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PubMed Journals Articles About "Analysis Microbial Diversity Fluidized Sand Biofilter Based High" RSS

13:03 EDT 25th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Analysis Microbial Diversity Fluidized Sand Biofilter Based High" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 75,000+

Organic carbon: An overlooked factor that determines the antibiotic resistome in drinking water sand filter biofilm.

Biofilter, an essential water treatment process, is reported to be the harbor of bacterial antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs). Due to the oligotrophic characteristic of source water, filter biofilm is largely influenced by the concentration of organic carbon. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of organic carbon concentration on shaping bacterial antibiotic resistome in filter biofilm. Our study was based on pilot-scale sand filters, and we investigated the antibiotic resistome using h...


Metagenomic analysis of the inhibitory effect of chromium on microbial communities and removal efficiency in AO sludge.

This is the first study exploring the effects of persistent Cr(VI) treatment on microbial communities and function as well as the process efficiency of an AO system. The inhibitory effect was clearly higher at a high Cr(VI) concentration than a low Cr(VI) concentration, and different Cr(VI) concentrations had distinct effects on the microbial communities as well as on the performance efficiency of the system. Functional annotation analysis indicated that Cr(VI) stress inhibited most of the metabolic pathway...

Performance of a compost and biochar packed biofilter for gas-phase hydrogen sulfide removal.

The main aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of an aerobic biofilter packed with compost for the removal of gas-phase hydrogen sulfide (HS). After 52 d of operation, the biofilter was re-packed by replacing a certain portion (25%, v/v) of the existing compost with biochar and its performance was tested. The steady and transient performance of the biofilter was evaluated by varying the HS concentrations from 0.1 to 2.9 g m at an empty bed residence time (EBRT) of 119 and 80 s, respectiv...


Plaque biofilm microbial diversity in infants aged 12 months and their mothers with or without dental caries: a pilot study.

A number of studies on oral microbial diversity of early childhood caries (ECC) have tended to focus on mid- or late-stage of ECC, with a lack of research into early stage of tooth eruption and maternal influence. The aims of this study are to compare the supragingival plaque biofilm microbiota diversity between mothers with or without dental caries and their 12-month-old infants, and to explore the relationship of microbial diversity between infants and their mothers, using sequencing analysis.

Characterization of microbial communities of soils from gold mine tailings and identification of mercury-resistant strain.

To enrich the understanding of the complex environmental system of soil and microorganisms in gold tailings, we studied the effects of environmental factors on the microbial community diversity in gold mine tailing soil in Beijing, and the strains screened from the soil with serious mercury (Hg) pollution. The results showed that microbial diversity and community composition varied among sites, and at varying depths, soil microbes were significantly affected by soil environmental factors such as lead (Pb), ...

Analysis of microbial communities in heavy metals-contaminated soils using the metagenomic approach.

Soil pollution occurring at mining sites has adverse impacts on soil microbial diversity. New approaches, such as metagenomics approach, have become a powerful tool to investigate biodiversity of soil microbial communities. In the current study, metagenomics approach was used to investigate the microbial diversity of soils contaminated with different concentrations of lead (Pb) and zinc (Zn). The contaminated soils were collected from a Pb and Zn mine. The soil total DNA was extracted and 16S rDNA genes wer...

High-efficiency treatment of benzaldehyde residue using two-stage fluidized-bed/fixed-bed catalytic system.

A novel two-stage fluidized-bed/fixed-bed catalytic system was developed for the treatment of benzaldehyde residue. The effects of reaction temperature, oxygen concentration, space velocity on the purification of benzaldehyde production residue were investigated. The effluent chemical oxygen demand (COD) was less than 70 mgO/L and the COD removal efficiency was higher than 99.83% under our experimental condition (fluidized-bed and fixed-bed temperature of 300∼400 °C, flow rate of residue of 10 mL/h and...

Fluidized granular activated carbon electrode for efficient microbial electrosynthesis of acetate from carbon dioxide.

The electricity-driven bioreduction of carbon dioxide to multi-carbon organic compounds, particularly acetate, has been achieved in microbial electrosynthesis (MES). MES performance can be limited by the amount of cathode surface area available for biofilm formation and slow substrate mass transfer. Here, a fluidized three-dimensional electrode, containing granular activated carbon (GAC) particles, was constructed via MES. The volumetric acetate production rate increased by 2.8 times through MES with 16 g...

