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02:00 EST 20th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Andullation Placebo Autonomic Nervous System Imbalance" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 17,000+

Renal denervation: dark past, bright future?

The purpose of this review is to update the reader on the relevance of autonomic nervous system imbalance in clinical cardiology. Increased sympathetic tone associates with the metabolic syndrome, hypertension and cardiac arrhythmias. With the kidneys playing a pivotal role in increased peripheral resistance, sodium and water retention and other mechanisms, renal denervation (RD) may theoretically restore autonomic imbalance and improve cardiovascular outcomes. Landmark RD trials and novel uses for RD in ca...

Prenatal alcohol exposure and autonomic nervous system dysfunction: A review article.

Alcohol is a recognized teratogen that affects various aspects of fetal development. Tissue that is particularly susceptible to its teratogenicity is neuronal tissue. The effect of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) on the central nervous system has been extensively studied, yet the knowledge on the influence of PAE on the autonomic nervous system is scarce. The purpose of this article is to review the current state of knowledge about the impact of PAE on the autonomic nervous system. Studies conducted on the ...

Associations Between Autonomic Nervous System Function, Voice, and Dysphonia: A Systematic Review.

The study aimed to verify the relation between autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysfunctions, voice, and dysphonia.


Microglia, autonomic nervous system, immunity and hypertension: Is there a link?

Hypertension ranks the most common risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, and it affects almost one third of adult population globally. Emerging evidence indicates that immune activation is highly involved in the entire progress of hypertension and end organ damage. In addition to immunity, autonomic nervous system, particularly sympathetic nervous system, is one of the most conserved systems to maintain body homeostasis. Immune and sympathetic activities are found simultaneously increased in hypertension...

Brain Responses in CFS and TMD to Autonomic Challenges: An Exploratory fMRI Study.

Dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) is seen in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). Both conditions have poorly understood pathophysiology. Several brain structures that play a role in pain and fatigue, such as the insular cortex and basal ganglia, are also implicated in autonomic function.

Autonomic dysfunction in Parkinson's disease: Implications for pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment.

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease with a 200 year-long research history. Our understanding about its clinical phenotype and pathogenesis remains limited, although dopaminergic replacement therapy has significantly improved patient outcomes. Autonomic dysfunction is an essential category of non-motor phenotypes that has recently become a cutting edge field that directs frontier research in PD. In this review, we initially describe the epidemiology of dysautonomic symptoms in PD. Then, w...

Reduced caregiving quality measured during the strange situation procedure increases child's autonomic nervous system stress response.

Dysfunctional maternal behavior has been shown to lead to disturbances in infant's regulatory capacities and alterations in vagal reactivity. We aim to investigate the autonomic nervous system (ANS) response of the child during the strange situation procedure (SSP) in relation to the quality of maternal behavior.

Novel RNA-targeted therapies for hereditary ATTR amyloidosis and their impact on the autonomic nervous system.

Transthyretin-mediated hereditary amyloidosis (hATTR amyloidosis) is a multisystemic disease with heterogeneous clinical presentation. Hallmarks of the disease are sensory-motor and autonomic neuropathy and cardiomyopathy. Two disease-modifying drugs, inotersen (an antisense oligonucleotide) and patisiran (a small interfering RNA agent), were recently approved for the treatment of hATTR polyneuropathy. We here review the results of the RNA-targeted therapy clinical trials with special emphasis on the endpoi...

Heart and Skeletal Muscles: Linked by Autonomic Nervous System.

Placebo effects in the neuroendocrine system: conditioning of the oxytocin responses.

Evidence exists that placebo effects may influence hormone secretion. However, only few studies examined placebo effects in the endocrine system, including oxytocin placebo effects. We studied whether it is possible to trigger oxytocin placebo effects using a classical conditioning paradigm.

Gut Microbiota and Short Chain Fatty Acids: Influence on the Autonomic Nervous System.

Nociceptive pulmonary-cardiac reflexes: role of autonomic nervous system and hypertension.

Endothelial and Autonomic Functions in Patients with Migraine.

It has been shown that patients with migraine have endothelial dysfunction. Migraine patients with aura, especially, have more clinical manifestations of autonomic nervous system dysfunction. We aimed to evaluate the endothelial and autonomic functions in migraine patients during both migraine headache attack and headache-free periods.

Transthyretin Amyloid Neuropathy: The Schwann Cell Hypothesis.

