PubMed Journals Articles About "Agriculture Biotechnology Strategies" RSS

10:01 EDT 20th March 2018 | BioPortfolio

Agriculture Biotechnology Strategies PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Agriculture Biotechnology Strategies articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Agriculture Biotechnology Strategies" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 7,900+

Editorial: Harnessing microbial cells through advanced technologies and conventional strategies.

Biocatalysts, either microbial cells or enzymes, render biotechnology breakthroughs in fundamentals and applications. Although rational designs with advanced tools and methodologies such as metabolic engineering and synthetic biology are becoming more powerful, conventional strategies including directed/adaptive evolution and process optimization are still indispensable.

Biotechnology of siderophores in high-impact scientific fields.

Different aspects of bacterial and fungal siderophore biotechnological applications will be discussed. Areas of application presented include, but are not limited to agriculture, medicine, pharmacology, bioremediation, biodegradation and food industry. In agriculture-related applications, siderophores could be employed to enhance plant growth due to their uptake by rhizobia. Siderophores hindered the presence of plant pathogens in biocontrol strategies. Bioremediation studies on siderophores discuss mostly ...

Potential Applications of Polyamines in Agriculture and Plant Biotechnology.

The polyamines putrescine, spermidine and spermine have been implicated in a myriad of biological functions in many organisms. Research done during the last decades has accumulated a large body of evidence demonstrating that polyamines are key modulators of plant growth and development. Different experimental approaches have been employed including the measurement of endogenous polyamine levels and the activities of polyamine metabolic enzymes, the study of the effects resulting from exogenous polyamine app...

Road MAPs to engineer host microbiomes.

Microbiomes contribute directly or indirectly to host health and fitness. Thus far, investigations into these emergent traits, referred to here as microbiome-associated phenotypes (MAPs), have been primarily qualitative and taxonomy-driven rather than quantitative and trait-based. We present the MAPs-first approach, a theoretical and experimental roadmap that involves quantitative profiling of MAPs across genetically variable hosts and subsequent identification of the underlying mechanisms. We outline strat...

Oil body biogenesis and biotechnology in legume seeds.

The seeds of many legume species including soybean, Pongamia pinnata and the model legume Medicago truncatula store considerable oil, apart from protein, in their cotyledons. However, as a group, legume storage strategies are quite variable and provide opportunities for better understanding of carbon partitioning into different storage products. Legumes with their ability to fix nitrogen can also increase the sustainability of agricultural systems. This review integrates the cell biology, biochemistry and m...

Re-Framing Biotechnology Regulation.

Biotechnology is about to spill the banks of federal regulation. New genetic engineering techniques like CRISPR-Cas9 promise revolutionary breakthroughs in medicine, agriculture, and public health—but those techniques would not be regulated under the terms of the Coordinated Framework for Regulation of Biotechnology. This revolutionary moment in biotechnology offers an opportunity to correct the flaws in the framework, which was hastily patched together at the advent of the technology. The framework has n...

A Brief History of Promoter Development for Use in Transgenic Maize Applications.

Promoters regulate gene expression, and are essential biotechnology tools. Since its introduction in the mid-1990s, biotechnology has greatly enhanced maize productivity primarily through the development of insect control and herbicide tolerance traits. Additional biotechnology applications include improving seed nutrient composition, industrial protein production, therapeutic production, disease resistance, abiotic stress resistance, and yield enhancement. Biotechnology has also greatly expanded basic rese...

Next generation industrial biotechnology based on extremophilic bacteria.

Industrial biotechnology aims to produce bulk chemicals including polymeric materials and biofuels based on bioprocessing sustainable agriculture products such as starch, fatty acids and/or cellulose. However, traditional bioprocesses require bioreactors made of stainless steel, complicated sterilization, difficult and expensive separation procedures as well as well-trained engineers that are able to conduct bioprocessing under sterile conditions, reducing the competitiveness of the bio-products. Amid the c...

Accumulation and Distribution Characteristics of Biomass and Nitrogen in Bitter Gourd (Momordica charantia L.) under Different Fertilization Strategies.

The elemental uptake and allocation patterns of crops create insight for nutrient management. Two-year field experiments were conducted to determine the growth and nitrogen (N) uptake patterns of bitter gourd and to evaluate different N management strategies. Two N practices during the nursery stage, namely, the conventional fertilizer method (Scon) and the controlled-release fertilizer management method (Scrf), combined with three N management strategies after transplanting, namely, zero N fertilizer appli...

Editorial overview: Systems biology for biotechnology.

Editorial overview: Pharmaceutical biotechnology.

AFOB Special Issue on Industrial Biotechnology.

Enhancing CHO by Systems Biotechnology.

The building blocks of successful translation of proteomics to the clinic.

