PubMed Journals Articles About "Application Chromosomal Analysis Cases Fetuses With Nasal Bone" RSS

06:46 EDT 24th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Application chromosomal analysis cases fetuses with nasal bone" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 45,000+

Application of chromosomal analysis for 29 cases of fetuses with nasal bone absence or hypoplasia.

To explore the chromosomal analysis for fetuses with nasal bone absence or hypoplasia. This was a retrospective study on 29 pregnancies nasal bone absence or hypoplasia which underwent prenatal diagnosis, including chorionic villi (CV), amniotic fluid or cordocentesis.The indication of the procedures and results were evaluated. Fifteen (51.7%, 15/29) of chromosome abnormities were diagnosed with indication of fetal nasal bone absence or hypoplasia, including eight with trisomy 21, two with trisomy 13, two...

Chromosomal microarray analysis in fetuses with congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract: A prospective cohort study and meta-analysis.

To evaluate the usefulness and incremental diagnostic yield of chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) compared to standard karyotyping in fetuses with congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT).

Presence of chromosomal abnormalities in fetuses with isolated ventriculomegaly on prenatal ultrasound in China.

The purpose of our study was to compare the incidence of chromosomal abnormalities of fetuses with isolated fetal ventriculomegaly (VM) to that of fetuses with the sole risk factor of being born to mothers of advanced age.

Analysis of imaging features and treatment strategies of unilateral maxillary sinus and nasal diseases.

To analyze the imaging features of unilateral maxillary sinus nasal lesions and the selection of treatment strategies based on imaging findings for these lesions. The CT and enhanced MRI data of 64 cases of unilateral maxillary sinus and nasal lesions were selected. The imaging findings and surgery approach were observed and recorded. To summarize the imaging characteristics and analyze the choice of treatment strategy. All 64 Unilateral maxillary sinus nasal lesions presented a roughly uniform soft tissu...

Relationship between sonographic markers and fetal chromosome abnormality during 16-18 weeks of pregnancy.

To analysis of fetal ultrasound soft index positive cases during 16-18 weeks of pregnancy, and to explore the relationship with chromosomal abnormalities in order to increase the positive rate of invasive prenatal diagnosis and reduce the rate of missed diagnosis. A total of 569 cases which were diagnosed with positive soft markers in the department of gynecology and obstetrics of the Second Hospital of Jilin University from Jan.2016 to Jan.2017 were studied by ultrasonography. Twenty-five cases were lost ...

Genetic Testing and Pregnancy Outcome Analysis of 362 Fetuses with Congenital Heart Disease Identified by Prenatal Ultrasound.

Congenital heart defects (CHD), as the most common congenital anomaly, have been reported to be associated with chromosomal abnormalities. Currently, patients with CHD are routinely offered karyotyping and chromosomal microarray (CMA) testing, but the genotype-phenotype relationship has not yet been fully established.

Interest of Chromosomal Microarray Analysis in the prenatal diagnosis of fetal intrauterine growth restriction.

The aim of this study is to evaluate the diagnostic utility of prenatal diagnosis using Chromosomal Microarray Analysis (CMA) for fetuses presenting with isolated or associated Intrauterine Growth Restriction (IUGR).

'Nasal mask' in comparison with 'nasal prongs' or 'rotation of nasal mask with nasal prongs' reduce the incidence of nasal injury in preterm neonates supported on nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP): A randomized controlled trial.

With increasing use of nCPAP, the safety and comfort associated with nCPAP have come into the forefront. The reported incidence of nasal injuries associated with the use of nCPAP is 20% to 60%. A recent meta-analysis concluded that the use of nasal masks significantly decreases CPAP failure and the incidence of moderate to severe nasal injury and stress the need for a well powered RCT to confirm their findings.

Nasalleukoplakia:update on diagnosis and management.

Nasal leukoplakia, defined as nasal mucosal grayish white lesion accompanied by adjacent mucosa thickening and hyperemia, is a kind of precancerous lesion. Since a case of nasal septum mucosal leukoplakia reported by Edley in 1955 and 62 cases of nasal leukoplakia reported by Liu Chun-Lin in 1964, few cases were reported. In this review, the pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment of nasal mucosal leukoplakia are systematically summarized. Attention should be paid to this disease to reduce the possibility of ...

First-Trimester Diagnosis of Agnathia-Otocephaly Complex: A Series of 4 Cases and Review of the Literature.

First-trimester ultrasound findings in 4 fetuses with agnathia-otocephaly complex are described. In addition, information from 3 cases reported in the literature was also reviewed, for a total of 7 cases analyzed. All 7 fetuses presented with agnathia and 6 with ventrocaudal displacement of the ears (melotia/synotia). Four fetuses had holoprosencephaly. In 6 cases, the parents opted for termination of pregnancy. The remaining case resulted in premature delivery at 26 weeks due to severe polyhydramnios and e...

The most relevant chromosomal abnormalities in the north of rio Grande do Sul, Brazil: twenty-six years of cytogenetic analysis.

From 1992 to 2018, cytogenetic analyses were successfully performed to explore the chromosomal abnormalities of 729 patients, who utilised a pioneering counselling service in the city of Passo Fundo in the northern part of the Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul. This city is characterised by a large conglomerate of private and public hospitals. A classical cytogenetic analysis and G-banding were performed using the patient samples. Although normal karyotypes were observed for 562 of the cases, 167 individ...

Analysis of Patient-Perceived Nasal Appearance Evaluations Following Functional Septorhinoplasty With Spreader Graft Placement.

Spreader grafts have been shown to improve nasal airway obstruction in patients with nasal valve dysfunction; however, their use has been limited by concerns over their aesthetic penalty of widening the nasal dorsum.

