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PubMed Journals Articles About "Assessing Performance Porous Pavements Bioretention Cells Stormwater Management" RSS

19:43 EDT 20th June 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Assessing performance porous pavements bioretention cells stormwater management" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 43,000+

Assessing performance of porous pavements and bioretention cells for stormwater management in response to probable climatic changes.

The effectiveness of porous pavement (PP) and bio-retention cells (BCs) under the influence of potential climate change was investigated based on representative concentration pathways (RCPs). A case study of a test catchment in Guangzhou illustrated changes of peak runoff under various climate scenarios. There were distinct increases in runoff volume and peak discharge in response to RCP8.5 but only marginal increases in response to RCP2.6 (compared with present conditions). The performance of PP and BCs in...


Performance evaluation of modified bioretention systems with alkaline solid wastes for enhanced nutrient removal from stormwater runoff.

Bioretention systems have been found to be potential candidates for the removal of various pollutants/nutrients from rainfall or stormwater runoff. Despite bioretention has been widely developed for the removal of nutrients from stormwater, effective removal of both phosphorus and nitrogen is still a challenge. Hence, in this study, bioretention systems modified by alkaline solid waste media have been reported for the effective removal of nutrients. Six different types of solid wastes were first assessed us...

Nutrient removal from urban stormwater runoff by an up-flow and mixed-flow bioretention system.

Bioretention is one of the most popular technical practices for urban runoff pollution control. However, the efficiency of nutrient removal from urban stormwater runoff by bioretention systems varies significantly. To improve the nutrient removal performance, innovative up-flow and mixed-flow bioretention systems were proposed in this study, and a laboratory study was conducted to investigate the runoff retention and nutrient removal performance. During the leaching experiment using tap water as the inflow,...


Predicting bioretention pollutant removal efficiency with design features: A data-driven approach.

The objective of this study is to synthesize previous research findings from bioretention experiments and identify design features that lead to the best performance of bioretention pollutant removal with a data-driven approach. A bioretention database was built from 79 bioretention publications, composed of 182 records of bioretention cells with their design features and the corresponding pollutant removal efficiency data. Non-parametric correlation analysis, multiple linear regression (MLR), and decision t...

A pilot-scale, bi-layer bioretention system with biochar and zero-valent iron for enhanced nitrate removal from stormwater.

Nitrogen (N) removal in conventional bioretention systems is highly variable owing to the low nitrate (NO) elimination efficiency. We hypothesized that amending bioretention cells with biochar and zero-valent iron (ZVI) could improve the NO removal performance. A well-instrumented, bi-layer pilot-scale bioretention cell was developed to test the hypothesis by investigating its hydrologic performance and NO removal efficacy as affected by biochar and ZVI amendments. The cell containing 18% (v/v) wood biochar...

Statistical Analyses of Flow Rates of Stormwater Treatment Bioretention Media.

The design and performance of stormwater controls is affected by the treatment flow rates of bioretention media. This article presents the results of a large number of laboratory column tests conducted to examine the treatment flow rates for various mixtures of stormwater bioretention media. Statistical analyses were conducted to identify the treatment media having targeted treatment flow rates. It was found that the bioretention media treatment flow rates were most affected by the median particle size (D )...

Life cycle assessment of point source emissions and infrastructure impacts of four types of urban stormwater systems.

The implementation, operation and decommissioning of stormwater management systems causes environmental damage, while at the same time reducing pollutant loads in receiving waters by treating stormwater. The focus in research has been either on assessing impacts caused by stormwater infrastructure, or risks associated with stormwater discharges, but rarely have these two sources of environmental impacts been combined to allow a comprehensive environmental evaluation of stormwater management. We assess the e...

Development of a scenario-based stormwater management planning support system for reducing combined sewer overflows (CSOs).

Using combined sewer systems to handle excess stormwater runoff is common in older urban areas. Combined sewer overflow (CSO) events occur when hydraulic capacity is exceeded, and untreated wastewater discharges to surface waters. As urban population density increases, and more demand is placed on infrastructure, CSO events happen more often and cause serious environmental problems and public-health risks. Recently, green infrastructure (GI) has been integrated with existing gray infrastructure (GrayI) to r...

