PubMed Journals Articles About "Acceptability Distribution DMPA Community Health Workers Among Acceptors" RSS

11:37 EDT 18th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Acceptability distribution DMPA community health workers among acceptors" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 24,000+

Acceptability of the distribution of DMPA-SC by community health workers among acceptors in the rural province of Lualaba in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: a pilot study.

The objective of this research is to assess the acceptability of the provision of subcutaneously-administered depo medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA-SC) by non-clinically trained community-health workers (CHW) among acceptors in the rural province of Lualaba in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).

Community health workers improve outcomes, reduce costs.

Community health workers liaise between underserved populations and clinicians, help patients and resources to manage disease, and provide health education, informal counseling, and social support. Interest in community health workers is shifting away from narrowly focused intervention on a single disease toward care coordination of multiple chronic conditions.

Continuation of subcutaneous or intramuscular injectable contraception when administered by facility-based and community health workers: Findings from a prospective cohort study in Burkina Faso and Uganda.

The aim of this study was to examine continuation of subcutaneous and intramuscular depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA-SC and DMPA-IM) when administered by facility-based health workers in Burkina Faso and Village Health Teams (VHTs) in Uganda.

An observational study to test the acceptability and feasibility of using medical and nursing students to instruct clients in DMPA-SC self-injection at the community level in Kinshasa.

Given the promise of DMPA-SC to increase community-level access to modern contraception in developing countries, we conducted an observational study to assess the acceptability and feasibility of DMPA-SC self-injection among women in Kinshasa, DRC, and of medical/nursing (M/N) students as instructors for self-injection.

Feasibility, acceptability and potential sustainability of a 'diagonal' approach to health services for female sex workers in Mozambique.

Female sex workers (FSWs) in many settings have restricted access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services. We therefore conducted an implementation study to test a 'diagonal' intervention which combined strengthening of FSW-targeted services (vertical) with making public health facilities more FSW-friendly (horizontal). We piloted it over 18 months and then assessed its performance.

Formative evaluation of a training intervention for community health workers in South Africa: A before and after study.

Community Health Workers (CHWs) have a crucial role in improving health in their communities and their role is being expanded in many parts of the world. However, the effectiveness of CHWs is limited by poor training and the education of CHWs has received little scientific attention.

Stakeholder Perspectives on the Use of Community Health Workers To Improve Palliative Care Use by African Americans with Cancer.

African Americans in the United States have worse end-of-life care and cancer outcomes than whites. Palliative care may improve this disparity. Community Health Workers may provide a means to improve palliative care disparities.

Community Health Workers Are Effective but How to Scale-Up?

The Distribution of Dental Health Specialist Locations in Sri Lanka.

To investigate the distribution of dental health specialist locations staffed by Oral and Maxillo-Facial Surgeons (OMF), Restorative dentists, and Orthodontists in Sri Lanka in relation to population distribution and socio-economic status.

DMPA-SC: an emerging option to increase women's contraceptive choices.

A broad range of options to choose from is essential if women's needs for an acceptable, effective and safe method are to be fully met. A subcutaneous formulation of the injectable depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA-SC) is a relatively new option, which can support task sharing of injectable hormonal contraception to community health workers (CHWs), as well as the possibility of self-injection by women themselves. This special issue provides new evidence from six countries in Africa that illustrates ho...

Training Community health workers in geriatric mental health: Process of manual development and pilot testing findings.

The rising population of elderly possibly indicates an improvement in the quality of health care in the country at the same time it also point out the responsibility of ensuring quality care. Amidst this, unlike the physical health, mental health in the elderly has not received much attention. Strengthening the capacity of primary health care to deliver effective elder care services is recommended for a developing country like India. In this context, addressing the mental health needs of elderly would be su...

Prevalence of occupational injuries and knowledge of availability and utilization of post exposure prophylaxis among health care workers in Singida District Council, Singida Region, Tanzania.

Infection with Human Immunodeficiency Virus is a serious public health problem that threatens the lives of many people including health care workers. Health care workers are frequently exposed to occupational hazards throughout their careers. Health care workers are at risk of being infected by the virus when caring for patients in health care facilities. Utilization of HIV Post-exposure Prophylaxis (HIV PEP) is very vital once an individual is exposed.

Challenges of achieving sustainable community health services for community case management of malaria.

Community Case Management of malaria (CCMm) using Community Health Workers (CHWs) is an approach to improve access to timely and effective malaria case management in malaria endemic countries. So far the programme has been shown to be effective in many communities in sub-Saharan Africa. However, questions remain on the sustainability of this programme due to the high dropout cases of CHWs given their modest remuneration. The aim of the study was to identify challenges of achieving sustainable community heal...

Knowledge and Practice of Health Workers about Healthcare Waste Management in Public Health Facilities in Eastern Ethiopia.

Healthcare waste management (HWM) problems are growing with an ever-increasing number of hospitals, clinics, diagnostic laboratories, etc in Ethiopia. Health workers are one of the key personnel who are responsible for the proper management of healthcare wastes at any health facilities. However, this performance will depend the level of knowledge and practice regarding waste management. A facility based cross-sectional study design was applied on 400 health workers. All public health institutions inside Jig...

