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PubMed Journals Articles About "Temperature Steam Activation Phosphorus Biochar Derived From Enhanced" RSS

11:03 EDT 16th July 2019 | BioPortfolio

Temperature Steam Activation Phosphorus Biochar Derived From Enhanced PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Temperature Steam Activation Phosphorus Biochar Derived From Enhanced articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "temperature steam activation phosphorus biochar derived from enhanced" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 25,000+

Nanoscale modification of silicon and germanium surfaces exposed to low-energy helium plasma.

Complex surface nanostructures were observed in germanium and silicon samples exposed to low energy (24 or 36 eV ion kinetic energy) helium plasma. Pyramidal growth is observed in germanium across the temperature range studied (185 °C to 336 °C), while significant modification in silicon was only observed at 630 °C. Nano-wire growth was observed in both germanium and silicon, and appears to be linked to the strength of the electric field, which in turn determines the implantation energy of the he...


Neutrophil-derived miR-223 as local biomarker of bacterial peritonitis.

Infection remains a major cause of morbidity, mortality and technique failure in patients with end stage kidney failure who receive peritoneal dialysis (PD). Recent research suggests that the early inflammatory response at the site of infection carries diagnostically relevant information, suggesting that organ and pathogen-specific "immune fingerprints" may guide targeted treatment decisions and allow patient stratification and risk prediction at the point of care. Here, we recorded microRNA profiles in the...

The nutritive value of black soldier fly larvae reared on common organic waste streams in Kenya.

In Africa, livestock production currently accounts for about 30% of the gross value of agricultural production. However, production is struggling to keep up with the demands of expanding human populations, the rise in urbanization and the associated shifts in diet habits. High costs of feed prevent the livestock sector from thriving and to meet the rising demand. Insects have been identified as potential alternatives to the conventionally used protein sources in livestock feed due to their rich nutrients co...


A gene expression network analysis of the pancreatic islets from lean and obese mice identifies complement 1q like-3 secreted protein as a regulator of β-cell function.

Secreted proteins are important metabolic regulators. Identifying and characterizing the role of secreted proteins from small tissue depots such as islets of Langerhans, which are required for the proper control of whole-body energy metabolism, remains challenging. Our objective was to identify islet-derived secreted proteins that affect islet function in obesity. Lean and obese mouse islet expression data were analyzed by weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) to identify trait-associated mod...

Removal of radioactive cesium from an aqueous solution via bioaccumulation by microalgae and magnetic separation.

We evaluated the potential sequestration of cesium (Cs) by microalgae under heterotrophic growth conditions in an attempt to ultimately develop a system for treatment of radioactive wastewater. Thus, we examined the effects of initial Cs concentration (100-500 μM), pH (5-9), K and Na concentrations (0-20 mg/L), and different organic carbon sources (acetate, glycerol, glucose) on Cs removal. Our initial comparison of nine microalgae indicated that Desmodesmus armatus SCK had removed the most Cs under va...

MiRNA-210 induces microglial activation and regulates microglia-mediated neuroinflammation in neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy.

Neuroinflammation is a major contributor to secondary neuronal injury that accounts for a significant proportion of final brain cell loss in neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). However, the immunological mechanisms that underlie HIE remain unclear. MicroRNA-210 (miR-210) is the master "hypoxamir" and plays a key role in hypoxic-ischemic tissue damage. Herein, we report in an animal model of neonatal rats that HIE significantly upregulated miR-210 expression in microglia in the neonatal brain and...

Photobiomodulation (660 nm) therapy reduces oxidative stress and induces BDNF expression in the hippocampus.

Photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) effects an important role in neural regeneration and function enhancement, such as expression of nerve growth factor and nerve regeneration, in neuronal tissues, and inhibition of cell death by amyloid beta in neurons is inhibited by PBMT. However, there no studies evaluated the effects of PBMT on oxidative stress in the hippocampus. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of PBMT on oxidative stress in the hippocampus. This study assessed the anti-oxidative effect...

Author Correction: Musashi 1 regulates the timing and extent of meiotic mRNA translational activation by promoting the use of specific CPEs.

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

A nanodroplet cell processing platform facilitating drug synergy evaluations for anti-cancer treatments.