Hydrological modeling and field validation of a bioretention basin.

An emerging green infrastructure, the bioretention basin, has been deployed world-wide to reduce peak flows, encourage infiltration, and treat pollutants. However, inadequate design of a basin impairs its treatment potential and necessitates the development and validation of a suitable hydrological model for design and analysis of bioretention basins. In this study, an existing numerical model, RECHARGE, has been adopted to simulate hydrological performance of a basin in the tropical climate of Singapore ov...

Evaluation of surface infiltration performance of permeable pavements.

Many different test methods are used in practice to evaluate the surface infiltration performance of permeable pavements. This has led to inconsistency in reporting of test results. This study recognizes the differences in nature between a soil infiltration study and the surface infiltration evaluation of permeable pavements, and identifies the main issues associated with the current practice of surface infiltration testing. It proposes that hydraulic conductivity be adopted as the flow property for measure...

Role of metal modified water treatment residual on removal of Escherichia coli from stormwater runoff.

Extensive studies have been conducted on bioretention filter media applied in best management practices for stormwater runoff treatment. To date, more reported studies are focused on pollutants elimination such as suspended solids and nutrients. There has been limited research on pathogen removal from stormwater runoff. More focused studies on pathogen removal are therefore required if the intended stormwater is harvested for indirect potable use. In this study, water treatment residuals (WTR), a recycled b...

Testing of new stormwater pollution build-up algorithms informed by a genetic programming approach.

Pollution build-up and wash-off processes are often included in urban stormwater quality models. However, these models are often unreliable and have poor performance at large scales and in complicated catchments. This study tried to improve stormwater quality models by adopting the genetic programming (GP) approach to generate new build-up algorithms for three different pollutants (total suspend solids - TSS, total phosphorus - TP and total nitrogen - TN). This was followed by testing of the new models (als...

Performance of a constructed wetland as an upstream intervention for stormwater runoff quality management.

In most developing countries, stormwater runoff has had significant impacts on aquatic environment by directly causing pollution of receiving water and reduction in treatment performance of wastewater treatment plants. With increasing encroachment on natural wetlands in Uganda, constructed wetlands offer a feasible option for the environment to cope up and buffer the impact of pollutants from the ever-increasing urban masses. This study investigated the performance efficiencies of three configurations (vari...

Assessing the relationship of the human resource, finance, and information technology functions on reported performance in hospitals using the Lean management system.

Given pressures to control costs and improve quality of care, one of the most prevalent transformational performance improvement approaches in health care is Lean management. However, the roles of support functions such as human resource (HR), finance, and information technology (IT) in Lean management and the relationships of these support functions with performance are unknown.

Assessing stormwater control measures using modelling and a multi-criteria approach.

This paper presents a methodology for assessing the selection of stormwater control measures (SCM) within an urban drainage system that combines hydrological-hydraulic modelling and multi-criteria analysis (MCA). The methodology's utility is illustrated on urban catchment in the city of Girona, Spain. The SWMM model was applied and calibrated to simulate SCM scenarios. Seven scenarios were evaluated consisting of one grey infrastructure measure using underground storage tank and three nature-based SCM i.e. ...

Can catchment-scale urban stormwater management measures benefit the stream hydraulic environment?

The potential for catchment-scale stormwater control measures (SCMs) to mitigate the impact of stormwater runoff issues and excess stormwater volume is increasingly recognised. There is, however, limited understanding about their potential in reducing in-channel disturbance and improving hydraulic conditions for stream ecosystem benefits. This study investigates the benefits that SCM application in a catchment have on in-stream hydraulics. To do this, a two-dimensional hydraulic model was employed to simula...

Purification effects of amended bioretention columns on phosphorus in urban rainfall runoff.

In order to develop bioretention fillers with better phosphorus removal capacity, we built 12 bioretention columns with six kinds of modified fillers, and analyzed the operation effects of the columns under different conditions through field tests. Results show that adding water treatment residual has optimal removal rates for total phosphorus (TP) (median = 96.80%) and soluble reactive phosphorus (SRP) (median = 97.13%). The water reduction rates of the columns with improved fillers are 1.23-2.04 times tha...

