PubMed Journals Articles About "Anatomy Constructive Peer Review" RSS

12:16 EDT 25th June 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Anatomy Constructive Peer Review" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 18,000+

Anatomy of Constructive Peer Review.

The effect of publishing peer review reports on referee behavior in five scholarly journals.

To increase transparency in science, some scholarly journals are publishing peer review reports. But it is unclear how this practice affects the peer review process. Here, we examine the effect of publishing peer review reports on referee behavior in five scholarly journals involved in a pilot study at Elsevier. By considering 9,220 submissions and 18,525 reviews from 2010 to 2017, we measured changes both before and during the pilot and found that publishing reports did not significantly compromise referee...

Outcomes of Peer Review for Radiotherapy Treatment Plans With Palliative Intent.

Peer review of a proposed treatment plan is increasingly recognized as an important quality activity in radiation medicine. Although peer review has been emphasized in the curative setting, applying peer review for treatment plans that have palliative intent is receiving increased attention. This study reports peer review outcomes for a regional cancer center that applied routine interprofessional peer review as a standard practice for palliative radiotherapy.

Clinical practice visits: a rapid review.

Practice visits are a peer review activity where one or more healthcare providers visit the practice of another in the same field. The purpose of this exercise is for visitors to observe and review a host's practice in a non-punitive manner and provide them with constructive feedback as required; ultimately to improve practice quality and patient care.

Evaluation of stakeholder views on peer review of NIHR applications for funding: a qualitative study.

Innovations resulting from research have both national and global impact, so selecting the most promising research studies to fund is crucial. Peer review of research funding applications is part of the selection process, and requires considerable resources. This study aimed to elicit stakeholder opinions about which factors contribute to and influence effective peer review of funding applications to the UK National Institute for Health Research (NIHR), and to identify possible minor improvements to current...

Just Culture: Practical Implementation for Radiologist Peer Review.

Peer review is a cornerstone of quality improvement programs and serves to support the peer learning process. Peer review in radiology incorporates the review of diagnostic imaging interpretation, interventional procedures, communication, and the evaluation of untoward patient events. A just culture is an environment in which errors and near-miss events are evaluated in a deliberately nonpunitive framework, avoiding a culture of blame and responsibility and focusing instead on error prevention and fostering...

Bias in the Peer Review Process: Can We Do Better?

Peer review is the major method used by the scientific community to evaluate manuscripts and decide what is suitable for publication. However, this process in its current design is not bulletproof and is prone to reviewer and editorial bias. Its lack of objectivity and transparency raise concerns that manuscripts might be judged based on interests irrelevant to the content itself and not on merit alone. This commentary reviews some of the most common biases that could potentially affect objective evaluation...

Impact of Multi-Institutional Prospective Peer Review on Target and Organ-At-Risk Delineation in Radiation Therapy.

Peer review is an essential component of quality assurance programs in radiation oncology. The purpose of this work was to assess if peer reviewers recommend expansion or reduction of planning target volumes (PTVs) and organs-at-risk (OARs) in prospective multidisciplinary daily contour rounds.

Effects of Alternating Dissection with Peer Teaching and Faculty Prosected Cadaver Demonstrations in a Physical Therapy and Occupational Therapy Gross Anatomy Course.

The most effective method to teach gross anatomy is largely unknown. This study examined two teaching methods utilized in a physical therapy and occupational therapy gross anatomy course, (1) alternating dissection with peer teaching every other laboratory session and (2) faculty demonstrations during laboratory sessions. Student (n = 57) subgroup (A or B) academic performance was determined using written, laboratory practical, and palpation practical examinations. Subgroup A performed significantly bette...

A systematic review of influences on implementation of peer support work for adults with mental health problems.

The evidence base for peer support work in mental health is established, yet implementation remains a challenge. The aim of this systematic review was to identify influences which facilitate or are barriers to implementation of mental health peer support work.

Lacrimal drainage anatomy in the Japanese population.

The aim of this study is to provide a comprehensive and clinically relevant review of the lacrimal drainage anatomy in the Japanese population.

How to identify peer-reviewed publications: Open-identity labels in scholarly book publishing.

This article discusses the open-identity label, i.e., the practice of disclosing reviewers' names in published scholarly books, a common practice in Central and Eastern European countries. This study's objective is to verify whether the open-identity label is a type of peer-review label (like those used in Finland and Flanders, i.e., the Flemish part of Belgium), and as such, whether it can be used as a delineation criterion in various systems used to evaluate scholarly publications. We have conducted a two...

A Prospective Analysis of Radiation Oncologist Compliance to Early Peer Review Recommendations.