Prenatal sonographic characteristics and postnatal outcomes of umbilical-portal-systemic venous shunts under the new in-utero classification: A retrospective study.

An in-utero re-classification of umbilical-portal-systemic venous shunt (UPSVS) has recently been proposed. We retrospectively reviewed the sonograms of a large cohort of fetuses, identified and analyzed UPSVS cases, and presented the prenatal sonographic characteristics, birth outcomes, and follow-up results following the new classification system.Sonograms and clinical data of all participants who visited our departments from April 2016 to July 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. Identified cases of UPSVS...

Double chromosomal translocation in an infertile man: one-step FISH meiotic segregation analysis and reproductive prognosis.

The prevalence of chromosomal translocations is 1/500 in the general population. While in the vast majority of cases, carriers have a normal phenotype; they can present with difficulty conceiving due to the presence of a proportion of unbalanced gametes as a consequence of abnormal chromosomal segregation during meiosis. Since complex translocations involve three or more chromosomes, meiotic segregation leads to a greater number of possible combinations which effectively complicate both their study and ther...

Quantitative Estimation of the Effect of Nasal Mucociliary Function on In Vivo Absorption of Norfloxacin after Intranasal Administration to Rats.

Nasal drug delivery has attracted significant attention as an alternative route to deliver drugs having poor bioavailability. Large-molecule drugs such as peptides, and central nervous system drugs, would benefit from intranasal delivery. Drug absorption after intranasal application depends on the nasal retention of the drug, which is determined by the nasal mucociliary clearance. Mucociliary clearance (MC) is an important determinant of the rate and extent of nasal drug absorption. The aim of the present s...

Septal fractures predict poor outcomes after closed nasal reduction: Retrospective review and survey.

To determine outcomes of patients with displaced nasal bone fractures after closed nasal reduction (CNR).

Down's syndrome screening at 11-14 weeks' gestation using prenasal thickness and nasal bone length.

To perform a multicenter prospective study of ultrasound prenasal thickness (PT), and nasal bone length (NBL) measurement at 11-14 weeks' gestation.

The measurement of nose dimensions through the three-dimensional reformation images after nasal bone fracture.

After closed reduction, patients are sometimes concerned that their external nasal shapes have changed. The aim of this study was to investigate and explain changes in nasal shape after surgery through objective photogrammetric anthropometry measurements taken through three-dimensional (3D) reformed computed tomography (CT) images.

Duplicated distal phalanx of thumb or hallux in trisomy 13: A recurrent feature in a series of 42 fetuses.

Trisomy 13 or Patau syndrome (PS) is a well-known aneuploidy characterized by a polymalformative syndrome. We described a large series of fetuses with PS and compared them with cases described in the literature, most of which were live-born. In all, 42 fetuses, aged from 14 to 41 gestational weeks (GW), were examined. The main defects observed were similar to those described in live-born patients: congenital heart defects (76%), holoprosencephaly spectrum anomalies including arhinencephaly and hypotelorism ...

Therapeutic effect of nasal corticosteroids combined with nasal antihistamine on vasomotor rhinitis.

To observe the clinical efficacy of nasal corticosteroids combined with nasal antihistamine in the treatment of vasomotor rhinitis. One hundred and twenty vasomotor rhinitis patients were randomly divided into three groups including budesonide group, azelastine group, and budesonide and azelastine group with 40 cases in each. Nasal spray with nasal corticosteroids and nasal antihistamines was applied for combined treatment group, while the patients in budesonide group and azelastine group were given only n...

Epistaxis: Outpatient Management.

Epistaxis is a common emergency encountered by primary care physicians. Up to 60% of the general population experience epistaxis, and 6% seek medical attention for it. More than 90% of cases arise from the anterior nasal circulation, and most treatments can be easily performed in the outpatient setting. Evaluation of a patient presenting with epistaxis should begin with assessment of vital signs, mental status, and airway patency. When examining the nose, a nasal speculum and a good light source, such as a ...

Correlation Between the Existing Classifications of Nasal Bone Fractures and Subjective Patient Satisfaction.

Since the nose is at the center of the face, small changes to it can cause a big overall change. Therefore, a nasal fracture needs to be operated on when deformity is expected. Although many taxonomies have been developed for nasal bone fractures, no study has aimed to predict individual patient satisfaction. Herein, the authors tried to determine any correlation between the existing classifications of nasal bone fractures and subjective patient satisfaction. A retrospective study and telephone survey were ...

Large intraosseous lipoma of the skull:A case report and review of the literature.

Intraosseous lipomas occurring within the skull is rare. Currently, the known locations include frontal bone, parietal bone, temporal bone and ethmoid bone. Thus far, we have found only 12 cases of lipoma at the top of the forehead on the skull, and only 2 cases of recurrent intraosseous lipoma have been reported. The intraosseous lipoma patient described in this article is a 3-year-old male child, the youngest of the 12 known cases of intraosseous lipoma of the skull, and the patient had repeated relapses.

The application of the YamIk nasal catheter in the outpatient practice.

The objective of the present study was the enhancement of the effectiveness of the treatment of acute inflammatory diseases of the paranasal sinuses with the unilateral application of a medication mixture containing the vasoconstricting antiseptic agents, antibiotics, and other medications introduced into all paranasal sinuses by means of the procedure performed with the use of the Yamik nasal catheter.

The application of the hidrogel-based medicinal compositions for the targeted delivery of medications in rhino- and otosurgery.

The objective of the present study was the analysis of the application of the hydrogel-based medicinal compositions for the treatment of the patients presenting with pathological changes in the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses during the postoperative period. A total of 25 patients at the age from 18 to 60 years with the diseases of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses were available for the examination including 12 ones with polypous polysinusitis and 13 patients having benign neoplasms in the nasal ca...

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