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PubMed Journals Articles About "Tenecteplase Placebo THROMBOLYSIS" RSS

10:47 EDT 21st July 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Tenecteplase Placebo THROMBOLYSIS" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 936

Patisiran Pharmacokinetics, Pharmacodynamics, and Exposure-Response Analyses in the Phase 3 APOLLO Trial in Patients With Hereditary Transthyretin-Mediated (hATTR) Amyloidosis.

Hereditary transthyretin-mediated (hATTR) amyloidosis is an inherited, rapidly progressive, life-threatening disease caused by deposition of abnormal transthyretin protein. Patisiran is an RNA interference therapeutic comprising a novel, small interfering ribonucleic acid (ALN-18328) formulated in a lipid nanoparticle targeted to inhibit hepatic transthyretin protein synthesis. The lipid nanoparticle also contains 2 novel lipid excipients (DLin-MC3-DMA and PEG -C-DMG). Here we report patisiran pharmacokinet...


Dietary nitrate supplementation enhances cerebrovascular CO reactivity in a sex-specific manner.

Insufficient nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability plays an important role in endothelial dysfunction and increased NO has the potential to enhance cerebral blood flow (CBF). Dietary supplementation with sodium nitrate, a precursor of NO, could improve cerebrovascular function but this has not been investigated. In seventeen individuals, we examined the effects of a 7-day supplementation of dietary nitrate (0.1mmol/kg/day) on cerebrovascular function using a randomised, single-blinded placebo-controlled crossov...

Evidence that Tenecteplase Is Noninferior to Alteplase for Acute Ischemic Stroke.

Background and Purpose- TNK (tenecteplase), a newer fibrinolytic agent, has practical delivery advantages over ALT (alteplase) that would make it a useful agent if noninferior in acute ischemic stroke treatment outcome. Accordingly, the most recent US American Heart Association/American Stroke Association acute ischemic stroke guideline recognized TNK as an alternative to ALT, but only based on informal consideration, rather than formal meta-analysis, of completed randomized control trials. Methods- Systema...


Conditioned place avoidance using encapsulated calcium propionate as an appetite suppressant for broiler breeders.

Broiler breeders, the parent stock of meat chickens, are feed-restricted throughout the production cycle to avoid obesity-related problems in their health and reproductive performance. Broiler breeders often show signs of chronic hunger, lack of satiety and feeding frustration, and the development of alternative feeding strategies has investigated the inclusion of calcium propionate (CaP) as an appetite suppressant. The mechanisms involved in the reduction of voluntary feed intake are unknown, but are thoug...

Angioedema Associated With Thrombolysis For Ischemic Stroke: Analysis Of A Case-Control Study.

Bradykinin-mediated angioedema is a complication associated with thrombolysis for acute ischemic stroke. Risk factors are unknow and management is discussed.

Dexmedetomidine to facilitate non-invasive ventilation after blunt chest trauma: a randomised, double-blind, crossover, placebo-controlled pilot study.

Although non-invasive ventilation (NIV) is recommended in patients with chest trauma, this procedure may expose to discomfort and even failure due to agitation or excessive pain. We tested the impact of dexmedetomidine on the duration of the first session of NIV.

Effectiveness and safety of betrixaban extended prophylaxis for venous thromboembolism compared with standard-duration prophylaxis intervention in acute medically ill patients: a systematic literature review and network meta-analysis.

To determine the clinical effectiveness and safety of venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis using United States- (US) and Europe-approved anticoagulants relative to extended-duration VTE prophylaxis with betrixaban. Low molecular weight heparins (LMWHs), unfractionated heparin (UFH), fondaparinux sodium and placebo were each compared to betrixaban, as standard-duration VTE prophylaxis for hospitalized, nonsurgical patients with acute medical illness at risk of VTE. A systematic literature review was con...

Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic effects of a γ-secretase modulator, PF-06648671, on CSF amyloid-β peptides in randomized Phase 1 studies.