Microbial Diversity in an Arid, Naturally Saline Environment.

The Arava Valley in is a rock desert within the Great African Rift valley. Soil from this area is covered with a salt crust. Here, we report microbial diversity from arid, naturally saline samples collected near Ein Yahav from the Arava Valley by culture-independent as well as culture-dependent analysis. High-throughput sequencing of the hypervariable region V4 of the 16S rRNA gene revealed that the microbial community consists of halophiles from the domain Bacteria as well as Archaea. Bacterial diversity w...

Richness and Diversity of Phlebotomine Sand Flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in North Khorasan Province, Northeast of Iran.

We aimed to determine the species composition, richness and diversity indices of the Phlebotomine sand flies at different topographic condition in visceral (VL) and cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) foci in the northeast of Iran.

Process performance and microbial community structure in thermophilic trickling biofilter reactors for biogas upgrading.

This study evaluated the process performance and determined the microbial community structure of two lab-scale thermophilic trickling biofilter reactors used for biological methanation of hydrogen and carbon-dioxide for a total period of 94 days. Stable and robust operation was achieved by means of a single-pass gas flow. The quality of the output gas (>97%) was comparable to the methane purity achieved by commercial biogas upgrading systems fulfilling the specifications to be used as substitute to natura...

Synthetic peptides as a novel approach for detecting antibodies against sand fly saliva.

Hosts repeatedly bitten by sand flies develop antibodies against sand fly saliva and screening of these immunoglobulins can be employed to estimate the risk of Leishmania transmission, to indicate the feeding preferences of sand flies, or to evaluate the effectiveness of vector control campaigns. Previously, antibodies to sand fly saliva were detected using whole salivary gland homogenate (SGH) or recombinant proteins, both of which also have their disadvantages. This is the first study on sand flies where ...

Effects of long-lasting nitrogen and organic shock loadings on an engineered biofilter treating matured landfill leachate.

The decentralized bioreactor is a promising process for landfill leachate (LL) treatment, however, it is often confronted with various forms of shock loadings. To explore the robustness of bioreactors to the long-lasting substrate shocks, a long-term study of over 90 days was carried out to investigate the effects of nitrogen (mainly ammonium nitrogen, NH-N) and organic (in terms of chemical oxygen demand, COD) shock loading on an engineered zeolite-based biofilter with alternative soil-mixed block (SMB) (E...

Bioremediation of benzene-contaminated groundwater by calcium peroxide (CaO) nanoparticles: Continuous-flow and biodiversity studies.

Calcium peroxide (CaO) nanoparticles have been extensively applied in treatment of contaminated groundwater through bioremediation or modified Fenton (MF) processes. In the present study utilization of CaO in bioremediation and MF (CaO+FeSO) reaction is investigated for benzene (50 mg/L) removal in continuous flow sand-packed columns. The results indicated that MF produced OH radicals markedly increased benzene remediation at first 30 days (up to 93%). But, OH generation rate was gradually declined when t...

Defunct gold mine tailings are natural reservoir for unique bacterial communities revealed by high-throughput sequencing analysis.

Mine tailing dumps are arguably one of the leading sources of environmental degradation with often both public health and ecologically consequences. The present study investigated the concentration of heavy metals in gold mine tailings, and used high throughput sequencing techniques to determine the microbial community diversity of these tailings using 16S rRNA gene based amplicon sequence analysis. The concentration of detected metals and metalloids followed the order Si > Al > Fe > K > Ca...

A multi-technique approach for evaluating sand dynamics in a complex engineered piedmont river system.

A multi-technique approach is proposed to study sand dynamics in an engineered piedmont river. Only a few studies focused on such systems and innovative methodological protocols still need to be designed to better understand sand transport in piedmont rivers where bedload dynamics has been largely modified with nowadays a residual sand transport on a fixed gravel matrix. The proposed methodology is based on an analysis of bathymetry and turbidity measurements and on modelling, including the development of s...

Sludge anaerobic digestion with high concentrations of tetracyclines and sulfonamides: Dynamics of microbial communities and change of antibiotic resistance genes.

This study established two mesophilic anaerobic digesters to ascertain the microbial dynamics and variation characteristics of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) during sludge anaerobic digestion (AD) with high concentration of antibiotics. System parameters, microbial community, ARGs (tetA, tetM, tetW, sulI, sulII) and integrase gene of class 1 (intI1) were analyzed. General performance of AD showed methane production was inhibited by 17.1% under the pressure of antibiotics. Microbial 16S rRNA high-through...

