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Activation Bexarotene Inhibits Inflammatory Conditions Human Rheumatoid Arthritis PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Activation Bexarotene Inhibits Inflammatory Conditions Human Rheumatoid Arthritis articles that have been published worldwide.
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Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a debilitating joint disease characterized by chronic inflammation, pathologic alteration of fibroblast‑like synoviocytes (FLS), destruction of cartilage and bone, and the formation of an invasive pannus. RA‑FLS exhibit increased proliferation and resistance to apoptosis. The retinoid X receptor (RXR) has a role in regulating cell cycle, differentiation and apoptosis, and agonism of RXR has been investigated as a treatment strategy in several types of cancer. However, there ...
The aim of this study was to determine the association of perceived stress with incident inflammatory arthritis (IA) defined as having at least 1 joint consistent with rheumatoid arthritis (RA)-like synovitis based on exam.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a classic inflammatory autoimmune disease. Local joint destruction and extra-articular manifestations of RA deeply compromise the life quality of the affected patients. RA immunopathogenesis depends on continuous immunogenic activation in which the purinergic system participates. The purinergic system comprises the signaling and metabolism of purines such as adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and adenosine. ATP signaling is involved in the activation and maintenance of the inflammator...
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disorder related to the inflammation of cartilage due to the infiltration of inflammatory cells. Sargassum serratifolium, a brown alga, possesses strong anti-inflammatory activities.
Today the role of cytochrome P450 metabolites in inflammatory rheumatic disease, such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is still poorly understood. In this review we survey the current knowledge on cytochrome P450 metabolites in rheumatoid arthritis. The balance between CYP epoxygenase- and CYP ω- hydroxylase is correlated to the regulation of NF-κB. In RA patients synovial fluid there are higher levels of IL-6, which suppresses activities of CYP enzymes, such as CYP3A, CYP2C19, CYP2C9, and CYP1A2. EETs have a...
We previously reported that the co-activation of NF-κB and STAT3 in non-immune cells including synovial fibroblasts enhances the expression of NF-κB target genes, playing a role in chronic inflammation including rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Here we examined the role of NF-κB activation in chondrocytes to understand the pathogenesis of RA. Furthermore, we investigated TMEM147 as a representative NF-κB activator in chondrocytes.
Interleukin-17A (IL-17A) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine with well-characterized biological effects on stromal cell activation, angiogenesis, and osteoclastogenesis. The presence of this cytokine in the inflamed joints of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), together with compelling data from in vitro and experimental arthritis models demonstrating its pro-inflammatory effects, made this cytokine a strong candidate for therapeutic targeting. Clinical trials, however, have shown relatively modest success ...
The inflammatory contribution to type 2 diabetes (T2D) has suggested new therapeutic targets using biologic drugs designed for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). On this basis, we aimed at investigating whether interleukin-1 (IL-1) inhibition with anakinra, a recombinant human IL-1 receptor antagonist, could improve both glycaemic and inflammatory parameters in participants with RA and T2D compared with tumour necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors (TNFis).
The extract of the medicinal plant, Hook. f. (TW), has been used in the treatment of diverse autoimmune diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis. However, the high frequency of toxic side effects has limited its clinical use. In order to reduce toxicity without losing the therapeutic benefit, the pharmacological activity and toxicity of four compounds (T-96, triptolide, neotripterifordin, and tripterifordin) from TW were evaluated. The current study revealed that these compounds interfere with the IL-1β s...
To examine the role of Tie2 signalling in macrophage activation within the context of the inflammatory synovial microenvironment present in patients with RA and PsA.
Rheumatoid arthritis has been associated with poor clinical outcomes in hemiarthroplasty and unconstrained total shoulder arthroplasty. The reverse shoulder arthroplasty can be utilized to address the shortcomings of hemiarthroplasty and unconstrained total shoulder arthroplasty in the inflammatory arthritis patient population. The objective of the present study was to retrospectively review clinical and radiographic outcomes of patients who underwent reverse shoulder arthroplasty for rheumatoid arthritis a...
