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PubMed Journals Articles About "790052 790052 Placebo Peginterferon Alfa Ribavirin Hepatitis Infection" RSS

01:39 EST 16th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

790052 790052 Placebo Peginterferon Alfa Ribavirin Hepatitis Infection PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest 790052 790052 Placebo Peginterferon Alfa Ribavirin Hepatitis Infection articles that have been published worldwide.

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We have published hundreds of 790052 790052 Placebo Peginterferon Alfa Ribavirin Hepatitis Infection news stories on BioPortfolio along with dozens of 790052 790052 Placebo Peginterferon Alfa Ribavirin Hepatitis Infection Clinical Trials and PubMed Articles about 790052 790052 Placebo Peginterferon Alfa Ribavirin Hepatitis Infection for you to read. In addition to the medical data, news and clinical trials, BioPortfolio also has a large collection of 790052 790052 Placebo Peginterferon Alfa Ribavirin Hepatitis Infection Companies in our database. You can also find out about relevant 790052 790052 Placebo Peginterferon Alfa Ribavirin Hepatitis Infection Drugs and Medications on this site too.

Showing "790052 790052 Placebo Peginterferon alfa Ribavirin Hepatitis Infection" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 8,900+

An easy-to-use baseline scoring system to predict response to peginterferon alfa-2a in patients with chronic hepatitis B in resource-limited settings.

Approximately one-third of patients have durable responses after finite (48-week) treatment with peginterferon alfa-2a. The ability to identify patients likely to respond would be particularly useful in resource-limited settings.


No association between IFNL3 (IL28B) genotype and response to peginterferon alfa-2a in HBeAg-positive or -negative chronic hepatitis B.

It has yet to be firmly established whether host IFNL3 (IL28B) genotype influences interferon responsiveness in patients with chronic hepatitis B. We investigated associations between single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the IFNL3 region and response to peginterferon alfa-2a in 701 patients enrolled in three large, randomized, international studies.

Predictive value of IL-28B rs12979860 variants for peg-IFN, sofosbuvir plus ribavirin treatment of HCV infection in Pakistani population.

The correlation of IL28-B genetic variants (rs12979860) with combinational therapy (peg-interferon, sofosbuvir plus ribavirin) of hepatitis C virus infection were studied in 154 chronic hepatitis C patients.


Pathogenesis of and New Therapies for Hepatitis D.

Hepatitis delta virus (HDV) infection of humans was first reported in 1977, and now it is now estimated that 15-20 million people are infected worldwide. Infection with HDV can be an acute or chronic process that occurs only in patients with an HBV infection. Chronic HDV infection commonly results in the most rapidly progressive form of viral hepatitis; it is the chronic viral infection that is most likely to lead to cirrhosis, and it is associated with an increased risk of hepatocellular carcinoma. HDV inf...

Zinc: A Potential Antiviral Against Hepatitis E Virus Infection?

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a major cause of viral hepatitis worldwide. Owing to its feco oral transmission route, sporadic as well as epidemic outbreaks recurrently occur. No specific antiviral therapy is available against the disease caused by HEV. Broad spectrum antivirals such as ribavirin and interferon alfa are prescribed in severe and chronic HEV cases. However, the side effects, cost, and limitations of usage render the available treatment unsuitable for several categories of patients. We recently re...

Cost-effectiveness of sofosbuvir plus ribavirin therapy for hepatitis C virus genotype 2 infection in South Korea.

For genotype 2 chronic hepatitis C (CHC), the efficacy and safety of sofosbuvir plus ribavirin therapy (SOF+RBV) was better than pegylated interferon plus ribavirin therapy (PR) at a greater drug cost. This study investigated the cost-effectiveness of SOF+RBV compared to PR for treatment naïve, genotype 2 CHC in South Korea.

Sofosbuvir-velpatasvir plus ribavirin in Japanese patients with genotype 1 or 2 hepatitis C who failed direct-acting antivirals.

In Japan, there is a growing population of patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection who failed a direct-acting antiviral (DAA)-based regimen. In this Phase 3 study, we evaluated sofosbuvir-velpatasvir plus ribavirin in Japanese patients with genotype 1 or 2 HCV infection who previously received DAAs.