Therapeutic drug synergism intervened in cancer treatments has been demonstrated to be more effective than using a single effector. However, it remains inherently challenging, with a limited cell count from tumor samples, to achieve potent personalized drug cocktails. To address the issue above, we herein present a nanodroplet cell processing platform. The platform incorporates an automatic nanodroplet dispenser with cell array ParaStamp chips, which were fabricated by a new wax stamping approach derived fr...

Creating functional chromosome fusions in yeast with CRISPR-Cas9.

CRISPR-Cas9-facilitated functional chromosome fusion allows the generation of a series of yeast strains with progressively reduced chromosome numbers that are valuable resources for the study of fundamental concepts in chromosome biology, including replication, recombination and segregation. We created a new yeast strain with a single chromosome by using the protocol for chromosome fusion described herein. To ensure the accuracy of chromosome fusions in yeast, the long redundant repetitive sequences near li...

A trans-fatty acid-rich diet promotes liver tumorigenesis in HCV core gene transgenic mice.

Excess consumption of trans-fatty acid (TFA), an unsaturated fatty acid containing trans double bonds, is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome. However, little is known about the link between TFA and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) despite it being a frequent form of cancer in humans. In the current study, the impact of excessive dietary TFA on hepatic tumorigenesis was assessed using hepatitis C virus (HCV) core gene transgenic mice that spontaneously developed HCC. Male tra...

Comorbidity burden in systemic sclerosis: beyond disease-specific complications.

Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a chronic, systemic disease characterized by fibrosis of the skin and internal organs, vasculopathy, and auto-immune activation. On the top of severe organ involvement such as interstitial lung and myocardial fibrosis, pulmonary hypertension, and renal crisis, individuals diagnosed with SSc may suffer from a number of comorbidities. This is a narrative review according to published recommendations and we searched the online databases MEDLINE and EMBASE using as key words the foll...

Curcumin-loaded self-emulsifying drug delivery system (cu-SEDDS): a promising approach for the control of primary pathogen and secondary bacterial infections in cutaneous leishmaniasis.

Cutaneous leishmaniasis being a neglected tropical disease (NTD) faces several challenges in chemotherapy. If infected with secondary bacterial infections, the treatment regime of cutaneous ulcers in cutaneous leishmaniasis is further complicated which usually require two or more than two chemotherapeutic agents for healing. In the current study, seven curcumin-loaded self-emulsifying drug delivery system (cu-SEDDS) formulations (namely F1-F7) were prepared by mixing different excipients (oils, surfactants,...

Characterization of troponin T binding aptamers for an innovative enzyme-linked oligonucleotide assay (ELONA).

Early diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is of outmost importance to reduce the mortality rate, and cardiac troponins are considered the gold standard biomarkers of myocardial necrosis. In this scenario, the characterization of two troponin T (TnT)-binding aptamers as viable alternative to antibodies employed on clinical immunoassays is here reported for the first time. Their recognition ability was first investigated through surface plasmon resonance (SPR). Subsequently, an enzyme-linked oligon...

Sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor 2/adenylyl cyclase/protein kinase A pathway is involved in taurolithocholate-induced internalization of Abcc2 in rats.

Taurolithocholate (TLC) is a cholestatic bile salt that induces disinsertion of the canalicular transporter Abcc2 (Mrp2, multidrug resistance-associated protein 2). This internalization is mediated by different intracellular signaling proteins such as PI3K, PKCε and MARCK but the initial receptor of TLC remains unknown. A few G protein-coupled receptors interact with bile salts in hepatocytes. Among them, sphingosine-1 phosphate receptor 2 (S1PR2) represents a potential initial receptor for TLC. The aim of...

Degranulation of human cytotoxic lymphocytes is a major source of proteolytically active soluble CD26/DPP4.

Dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4, CD26) is a serine protease detected on several immune cells and on epithelial cells of various organs. Besides the membrane-bound enzyme, a catalytically active soluble form (sCD26/DPP4) is detected in several body fluids. Both variants cleave off dipeptides from the N-termini of various chemokines, neuropeptides, and hormones. CD26/DPP4 plays a fundamental role in the regulation of blood glucose levels by inactivating insulinotropic incretins and CD26/DPP4 inhibitors are thus ...

Coding-complete sequence of a vaccine-derived recombinant porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus strain isolated in Hungary.

Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus 1 is a major cause of swine morbidity and mortality in various parts of the world, including Hungary. A national elimination programme to reduce the associated economic burden was initiated in Hungary in 2012. Using extensive laboratory surveillance, we identified and isolated an unusual PRRSV strain. The complete coding sequence of this isolate was determined and analyzed. The genome of this Hungarian PRRSV1 strain, HUN60077/16, is 15,081 nucleotides in l...

Untethered lives: barriers to societal integration as predictors of the sexual orientation disparity in suicidality.

Despite increasing legal protections and supportive attitudes toward sexual minorities (e.g., those who identify as lesbian, gay, and bisexual [LGB]) in recent decades, suicidality remains more common among this population than among heterosexuals. While barriers to societal integration-or a lack of meaning, purpose, and belonging as derived from societal norms, goals, and attachment-have been widely theorized as determinants of suicidality for the general population, they have not been comprehensively expl...

Quality-by-Design Approach for Biological API Encapsulation into Polymersomes Using "Off-the-Shelf" Materials: a Study on L-Asparaginase.

Polymersomes are versatile nanostructures for protein delivery with hydrophilic core suitable for large biomolecule encapsulation and protective stable corona. Nonetheless, pharmaceutical products based on polymersomes are not available in the market, yet. Here, using commercially available copolymers, we investigated the encapsulation of the active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) L-asparaginase, an enzyme used to treat acute lymphoblastic leukemia, in polymersomes through a quality-by-design (QbD) approach...

Resource availability drives trait composition of butterfly assemblages.

How species respond to environmental change is a fundamental question in ecology and species traits can help to tackle this question. In this study, we analyze how the functional structure of species assemblages changes with selected environmental variables along an elevational gradient. In particular, we used species traits of local butterfly communities (body size, voltinism, overwintering stages, and host specificity) in a national nature reserve in China to assess the impacts of temperature, net primary...

Normal reference values of right atrial strain parameters using three-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography (results from the MAGYAR-Healthy Study).

Classic echocardiographic methodologies offer limited opportunities in assessing right atrial (RA) morphology and function. Three-dimensional (3D) speckle-tracking echocardiography (3DSTE) is a novel imaging method with objective 3D capability in assessing volumetric and functional properties of heart chambers. Normal reference values of different 3DSTE-derived RA strains are not available, therefore the aim of this prospective study was to establish these parameters in healthy subjects. The present study c...

Raman Techniques: Fundamentals and Frontiers.

Driven by applications in chemical sensing, biological imaging and material characterisation, Raman spectroscopies are attracting growing interest from a variety of scientific disciplines. The Raman effect originates from the inelastic scattering of light, and it can directly probe vibration/rotational-vibration states in molecules and materials. Despite numerous advantages over infrared spectroscopy, spontaneous Raman scattering is very weak, and consequently, a variety of enhanced Raman spectroscopic tech...

Comparative transcriptome analysis reveals potential fruiting body formation mechanisms in Morchella importuna.

Morchella importuna has been artificially cultivated, but stable production remains difficult because its mechanisms of fruiting body formation are unclear. To investigate the fruiting body formation mechanisms, we sequenced the transcriptomes of Morchella importuna at the mycelial and young fruiting body stages. Among the 12,561 differentially expressed genes (DEGs), 9215 were upregulated, and 3346 were downregulated. DEG enrichment analysis showed that these genes were enriched in the "generation of precu...

Curcumin-Loaded Nanostructured Lipid Carrier Modified with Partially Hydrolyzed Ginsenoside.

The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of partially hydrolyzed ginsenoside on the physicochemical properties and in vitro release of curcumin from phospholipid-based nanostructured lipid carrier (NLC). NLC formulas modified with partially hydrolyzed ginsenoside (NLC-PG) were prepared with different amounts of ginsenoside using the conventional hot-melt method. The average particle size of curcumin-loaded NLC-PG ranged from 150 to 200 nm, and polydispersity index was in the range o...

Cortisol modulates metabolism and energy mobilization in wild-caught pumpkinseed (Lepomis gibbosus).

Acute elevation of cortisol via activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-interrenal (HPI) axis aids the fish in dealing with a stressor. However, chronic elevation of cortisol has detrimental effects and has been studied extensively in lab settings. However, data pertaining to wild teleosts are lacking. Here, we characterized the metabolic consequences of prolonged cortisol elevation (96 h) in wild-caught pumpkinseed (Lepomis gibbosus). Pumpkinseed were implanted with cocoa butter alone (sham) or containin...


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