PubMed Journals Articles About "1121B Advanced Solid Tumors" RSS

13:51 EDT 26th May 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "1121B Advanced Solid Tumors" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 9,300+

Solid pseudopapillary tumor of the pancreas: clinical features and imaging findings.

This study aimed to report clinical features and CT, MRI, PET/CT findings of solid pseudopapillary tumor (SPT) of the pancreas. Thirty-four patients with pathologically proven SPT were retrospectively reviewed. Most patients were asymptomatic. SPTs in male patients mainly appeared as solid and near solid tumors. Mixed tumors and cystic tumors had larger size than solid and near solid tumors. Solid tumors and solid part of mixed tumors were T2 hyperintense and T1 hypointense and had progressive enhancement. ...

A drug-drug interaction study to assess the effect of the CYP1A2 inhibitor fluvoxamine on the pharmacokinetics of dovitinib (TKI258) in patients with advanced solid tumors.

Dovitinib is an orally available multi tyrosine kinase inhibitor which inhibits VEGFR 1-3, FGFR 1-3, and PDGFR. This study was performed to investigate the potential drug-drug interaction of dovitinib with the CYP1A2 inhibitor fluvoxamine in patients with advanced solid tumors.

Fibrinolytic abnormalities associated with progression of pediatric solid tumors.

Thrombosis and hemorrhage are serious complications in pediatric patients with solid tumors, and enhanced fibrinolysis associated with disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is often observed. Fibrinolytic enzymes also play an important role in metastasis. Limited information is available, however, on the assessment of overall hemostatic function in children with malignant solid tumors. Methods We have investigated comprehensive hemostatic potential in these circumstances using simultaneous thrombin/p...

Novel putative drivers revealed by targeted exome sequencing of advanced solid tumors.

Next generation sequencing (NGS) is becoming increasingly integrated into oncological practice and clinical research. NGS methods have also provided evidence for clonal evolution of cancers during disease progression and treatment. The number of variants associated with response to specific therapeutic agents keeps increasing. However, the identification of novel driver mutations as opposed to passenger (phenotypically silent or clinically irrelevant) mutations remains a major challenge. We conducted target...

Blood neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio is associated with prognosis in advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumors treated with imatinib.

Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) was shown to be prognostic in several solid malignancies. There are limited data about predictive/prognostic value of NLR during targeted therapy of patients with advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST). The aim of this study was to asses a clinical value of this ratio in patients with advanced GIST.

Prognostic value of DcR3 in solid tumors: A meta-analysis.

Decoy receptor 3 (DcR3) has been reported to be overexpressed in a wide range of solid tumors, suggesting that DcR3 plays a crucial role in the development and progression of cancer. The present meta-analysis assesses the association between DcR3 expression and prognosis in patients with solid tumors.

A Phase 1 Study of Single-Agent Ribociclib in Japanese Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors.

The cyclin D-CDK4/6-INK4-Rb pathway is frequently dysregulated in cancers. Ribociclib, an orally available, selective CDK4/6 inhibitor, demonstrated preliminary clinical activity in a phase 1 study in the United States and Europe for patients with solid tumors and lymphomas. The present study aimed to determine the single-agent maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and recommended dose for expansion (RDE) in Japanese patients with advanced solid tumors. Ribociclib safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetic profile, and p...

Safety and antitumor activity of the anti-PD-1 antibody pembrolizumab in patients with advanced colorectal carcinoma.

Colorectal cancers (CRCs) expressing programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) have poor prognosis. In the multicohort KEYNOTE-028 trial, the anti-PD-1 antibody pembrolizumab was evaluated in 20 PD-L1-positive advanced solid tumors. Herein, we report results for the advanced CRC cohort.

Dendritic Cell-Based Immunotherapy for Solid Tumors.

As a treatment for solid tumors, dendritic cell (DC)-based immunotherapy has not been as effective as expected. Here, we review the reasons underlying the limitations of DC-based immunotherapy for solid tumors and ask what can be done to improve immune cell-based cancer therapies. Several reports show that, rather than a lack of immune induction, the limited efficacy of DC-based immunotherapy in cases of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) likely results from inhibition of immune responses by tumor-secreted TGF-β a...

The clinicopathological and prognostic value of long non-coding RNA ZEB1-AS1 in solid tumors: A meta-analysis.

Studies have reported that Zinc finger E-box binding homeobox 1 antisense 1 (ZEB1-AS1) is overexpressed in many malignant tumors. However, the sample size in those studies was limited, so the clinicopathological and prognostic value of ZEB1-AS1 in solid tumors remains undetermined, Accordingly, the aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the relationship between the expression of lncRNA ZEB1-AS1 and clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis in patients with solid tumors.

Phase I study of taselisib in Japanese patients with advanced solid tumors or hormone receptor-positive advanced breast cancer.

Taselisib is a potent and selective phosphatidylinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor. This paper reports the first study of taselisib administration in Japanese patients. The aim of this two-stage, phase I, multicenter, open-label, dose-escalation study was to evaluate the safety, pharmacokinetics, and preliminary efficacy of taselisib as monotherapy in Japanese patients with advanced solid tumors (Stage 1), and as part of combination therapy in Japanese patients with hormone receptor (HR)-positive locally a...

Circulating Microparticles and Coagulation Profiles in Patients with Advanced Stage Solid Tumors.

Animal Models for Studying Tumor Microenvironment (TME) and Resistance to Lymphocytic Infiltration.

In cancer immunotherapy, cytotoxic T or NK cells need to engage cancer cells to initiate the killing. However, in clinical studies and in mouse models, some solid tumors are found with no lymphocytes. It is likely that these tumors will be resistant to all sorts of immunotherapies. Thus, restoring lymphocytic infiltration will be vital to the success of immunotherapies on solid tumors. In order to understand the complex interaction between cancer cells and stromal cells, we propose to establish animal model...

