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PubMed Journals Articles About "Antibody Repertoires Same Ebola Vaccine Antigen Differentially Affected" RSS

12:26 EDT 26th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Antibody Repertoires Same Ebola Vaccine Antigen Differentially Affected PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Antibody Repertoires Same Ebola Vaccine Antigen Differentially Affected articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Antibody Repertoires Same Ebola Vaccine Antigen Differentially Affected" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 11,000+

Antibody Repertoires to the Same Ebola Vaccine Antigen Are Differentially Affected by Vaccine Vectors.

Comparative immune response profiling is important for selecting next-generation vaccines. We comprehensively evaluated the antibody responses from a panel of nine respiratory vaccines against Ebola virus (EBOV) derived from human and avian paramyxoviruses expressing EBOV glycoprotein (GP). Most vaccines were protective in guinea pigs but yielded antibody repertoires that differed in proportion targeting key antigenic regions, avidity, neutralizing antibody specificities, and linear epitope preferences. Com...


Neutralizing Antibody Titer Test of Ebola Recombinant Protein Vaccine and Gene Vector Vaccine pVR-GP-FC.

In previous studies, we immunized mice with Ebola recombinant protein vaccine and gene vector vaccine. Both stimulated high levels of humoral immunity. In this work, we constructed a pseudovirus containing Ebola membrane proteins to verify whether the two immunization strategies can induce neutralizing antibodies in mice.

Thermostable Ebola Virus Vaccine Formulations Lyophilized in the Presence of Aluminum Hydroxide.

No United States Food and Drug Administration-licensed vaccines protective against Ebola virus (EBOV) infections are currently available. EBOV vaccine candidates currently in development, as well as most currently licensed vaccines in general, require transport and storage under a continuous cold chain in order to prevent potential decreases in product efficacy. Cold chain requirements are particularly difficult to maintain in developing countries. To improve thermostability and reduce costly cold chain req...


Comparative performance of four rapid Ebola antigen-detection lateral flow immunoassays during the 2014-2016 Ebola epidemic in West Africa.

Without an effective vaccine, as was the case early in the 2014-2016 Ebola Outbreak in West Africa, disease control depends entirely on interrupting transmission through early disease detection and prompt patient isolation. Lateral Flow Immunoassays (LFI) are a potential supplement to centralized reference laboratory testing for the early diagnosis of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD). The goal of this study was to assess the performance of commercially available simple and rapid antigen detection LFIs, submitted f...

Advance in research on recycling antibody.

Monoclonal antibodies have become the main type of antibody drug because of their high specificity and strong affinity to antigen. However, with the intensive study of the natural monoclonal antibody, many defects have faced, such as the limit times of binding to antigen, the unanticipated antibody clearance and antigen accumulation. Therefore, studies are no longer limited to the natural antibody screening, but rather to improve the efficiency of antibody drugs by engineering. In recent years, the bottlene...

Perspectives on novel vaccine development.

Vaccination is a common routine for prevention and control of human and animal diseases by inducing antibody responses and cell-mediated immunity in the body. Through vaccinations, smallpox and some other diseases have been eradicated in the past few years. The use of a patho- gen itself or a subunit domain of a protein antigen as immunogens lays the basis for traditional vaccine development. But there are more and more newly emerged pathogens which have expe- rienced antigenic drift or shift under antibody...

Vaccine nanoparticles displaying recombinant Ebola virus glycoprotein for induction of potent antibody and polyfunctional T cell responses.

The recent outbreaks of Ebolavirus (EBOV) in West Africa underscore the urgent need to develop an effective EBOV vaccine. Here, we report the development of synthetic nanoparticles as a safe and highly immunogenic platform for vaccination against EBOV. We show that a large recombinant EBOV antigen (rGP) can be incorporated in a configurational manner into lipid-based nanoparticles, termed interbilayer-crosslinked multilamellar vesicles (ICMVs). The epitopes and quaternary structure of rGP were properly main...

Antigen binding allosterically promotes Fc receptor recognition.

A key question in immunology is whether antigen recognition and Fc receptor (FcR) binding are allosterically linked. This question is also relevant for therapeutic antibody design. Antibody Fab and Fc domains are connected by flexible unstructured hinge region. Fc chains have conserved glycosylation sites at Asn297, with each conjugated to a core heptasaccharide and forming biantennary Fc glycan. The glycans modulate the Fc conformations and functions. It is well known that the antibody Fab and Fc domains a...

The rational simplification of a recombinant cocktail vaccine to control the parasitic nematode Teladorsagia circumcincta.

