PubMed Journals Articles About "Aging Lung Lung Health Good Health Older Adults" RSS

00:30 EDT 19th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Aging Lung lung health good health older adults" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 33,000+

The Aging Lung: Is lung health good health for older adults?

The prevalence of lung conditions, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and pulmonary fibrosis, and lung infections such as pneumonia, increase sharply with age. The physiologic, cellular and immunologic changes that occur during aging contribute to the development of lung disease. Studies of age-related changes in physiology and function are not just key to preventing or ameliorating disease, they are essential for understanding healthy aging. Individuals with good lung function live longer, healt...

Lung health in older adults.

One in five people in the UK live with lung disease. The National Taskforce for Lung Health, supported by 29 organisations, published its report in December 2018 with 43 recommendations for the UK, most of which are highly relevant to older adults. Prevention is key, especially relating to the introduction of clean air zones and air pollution alerts. Older adults may be even more prone to the adverse effects of particulate matter. Earlier and accurate diagnosis could improve survival for lung cancer, as wel...

A systematic review of interventions for older adults living in jails and prisons.

The population of older adults in prison is the fastest growing demographic. Older inmates are more likely to have chronic medical conditions and cognitive decline, but these conditions occur earlier and may be more complex for older inmates. Specialized interventions to manage the unique health and mental health needs of older inmates are important to improve health and reduce burden on criminal justice systems. The aim of this research is to conduct a systematic review of empirically-tested interventions ...

Calorie restriction enhances adult mouse lung stem cells function and reverses several aging-induced changes.

Aging is associated with decreased lung function and an increased incidence of lung infections. Several studies have suggested that long-term calorie restriction (CR) promotes health and longevity and results in the reduced risk of several diseases. The effect of CR is thought to be through improving the function of tissue stem cells. Stem cell function is known to decline with aging. In this study, we examined the effects of aging on lung epithelial and stem cells, and the effect of CR on young and old lun...

CDC Grand Rounds: Promoting Well-Being and Independence in Older Adults.

Healthy aging is not merely the absence of disease or disability, but requires physical and mental health and ongoing social engagement (1). As the average U.S. life expectancy increases, recognition that public health can play a vital role in promoting healthy, successful aging even in the face of increased prevalence of chronic diseases, including types of dementia, among older adults (i.e., aged ≥65 years) has grown. Furthermore, actively engaging adults in prevention and wellness along with involving ...

Identifying and understanding the health and social care needs of older adults with multiple chronic conditions and their caregivers: a scoping review.

As the population is aging, the number of persons living with multiple chronic conditions (MCC) is expected to increase. This review seeks to answer two research questions from the perspectives of older adults with MCC, their caregivers and their health care providers (HCPs): 1) What are the health and social care needs of community-dwelling older adults with MCC and their caregivers? and 2) How do social and structural determinants of health impact these health and social care needs?

Aging well in an aging world: The impact of material conditions, culture, and societal disruptions.

The world's population is aging, but quality of life in older adulthood is unequally distributed. Using measures of self-rated health and subjective well-being from Wave 6 (2010-2014) of the World Values Survey, we examine the individual and social factors that shape older adulthood in 57 countries. In addition to examining inequalities in health and well-being for older adults between countries, we examine the differences between older (50 and over) and younger adults (under 50) within countries. Aging wel...

Relations of religion with depression and loneliness in older sexual and gender minority adults.

High levels of religious involvement have been associated with positive mental health outcomes in older adults. This study investigated whether the effects of religion on healthy aging could generalize to older LGBTQ adults.

"To know or not to know…?" Push and pull in ever smokers lung screening uptake decision-making intentions.

In the United States, lung cancer screening aims to detect cancer early in nonsymptomatic current and former smokers. A lung screening pilot service in an area of high lung cancer incidence in the United Kingdom has been designed based on United States trial evidence. However, our understanding of acceptability and reasons for lung screening uptake or decline in a United Kingdom nontrial context are currently limited.

Fall Worry Restricts Social Engagement in Older Adults.

To examine cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between (a) activity-limiting fall worry (ALW) and (b) self-reported health-related restrictions and social engagement among older adults.

Reciprocal Dynamics of Solo-Living and Health among Older Adults in Contemporary China.

Solo-living has far-reaching implications for older adults' well-being. The causal impacts and the pathways of solo-living on health and wellbeing of older adults are still unclear. This study examines the correlates of solo-living and subsequent health outcomes of solo-living among older adults in mainland China.

Promoting Successful Aging Through Faith Community Nursing.

Promotion of successful aging is imperative for the growing population of U.S. adults 65 and older, who will outnumber those 18 and under by 2035. Faith community nurses (FCNs) provide interventions targeting health promotion and disease prevention, with a focus on faith and health. This study examined the most frequently documented interventions and attended services provided to older adults by FCNs. A secondary analysis of data from the web-based Henry Ford Macomb Hospital Faith Community Nursing/Health M...

Health seeking for chronic lung disease in central Malawi: Adapting existing models using insights from a qualitative study.