The era of next-generation sequencing has mounted the foundation of many gene expression studies. In rheumatoid arthritis research, this has led to the discovery of important candidate genes which offered novel insights into mechanisms and their possible roles in the cure of the disease. In the last years, data generation has outstripped data analysis and while many studies focused on specific aspects of the disease, a global picture of the disease is not yet accomplished. Here, we analyzed and compared a c...
To evaluate the frequency of tibiotalar and subtalar joints together with extensor, flexor and peroneal tendons inflammatory lesions in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients by using ultrasound (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
Rheumatoid arthritis is a common chronic inflammatory joint disease. Fibroblast-like synoviocytes-mediated inflammation is closely associated with the development of rheumatoid arthritis. In this study, we report that P2Y11 receptor activity is required for cytokine-induced inflammation in primary fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS). P2Y11R is fairly expressed in primary FLS isolated from healthy subjects and is elevated to around three- to four-fold in rheumatoid arthritis-derived FLS. The expression of P2Y...
Lycopene is a carotenoid drug that has demonstrated several properties, including antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity. The absorption in human body is very low (10-30 % only). In order to increase the bioavailability, lycopene nanoemulsion was formulated and characterized (atomic force microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis dynamic light scattering and differential scanning calorimetry). Also in vitro assay to evaluate the at-binding with MPR1 was performed. Finally, in vivo assay in animals inducted...
Rheumatoid arthritis synovial fibroblasts (RASF) play an essential role in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This study aimed to investigate the biological effects of miR-22 on RASFs.
Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune-mediated inflammatory disease, which is characterized by chronic synovitis, progressive bone destruction and reduced mobility. Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), a ligand-dependent transcription factor, has been shown to regulate the differentiation, activation and apoptosis of various cells involved in rheumatoid arthritis. The ligands of AhR such as tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin, benzo[a]pyrene and 3, 3'-diindolylmetheane are able to inhibit osteoclastogenesis and attenua...
The aim of our study was to study the pathological mechanisms induced by the rheumatoid arthritis (RA) on the Enteric Nervous System (ENS).
Galectin-3, a 35 kDa protein, is the only known member of chimera type galectin family. A growing body of evidences demonstrated the pro-inflammatory role of galectin-3 in the pathogenesis of Rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
To provide an alternative therapeutic modality for rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a novel bispecific antibody (BsAb) targeting human tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) and human complement component C5a was constructed.
Autoantibodies against citrullinated proteins are found in 64-89% of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, with 88-99% specificity. To this end, we report the first unbiased and comprehensive profiling of serum antibodies in RA patients against the human proteome, including the citrullinome and the homocitrullinome using a high-density peptide array. From this data, we identified novel RA specific epitopes and could form the basis of a new RA diagnostic assay.
AMD is the leading cause of blindness in the United States. The role of secondary inflammatory disease on AMD progression is largely unknown. Here we investigate the association between AMD and rheumatoid arthritis (RA), using MarketScan data for patients aged ≥65 years on Medicare.
The excessive production of inflammatory mediators by inflammatory cells contributes to the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis. Tenascin-C (TN-C) is expressed in rheumatoid joint, and is associated with levels of inflammatory mediators. FC-99 (N1-[(4-methoxy)methyl]-4-methyl-1,2-Benzenediamine), a novel 1,2-benzenediamine derivative, was previously reported to block the prolonged expression of key rheumatoid arthritis inflammatory cytokines and relieve zymosan-induced joint inflammation. However, the spec...
Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling can contribute to the pathogenesis of arthritis. Disruption of TLR signaling at early stages of arthritis might thereby provide an opportunity to halt the disease progression and ameliorate outcomes. We previously found that Gö6976 inhibits TLR-mediated cytokine production in human and mouse macrophages by inhibiting TLR-dependent activation of protein kinase D1 (PKD1), and that PKD1 is essential for proinflammatory responses mediated by MyD88-dependent TLRs. In this stud...
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by synovial inflammation and hyperplasia, as well as cartilage and bone destruction. Several proteins are associated with the pathogenesis of the disease. Galectin-9 belongs to the family of lectins that are involved in various biological processes and have anti-inflammatory activity.