PubMed Journals Articles About "Assessing Practice Biomedical Ontology Evaluation Gaps Opportunities" RSS

21:47 EST 12th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Assessing Practice Biomedical Ontology Evaluation Gaps Opportunities" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 20,000+

Gene ontology concept recognition using named concept: understanding the various presentations of the gene functions in biomedical literature.

A major challenge in precision medicine is the development of patient-specific genetic biomarkers or drug targets. The firsthand information of the genes associated with the pathologic pathways of interest is buried in the ocean of biomedical literature. Gene ontology concept recognition (GOCR) is a biomedical natural language processing task used to extract and normalize the mentions of gene ontology (GO), the controlled vocabulary for gene functions across many species, from biomedical text. The previous ...

Item response theory evaluation of the biomedical scale of the Pain Attitudes and Beliefs Scale.

The assessment of health care professionals' attitudes and beliefs towards musculoskeletal pain is essential because they are key determinants of their clinical practice behaviour. The Pain Attitudes and Beliefs Scale (PABS) biomedical scale evaluates the degree of health professionals' biomedical orientation towards musculoskeletal pain and was never assessed using item response theory (IRT). This study aimed at assessing the psychometric performance of the 10-item biomedical scale of the PABS scale using ...

Evaluation Exercise Vaccination status inquiry and hierarchy of prevention and health education opportunities. Experience in a Pediatric Residency using the Mini-Clinical Evaluation Exercise.

The Mini-Clinical Evaluation Exercise (Mini-CEX) is a formative tool with two descriptors assessing the inquiry of vaccination status and the hierarchy of prevention opportunities. Objectives. Determine the prevalence of both items in pediatric controls and spontaneous demands. Compare the performance between first and third year of their training.

Attitudes toward evaluation: An exploratory study of students' and stakeholders' social representations.

Positive attitudes toward evaluation among stakeholders are an important precondition for successful evaluation processes. However, empirical studies focusing on stakeholders' attitudes toward evaluation are scarce. The present paper explores the approach of assessing social representations as indicators of people's attitudes toward evaluation. In an exploratory study, two groups were surveyed: University students (n = 60) with rather theoretical knowledge of evaluation and stakeholders (n = 61) who...

Assessing capacity and readiness to manage NCDs in primary care setting: Gaps and opportunities based on adapted WHO PEN tool in Zambia.

Sub-Saharan Africa is experiencing an epidemiological transition as the burden of NCDs overtake communicable diseases. However, it is unknown what capacity and gaps exist at primary care level to address the growing burden of NCDs. This study aimed to assess the Zambian health system's capacity to address in NCDs, using an adapted WHO Essential Non Communicable Disease Interventions (WHO PEN) tool.

Supporting biomedical ontology evolution by identifying outdated concepts and the required type of change.

The consistent evolution of ontologies is a major challenge for systems using semantically enriched data, for example, for annotating, indexing, or reasoning. The biomedical domain is a typical example where ontologies, expressed with different formalisms, have been used for a long time and whose dynamic nature requires the regular revision of underlying systems. However, the automatic identification of outdated concepts and proposition of revision actions to update them are still open research questions. S...

Organizational determinants of evaluation practice in Australian prevention agencies.

Program evaluation is essential to inform decision making, contribute to the evidence base for strategies, and facilitate learning in health promotion and disease prevention organizations. Theoretical frameworks of organizational learning, and studies of evaluation capacity building describe the organization as central to evaluation capacity. Australian prevention organizations recognize limitations to current evaluation effectiveness and are seeking guidance to build evaluation capacity. This qualitative s...

Education, Practice, and Competency Gaps of Anesthetists in Ethiopia: Task Analysis.

This study assessed the needs and gaps in the education, practice and competencies of anesthetists in Ethiopia.

Improving undergraduate competence in multicultural gerontology practice with fresh pedagogies: a digital storytelling case example.

Building on a student-led digital storytelling project, the author suggests that expanding definitions of two core constructs of social work education and practice, experiential learning and cultural competence, can improve outcomes for diverse older clients by increasing competence in multicultural gerontology practice. Using a variety of media, digital storytelling focuses on stories that are not often heard, like those of diverse older adults. Student-led projects provide opportunities for students to en...

Assessing gastric residual volume: a description of nurses' clinical practice.

To analyze the differences in nurses' clinical practice for assessing residual gastric volume and identifying the theoretical framework which supports their practice.

Disease Specific Ontology of Adverse Events: Ontology extension and adaptation for Chronic Kidney Disease.

Adverse Event (AE) ontology can be used to support interoperability and computer-assisted reasoning of AEs. Despite significant progress in developing biomedical ontologies, they are facing the obstacle of adoption partly because those ontologies are too general to meet the requirements of a specific domain. Understanding and representing of AEs for a specific domain such as Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) has both theoretical and clinical significance. CKD patients are at a high risk for an array of disease-i...

Filling the gaps: Preparing nurse practitioners for hospitalist practice.