Radioimmunotherapy of solid tumors: Approaches on the verge of clinical application.

While radioimmunotherapy (RIT) for the treatment of hematological malignancies such as indolent B-cell lymphoma has proven quite successful, clinical results of RIT in solid tumors have only been moderate in the past. The reasons were manifold and can be mostly attributed to the different biological properties of solid tumors vs. hematological cancers. Furthermore, the slow clearance of the radiolabelled antibody prevents the use of radiation doses necessary to achieve clinical responses. The long biologica...

The efficacy of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) immunotherapy in animal models for solid tumors: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Most recently, an emerging theme in the field of tumor immunology predominates: chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) therapy in treating solid tumors. The number of related preclinical trials was surging. However, an evaluation of the effects of preclinical studies remained absent. Hence, a meta-analysis was conducted on the efficacy of CAR in animal models for solid tumors.

Acute toxicity of craniospinal irradiation with volumetric-modulated arc therapy in children with solid tumors.

Craniospinal irradiation (CSI) is an important part of curative radiation therapy (RT) for many types of pediatric brain or solid tumors. After conventional CSI, long term survivors may experience sequelae due to unintended dose to normal tissue. Volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) CSI reduces off-target doses at the cost of greater complexity and error risk, and we describe our initial experience in a group of pediatric patients with solid tumors presenting with disseminated or recurrent disease.

A phase I clinical trial of RNF43 peptide-related immune cell therapy combined with low-dose cyclophosphamide in patients with advanced solid tumors.

The objective of this study was to investigate the safety and the tolerability of combined cellular immunotherapy with low-dose cyclophosphamide (CPA) in patients with advanced solid tumors. This study targeted a novel tumor-associated antigen, ring finger protein 43 (RNF43). Eligible patients were resistant to standard therapy, HLA-A*24:02- or A*02:01-positive and exhibiting high RNF43 expression in their tumor cells. They were administered 300 mg/m2 CPA followed by autologous lymphocytes, preliminarily cu...

A phase I and pharmacokinetic study of taladegib, a Smoothened inhibitor, in Japanese patients with advanced solid tumors.

Background This phase I dose-escalation study investigated the safety of the Smoothened inhibitor taladegib in Japanese patients with advanced solid tumors. Methods Patients received taladegib orally once daily for 28-day cycles, using a 3 + 3 dose-escalation method. The primary objective was the safety and tolerability of taladegib at doses up to the global recommended dose (400 mg). Secondary objectives included pharmacokinetics, changes in skin glioma-associated oncogene homolog 1 (Gli1) transcript ...

Tissue-resident memory T cells at the center of immunity to solid tumors.

Immune responses in tissues are constrained by the physiological properties of the tissue involved. Tissue-resident memory T cells (T cells) are a recently discovered lineage of T cells specialized for life and function within tissues. Emerging evidence has shown that T cells have a special role in the control of solid tumors. A high frequency of T cells in tumors correlates with favorable disease progression in patients with cancer, and studies of mice have shown that T cells are necessary for optimal immu...

The prognostic role of controlling nutritional status scores in patients with solid tumors.

We conducted a meta-analysis to investigate the association between preoperative controlling nutritional status (CONUT) scores in various solid tumors and clinical outcomes.

The role of pazopanib on tumour angiogenesis and in the management of cancers: A review.

Pazopanib is a relatively new compound to be introduced into the chemotherapy field. It is thought to have decent anti-angiogenic properties, which gives an additional hope for the treatment of certain types of cancers. A systematic review solely discussing about pazopanib and its anti-angiogenic effect is yet to be published to date, despite several relevant clinical trials being conducted over the recent years. In this review, we aim to investigate the mechanism of pazopanib's anti-angiogenic effect and i...

Accumulation of mechanical forces in tumors is related to hyaluronan content and tissue stiffness.

Hyaluronan is abundant in the extracellular matrix of many desmoplastic tumors and determines in large part the tumor biochemical and mechanical microenvironment. Additionally, it has been identified as one of the major physiological barriers to the effective delivery of drugs to solid tumors and its targeting with the use of pharmaceutical agents has shown to decompress tumor blood vessels, and thus improve tumor perfusion and efficacy of cytotoxic drugs. In this study, we investigated the contribution of ...

Incidence of bone metastases in patients with solid tumors: analysis of oncology electronic medical records in the United States.

Bone metastases commonly occur in conjunction with solid tumors, and are associated with serious bone complications. Population-based estimates of bone metastasis incidence are limited, often based on autopsy data, and may not reflect current treatment patterns.

Safety, pharmacokinetic, and pharmacodynamics of erdafitinib, a pan-fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor, in patients with advanced or refractory solid tumors.

Introduction This phase 1, open-label, multicenter, single-arm, dose-escalation study aimed to evaluate safety, pharmacokinetics (PK), and pharmacodynamics of erdafitinib (JNJ-42756493), an oral selective pan-fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor, and to determine the recommended phase 2 dose in Japanese patients with advanced or refractory solid tumors. Methods Three to 6 patients were enrolled into sequentially escalating dose cohorts (erdafitinib 2, 4, or 6 mg) with a daily ...

Obstructive jaundice as primary presentation of a stage IIE Non-Hodgkin lymphoma: A decision making process between advanced lymphoma and locally advanced/metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma.

Secondary pancreatic tumors are uncommon and account for 2-5% of pancreatic cancer. Tumors characterized most commonly with pancreatic involvement are lymphoma, renal cell and lung carcinomas.

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