γ-Secretase modulators (GSMs) represent a promising therapy for Alzheimer's disease by reducing pathogenic amyloid-β (Aβ) peptide production. Three Phase 1 studies (NCT02316756, NCT02407353, NCT02440100) investigated the safety/tolerability, pharmacokinetics (PK), and pharmacodynamics (PD) of the oral GSM, PF-06648671. A PKPD indirect-response model was developed (using biomarker data) to simultaneously characterize differential effects of PF-6648671 on multiple Aβ species in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). ...

Effect of Rivastigmine (Acetyl Cholinesterase Inhibitor) versus Placebo on Manic Episodes in Patients with Bipolar Disorders: Results from a Double Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial.

To treat patients with bipolar disorders (BPD) during the acute phase, the standard procedure is to administer lithium or sodium valproate. To further optimize treatment, acetylcholinesterase inhibitors such as donepezil and galantamine have gained increased interest, though with conflicting results. In the present randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial, we investigated whether, and to what extent, adjuvant rivastigmine might improve symptoms of mania in patients with BPD during the acu...

Beneficial Effects of Oral Lactobacillus on Pain Severity in Women Suffering from Endometriosis: A Pilot Placebo-Controlled Randomized Clinical Trial.

This study assessed the effects of a lactobacillus-based medication on pain intensity scores in women with endometriosis.

Intravenous administration of ghrelin increases serum cortisol and aldosterone concentrations in heavy-drinking alcohol-dependent individuals: Results from a double-blind, placebo-controlled human laboratory study.

Increasing evidence supports the role of appetite-regulating hormones, including ghrelin, in alcohol use disorder (AUD). Effects of ghrelin administration on cortisol and aldosterone, two hormones known to influence the development and maintenance of AUD, have been observed in ghrelin-exposed tissues or cells, as well as rodents and healthy volunteers, however whether these effects replicate in individuals with AUD is unknown. Here, we tested the hypothesis that intravenous administration of ghrelin leads t...

Correlation of Inhaled Long-acting Bronchodilators with Adverse Cardiovascular Outcomes in Patients with Stable COPD: A Bayesian Network Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

A majority of existing studies have focused on the efficacy of inhaled long-acting bronchodilators (ILABs), such as long-acting muscarinic antagonists (LAMAs) and long-acting β2-agonists (LABAs), and LABAs combined with LAMAs in treating chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The current meta-analysis aimed to investigate the correlation of ILABs with specific cardiovascular adverse events (CAEs). Five electronic databases, including PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Scopus and Web of Science, were ...

The pharmacodynamic effects of a dopamine-somatostatin chimera agonist on the cardiovascular system.

The quantification of the effect of pharmacological treatment on the cardiovascular system is complicated due to the high level of inter-individual and circadian variability. Recently, a dopamine-somatostatin chimera, BIM23B065, was under investigation to concurrently target the somatostatin and dopamine D2 receptors for the treatment of neuroendocrine tumors. However, both dopamine and somatostatin interact with different components of the cardiovascular system. This study established the response of the h...

The Effect of 2 Weeks of Inactivated Probiotic Bacillus coagulans on Endocrine, Inflammatory, and Performance Responses During Self-Defense Training in Soldiers.

Hoffman, JR, Hoffman, MW, Zelicha, H, Gepner, Y, Willoughby, DS, Feinstein, U, and Ostfeld, I. The Effect of 2-Weeks of Inactivated Probiotic Bacillus coagulans on Endocrine, Inflammatory and Performance Responses During Self-Defense Training in Soldiers. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2019-The effect of 2 weeks of inactivated Bacillus coagulans (iBC) ingestion on performance and inflammatory cytokines was examined during a self-defense course in soldiers. Sixteen male soldiers were randomly assigned t...

Dietary supplementation with Zyflamend poly-herbal extracts and fish oil inhibits intimal hyperplasia development following vascular intervention.

The polyherbal blend Zyflamend™ has been shown to have anti-inflammatory properties and attenuate inflammatory-modulated pathologies. Fish oils have also been shown to have cardioprotective properties. However, the beneficial effects of their combination have not been investigated. Intimal hyperplasia (IH), a pathological remodeling response of a vessel to injury, is heavily regulated by an immune-mediated reaction. The objective of this study was to determine if dietary supplementation with Zyflamend and...