Outreach to Low-Wage and Precarious Workers: Concept Mapping for Public Health Officers.

To explore Concept Mapping (CM) as a participatory methodology that can be used by public health officials to strategize approaches to reducing health inequities among low wage workers and workers with unstable employment.

Increased cervical CD4+CCR5+ T cells among Kenyan sex working women using depot medroxyprogesterone acetate.

Depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) is the most common hormonal contraceptive used by women in sub-Saharan Africa, however, it has been epidemiologically associated with HIV infections. To assess if DMPA has an effect on the number and activation of HIV target cells, this study assessed the levels and phenotype of blood-and mucosal derived HIV target cells among women using DMPA.

Is Theory Guiding Our Work? A Scoping Review on the Use of Implementation Theories, Frameworks, and Models to Bring Community Health Workers into Health Care Settings.

Community health workers (CHWs) are becoming a well-recognized workforce to help reduce health disparities and improve health equity. Although evidence demonstrates the value of engaging CHWs in health care teams, there is a need to describe best practices for integrating CHWs into US health care settings. The use of existing health promotion and implementation theories could guide the research and implementation of health interventions conducted by CHWs. We conducted a standard 5-step scoping review plus s...

Health in all policies in the Valencian Community: steps towards the health impact assessment.

This paper describes the beginning of the implementation process of the health impact assessment in the Valencian Community (Spain), as an instrument to incorporate the framework of social determinants and health inequalities in the policies issued by the different departments of the Valencian government. The proposal involves: 1) political commitment, with legislative and strategic planning actions; 2) the creation of structures to allow intersectoral collaboration, with the establishment of the health imp...

Impact of lay health worker programmes on the health outcomes of mother-child pairs of HIV exposed children in Africa: A scoping review.

Increased demand for healthcare services in countries experiencing high HIV disease burden and often coupled with a shortage of health workers, has necessitated task shifting from professional health workers to Lay Health Workers (LHWs) in order to improve healthcare delivery. Maternal and Child Health (MCH) services particularly benefit from task-shifting to LHWs or similar cadres. However, evidence on the roles and usefulness of LHWs in MCH service delivery in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is not fully known.

Metadata Correction: Performance, Acceptability, and Usability of Respiratory Rate Timers and Pulse Oximeters When Used by Frontline Health Workers to Detect Symptoms of Pneumonia in Sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia: Protocol for a Two-Phase, Multisite, Mixed-Methods Trial.

'We pledge to improve the health of our entire community': Improving health worker motivation and performance in Bihar, India through teamwork, recognition, and non-financial incentives.

Motivation is critical to health worker performance and work quality. In Bihar, India, frontline health workers provide essential health services for the state's poorest citizens. Yet, there is a shortfall of motivated and skilled providers and a lack of coordination between two cadres of frontline health workers and their supervisors. CARE India developed an approach aimed at improving health workers' performance by shifting work culture and strengthening teamwork and motivation. The intervention-"Team-Bas...

Development and Psychometric Evaluation of a Questionnaire to Measure Attitudes Toward Perinatal Depression and Acceptability of Screening: The PND Attitudes and Screening Acceptability Questionnaire (PASAQ).

Prior to implementing perinatal depression (PND) screening, health-care professionals' acceptability of screening and their attitudes toward PND should be explored. We aimed to develop and psychometrically evaluate a questionnaire measuring PND attitudes and screening acceptability. A 31-item questionnaire was developed based on published questionnaires and a systematic review on PND screening acceptability. Principal components analysis with direct oblimin rotation was used to determine construct validity....

Community health workers trained to conduct verbal autopsies provide better mortality measures than existing surveillance: Results from a cross-sectional study in rural western Uganda.

In much of sub-Saharan Africa, health facilities serve as the primary source of routine vital statistics. These passive surveillance systems, however, are plagued by infrequent and unreliable reporting and do not capture events that occur outside of the formal health sector. Verbal autopsies (VA) have been utilized to estimate the burden and causes of mortality where civil registration and vital statistics systems are weak, but VAs have not been widely employed in national surveillance systems. In response,...

Impact of Local Boards of Health on Local Health Department Accreditation, Community Health Assessment, Community Health Improvement Planning, and Strategic Planning.

Local health departments (LHDs) are increasingly using national standards to meet the challenges presented by the complex environments in which these agencies operate. Local boards of health (LBoHs) might play an instrumental role in improving LHDs' engagement in activities to meet these standards.

A Qualitative Exploration of Women's Experiences with a Community Health Volunteer-Led Cervical Cancer Educational Module in Migori County, Kenya.

Detection and treatment of human papillomavirus (HPV) and cervical precancer through screening programs is an effective way to reduce cervical cancer deaths. However, high cervical cancer mortality persists in low- and middle-income countries. As screening programs become more widely available, it is essential to understand how knowledge about cervical cancer and perceived disease risk impacts screening uptake and acceptability. We evaluated women's experiences with a cervical cancer education strategy led ...

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