We conducted a prospective observational cohort study of physician compliance to daily early pre-treatment planning peer review recommendations and quantified factors associated with compliance.

Disrupting Physician Clinical Practice Peer Review.

The goal of physician peer review has been to assess and improve the quality of care by individual physicians. Unfortunately, this enshrined piece of medical practice suffers from deep flaws that hamper the achievement of assessment and improvement. This institution is in serious need of disruption, both for the safety of patients and for the wellness of practicing physicians. This commentary describes the inherent flaws of physician practice review and how physicians and health care organizations can addre...

A systematic review of the morphology and function of the sacrotuberous ligament.

The sacrotuberous ligament (STL) has been linked to conditions such as pelvic girdle pain and pudendal nerve entrapment, yet its contribution to pelvic stability is debated. The purpose of this review was to explore the current understanding of the STL and highlight any gaps in knowledge regarding its anatomy and function.

Patient constructive learning behavior in cognitive therapy: A pathway for improving patient memory for treatment?

Patient memory for treatment is poor and associated with worse outcome. The Memory Support Intervention was designed to improve outcome by enhancing patient memory for treatment. Half of the strategies comprising the Memory Support Intervention (termed constructive memory support strategies) involve therapists inviting patients to construct new ideas, inferences, or connections related to treatment material that go beyond information already presented by therapists. This study investigated the relationship ...

Science peer review for the 21st century: Assessing scientific consensus for decision-making while managing conflict of interests, reviewer and process bias.

Science peer review plays an important role in the advancement and acceptance of scientific information, particularly when used to support decision-making. A model for science peer review is proposed here using a large, multi-tiered case study to engage a broader segment of the scientific community to support decision making on science matters, and to incorporate many of the design advantages of the two common forms of peer review (journal peer review, science advisory panels). This peer review consisted of...

Genes, Roommates, and Residence Halls: A Multidimensional Study of the Role of Peer Drinking on College Students' Alcohol Use.

Peer drinking is one of the most robust predictors of college students' alcohol use and can moderate students' genetic risk for alcohol use. Peer effect research generally suffers from 2 problems: selection into peer groups and relying more on perceptions of peer alcohol use than peers' self-report. The goal of the present study was to overcome those limitations by capitalizing on a genetically informed sample of randomly assigned college roommates to examine multiple dimensions of peer influence and the in...

Anatomical Considerations in Endoscopic Lacrimal Surgery.

To provide a review of the anatomy of the lacrimal drainage system and lateral wall of the nose pertaining to endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy.

Peer Victimization in Rural Youth and Why it Matters.

Peer victimization is a major public health concern due to its psychological, emotional, and physical short and potentially long-term effects on children. Research conducted with rural youth have shown heightened peer victimization rates compared to urban and suburban locales. Protective factors, such as social support, are underresearched and less emphasized compared to risk factors, particularly in the context of rural youth. This article will review the literature surrounding the constructs of peer victi...

Review of the Major and Minor Salivary Glands, Part 1: Anatomy, Infectious, and Inflammatory Processes.

The major and minor salivary glands of the head and neck are important structures that contribute to many of the normal physiologic processes of the aerodigestive tract. The major salivary glands are routinely included within the field of view of standard neuroimaging, and although easily identifiable, salivary pathology is relatively rare and often easy to overlook. Knowledge of the normal and abnormal imaging appearance of the salivary glands is critical for forming useful differential diagnoses, as well ...

Peer victimization and problematic internet use in adolescents: The mediating role of deviant peer affiliation and the moderating role of family functioning.

The role of social-environmental factors in adolescent problematic Internet use (PIU) has attracted considerable attention recently. Several studies have documented that peer victimization is positively associated with PIU. However, little is known about "how" (i.e., mediation mechanisms) and "under what conditions" (i.e., moderation mechanisms) peer victimization is associated with adolescent PIU. To contribute to this gap in the knowledge, this study used a large sample of Chinese adolescents (N = 275...

Peer-facilitated community-based interventions for adolescent health in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review.

Adolescents aged 10-19 represent one sixth of the world's population and have a high burden of morbidity, particularly in low-resource settings. We know little about the potential of community-based peer facilitators to improve adolescent health in such contexts.

Impact of Peer Review on Use of Hypofractionated Regimens for Early-Stage Breast Cancer for Patients at a Tertiary Care Academic Medical Center and Its Community-Based Affiliates.

Data have demonstrated that hypofractionated radiation therapy (HFRT) and conventionally fractionated radiation therapy regimens are equivalent with respect to outcomes. Efforts to increase HFRT use have had mixed success. We implemented a prospective peer review chart rounds integrating all practice sites and reviewed the use of HFRT in an attempt to identify potential predictors of use.

Peer Review 2018.

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