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188Re Metastatic Melanoma PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest 188Re Metastatic Melanoma articles that have been published worldwide.
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Inherited mutation is a strong risk factor for cutaneous melanoma. Moreover, carriers have been found to have poor melanoma-specific survival. In this study, responses to novel immunotherapy agents in mutation carriers with metastatic melanoma were evaluated.
Uveal melanoma is the most common primary intraocular malignancy, which could metastasize at an early stage of the disease and associated with poor prognoses. Liver, small bowel, stomach, and colon are the most common locations for metastatic visceral melanoma, however, solitary abdominal metastasis from uveal melanoma is extremely rare.
Brain metastases are a common cause of disabling neurologic complications and death in patients with metastatic melanoma. Previous studies of nivolumab combined with ipilimumab in metastatic melanoma have excluded patients with untreated brain metastases. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of nivolumab plus ipilimumab in patients with melanoma who had untreated brain metastases.
Previous studies performed by our research group indicated that cytosporone analogues are capable of prevent or repair DNA damages. This work presents the evaluation of the activity of AMS35AA for metastatic murine melanoma cells (B16F10) in experimental model in vitro and, in pre-clinic assay of metastatic melanoma in vivo, using mice lineage C57BL/6.
Dedifferentiated metastatic melanoma can pose a significant diagnostic challenge, especially if the history of primary melanoma is not known or is remote. BRAF and NRAS mutations are common melanoma driver mutations that are usually sequenced to evaluate for treatment targets. We evaluated whether BRAF and NRAS mutational testing could contribute to the diagnosis of dedifferentiated metastatic melanoma when immunostains are negative. Seven patients with melanoma who had an additional diagnosis of poorly dif...
BRAF and MEK inhibitors have demonstrated significant survival benefits for patients with cutaneous melanoma. However, their use for uveal melanoma (UM) is less established. The aim of this systematic review was to summarise the current evidence on the efficacy and safety of MEK inhibitors in metastatic UM.
Malignant melanoma is responsible for 1-3% of all malignancies being the gastrointestinal tract one of the most common metastatic locations.
Malignant melanoma is very rare in childhood. The approach to diagnosis and treatment in children has been adopted from adult guidelines. Vemurafenib is indicated in adults with BRAF V600 mutation-positive stage IIIc/IV melanoma and causes cutaneous adverse events. We report on a 3-year-old child with recurrent, metastatic (bone) BRAF mutation-positive melanoma. He also had severe factor X deficiency. Four days after vemurafenib treatment, bilateral palpebral edema and violet-colored hyperpigmentation were ...
Early diagnosing of skin cancer and investigation of metastatic potential of cancer cells are very important to treat it appropriately. Infrared spectroscopy of biological tissues is an emerging technique which gives the spectral differences between healthy and diseased cells. In this work, we have demonstrated that attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy can be used in diagnostic of skin cancer and in differentiating metastatic potential of cancer cells. Using IR spectroscopy...
Immuno-oncology therapies represent a new treatment opportunity for patients affected by metastatic melanoma. The purpose of this study was to estimate the costs of immune-related adverse events (irAEs) associated with the new anti-PD1 immuno-oncology therapies, with the anti-CTLA-4 immuno-oncology therapy and with the combined therapy (CTLA4 + anti-PD1) in patients affected by metastatic melanoma.
Despite tremendous therapeutic innovations during the last decade, the prognosis of metastatic melanoma remains uncertain. Adjuvant therapy following resection of high-risk melanoma is currently under intense investigation. Both small-molecules targeted therapy and immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy, initially developed for metastatic disease, have proven to be efficient in the adjuvant setting in phase 3 trials. The results of this research are already considered as practice-changing. In this article we s...
Immunotherapy is a well-established treatment option in patients with metastatic melanoma. However, biomarkers that can be used to predict a response in these patients have not yet been found, putting patients at risk of severe side effects.
Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO), an immunomodulatory enzyme, facilitates immune escape by tumors and promotes tumor progression. IDO inhibitors with and without additional anti-PD-1 therapy have been evaluated in recent and ongoing melanoma clinical trials, but IDO expression in melanoma tumors and therefore its potential role as a predictive biomarker remains unknown. This study sought to evaluate IDO expression in immunotherapy-naïve metastatic melanoma patients in order to determine patterns of expres...
Patients with malignant melanoma often relapse following treatment with BRAF and/or MEK inhibitors (MEKi) due to development of drug resistance by melanoma subpopulations, mediated through induction of generic survival mechanisms.
Uveal melanoma is the most common adult primary intraocular cancer. Although liver metastasis is common to the natural history of the disease, metastasis to the fellow eye is extremely rare. Here we report the case of a 59-year-old man with choroidal melanoma in his right eye who underwent enucleation at a different center. The patient was referred to our service 21 months postoperatively, complaining of decreased vision. He was found to have a new pigmented choroidal tumor in his left eye associated with l...
Conjunctival melanoma has the potential for regional lymphatic and distant metastasis. There is an urgent need for effective treatment for patients with metastatic or locally advanced conjunctival melanoma.
We present a patient with metastatic melanoma who had a complete response to second line chemotherapy with paclitaxel and carboplatin.
Uveal melanoma is fatal in almost 50% of patients. We previously developed a prognostic model to predict all-cause mortality. The aim of this study was to improve our model by predicting metastatic death as a cause-specific event distinct from other causes of death.
Finding new markers to assess prognosis of melanoma without the necessity to perform a surgical interventions is an important goal in melanoma research. The current study aimed to assess the correlation of clinical course and prognosis of primary and metastatic melanoma with expression of VEGF family and their receptors.
Ophthalmological complications constitute a class effect of treatment with BRAF inhibitors. Encorafenib is a new BRAF inhibitor currently being tested in phase 3 clinical trials for advanced or metastatic melanoma as monotherapy or in combination with the MEK-inhibitor binimetinib. In this study, we present a case of severe bilateral panuveitis and neurosensory hearing loss in an elderly patient treated with encorafenib and binimetinib for metastatic BRAF-mutant melanoma. This constellation of findings is c...
The anti-CTLA-4 and antiprogrammed cell death-1 (PD-1) therapies have significantly improved survival of patients with metastatic melanoma. However, there is limited data regarding the interaction between immunotherapy (IT) and stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) in patients with brain metastasis, particularly how combination therapy may affect toxicity and intracranial tumor control.
Melanomas can exhibit a wide range of unusual morphologies due to the neural crest origin of melanocytes. Several authors have documented variations in size and shape of cells, cytoplasmic features and inclusions, nuclear features and cell architecture. Metastatic melanoma with rhabdomyoblastic differentiation is an extremely rare condition with poor prognosis. Few studies concerning rhabdoid or rhabdomyoblastic differentiation in melanoma are currently available and the current report highlights some of th...
Pancreatic metastases from other malignant tumors are an uncommon clinical condition and account for approximately 2% of all pancreatic malignancies. The most common primary malignancy that metastasizes to pancreas is renal cell cancer. We reported a rare clinical case of metastatic melanoma to pancreas who underwent a successful laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (LPD) at our department.