PubMed Journals Articles About "Yamaha Motor" RSS

18:30 EDT 15th July 2019 | BioPortfolio

Yamaha Motor PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Yamaha Motor articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Yamaha Motor" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 2,200+

A behavior-based drug screening system using a Caenorhabditis elegans model of motor neuron disease.

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease characterized by the progressive loss of motor neurons, for which there is no effective treatment. Previously, we generated a Caenorhabditis elegans model of ALS, in which the expression of dnc-1, the homologous gene of human dynactin-1, is knocked down (KD) specifically in motor neurons. This dnc-1 KD model showed progressive motor defects together with axonal and neuronal degeneration, as observed in ALS patients. In the present stud...

Dentistry and Parkinson's disease: learnings from two case reports.

Parkinson's disease is one of the most common conditions affecting the older generation. It is a progressive neurological condition presenting with motor, non-motor and behavioural symptoms that may impact upon oral health. Protecting and maintaining oral health for these individuals is paramount to their comfort, function and quality of life. To do so requires an individualised care plan considering the current stage and progression of their condition, access to care, ability to safely tolerate treatment a...

Motor Competence Levels and Developmental Delay in Early Childhood: A Multicenter Cross-Sectional Study Conducted in the USA.

Developmental delay in motor competence may limit a child's ability to successfully participate in structured and informal learning/social opportunities that are critical to holistic development. Current motor competence levels in the USA are relatively unknown. The purposes of this study were to explore motor competence levels of US children aged 3-6 years, report percentages of children demonstrating developmental delay, and investigate both within and across childcare site predictors of motor competence...

Effects of anodal transcranial direct current stimulation on motor evoked potentials variability in humans.

Motor evoked potentials (MEPs) obtained from transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) allow corticospinal excitability (CSE) to be measured in the human primary motor cortex (M1). CSE responses to transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) protocols are highly variable. Here, we tested the reproducibility and reliability of individual MEPs following a common anodal tDCS protocol. In this study, 32 healthy subjects received anodal tDCS stimulation over the left M1 for three durations (tDCS-T5, tDCS-T10, a...

Gross Total Resection of a Grade IV Astrocytoma Adjacent to the Precentral Gyrus With Nonawake Motor Mapping and Motor-Evoked Potential Monitoring: 3-Dimensional Operative Video.

Surgical treatment of the gliomas located in or adjacent to the eloquent areas poses significant challenge to neurosurgeons. The main goal of the surgery is to achieve maximal safe resection while preserving the neurological function. This might be possible with utilizing pre- and intraoperative adjuncts such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), image guidance, mapping of the function of interest, intraoperative MRI, and neurophysiological monitoring. In this video, we demonstrate the utilization...

Fast Electrophysiological Mapping of Rat Cortical Motor Representation on a Time Scale of Minutes during Skin Stimulation.

The topographic map of motor cortical representation, called the motor map, is not invariant, but can be altered by motor learning, neurological injury, and functional recovery from injury. Although much attention has been paid to short-term changes of the motor map, robust measures have not been established. The existing mapping methods are time-consuming, and the obtained maps are confounded by time preference. The purpose of this study was to examine the dynamics of the motor map on a timescale of minute...

Structural and functional defects of the respiratory neural system in the medulla and spinal cord of Pax6 mutant rats.

Pax6 is an important transcription factor expressed in several discrete domains of the developing central nervous system. It has been reported that Pax6 is involved in the specification of subtypes of hindbrain motor neurons. Pax6 homozygous mutant (rSey/rSey) rats die soon after birth, probably due to impaired respiratory movement. To determine whether the respiratory center in the medulla functions normally, we analyzed the histological and neurophysiological properties of the medulla and spinal cord in f...

Distance perception during self-movement.

The perception of distance in open fields was widely studied with static observers. However, it is a fact that we and the world around us are in continuous relative movement, and that our perceptual experience is shaped by the complex interactions between our senses and the perception of our self-motion. This poses interesting questions about how our nervous system integrates this multisensory information to resolve specific tasks of our daily life, for example, distance estimation. This study provides new ...

Natural sunlight plus vitamin D supplementation ameliorate delayed early motor development in newborn infants from maternal perinatal depression.

Increased cortisol has been shown to be negatively correlated with infant motor development. Sunlight help decrease the level of cortisol. Vitamin D is associated with infant motor development. The present study aimed to determine whether natural sunlight exposure plus vitamin D supplements could ameliorate delayed early motor development in little infants from maternal perinatal depression.

Motor neuron disease with malignancy: Clinical and pathophysiological insights.

While some regard an association between motor neuron disease (MND) and malignancy as co-incidental, others have argued that it could represent a distinct clinical entity. The present study undertook in depth phenotyping along with assessment of cortical function to further explore disease pathophysiology in MND with malignancy (MND-M) patients.

Effects of Pramipexole on Learning and Memory Processes in Naïve and Haloperidol-challenged Rats in Active Avoidance Test.

Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common neurode-generative disease, usually detected by its motor symptoms. The non-motor symptoms, including cognitive deficits, have been of great interest to researchers in the last few decades.

Dendritic Spine Density and Dynamics of Layer 5 Pyramidal Neurons of the Primary Motor Cortex Are Elevated With Aging.

It is well established that motor impairment often occurs alongside healthy aging, leading to problems with fine motor skills and coordination. Although previously thought to be caused by neuronal death accumulating across the lifespan, it is now believed that the source of this impairment instead stems from more subtle changes in neural connectivity. The dendritic spine is a prime target for exploration of this problem because it is the postsynaptic partner of most excitatory synapses received by the pyram...