In AF with recent ACS or PCI, apixaban reduced bleeding vs VKAs; aspirin increased bleeding vs placebo.

Effects of Fecal Microbiota Transplantation With Oral Capsules in Obese Patients.

Studies in mice have shown that the intestinal microbiota can contribute to obesity via the anorexigenic gut hormone glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP1) and bile acids, which affect lipid metabolism. We performed a randomized, placebo-controlled pilot study of the effects of fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) in obese, metabolically uncompromised patients.

Nalmefene in alcohol-dependent patients with a high drinking risk: a randomized controlled trial.

Reducing alcohol consumption is one treatment approach for alcohol-dependent patients. This study compared nalmefene 20 mg and 10 mg with placebo, combined with psychosocial support, in alcohol-dependent Japanese patients with a high or very high drinking risk level (DRL).

Placebo mechanisms in depression: An experimental investigation of the impact of expectations on sadness in female participants.

We aimed to examine whether drug-associated expectations have an impact on the experience of sadness. We hypothesized that participants who received an active placebo nasal spray (but were told that it was an antidepressant that would protect them from experiencing negative emotions) would become less sad than the control groups.

Food as medicine: Selenium enriched lentils offer relief against chronic arsenic poisoning in Bangladesh.

Chronic arsenic (As) exposure is a major environmental threat to human health affecting >100 million people worldwide. Low blood selenium (Se) increases the risk of As-induced health problems. Our aim was to reduce As toxicity through a naturally Se-rich lentil diet. In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-control trial in Bangladesh, 405 participants chronically exposed to As were enrolled. The intervention arm (Se-group) consumed Se-rich lentils (55 μg Se/day); the control arm received lentils of simila...

Efficacy and Safety of Tipepidine as Adjunctive Therapy in Children with Attention-Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial.

This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of tipepidine as an add-on to methylphenidate in drug treatment of Attention-deficit /hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

The Efficacy and Safety of Xinmailong Injection in Patients with Chronic Heart Failure: A Multicenter Randomized Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Trial.

Chronic heart failure (CHF) is a chronic and progressive disease with high incidence. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Xinmailong injection (XI) on CHF patients with B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) ≥200 ng/mL and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of ≤45%. This is a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial. Hospitals. One hundred patients with CHF were randomly divided into XI ( = 50) and control groups ( = 50). The XI group was treated ...

Dynamics of the power-duration relationship during prolonged endurance exercise and influence of carbohydrate ingestion.

We tested the hypotheses that the parameters of the power-duration relationship, estimated as the end-test power (EP) and work done above EP (WEP) during a 3-min all out exercise test (3MT), would be reduced progressively following 40 min, 80 min and 2 h of heavy-intensity cycling, and that carbohydrate (CHO) ingestion would attenuate the reduction in EP and WEP. Sixteen participants completed a 3MT without prior exercise (control), immediately after 40 min, 80 min and 2-h of heavy-intensity exercise while ...

Prucalopride in Gastroparesis: A Randomized Placebo-Controlled Crossover Study.

Prokinetics are considered the preferred treatment option for gastroparesis, but evidence of their efficacy is scarce. Prucalopride, a selective 5-hydroxytryptamine 4 receptor agonist used in the treatment of constipation, is able to enhance the gastric emptying rate. In a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled crossover study, we evaluated the efficacy of prucalopride to improve the gastric emptying rate and symptoms in patients with gastroparesis.

Cost-effectiveness analysis of empagliflozin treatment in people with Type 2 diabetes and established cardiovascular disease in the EMPA-REG OUTCOME trial.

In the EMPA-REG OUTCOME trial, empagliflozin therapy reduced cardiovascular death by 38% compared with placebo when added to standard of care. Using the trial results, we created a discrete-event simulation model to assess lifetime health economic outcomes in people with Type 2 diabetes and established cardiovascular disease.


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