PubMed Journals Articles About "Ad35 Placebo Malaria" RSS

19:43 EDT 21st August 2018 | BioPortfolio

Ad35 Placebo Malaria PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Ad35 Placebo Malaria articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Ad35 Placebo Malaria" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 1,300+

Transfusional malaria in the neonatal period in Lagos, South-West Nigeria.

Sick neonates in malaria endemic areas are frequently transfused with donor blood unscreened for malaria parasite. Consequently, they are at risk of transfusional malaria which can lead to increased neonatal mortality. The study aimed to determine the burden of transfusional malaria in neonates to help in policy formulation on prevention of transfusional malaria.

Malaria knowledge and bed net use in three transmission settings in southern Africa.

Insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) reduce malaria morbidity and mortality in endemic areas. Despite increasing availability, the use of ITNs remains limited in some settings. Poor malaria knowledge is a barrier to the widespread use of ITNs. The goal of this study was to assess the levels of malaria knowledge and evaluate factors associated with bed net use among individuals residing in three regions of southern Africa with different levels of malaria transmission and control.

Inhaled nitric oxide and cognition in pediatric severe malaria: A randomized double-blind placebo controlled trial.

Severe malaria is a leading cause of acquired neurodisability in Africa and is associated with reduced nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability. A neuroprotective role for inhaled NO has been reported in animal studies, and administration of inhaled NO in preterm neonates with respiratory distress syndrome is associated with a 47% reduced risk of cognitive impairment at two years of age.

Additional Screening and Treatment of Malaria During Pregnancy Provides Further Protection Against Malaria and Nonmalarial Fevers During the First Year of Life.

Although consensus exists that malaria in pregnancy (MiP) increases the risk of malaria in infancy, and eventually nonmalarial fevers (NMFs), there is a lack of conclusive evidence of benefits of MiP preventive strategies in infants.

Scientific authorship and collaboration network analysis on malaria research in Benin: papers indexed in the web of science (1996-2016).

To sustain the critical progress made, prioritization and a multidisciplinary approach to malaria research remain important to the national malaria control program in Benin. To document the structure of the malaria collaborative research in Benin, we analyze authorship of the scientific documents published on malaria from Benin.

Epidemiology of Malaria in Yulin, South China 1999-2016: Imported Malaria Threatens Zero Local Case Status.

This article describes the epidemiology of malaria in Yulin, 1999-2016. We review also malaria control strategy in Yulin in the posteradication phase.

A Surveillance Infrastructure for Malaria Analytics: Provisioning Data Access and Preservation of Interoperability.

According to the World Health Organization, malaria surveillance is weakest in countries and regions with the highest malaria burden. A core obstacle is that the data required to perform malaria surveillance are fragmented in multiple data silos distributed across geographic regions. Furthermore, consistent integrated malaria data sources are few, and a low degree of interoperability exists between them. As a result, it is difficult to identify disease trends and to plan for effective interventions.

Production of di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate by Bacillus subtilis AD35: Isolation, purification, characterization and biological activities.

The emergence of extensive antibiotics resistant bacteria increased the demands for finding out new sources of antimicrobial agents. Marine niches were reported to be rich in many competent producers of significant bioactive compounds. On the course of screening program for new antimicrobials, a Bacillus strain was isolated from Alexandria sea shores, Egypt. According to the morphological, cultural and biochemical characteristics, 16S rRNA sequence analysis and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization ti...

Malaria and the microbiome: a systematic review.

The microbiome influences malaria parasite fitness and transmission efficiency in mosquitoes, and appears to affect malaria dynamics in mammalian hosts as well. Nascent research examining the interrelationship of malaria and the mammalian host microbiome has yielded interesting insights inviting further study.

Advances in malaria vaccine development: report from the 2017 malaria vaccine symposium.

The Malaria Vaccine Symposium occurred at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, MD, USA on April 25th, 2017, coinciding with World Malaria Day and the WHO announcement that the RTS,S malaria vaccine would begin pilot implementation programs in Ghana, Kenya, and Malawi in 2018. Scientists from several disciplines reported progress on an array of malaria vaccine concepts and product candidates, including pre-erythrocytic vaccines that prevent infection, blood-stage vaccines that limit infection and disease, ...

Cost-Benefit Analysis of Malaria Chemoprophylaxis and Early Diagnosis for Korean Soldiers in Malaria Risk Regions.

Chemoprophylaxis has been used to prevent malaria among soldiers and secondary transmission, as it effectively facilitates a decline in disease occurrence and secondary prevention. However, poor compliance and decreased risk of exposure to malaria necessitate that control strategies be reestablished.

Diagnosis, treatment and prophylaxis of malaria in the Czech Republic.

Malaria represents the most important parasitic infection imported from the tropics causing death in 1-2 % of travelers with this diagnosis. Around 30 cases of malaria are diagnosed in the Czech Republic every year. Fever is the most common clinical presentation. The most severe forms of malaria are caused by Plasmodium falciparum. The diagnosis of malaria is based on examination of stained thick and thin blood smears. This method enables determination of Plasmodium species and parasite count. The treatment...

Projecting environmental suitable areas for malaria transmission in China under climate change scenarios.