Chronic lung diseases contribute to the growing non-communicable disease (NCD) burden and are increasing, particularly in many low and middle-income countries (LMIC) in sub-Saharan African. Early engagement with health systems in chronic lung disease management is critical to maintain quality of life and prevent further damage. Our study sought to understand health seeking behaviour in relation to chronic lung disease and TB in a rural district in Malawi.

Longitudinal associations between dietary inflammatory index and musculoskeletal health in community-dwelling older adults.

Aging is characterized by progressive decline in physiologic reserves and functions as well as prolonged inflammation, increasing susceptibility to disease. Diet plays an important role in maintaining health, and reducing morbidity and mortality, especially in older populations. This study was designed to determine prospective associations between dietary inflammatory index (DII) scores and bone health, sarcopenia-related outcomes, falls risk and incident fractures in community-dwelling Australian older adu...

Incremental Health Care Costs Associated With Food Insecurity and Chronic Conditions Among Older Adults.

The prevalence of food insecurity and chronic health conditions among older adults is a public health concern. However, little is known about associated health care costs. We estimated the incremental health care costs of food insecurity and selected chronic health conditions among older adults, defined as adults aged 50 or older.

Extraversion personality, perceived health and activity participation among community-dwelling aging adults in Hong Kong.

Activity participation is essential to the wellbeing of aging adults. Divergent levels of activity participation within aging populations have been explained from diverse perspectives, but the interaction effects of key determinants, such as personality and health, are often ignored. This study examines the effects of extravert personality on aging adults' activity levels by addressing its interaction with perceived physical health and mental health. A sample of 304 adults aged 50 and older was selected usi...

Does Inside Equal Outside? Relations Between Older Adults' Implicit and Explicit Aging Attitudes and Self-Esteem.

Attitudes toward one's own aging and self-esteem are crucial variables in predicting older adults' physical and mental health and can significantly affect their will to live, cognitive judgement and acceptance of medical treatment. However, little is known about the relation between the implicit attitude toward one's own aging and implicit self-esteem. This research explored consistencies between implicit and explicit attitudes toward one's own aging and between implicit and explicit self-esteem and explore...

Oral health and access to dental care among older homeless adults: results from the HOPE HOME study.

To describe the prevalence of and factors associated with oral health measures in a sample of older homeless adults in Oakland, CA.

A comparison of urban and non-urban African American older adults on health-related characteristics.

Although residential geographic health disparities have been noted in the previous literature, studies are specifically lacking on intra-group health comparisons of African American older adults by residential geography. The purpose of this study was to determine if health-related characteristics of African American older adults varied by residential geography. Socioeconomic demographics, medical conditions, primary care use, and self-ratings of general health, social activity, and physical activity were co...

Sexual Aging: A Systematic Review of Qualitative Research on the Sexuality and Sexual Health of Older Adults.

Negative stereotypes regarding the sex lives of older adults persist, despite sexuality being an important factor that influences the quality of life. We conducted a systematic review of the qualitative literature on the sexuality and sexual health of older adults to address which topics have been researched and the quality of research within this field. We searched PsycINFO, SocINDEX, MEDLINE, and CINAHL for qualitative articles investigating the sexuality of adults aged 60+ years. We analyzed 69 articles ...

Metabolic health is more closely associated with decrease in lung function than obesity.

Previous studies have evaluated the link between metabolic syndrome and obesity with impaired lung function, however findings have been controversial. We aimed to compare lung function among subjects with different metabolic health and obesity status.

Rural-urban gaps in health care utilization among older Thais: The role of family support.

This study examined rural-urban differences in health visits among older Thais utilizing Andersen's model. Data were drawn from the 2011 Survey of Older Persons in Thailand of adults 50 years and older (N = 56,435). Logistic regression models examine individuals' predisposing, enabling, and health need factors for explaining older adults' health care use. Approximately 50% of older adults sought health care but urban dwellers were more likely than rural dwellers to seek health care (54.8% vs. 49.7%). Pr...

Disability type, depression, and antidepressants use among older adults in the United States.

The study aimed to estimate the prevalence of depression and antidepressant use among older adults with different types of disability.

Efficacy of Bingocize: A Game-Centered Mobile Application to Improve Physical and Cognitive Performance in Older Adults.

A significant barrier to improving the health and well-being of older adults is that they often do not adhere to health-promoting programs. The present study examined whether Bingocize, a game-centered mobile app that can combine bingo with healthy activities such as exercise and/or health topic education, could (1) engender high rates of adherence among sedentary community-dwelling older adults, and (2) potentially improve aspects of physical and cognitive performance.

Socrates Café for Older Adults: Intergenerational Connectedness Through Facilitated Conversation.

Opportunities for social connectedness are important for older adults' psychosocial well-being. Social connections through intergenerational engagement provide older adults benefits such as increased generativity, improved cognitive functioning, and a greater sense of self-worth. The facilitated discussion known as Socrates Café is ideally suited for bridging generation gaps and inviting self-expression. Socrates Cafés provide an alternative to more traditional social programming by promoting communal inq...

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