Engineered multifunctional sand for enhanced removal of stormwater runoff contaminants in fixed-bed column systems.

The degradation of surface water quality in the US is mostly contributed by nonpoint-source pollution, in which stormwater runoff plays a major role. Stormwater runoff pollution is difficult to control due to its diffuse and stochastic loading. In this study, multifunctional AlMg/GO engineered sand synthesized via a simple method was used to address four major categories of runoff contaminants, namely nutrient (phosphate), metal (zinc), organic contaminant (caffeine), and pathogen (E. coli), simultaneously...

Biotreatment technologies for stormwater harvesting: critical perspectives.

Biotreatment technologies offer many advantages for passive stormwater treatment before harvesting, but performance can be variable and sensitive to system design, construction, operation and maintenance. While there is substantial research underpinning pollutant removal, hydraulic function, internal processes and optimal design, specific focus upon stormwater harvesting is relatively limited. Recent advances in system design include testing media amendments for targeted pollutant removal, enhanced pathogen...

Evaluation of the effectiveness of green infrastructure on hydrology and water quality in a combined sewer overflow community.

Evaluation of the effectiveness of green infrastructure (GI) practices on improving site hydrology and water quality and their associated cost could provide valuable information for decision makers when creating development/re-development strategies. In this study, a watershed scale rainfall-runoff model (the Long-Term Hydrologic Impact Analysis - Low Impact Development model, the L-THIA-LID 2.1 model) was enhanced to improve its simulation of urban water management practices including GI practices. The enh...

State of provincial regulations and guidelines to promote low impact development (LID) alternatives across Canada: Content analysis and comparative assessment.

The use of Low Impact Development (LID) alternatives requires the establishment of appropriate regulations and guidelines on acceptable practices and developing consensus among stakeholders, thus assuring the rights of all water-users and for conflict resolution. This content analysis aims to examine whether stormwater regulations and guidelines have addressed the use of LID alternatives in urban settings and compares the current state of regulations in the context of Canadian provinces and territories., A ...

Balancing biodiversity outcomes and pollution management in urban stormwater treatment wetlands.

Wetlands are increasingly being constructed to mitigate the effects of urban stormwater, such as altered hydrological regimes and reduced water quality, on downstream aquatic ecosystems. While the primary purpose of these wetlands is to manage stormwater, they also attract animals whose growth, survival and breeding (i.e. 'fitness') may be compromised. Such deleterious effects will be exacerbated if animals are caught in 'ecological traps', mistakenly preferring wetlands with unsuitable environmental condit...

Impacts of climate change on urban rainwater harvesting systems.

Rainwater harvesting (RWH) is promoted in many cities (e.g., Beijing and Shenzhen) as a climate change adaptation measure to relieve urban water supply and drainage pressures. In this study, the impacts of future climate change on water saving and stormwater capture performances of RWH systems at cities across four climatic zones of China are investigated. A downscaling technique based on the Climate Generator is evaluated and employed to generate future (2020-2050) daily rainfall data. Performance indices ...

Constructing Active Health and Safety Performance Questionnaire in the Food Manufacturing Industry.

To design a comprehensive health and safety management performance system, extant literature on the health and safety performance indicators of and management systems for the application of occupational health and safety management systems was reviewed; additionally, the provisions of occupational health and safety laws were examined with a total of three main categories, including 28 active safety and health management performance categories. In the present study, health and safety management performance w...

Assessment of barriers and drivers for implementation of blue-green solutions in Swedish municipalities.

Due to increased urbanisation, and climate change, there have been calls for a more sustainable management of stormwater. Blue-green measures have been recognised as a sustainable solution and a necessary complement to pipe-bound approaches. The aim of this study is to identify barriers and drivers in the implementation of blue-green measures in a Swedish context, to increase the understanding of how they could be implemented in a more successful manner. The study is qualitative and based on semi-structured...


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