Over the last 20 years, the emergence of the hospitalist has changed the face of medicine. Hospitalists may serve as either general or specialty-focused providers caring for acutely ill patients in the hospital setting. As the demands and constraints of hospital-specific patient management have continued to grow, an increased need for inclusion of nurse practitioners (NP) into current hospitalist staffing models has occurred. A hospitalist-focused educational model has been developed to better prepare NP st...

Appropriate evaluation of postmenopausal bleeding.

: In clinical practice, although only 3% to 7% of women with postmenopausal bleeding (PMB) will ultimately be found to have cancer, it is the clinician's responsibility to ensure that endometrial cancer is not present. The diagnostic evaluation of PMB has evolved greatly. This Practice Pearl addresses the appropriate evaluation of women with PMB.

Assessing the methodological quality of the Canadian Psychiatric Association's anxiety and depression clinical practice guidelines.

Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) endeavour to incorporate the best available research evidence together with the clinically informed opinions of leading experts in order to guide clinical practice when dealing with a given condition. There has been increased interest in CPGs that are evidence based and that promote best practice, a central component of which is incorporating the best available research predicated on strong study designs. Despite this soaring interest, there remains heterogeneity in the m...

Shared Governance-Shared Leadership: Opportunities for Development.

Professional nurses have increased opportunities for engagement within health care organizations, calling for responsive leadership and effective structures to support practice standardization. Whether through best practice implementation, quality improvement, innovations, or professional development, this article takes a fresh look at organizational engagement. J Contin Educ Nurs. 2018;49(9):394-396.

Critical exploration of the new NMC standards of proficiency for registered nurses.

Following its consultation with key stakeholder groups the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC) has launched Future nurse: standards of proficiency for registered nurses ( NMC, 2018a ). These compulsory new standards will be available for use in curricula by approved education institutions (AEIs) from the end of January 2019. In this article, the authors provide their personal perspectives on the potential impact of the new standards, particularly focusing on those relating to supporting and assessing studen...

An analysis of the literature addressing tonsillectomy knowledge gaps.

The ability of clinical practice guidelines to improve patient outcomes depends on the quality of evidence that they are built upon. Research into tonsillectomy in children is lacking, and the gaps in evidence were identified by guideline authors.

Long-Term Morbidities in Children with Critical Illness: Gaps and Opportunities.

Improved mortality rates in paediatric critical care may come with the cost of increased morbidity. Goals of modern paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) management should focus on restoring long-term function of paediatric critical illness survivors. This review outlines our current knowledge on trajectories and risk factors of long-term morbidities in PICU survivors. Specifically, we aimed to identify current limitations and gaps in this area so as to identify opportunities for future investigations to re...

Innovating in Your Practice: Overcoming Barriers to Create New Opportunities.

The Productivity and Characteristics of Iranian Biomedical Journal: A Scientometric Analysis

Scientometrics is a discipline that analyzes scientific publications to explore the structure and growth of science. In this work, the quantitative evaluation of the productivity of the Iranian Biomedical Journal (IBJ) is reviewed.

Childhood obesity research at the NIH: Efforts, gaps, and opportunities.

Childhood obesity is a major public health challenge. This article describes an overview of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) behavioral and social sciences childhood obesity research efforts. The overview will highlight five areas of childhood obesity research supported by the NIH: (a) basic behavioral and social sciences; (b) early childhood; (c) policies, programs, and environmental strategies; (d) health disparities; and (e) transagency and public-private collaboration. The article also describes ...

Evaluating Gaps in Care of Malnourished Patients on General Medicine Floors in an Acute Care Setting.

As described in detail in the literature, patients identified with malnutrition are at increased risk for poor clinical outcomes. Despite this knowledge, malnourished patients do not always receive optimal nutrition management while admitted into a hospital because of what we describe as gaps in care throughout their admission. We hypothesized that the 3 main gaps in care were poor dietitian-doctor communication, excessive time spent nil per os (NPO) for procedures and testing, and/or inaccurate or incomple...

Health champions in South London: evaluation of training, and impact on public health.

The Healthy Living Pharmacy framework, introduced in England in 2008, provides a tailored approach to the implementation of pharmacy services locally, facilitated by qualified 'Health Champions' (HCs). The study aimed to evaluate the perceived value of the 1-day level 2 HC training by assessing knowledge and confidence of HC pre- and post-training, and changes in practice. The views of additional stakeholders on factors that either obstructed or facilitated pharmacy engagement are also explored.

Process of knowledge translation within routine clinical care: Implementing best practice in weight management.

Failure to translate research into practice is common. The present study implemented an evidence-based model of care to address identified evidence-practice gaps in our department's weight management service.

In Pursuit of Error: A Survey of Uncertainty Visualization Evaluation.

Understanding and accounting for uncertainty is critical to effectively reasoning about visualized data. However, evaluating the impact of an uncertainty visualization is complex due to the difficulties that people have interpreting uncertainty and the challenge of defining correct behavior with uncertainty information. Currently, evaluators of uncertainty visualization must rely on general purpose visualization evaluation frameworks which can be ill-equipped to provide guidance with the unique difficulties...

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