Distinct rhizosphere effect on active and total bacterial communities in paddy soils.

Rhizosphere microbes are critical for plant health and biogeochemical cycles. Understanding the diversity of active microorganisms in the rhizosphere is key to enhancing plant growth and productivity. We examined rhizosphere bacterial communities of rice by comparison of the 16S ribosomal subunit amplicons generated from both the total (DNA-based, 16S rRNA gene) and the active (RNA-based, 16S rRNA) soil microbiota. Analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene showed a higher microbial diversity, but with little chan...

Nitrogen and phosphorus removal from wastewater by sand with wheat straw.

Wheat straw amendment to sandy soil has the potential to remove nutrients from wastewater. This study investigated the ability of wheat straw to remove inorganic nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) from wastewater when mixed into sand at different rates. Wastewater from a sewage treatment plant was added to sand alone and amended with different wheat straw rates 2.5, 5, 7.5, 10, and 12.5 g wheat straw kg so that the sand was covered with about 15 cm of wastewater. Leaching was carried out after 4, 8, and 16 ...

Impact of carbon to nitrogen ratio on the performance of aerobic granular reactor and microbial population dynamics during aerobic sludge granulation.

Carbon to nitrogen (C/N) ratio is one of the most important factor affecting aerobic granular sludge (AGS) growth and pollutant removal in aerobic granular sludge sequencing batch reactor (AGSBR). For stability of sludge granulation process, AGSs were domesticated in five sequence batch reactors (SBRs) with different C/N ratios (6, 7, 8, 9, and 10), which the ammonia nitrogen concentration of influent was 165 mg/L. The effects of C/N ratio on morphology and property of AGS were studied. The results showed...

Seed mucilage interacts with soil microbial community and physiochemical processes to affect seedling emergence on desert sand dunes.

Seedling emergence is a critical stage in the establishment of desert plants. Soil microbes participate in plant growth and development, but information is lacking with regard to the role of microbes on seedling emergence. We applied the biocides (captan and streptomycin) to assess how seed mucilage interacts with soil microbial community and physiochemical processes to affect seedling emergence of Artemisia sphaerocephala on the desert sand dune. Fungal and bacterial community composition and diversity and...

Tegumentary leishmaniasis and sandflies in a border area between Argentina and Bolivia.

Some sand flies are of medical importance because they are vectors of Leishmania parasites that are responsible for leishmaniasis. The aim of this study was to make a retrospective epidemiological analysis of tegumentary leishmaniasis (TL), to identify Leishmania spp. from patient isolates and to describe the diversity of sand flies from a border area between Bolivia and Argentina.

Composition and Vertical Stratification of Phlebotomine Sand Fly Fauna and the Molecular Detection of Leishmania in Forested Areas in Rondônia State Municipalities, Western Amazon, Brazil.

This study examined sand fly diversity and the natural infection of sand flies by Leishmania in three localities in Rondônia State: Santo Antônio and São Vicente farm, which are anthropized environments, and the Jamari FLONA, which has not been anthropized. Sand flies were collected in canopies and at ground level using CDC light traps and BG-Sentinel CO traps. Female sand flies were grouped into pools that were subjected to DNA extraction and the samples were subjected to PCR to detect and identify Leis...

Diversity-Function Relationships in Natural, Applied, and Engineered Microbial Ecosystems.

The connection between ecosystem function and taxonomic diversity has been of interest and relevance to macroecologists for decades. After many years of lagging behind due to the difficulty of assigning both taxonomy and function to poorly distinguishable microscopic cells, microbial ecology now has access to a suite of powerful molecular tools which allow its practitioners to generate data relating to diversity and function of a microbial community on an unprecedented scale. Instead, the problem facing tod...

Resistance forces on an intruder penetrating partially fluidized granular media.

This paper analyzes the forces on a cylindrical straight rod penetrated into a granular bed in the partially fluidized state. As gas flow is blown from the bed bottom, the resistance force decreases linearly with increasing gas flow velocity. After the bed is fluidized, the resistance force is close to zero. When the bed is under the action of vibration, the average resistance force (F_{b,ave}) linearly decreases with increasing vibration acceleration but is barely influenced by the vibration frequency. The...


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