Using data from five independent vaccine trials, which employed a subunit cocktail vaccine containing eight recombinant proteins to protect sheep against Teladorsagia circumcincta, a strategy was developed to simplify antigen complexity of the vaccine. A meta-analysis of data from these five trials demonstrated statistically significant reductions in cumulative faecal egg count (cFEC) and worm burden in vaccinated sheep when compared with those which had received adjuvant only (P = 0.009 and P < 0.0001, res...

Commonality despite exceptional diversity in the baseline human antibody repertoire.

In principle, humans can produce an antibody response to any non-self-antigen molecule in the appropriate context. This flexibility is achieved by the presence of a large repertoire of naive antibodies, the diversity of which is expanded by somatic hypermutation following antigen exposure. The diversity of the naive antibody repertoire in humans is estimated to be at least 10 unique antibodies. Because the number of peripheral blood B cells in a healthy adult human is on the order of 5 × 10, the circulat...

Genetic regulation of antibody responsiveness to immunization in substrains of BALB/c mice.

Antibody-mediated immunity is highly protective against disease. The majority of current vaccines confer protection through humoral immunity, but there is high variability in responsiveness across populations. Identifying immune mechanisms that mediate low antibody responsiveness may provide potential strategies to boost vaccine efficacy. Here, we report diverse antibody responsiveness to unadjuvanted as well as adjuvanted immunization in substrains of BALB/c mice, resulting in high and low antibody respons...

The effect of antigen dose on T cell-targeting vaccine outcome.

During the past 3-4 decades, an increasing amount of evidence has pointed to the complex role of the antigen dose or T cell receptor (TCR) stimulation strength on the subsequent type, duration and "flavor" or quality of the response. Antigen dose was initially shown to impact Th1/Th2 bias, and later also shown to differentially affect development and induction of Tregs, Th17, T-follicular helper (Tfh), cells, and others. In recent years the quality of both CD4/8 T cells during infections, cancer and/or auto...

Structures of NHBA elucidate a broadly conserved epitope identified by a vaccine induced antibody.

Neisserial heparin binding antigen (NHBA) is one of three main recombinant protein antigens in 4CMenB, a vaccine for the prevention of invasive meningococcal disease caused by Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B. NHBA is a surface-exposed lipoprotein composed of a predicted disordered N-terminal region, an arginine-rich region that binds heparin, and a C-terminal domain that folds as an anti-parallel β-barrel and that upon release after cleavage by human proteases alters endothelial permeability. NHBA induc...

Adjuvanted influenza vaccine dynamics.

Adjuvanted influenza vaccines constitute a key element towards inducing neutralizing antibody responses in populations with reduced responsiveness, such as infants and elderly subjects, as well as in devising antigen-sparing strategies. In particular, squalene-containing adjuvants have been observed to induce enhanced antibody responses, as well as having an influence on cross-reactive immunity. To explore the effects of adjuvanted vaccine formulations on antibody response and their relation to protein-spec...

Spec-seq unveils transcriptional subpopulations of antibody-secreting cells following influenza vaccination.

Vaccines are among the most effective public health tools for combating certain infectious diseases such as influenza. The role of the humoral immune system in vaccine-induced protection is widely appreciated; however, our understanding of how antibody specificities relate to B cell function remains limited due to the complexity of polyclonal antibody responses. To address this, we developed the Spec-seq framework, which allows for simultaneous monoclonal antibody (mAb) characterization and transcriptional ...

Concomitant administration of a fully liquid ready-to-use DTaP-IPV-HB-PRP-T hexavalent vaccine with a meningococcal ACWY conjugate vaccine in toddlers.

Invasive meningococcal disease caused by Neisseria meningitidis is a life-threatening disease. Several countries now include meningococcal serogroup C (MenC) conjugate and, more recently, a meningococcal serogroup ACWY conjugate (MenACWY) vaccination in their national immunization schedules. DTaP-IPV-HB-PRP-T is a hexavalent vaccine that provides protection against six diseases. The phase III, open-label, randomised, multicentre study enrolled healthy toddlers who received the DTaP-IPV-HB-PRP-T vaccine (at ...

Intradermal delivery of vaccine nanoparticles using hollow microneedle array generates enhanced and balanced immune response.

