GDM prediction in comparison to using common cl...

Efficacy and Safety of Tipepidine as Adjunctive Therapy in Children with Attention-Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial.

This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of tipepidine as an add-on to methylphenidate in drug treatment of Attention-deficit /hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

The Efficacy and Safety of Xinmailong Injection in Patients with Chronic Heart Failure: A Multicenter Randomized Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Trial.

Chronic heart failure (CHF) is a chronic and progressive disease with high incidence. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Xinmailong injection (XI) on CHF patients with B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) ≥200 ng/mL and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of ≤45%. This is a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial. Hospitals. One hundred patients with CHF were randomly divided into XI ( = 50) and control groups ( = 50). The XI group was treated ...


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