Cognitive and Motor Outcomes of Children With Prenatal Opioid Exposure: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Prenatal opioid exposure (POE) is one of the fastest-growing global health problems, but its association with long-term neurologic and physical development remains unknown.

Nusinersen Improves Walking Distance and Reduces Fatigue in Later-Onset SMA.

Ambulatory individuals with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) experience muscle weakness, gait impairments and fatigue that affect their walking ability. Improvements have been observed in motor function in children treated with nusinersen but its impact on fatigue has not been studied.

Starting to Talk at Age 10 Years: Lessons About the Acquisition of English Speech Sounds in a Rare Case of Severe Congenital But Remediated Motor Disease of Genetic Origin.

Purpose This study was conducted to observe speech development in a child whose onset of oral communication was extremely delayed. In rare cases, children are born with physical limitations that temporarily interfere with speech sound production. Whether the development of speech sound production follows the same trajectory as that in typical children at younger ages is not well understood. Method We present a child who was wheelchair-bound and communicated nearly exclusively via augmentative and alternativ...

Role of the Vermal Cerebellum in Visually Guided Eye Movements and Visual Motion Perception.

The cerebellar cortex is a crystal-like structure consisting of an almost endless repetition of a canonical microcircuit that applies the same computational principle to different inputs. The output of this transformation is broadcasted to extracerebellar structures by way of the deep cerebellar nuclei. Visually guided eye movements are accommodated by different parts of the cerebellum. This review primarily discusses the role of the oculomotor part of the vermal cerebellum [the oculomotor vermis (OMV)] in ...

Progressive neuroanatomical changes caused by Grin1 loss-of-function mutation.

NMDA receptor dysfunction is central to the encephalopathies caused by missense mutations in the NMDA receptor subunit genes. Missense variants of GRIN1, GRIN2A, and GRIN2B cause similar syndromes with varying severity of intellectual impairment, autism, epilepsy, and motor dysfunction. To gain insight into possible biomarkers of NMDAR hypofunction, we asked whether a loss-of-function variant in the Grin1 gene would cause structural changes in the brain that could be detected by MRI. We also studied the dev...

Antipsychotics: mechanisms underlying clinical response and side-effects and novel treatment approaches based on pathophysiology.

Antipsychotic drugs are central to the treatment of schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders but are ineffective for some patients and associated with side-effects and nonadherence in others. We review the in vitro, pre-clinical, clinical and molecular imaging evidence on the mode of action of antipsychotics and their side-effects. This identifies the key role of striatal dopamine D2 receptor blockade for clinical response, but also for endocrine and motor side-effects, indicating a therapeutic window fo...

An investigation of the acute central nervous system effects of n-decane.

Acute central nervous system (CNS) depression is the most sensitive toxicological effect associated with aliphatic hydrocarbon exposure. No observed effect levels for the CNS effects of aliphatic constituents decrease with increasing carbon number to C10 (Lammers et al., 2011; McKee et al., 2011), whereas constituents with carbon numbers > C10 do not produce CNS effects at maximally attainable vapor concentrations (Nilsen et al., 1988). Accordingly, as n-decane appeared to be the "worst case" for acute ...

Scopolamine and Medial Frontal Stimulus-Processing during Interval Timing.

Neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease (PD), dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), and Alzheimer's disease (AD) involve loss of cholinergic neurons in the basal forebrain. Here, we investigate how cholinergic dysfunction impacts the frontal cortex during interval timing, a process that can be impaired in PD and AD patients. Interval timing requires participants to estimate an interval of several seconds by making a motor response, and depends on the medial frontal cortex (MFC), which is richly in...

Mu rhythm: state of the art with special focus on cerebral palsy.

Various specific early rehabilitation strategies are proposed to decrease functional disabilities in patients with cerebral palsy (CP). These strategies are thought to favour the mechanisms of brain plasticity that take place after brain injury. However, the level of evidence is low. Markers of brain plasticity would favour validation of these rehabilitation programs. In this paper, we consider the study of mu rhythm for this goal by describing the characteristics of mu rhythm in adults and children with ty...

Examining changes in corticospinal excitability and balance performance in response to social-comparative feedback.

Social-comparative feedback informs an individual that their performance was better or worse than the group. Previous studies have found that compared to knowledge of results alone, social-comparative feedback produces a valence response that results in larger improvements in balance performance. However, the neural processes contributing to these motor improvements have not yet been examined.

Nocturnal motor events in epilepsy: Is there a defined physiological network?

Paroxysmal nocturnal movements in epilepsy are a recognised phenomenon, however, the mechanisms that produce them and the effect of the underlying epilepsy still remains elusive. In this study, 10 patients were studied to define the cerebral networks corresponding to these movements and explore how epileptiform activity modulated them.

Pediatric primary spinal atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumor: a case series and review of the literature.

Atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumors (ATRTs) are rare malignant central nervous system tumors, commonly occurring before 3 years of age. Median overall survival (OS) of patients with these tumors is about 1 year, despite aggressive multimodal therapy. Pediatric primary spinal ATRTs are even more rare, with fewer than 50 cases reported. The authors present a series of four patients who were treated at Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago in the period from 1996 to 2017.These patients, with age...

Nerve transfers in the upper extremity following cervical spinal cord injury. Part 1: Systematic review of the literature.

Patients with cervical spinal cord injury (SCI)/tetraplegia consistently rank restoring arm and hand function as their top functional priority to improve quality of life. Motor nerve transfers traditionally used to treat peripheral nerve injuries are increasingly being used to treat patients with cervical SCIs. In this study, the authors performed a systematic review summarizing the published literature on nerve transfers to restore upper-extremity function in tetraplegia.

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