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05:21 EST 20th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Aerobic training compared conventional motor training Multiple Sclerosis" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 21,000+

How do resistance training and balance and motor control training affect gait performance and fatigue impact in people with multiple sclerosis? A randomized controlled multi-center study.

Despite a shared purpose of improving functional capacity, the principles of progressive resistance training (PRT) and balance and motor control training (BMCT) are fundamentally different.

Adaptation to repeated gait-slip perturbations among individuals with multiple sclerosis.

Perturbation training, built upon motor adaptation and learning, has been increasingly used as a fall prevention paradigm in older adults. This training paradigm involves repeated externally-induced perturbations (like slips) to facilitate the error-driven learning of necessary motor skills for preventing falls. It remains unknown if people with multiple sclerosis can adapt to large-scale slip perturbations, which impedes the application of perturbation training in persons with multiple sclerosis. This stud...

Intensity-dependent clinical effects of an individualized technology-supported task-oriented upper limb training program in Multiple Sclerosis: A pilot randomized controlled trial.

Task-oriented training promotes functional recovery in Multiple Sclerosis (MS). Know-how to determine an individualized training intensity and intensity-dependent effects are, however, unknown. The objective of the study was to investigate the feasibility and the clinical effects of a task-oriented upper limb training program at different individualized training intensities with conventional occupational therapy.

Effects of inspiratory muscle training in advanced multiple sclerosis.

Respiratory training using Threshold Inspiratory Muscle Trainer (IMT) has not been examined adequately in multiple sclerosis (MS). The primary objective in this study of persons with advanced MS was to investigate the training effect of IMT. The secondary objective was to evaluate the retention of IMT benefits.

Compared to an active control condition, in persons with multiple sclerosis two different types of exercise training improved sleep and depression, but not fatigue, paresthesia, and intolerance of uncertainty.

In persons with multiple sclerosis (MS), physical activity favorably impacts on psychological well-being. The aims of the present study were to investigate the influence of physical activity on depression, fatigue, sleep, paresthesia, and personality traits (intolerance of uncertainty), and to explore, if endurance training or coordinative training are superior to an active control condition.

Exploring the microcirculatory effects of an exercise programme including aerobic and resistance training in people with limited cutaneous systemic sclerosis.

High intensity interval training (HIIT) is able to improve the endothelial-dependent microvascular function is people with limited cutaneous systemic sclerosis (lcSSc). Resistance training (RT) alone has shown significant improvements in the function of the vasculature; moreover, a combination of aerobic and RT have shown both in the past and recently to significantly improve the vascular function and the microcirculation. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to explore the effectiveness of a combined ex...

Is Strength Training as Effective as Aerobic Training for Depression in Older Adults? A Randomized Controlled Trial.

This study aimed to compare the effects of aerobic training (AT), strength training (ST) and low-intensity exercise in a control group (CG) as adjunct treatments to pharmacotherapy for major depressive disorder (MDD) in older persons.

Concurrent Training and Detraining: brief Review on the Effect of Exercise Intensities.

Concurrent resistance and aerobic training (CT) has been applied to optimize both strength and aerobic performance. However, it should be carefully prescribed, as there are some factors, as the training intensity, which have strong influence on training adaptations. Thus, we conducted a systematic review to analyze the scientific evidence regarding aerobic and resistance exercise intensities during CT and their effect on performance outcomes. The effects of exercise intensity on a subsequent detraining peri...

Response heterogeneity to home-based restorative cognitive rehabilitation in multiple sclerosis: An exploratory study.

Growing evidence supports the efficacy of restorative cognitive training in people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS), but the effects vary across individuals. Differences in treatment efficacy may be related to baseline individual differences. We investigated clinical characteristics and MRI variables to predict response to a previously validated approach to home-based restorative cognitive training.

Continuous 12 min walking to music, metronomes and in silence: Auditory-motor coupling and its effects on perceived fatigue, motivation and gait in persons with multiple sclerosis.

In Persons with Multiple Sclerosis (PwMS), coupling walking to beats/pulses in short bursts is reported to be beneficial for cadence and perceived fatigue. However it is yet to be investigated if coupling and its effects can be sustained for longer durations, required for task-oriented training strategy in PwMS.

Exoskeleton-assisted gait training in persons with multiple sclerosis: A single group pilot study.

To investigate the feasibility of conducting exoskeleton-assisted gait training (EAGT) and the effects of EAGT on gait, metabolic expenditure and physical function in individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS).

Fast and specific: insights into the acquisition and generalization of motor acuity.

Motor acuity is considered to be the outcome of prolonged practice and to involve morphological changes in the motor cortex. We have previously designed a curved pointing task, the arc pointing task (APT), to study motor acuity acquisition, defined as a change in the speed-accuracy tradeoff function (SAF) of the task. Here we study the generalization of motor acuity between hands and between tasks (drawing the arc in the opposite direction and with the untrained hand) and the effect of training duration on ...

Cortical Measures of Motor Planning and Balance Training in Patients With Chronic Ankle Instability.

Motor planning, a prerequisite for goal-driven movement, is a complex process that occurs in the cortex. Evidence has suggested that motor planning is altered in patients with chronic ankle instability (CAI). We know balance training can improve balance, but we do not know if it also improves motor planning. Such changes in cortical activity can be assessed using electroencephalography.