The proportion of imported malaria cases in China has increased over recent years, and has presented challenges for the malaria elimination program in China. However, little is known about the geographic distribution and environmental suitability for malaria transmission under projected climate change scenarios.

Dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine treatment failure in uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria case imported from Ethiopia.

Dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine (DHA-PPQ) is the artemisinin combination therapy that was recently introduced for the treatment of Plasmodium falciparum uncomplicated malaria, but emerging resistance in South-East Asia is threatening its use. This report describes a case of DHA-PPQ treatment failure in uncomplicated malaria occurring in an immigrant living in Italy, after a travel to Ethiopia. Thirty days after malaria recovery following DHA-PPQ therapy, the patient had malaria recrudescence. According to th...

Spatio-temporal heterogeneity of malaria morbidity in Ghana: Analysis of routine health facility data.

Malaria incidence is largely influenced by vector abundance. Among the many interconnected factors relating to malaria transmission, weather conditions such as rainfall and temperature are known to create suitable environmental conditions that sustain reproduction and propagation of anopheles mosquitoes and malaria parasites. In Ghana, climatic conditions vary across the country. Understanding the heterogeneity of malaria morbidity using data sourced from a recently setup data repository for routine health ...

Malaria and nutritional status among children with severe acute malnutrition in Niger: a prospective cohort study.

The relationship between malaria infection and nutritional status is complex and previous studies suggest malaria may increase the incidence and severity of malnutrition while malnutrition may increase the risk of malaria infection. Here, we report bi-directional associations between malaria and nutritional status among children with uncomplicated severe acute malnutrition (SAM).

Elimination or more accurate estimation? Investigation of trends in malaria diagnoses in the Ouest Department of Haiti from 2008 to 2017.

According to the 2016 World Malaria Report, the malaria incidence in Haiti declined by > 40% between 2010 and 2015. Though elimination efforts have likely contributed, this time period also corresponded to a national change in diagnostic methods.

The current malaria morbidity and mortality in different transmission settings in Western Kenya.

Passive surveillance of malaria in health facilities remains vital for implementation of control and elimination programs. It is therefore essential understanding current age profile of clinical malaria morbidity, mortality and presentations in areas with variant infection susceptibility. This study aimed at understanding the current malaria morbidity and mortality in Western Kenya.

Optimal mode for delivery of seasonal malaria chemoprevention in Ouelessebougou, Mali: A cluster randomized trial.

Seasonal malaria chemoprevention (SMC), the administration of complete therapeutic courses of antimalarials to children aged 3-59 months during the malaria transmission season, is a new strategy recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) for malaria control in Sahelian countries such as Mali with seasonal transmission. The strategy is a highly cost-effective approach to reduce malaria burden in these areas. Despite the substantial benefits of SMC on malaria infection and disease, the optimal approac...

Placebo analgesia persists during sleep: An experimental study.

Although placebo analgesia is a well-recognized phenomenon with important clinical implications, the possibility that placebo effects occur during sleep has received little attention. This experimental study examined whether responsiveness to acute heat pain stimuli applied during sleep could be reduced following a placebo conditioning procedure administered before sleep. Healthy individuals (n = 9) underwent polysomnographic recordings for one habituation night followed by one placebo analgesia night a...

Prescribing Placebos: An Experimental Examination of the Role of Dose, Expectancies, and Adherence in Open-Label Placebo Effects.

Recent evidence indicates that placebo effects can occur even when patients know that they are taking a placebo, termed the open-label placebo effect.

Dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine for intermittent preventive treatment of malaria during pregnancy and risk of malaria in early childhood: A randomized controlled trial.

Intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in pregnancy (IPTp) with dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine (IPTp-DP) has been shown to reduce the burden of malaria during pregnancy compared to sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (IPTp-SP). However, limited data exist on how IPTp regimens impact malaria risk during infancy. We conducted a double-blinded randomized controlled trial (RCT) to test the hypothesis that children born to mothers given IPTp-DP would have a lower incidence of malaria during infancy compared to child...

Primary healthcare providers' practices related to non-malarial acute febrile illness in Burkina Faso.

In Africa, fever is the main reason for consultation, with malaria playing a prominent role. Studies have reported that the widespread use of rapid diagnostic tests for malaria, implemented since 2010, has revealed an increasing proportion of non-malaria acute febrile illnesses (NMAFI). It is an important public health issue because evidence shows that mortality is higher among patients presenting with non-malarial fever than among those with malaria.

Malaria Surveillance - United States, 2015.

Malaria in humans is caused by intraerythrocytic protozoa of the genus Plasmodium. These parasites are transmitted by the bite of an infective female Anopheles species mosquito. The majority of malaria infections in the United States occur among persons who have traveled to regions with ongoing malaria transmission. However, malaria is occasionally acquired by persons who have not traveled out of the country through exposure to infected blood products, congenital transmission, laboratory exposure, or local ...

Whole-blood transcriptional signatures composed of erythropoietic and Nrf2-regulated genes differ between cerebral malaria and severe malarial anemia.

Among the severe malaria syndromes, severe malarial anemia (SMA) is the most common, whereas cerebral malaria (CM) is the most lethal. However, the mechanisms that lead to CM and SMA are unclear.

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