Hollow microneedles can help overcome the skin permeation barrier imposed by the stratum corneum and facilitate transcutaneous delivery of nanoparticle delivery systems. In the present study, we investigated the use of the hollow microneedle array for intradermal delivery of polymeric nanoparticles (NPs) in rats. Compared to intravenous and subcutaneous routes of administration, intradermal delivery of polymeric NPs via a hollow microneedle array resulted in a unique pharmacokinetic profile, characterized b...

Smart vaccine delivery based on microneedle arrays decorated with ultra-pH-responsive copolymers for cancer immunotherapy.

Despite the tremendous potential of DNA-based cancer vaccines, their efficacious delivery to antigen presenting cells to stimulate both humoral and cellular response remains a major challenge. Although electroporation-based transfection has improved performance, an optimal strategy for safe and pain-free vaccination technique remains elusive. Herein, we report a smart DNA vaccine delivery system in which nanoengineered DNA vaccine was laden on microneedles (MNs) assembled with layer-by-layer coating of ultr...

HBV antigen and DNA loss from mouse serum is associated with novel vaccine-induced HBV surface antigen-specific cell-mediated immunity and cytokine production.

Therapeutic vaccination is a promising strategy for controlling chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV). Here, we tested whether several novel vaccination strategies could be used to induce HBV-specific adaptive immune responses and control/eradicate HBV in a mouse model. Robust HBV antigen-specific antibody responses were elicited by several vaccination strategies using a novel particle vaccine (HBSS1), which expresses a fusion of the S (amino acids [aa] 1-223) and preS1 (aa 21-47) antigens, and/or a recombinant a...

Bivalent oral cholera vaccination induces a memory B cell response to the V. cholerae O1-polysacchide in Haitian adults.

The bivalent killed whole-cell oral cholera vaccine (BivWC) is being increasingly used to prevent cholera. The presence of O-antigen-specific memory B cells (MBC) has been associated with protective immunity against cholera, yet MBC responses have not been evaluated after BivWC vaccination. To address this knowledge gap, we measured V. cholerae O1-antigen MBC responses following BivWC vaccination. Adults in St. Marc, Haiti, received 2 doses of the BivWC vaccine, Shanchol, two weeks apart. Participants were ...

HCV Broadly Neutralizing Antibodies Use a CDRH3 Disulfide Motif to Recognize an E2 Glycoprotein Site that Can Be Targeted for Vaccine Design.

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) vaccine efforts are hampered by the extensive genetic diversity of HCV envelope glycoproteins E1 and E2. Structures of broadly neutralizing antibodies (bNAbs) (e.g., HEPC3, HEPC74) isolated from individuals who spontaneously cleared HCV infection facilitate immunogen design to elicit antibodies against multiple HCV variants. However, challenges in expressing HCV glycoproteins previously limited bNAb-HCV structures to complexes with truncated E2 cores. Here we describe crystal st...

Self-Assembling Nanoparticles Usher in a New Era of Vaccine Design.

In this issue, Marcandalli et al. (2019) report a self-assembling nanoparticle bearing an antigen from respiratory syncytial virus. This is the first time the structure, stability, and adjuvanticity of an antigen have been rationally designed at the atomic level and incorporated in one vaccine.

Glycosylation of HIV Env Impacts IgG Subtype Responses to Vaccination.

The envelope protein (Env) is the only surface protein of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and as such the exclusive target for protective antibody responses. Experimental evidences from mouse models suggest a modulating property of Env to steer antibody class switching towards the less effective antibody subclass IgG1 accompanied with strong TH2 helper responses. By simple physical linkage we were able to imprint this bias, exemplified by a low IgG2a/IgG1 ratio of antigen-specific antibodies, onto an...

Optimization of a multivalent peptide vaccine for nicotine addiction.

We have been optimizing the design of a conjugate vaccine for nicotine addiction that employs a peptide-based hapten carrier. This peptide, which is produced by solid-phase protein synthesis, contains B cell and T cell epitope domains and eliminates the non-relevant, but highly immunogenic sequences in microbial carriers. In this report, the amino acid sequences in the T cell domain were optimized for improved vaccine activity and multivalent formulations containing structurally distinct haptens were tested...

A novel RSV F-Fc fusion protein vaccine reduces lung injury induced by respiratory syncytial virus infection.

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection causes significant disease in the lower respiratory tract of young children, and there is currently no licensed vaccine to prevent RSV infection. The F glycoprotein is considered a major antigenic target for RSV vaccine development. Recent evidence indicates that the pre-fusion F state, compared with the post-fusion F state, is a superior antigen for generation of neutralizing antibodies. In this study, we developed a novel vaccine antigen, RSV glycoprotein F fuse...


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