Training of 7-month-old infants' manual object exploration skills: Effects of active and observational experience.

In the present study, a fine motor training was developed and evaluated in which infants were trained to manually explore objects in an advanced manner. Fifty 7-month-old infants were randomly assigned to three different training conditions: (1) to an active manual exploration training, in which they learned to explore objects efficiently, (2) to an observational manual exploration training, in which they observed how an adult performed sophisticated actions on objects, or (3) to a control group receiving n...

Interleaving Motor Sequence Training With High-Frequency Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Facilitates Consolidation.

The acquisition of novel motor skills is a fundamental process of lifelong learning and crucial for everyday behavior. Performance gains acquired by training undergo a transition from an initially labile state to a state that is progressively robust towards interference, a phenomenon referred to as motor consolidation. Previous work has demonstrated that the primary motor cortex (M1) is a neural key region for motor consolidation. However, it remains unknown whether physiological processes underlying posttr...

Aerobic and resistance exercise training reverses age-dependent decline in NAD salvage capacity in human skeletal muscle.

Aging decreases skeletal muscle mass and strength, but aerobic and resistance exercise training maintains skeletal muscle function. NAD is a coenzyme for ATP production and a required substrate for enzymes regulating cellular homeostasis. In skeletal muscle, NAD is mainly generated by the NAD salvage pathway in which nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) is rate-limiting. NAMPT decreases with age in human skeletal muscle, and aerobic exercise training increases NAMPT levels in young men. However, ...

Effect of aerobic training on vascular and metabolic risk factors for recurrent stroke: a meta-analysis.

This meta-analysis aimed to determine the effect of aerobic training, compared to non-aerobic interventions, on vascular and metabolic risk factors for recurrent stroke. This study was conducted using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis guidelines (PRISMA). Searches were performed in PubMed, Embase, Cochrane library and Cinahl up to May 8 2019. Randomized clinical trials evaluating the effect of solely aerobic training on vascular and metabolic risk factors for recurrent st...

Physiologic strain of SCBA confidence course training compared to circuit training and live-fire training.

Firefighting is a dangerous occupation and even training carries substantial risks. Self-contained breathing apparatus confidence courses (SCBACC) are a common type of training.

Effectiveness of Aerobic Exercise Programs for Health Promotion in Metabolic Syndrome.

Continuous and interval are the two types of aerobic exercise training commonly used for health promotion. We sought to determine which aerobic exercise training program results in larger health improvements in metabolic syndrome (MetS) individuals.

Cognitive and motor dual task gait training exerted specific training effects on dual task gait performance in individuals with Parkinson's disease: A randomized controlled pilot study.

Gait impairments in Parkinson's disease (PD) are aggravated under dual task conditions. Providing effective training to enhance different dual task gait performance is important for PD rehabilitation. This pilot study aimed to investigate the effects of cognitive and motor dual task gait training on dual task gait performance in PD. Eighteen PD participants (n = 6 per training group) were assigned to cognitive dual task gait training (CDTT), motor dual task gait training (MDTT), or general gait training (co...

Dissociating effects of error size, training duration, and amount of adaptation on the ability to retain motor memories.

Extensive computational and neurobiological work has focused on how the training schedule, i.e. the duration and rate at which an environmental disturbance is presented, shapes the formation of motor memories. If long-lasting benefits are to be derived from motor training, however, retention of the performance improvements gained during practice is essential. Thus, a better understanding of mechanisms that promote retention could lead to the design of more effective training procedures. The few studies that...

Effects of physical training in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review.

Physical training is recommended in several studies and guidelines for the control of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) and its complications. We performed a systematic review about the effects of aerobic training (AT), resistance (RT) or the combination of both (AT/ RT), on glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) in patients with DM2. Therefore, we included 15 clinical trials with at least 12 weeks duration about training program or recommendations of physical exercise, that evaluated the reduction in HbA1c levels in pat...

A Randomized Controlled Trial of the Lateral Push-Off Skater Exercise for High Intensity Interval Training versus Conventional Treadmill Training.

To examine the therapeutic effects of the lateral push-off skater exercise versus conventional treadmill training on health-related quality of life, cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), and balance.

Benefits of aerobic training in girls with precocious puberty: involvement of CRP and cortisol.

Background The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of 12 weeks of aerobic training, 4 weeks of detraining and use gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) on serum C-reactive protein (CRP) and cortisol levels in girls with central precocious puberty (CPP). Methods Forty-five girls (aged 6-8 years) with precocious puberty were randomly divided into three groups (medication, training and medicine + training groups). Fifteen healthy girls (without precocious puberty) were also included as...

Rapid motor cortical plasticity can be induced by motor imagery training.

Previous behavioural research has revealed that motor imagery (MI) can be an effective technique to generate and enhance motor learning and rehabilitation. This MI-enhanced motor performance may emerge because MI shares overlapping neural networks with movement execution and observation and leads to the activation and neuro-plasticity of the motor system. Neurophysiological studies using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) have shown that physical and observational practice can elicit use-dependent, neu...

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