Recently, the first two multiplexed tests using selective reaction monitoring (SRM-MS) mass spectrometry have entered clinical practice. Despite different areas of indication, risk stratification in lung cancer and preterm birth, they share multiple steps in their development strategies. Here we review these strategies and their implications for successful translation of biomarkers to clinical practice. We believe that the identification of blood protein panels for the identification of disease phenotypes i...

Microbial biotechnology and circular economy in wastewater treatment.

Microbial biotechnology is essential for the development of circular economy in wastewater treatment by integrating energy production and resource recovery into the production of clean water. A comprehensive knowledge about identity, physiology, ecology, and population dynamics of process-critical microorganisms will improve process stability, reduce CO2 footprints, optimize recovery and bioenergy production, and help finding new approaches and solutions. Examples of research needs and perspectives are prov...

Preface for special issue on synthetic biology (2017).

Synthetic biology has developed quickly over the past decade. To review the research progress in synthetic biology, we published this special issue that consists of three columns, namely scientific significance, technological advances, and applications in medical science, pharmaceutics, agriculture, material, environment and energy.

Microbial biotechnology as a tool to restore degraded drylands.

We briefly review how microbial biotechnology can contribute to improve activities aiming to restore degraded drylands and to combat their desertification, which are an integral part of the Sustainable Development Goal 15 of the 2030 Agenda. Microbial biotechnology offers notable promise to improve restoration actions based on the use of biocrust-forming engineered cyanobacteria, which play key roles in maintaining ecosystem structure and functioning in drylands worldwide. Advances in our understanding of m...

Strategies for transitioning macrocyclic peptides to cell-permeable drug leads.

The ready availability of potent peptide binders for any desired target highlights their potential impact as therapeutic agents. Despite their versatility, however, peptides tend to display unfavourable pharmacological properties, such as low bioavailability, high renal clearance and proteolytic degradation rates, and low cell permeability. Fortunately, an increasing number of promising strategies to produce novel peptides and furnish pre-existing scaffolds with more drug-like properties are now becoming av...

To engraft or not to engraft: an ecological framework for gut microbiome modulation with live microbes.

Strategies aimed at modulating the gut microbiota by using live microbes range from single strains (probiotics or live biotherapeutics) to whole non-defined fecal transplants. Although often clinically efficacious, our understanding on how microbial-based strategies modulate gut microbiome composition and function is vastly incomplete. In this review, we present a framework based on ecological theory that provides mechanistic explanations for the findings obtained in studies that attempted to modulate the g...

Effects of manufactured nano-copper on copper uptake, bioaccumulation and enzyme activities in cowpea grown on soil substrate.

Increased use of nanoparticles-based products in agriculture portends important implications for agriculture. Therefore, the impact of nano-copper particles (

Erratum: Nature Biotechnology's academic spinouts of 2016.

Transition to agriculture in South-Eastern Arabia: Insights from oral conditions.

In Southeast (SE) Arabia, agriculture is supposed to expand around 3000 BC, but its tempo and its actual role in populations' subsistence is still debated by archaeologists. Here, we compare dental health conditions of 11 skeletal samples from coastal and inland sites, dated from the Late Neolithic (ca. 4500-3100 BC) to the Early Bronze Age (EBA), conventionally divided into Hafit (ca. 3100-2700 BC) and Umm an-Nar period (ca. 2700-2000 BC). The goal is to assess long-term trends in subsistence patterns and ...

Rural food security, subsistence agriculture, and seasonality.

Many of the world's food-insecure and undernourished people are smallholder farmers in developing countries. This is especially true in Africa. There is an urgent need to make smallholder agriculture and food systems more nutrition-sensitive. African farm households are known to consume a sizeable part of what they produce at home. Less is known about how much subsistence agriculture actually contributes to household diets, and how this contribution changes seasonally. We use representative data from rural ...

Creating plant molecular factories for industrial and nutritional isoprenoid production.

Chemical refining is a highly efficient process that has driven industrialisation and globalisation. However, dwindling fuel reserves and climatic fluctuation are now imposing key societal and economic challenges to health and welfare provision, agriculture, manufacturing outputs and energy. Plants are potentially exploitable 'green' chemical factories, with vast chemical diversity that can be used for the discovery and production of food, feed, medicines and biomaterials. Despite notable advances, plant ba...

Reinforcement learning produces dominant strategies for the Iterated Prisoner's Dilemma.

We present tournament results and several powerful strategies for the Iterated Prisoner's Dilemma created using reinforcement learning techniques (evolutionary and particle swarm algorithms). These strategies are trained to perform well against a corpus of over 170 distinct opponents, including many well-known and classic strategies. All the trained strategies win standard tournaments against the total collection of other opponents. The trained strategies and one particular human made designed strategy are ...

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