Rat Hepatitis E Virus as Cause of Persistent Hepatitis after Liver Transplant.

All hepatitis E virus (HEV) variants reported to infect humans belong to the species Orthohepevirus A (HEV-A). The zoonotic potential of the species Orthohepevirus C (HEV-C), which circulates in rats and is highly divergent from HEV-A, is unknown. We report a liver transplant recipient with hepatitis caused by HEV-C infection. We detected HEV-C RNA in multiple clinical samples and HEV-C antigen in the liver. The complete genome of the HEV-C isolate had 93.7% nt similarity to an HEV-C strain from Vietnam. Th...

Long-term histological change in chronic hepatitis C patients who had received peginterferon plus ribavirin therapy with sustained virological response.

The improvement in liver histology is an important aim in the management of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Previous studies suggest that antiviral treatment could reduce the progression of hepatic fibrosis, especially in patients with sustained virological response (SVR). However, most studies were limited by short-term evaluations and the liver stiffness was assessed by non-invasive methods. In our study, we performed a paired liver biopsy study aimed at analyzing the long-term histological changes in ...

Antiviral activity of Ribavirin nano-particles against measles virus.

Measles virus considers an important cause of child morbidity and mortality in some areas as Africa. Ribavirin's activity as a nucleoside analog can disclose the surprisingly broad spectrum action against several RNA viruses under laboratory cell culture conditions. The Current study aimed to investigate the antiviral activity of ribavirin Nano gold particles (AuNPs) against measles virus on vero cell line. Ribavirin- AuNPs was prepared, characterization and the cytotoxicity of ribavirin, AuNPs and ribaviri...

Hepatitis C Genotype 4 Virus NS3 and NS5A resistance Associated Substitutions in a 16 Year-Old Adolescent Failing Ombitasvir/Paritaprevir/Ritonavir Plus Ribavirin.

Pre-existence and appearance of resistance associated substitutions limit the efficacy of direct acting antivirals in treatment of hepatitis C. This is the first case report of an adolescent with chronic hepatitis C virus genotype 4 infection and cirrhosis who failed treatment with ombitasvir/paritaprevir/ritonavir and ribavirin. Resistance analysis showed baseline resistance associated substitutions M28V and Y93C and emergent D168H.

Efficacy and safety of sofosbuvir plus daclatasvir with or without ribavirin: large real-life results of patients with chronic hepatitis C genotype 4.

Clinical studies evaluating the efficacy of daclatasvir (DCV) for treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 4 (GT4) infection are scarce. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of DCV plus sofosbuvir (SOF) with or without ribavirin (RBV) for treatment of Egyptian patients infected with HCV GT4.

The dynamics of integration, viral suppression and cell-cell transmission in the development of occult hepatitis B virus infection.

Out of several phases of HBV infection, the least understood phase is occult hepatitis virus infection. The paucity of data due to non-availability of biological tissues and the prerequisite of ultra-sensitive assays for the detection of occult hepatitis virus infection prompted us to utilize mathematical modeling in determining mechanisms that lead to occult hepatitis virus infection and characteristics of HBV infection during occult hepatitis virus infection.

Efficacy and safety of sofosbuvir and daclatasvir with or without ribavirin in elderly patients with chronic hepatitis C virus infection.

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is considered as a major public health problem that, worldwide, chronically affects 170 million people. Due to progressive aging of the infected population, management of the elderly HCV-infected patients significantly emerged in the era of new therapies [1]. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Population PK-PD model of pegylated interferon alfa-2a in healthy Korean men.

Pegylated interferon alfa-2a (PEG-IFN alfa-2a), which was developed to overcome the disadvantages of conventional formulations, is widely prescribed for hepatitis B or C virus infection. It is characterized by pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) properties much different from those of conventional forms. The present study developed a population PK-PD model of subcutaneous PEG-IFN α-2a in a Korean population. For PK, IFN alfa-2a concentrations were described by a one compartment model with first o...

HBsAg loss with Pegylated-interferon alfa-2a in hepatitis B patients with partial response to nucleos(t)-ide analog: new switch study.

Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) loss is seldom achieved with nucleos(t)ide analog (NA) therapy in chronic hepatitis B patients but may be enhanced by switching to finite pegylated-interferon (Peg-IFN) alfa-2a. We assessed HBsAg loss with 48- and 96-week Peg-IFN alfa-2a in chronic hepatitis B patients with partial response to a previous NA. Hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive patients who achieved HBeAg loss and hepatitis B virus DNA < 200 IU/mL with previous adefovir, lamivudine or entecavir treatme...

Reduced ITPase activity and favorable IL28B genetic variant protect against ribavirin-induced anemia in interferon-free regimens.

Genetic variants of inosine triphosphatase (ITPA) that confer reduced ITPase activity are associated with protection against ribavirin(RBV)-induced hemolytic anemia in peginterferon(IFN)/RBV-based treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV). Patients with reduced ITPase activity showed improved treatment efficacy when treated with IFN/RBV. In addition, a genetic polymorphism near the IL28B gene is associated with an improved response to IFN/RBV treatment. RBV has been an important component of IFN-containing regim...

Editorial: a baseline tool for predicting response to peginterferon alfa-2a in HBeAg-positive patients-same score, different outcomes.

Phyllanthus niruri versus Placebo for Chronic Hepatitis B Virus Infection: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

This study aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of a 12-month treatment with Phyllanthus niruri in subjects with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection.

Role of interleukin-21 and interleukin-21 receptor polymorphisms in the treatment of HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B patients with peginterferon.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between interleukin-21 (IL-21) and interleukin-21 receptor (IL-21R) polymorphisms and the response to peginterferon alfa (PEG-IFN α) therapy in HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients.A total of 143 HBeAg-positive CHB patients treated for 48 weeks with PEG-IFN α and followed up for 24 weeks post-treatment were retrospectively evaluated. Genotypes analysis was performed for IL-21 polymorphisms rs907715, rs2221903, and IL-21R polymorphisms rs3...

Editorial: a baseline tool for predicting response to peginterferon alfa-2a in HBeAg-positive patients-same score, different outcomes. Author's Reply.

Hepatitis E virus treatment and ribavirin therapy: viral mechanisms of nonresponse.

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) can cause chronic infections in immunosuppressed patients with adverse clinical outcomes. Intervention strategies are limited with ribavirin (RBV) being the only main therapeutic option as off-label drug. Recent reports on RBV monotherapy failures show a coherence with the presence of certain single nucleotide variants (SNVs) and in-frame insertions in the hypervariable region of open reading frame 1 in the HEV genome. Importantly, some of the alterations were present in the viral po...

Circulating PD-1CXCR5CD4 T cells are associated with a decrease in hepatitis B surface antigen levels in patients with chronic hepatitis B who are receiving peginterferon-α therapy.

Given the B helper function of follicular T helper (Tfh) cells and peripheral T helper (Tph) cells, we researched the roles of circulating PD-1CXCR5CD4 T cells and PD-1CXCR5CD4 T cells in the decrease in hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) levels and hepatitis B virus (HBV) clearance in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). In the present study, the frequencies of PD-1CXCR5CD4 T cells and PD-1CXCR5CD4 T cells measured by flow cytometry were significantly higher in patients with CHB than that in healthy c...

Suppression of HBsAg production by combination therapy with nucleotide analogues and interferon in children with genotype C Hepatitis B virus infection.

Sustained suppression of HBsAg production after interferon treatment was not reported for children with chronic hepatitis B and with genotype C infection that is prevalent in Asia. Among children with HBeAg-positive genotype C chronic hepatitis B, we compared the efficacy of combination therapy with nucleotide analogues and interferon alfa in 11 children with the historical 12 cases treated with interferon monotherapy.

Identification of IL-10-secreting CD8CD28-PD-1 regulatory T cells associated with chronic hepatitis C virus infection.

CD8CD28- regulatory T cells (Tregs) play important roles in chronic viral infections. Programmed death 1 (PD-1) is highly expressed on hepatitis C virus (HCV)-specific CTLs. However, little is known regarding the role of CD8CD28-PD1 T cells in hepatitis C. Herein, we found that the frequency of CD8CD28-PD1, but not CD8CD28-PD1- T cells, correlated with markers of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and the response to treatment. Our results showed that CD8CD28-PD1 T cells were significantly elevated i...


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