Transthyretin (TTR)-familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP) is a systemic amyloidosis caused by mutations in the TTR gene. Typically, patients initially present with sensory and autonomic symptoms, which can lead to sensory dominant polyneuropathy and autonomic neuropathy. Mutations in TTR cause the tetrameric protein to dissociate and form amyloid deposits in the peripheral nervous system, most prominently in dorsal root ganglia (DRG), autonomic ganglia, and nerve trunks. Teased fiber studies have shown that...

Heart rate variability for determining autonomic nervous system effects of lifestyle behaviors in early life: A systematic review.

Incorporating methods and findings from neuroscience to better understand placebo and nocebo effects in sport.

Placebo and nocebo effects are a factor in sports performance. However, the majority of published studies in sport science are descriptive and speculative regarding mechanisms. It is therefore not unreasonable for the sceptic to argue that placebo and nocebo effects in sport are illusory, and might be better explained by variations in phenomena such as motivation. It is likely that, in sport at least, placebo and nocebo effects will remain in this empirical grey area until researchers provide stronger mecha...

Quantitative autonomic function test in differentiation of multiple system atrophy from idiopathic Parkinson disease.

Differential diagnosis of idiopathic Parkinson disease (IPD) and multiple system atrophy-Parkinson type (MSA-P) is challenging since they share clinical features with parkinsonism and autonomic dysfunction. To distinguish MSA-P from IPD when the symptoms are relatively mild, we investigated the usefulness of the quantitative fractionalized autonomic indexes and evaluated the correlations of autonomic test indexes and functional status.

Heart rate variability in atrial fibrillation: the balance between sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system.

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the commonest abnormal heart rhythm with significant related morbidity and mortality. Several pathophysiologic mechanisms have been advocated to explain the onset of AF. There has been increasing evidence that abnormalities of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) that includes sympathetic, parasympathetic and intrinsic neural network are involved in the pathogenesis of AF. This review will consider the anatomical and pathophysiological concepts of the cardiac neuronal network and d...

The Salivary-α-amylase level after stroop test in anxious patients can predict the severity of anxiety.

Individuals with anxiety disorder often exhibit as imbalance in response to stressors.We sought to explore the relationship between physiological as well as psychological responses under acute mental stress and the severity of the disease.20 Generalized Anxiety Disorder(GAD) patients (14 males,mean age 46 ± 10 years) were confronted with the stroop test,during which salivary-α-amylase(sAA),salivary cortisol,and heart rate variability (HRV) were assessed.The results showed that stroop test as a stresso...

Trigeminal Autonomic Cephalalgias.

The trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias (TACs) are a group of primary headache syndromes all marked by unilateral headache and ipsilateral cranial autonomic features. The TACs include cluster headache, paroxysmal hemicrania, short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache attacks with conjunctival injection and tearing, and hemicrania continua. Pathophysiology includes the trigeminal pain system, autonomic system, hypothalamus, and more recently an identified role for the vagus nerve. Diagnosis is made after l...

Loss of the nucleoporin Aladin in central nervous system and fibroblasts of Allgrove Syndrome.

Allgrove syndrome (AS) is a rare disease with broad neurological involvement. Neurodegeneration can affect spinal motor neurons, Purkinje cells, striatal neurons, and the autonomic system. The mechanisms that lead to neuronal loss are still unclear. Recessive mutations in the AAAS gene affect the encoded protein Aladin, which would normally localize to the cytoplasmic face of the nuclear membrane as part of the nuclear pore complex (NPC). While the NPC is known to be a key factor for nucleo-cytoplasmic tran...

Publisher Correction: The autonomic nervous system and cardiac arrhythmias: current concepts and emerging therapies.

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

Heart rate variability analysis and cardiac dysautonomia in ischemic stroke patients.

Autonomic nervous system dysfunction after ischemic stroke predisposes to cardiovascular complications. We aimed to investigate cardiac autonomic activity in ischemic stroke patients using heart rate variability analysis, illustrating the sympathovagal balance at different sympathetic and parasympathetic activation tests.

The gut microbiota to the brain axis in the metabolic control.

The regulation of glycemia is under a tight neuronal detection of glucose levels performed by the gut-brain axis and an efficient efferent neuronal message sent to the peripheral organs, as the pancreas to induce insulin and inhibit glucagon secretions. The neuronal detection of glucose levels is performed by the autonomic nervous system including the enteric nervous system and the vagus nerve innervating the gastro-intestinal tractus, from the mouth to the anus. A dysregulation of this detection leads to t...

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