PubMed Journals Articles About "Anesthesia Induction Anesthesia Induction Intubation Endotracheal" RSS

02:01 EST 10th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Anesthesia induction Anesthesia induction Intubation Endotracheal" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 3,800+

Rapid sequence induction and intubation in patients with risk of aspiration : Recommendations for action for practical management of anesthesia.

Induction of general anesthesia in patients with risk for aspiration needs special considerations to avoid the incidence and severity of complications. Since no evidence-based guidelines support the challenge for anesthesiologists various practical recommendations exist in clinical practice for rapid sequence induction and intubation (RSI). The aim of this systematic review is, to summarize the evidence and recommend a decision making process.

Prediction of hemodynamic fluctuations after induction of general anesthesia using propofol in non-cardiac surgery: a retrospective cohort study.

Although propofol is a common anesthetic agent for the induction of general anesthesia, hemodynamic fluctuations are occasionally prominent during induction/intubation. The aims of this study were to determine the influential factors on enhanced hemodynamic fluctuation and to establish a prediction formula to quickly determine the dose of propofol to protect against hemodynamic fluctuations.

A Study of Practice Behavior for Endotracheal Intubation Site for Children With Congenital Heart Disease Undergoing Surgery: Impact of Endotracheal Intubation Site on Perioperative Outcomes-An Analysis of the Society of Thoracic Surgeons Congenital Cardiac Anesthesia Society Database.

In adults undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass surgery, oral intubation is typically preferred over nasal intubation due to reduced risk of sinusitis and infection. In children, nasal intubation is more common and sometimes preferred due to perceived benefits of less postoperative sedation and a lower risk for accidental extubation. This study sought to describe the practice of nasal intubation in the pediatric population undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass surgery and assess the risks/benefits of a nasal route ...

Anesthesia for Trauma Patients.

An improved understanding of the pathophysiology of combat trauma has evolved over the past decade and has helped guide the anesthetic care of the trauma patient requiring surgical intervention. Trauma anesthesia begins before patient arrival with warming of the operating room, preparation of anesthetic medications and routine anesthetic machine checks. Induction of anesthesia must account for potential hemodynamic instability and intubation must consider airway trauma. Maintenance of anesthesia is accompli...

Unanticipated restricted mouth opening after induction of general anesthesia in a patient with parotid gland swelling.

Decreasing Time to Place and Teach Double-Lumen Endotracheal Intubation: Engaging Anesthesia in Lean.

Our objective is to show our process to standardize and decrease the time to place and teach double-lumen endotracheal tube (DLETT) intubation.

Hypnotic agents for induction of general anesthesia in cesarean section patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

An ideal induction drug for cesarean section (CS) must have quick action, with minimum side effects such as awareness, hemodynamic compromise, and neonatal depression. Thiopentone is frequently used; however, no reliable evidence is available to support its use as a dedicated hypnotic agent in this setting.

Effect of Cricoid Pressure Compared With a Sham Procedure in the Rapid Sequence Induction of Anesthesia: The IRIS Randomized Clinical Trial.

The use of cricoid pressure (Sellick maneuver) during rapid sequence induction (RSI) of anesthesia remains controversial in the absence of a large randomized trial.

Rapid Sequence Induction.

A Rapid Sequence Induction and Intubation (RSI oder RSII) is a standard technique for emergency airway management and anaesthesia. The aim of an RSI is to prevent aspiration by fast endotracheal intubation without the use of facemask ventilation.Today, only few European countries have specific guidelines for RSI. During daily practice, head-up positioning is standard and provides some advantages as compared to other positions. A gastric tube should be left in place; it is not necessary to remove it. If no g...

Selection of optimal method of general anesthesia for intubation of nasolacrimal duct in young children.

comparative assessment of safety and clinical efficacy of Sevoflurane and Halothane in general anesthesia for nasolacrimal duct intubation in children.

Anesthetic Management of a Pediatric Patient With Bardet-Biedl Syndrome.

Bardet-Biedl syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive genetic disorder that affects many organ systems. In cases of Bardet-Biedl syndrome, since the risk of developing inspiratory, cardiovascular, and metabolic problems is high, endotracheal intubation and anesthesia management are difficult. In this report, we present our experience in the management of anesthesia during endoscopic sinus surgery that was performed for the first time on a 6-year-old pediatric patient diagnosed with Bardet-Biedl syndrome.

Safety Comparison of Laryngeal Mask Use With Endotracheal Intubation in Patients Undergoing Dacryocystorhinostomy Surgery.

This study will determine the safety of laryngeal mask airway (LMA) compared with endotracheal tube (ETT) in patients undergoing general anesthesia for dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) surgery.

Comparison of GlideScope Video Laryngoscopy and Direct Laryngoscopy for Tracheal Intubation in Neonates.

GlideScope video laryngoscope (GS) has been widely used to facilitate tracheal intubation in adults and pediatric patients because it can improve glottic view. Several investigations performed in pediatric patients have shown that GS provides a better view of the glottis than direct laryngoscope (DL). However, to date, there are no studies assessing the use of GS in neonates. Therefore, we conducted a prospective study to compare time to intubate (TTI) when either GS or DL was used for endotracheal intubati...

Twitter Hashtags for Anesthesiologists: Building Global Communities.

Twitter is a social media platform that has been encouraged for use among anesthesiologists as a way to stimulate conversation, distribute research, enhance conference experiences, and expand journal club sessions. We aimed to establish the typical baseline use of hashtags that are not related to events such as conferences. Systematic searches were performed on Twitter, as well as through hashtag-tracking services, to identify actively used anesthesia-related hashtags. The most frequently used general anest...

Popular Literature as an Educational Aid for History of Anesthesia.

History of anesthesia can be learned through formal didactic lectures, discussions, tours, audiovisual media, general anesthesia textbooks, anesthesia history texts, and by popular literature.

The impact of Joint Commission International accreditation on time periods in the operating room: A retrospective observational study.

The Joint Commission International (JCI) is responsible for upholding standards in healthcare and organizations in compliance receive accreditation. JCI requires quality improvement on patient safety goals, but requirements may prolong the total procedure/surgery time and reduce efficiency. Here, we evaluate the impact of JCI requirements on time periods in the operating room. We included patients who received elective and emergency surgeries under general anesthesia at Juntendo University Hospital between ...

Work of breathing for cuffed and uncuffed pediatric endotracheal tubes in an in vitro lung model setting.

Over the last decade, cuffed endotracheal tubes are increasingly used in pediatric anesthesia and also in pediatric intensive care. However, the smaller inner diameter of cuffed endotracheal tubes and, implicitly, the increased endotracheal tube resistance is still a matter of debate.

Conversion of oral endotracheal tube to nasal endotracheal tube without laryngoscopy.

Comparison of etomidate and sodium thiopental for induction during rapid sequence intubation in convulsive status epilepticus: A retrospective single-center study.

Few outcome data are available about morbidity associated with endotracheal intubation modalities in critically ill patients with convulsive status epilepticus. We compared etomidate versus sodium thiopental for emergency rapid sequence intubation in patients with out-of-hospital convulsive status epilepticus.

Correction to: Drugs for intravenous induction of anesthesia: ketamine, midazolam and synopsis of current hypnotics.

Using the SuperNO2VA Device on a Patient With a Known Difficult Airway: A Case Report Facilitating Fiberoptic Intubation and Postoperative Nasal Positive Pressure.

Upper airway obstruction during anesthesia is the leading cause of complications during sedation, intubation, and emergence. Devices to support oxygenation and ventilation are costly, require capital equipment, and cannot be used during transport. We present a 46-year-old man with sleep apnea and anticipated difficult airway undergoing a cardiac ablation under general endotracheal intubation. The SuperNO2VA nasal mask provided high-flow nasal oxygen and positive pressure during awake fiberoptic intubation a...

Readiness for Discharge After Foot and Ankle Surgery Using Peripheral Nerve Blocks: A Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Spinal and General Anesthesia as Supplements to Nerve Blocks.

Neuraxial anesthesia is often viewed as superior to general anesthesia but may delay discharge. Comparisons do not typically use multimodal analgesics and nerve blockade. Combining nerve blockade with general anesthesia may reduce pain, opioid consumption, and nausea. We hypothesized that general anesthesia (with nerve blocks) would lead to earlier readiness for discharge, compared to spinal anesthesia (with nerve blocks).


The aims of this study were to determine if a propofol constant rate infusion (CRI) in Speke's gazelle, Gazella spekei, would serve as an effective alternative maintenance anesthetic, result in shorter recovery times, and improve anesthetic recovery quality when compared with isoflurane. Eight adult gazelle were enrolled in this complete crossover study with a minimum 3-wk washout period. All gazelle were induced with 10 mg/kg intravenous propofol and maintained with either propofol CRI (0.4 mg/kg/min) or i...

Regional anesthesia by nonanesthesiologists.

As the evidence supporting the notion that regional anesthesia improves patient outcomes grows, utilization of regional anesthesia techniques has similarly increased. Best care should not be restricted by the background of care providers, however, the evidence replicating benefits of regional anesthesia when it is delivered by nonanesthesiologists is unclear. In this review, the provision of regional anesthesia by nonanesthesiologists is discussed so that readers can come to their own conclusions.

Facelift Performed Safely Under Local Anesthesia With Oral Sedation: Analysis of 174 Patients.

Anesthesia for elective ambulatory procedures must provide appropriate pain control while minimizing perioperative risk. Local anesthesia in combination with oral sedation provides a safe office-based method of anesthesia for rhytidectomy.

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