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Showing "Assessment Prevention Research Measuring Leading Risk Factors Causes" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 60,000+

Assessment of Prevention Research Measuring Leading Risk Factors and Causes of Mortality and Disability Supported by the US National Institutes of Health.

No studies to date have examined support by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) for primary and secondary prevention research in humans and related methods research that measures the leading risk factors or causes of death or disability as outcomes or exposures.

Cardiologic Check-ups.

Cardiovascular diseases (CVD), especially coronary artery disease (CAD), are the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Elimination of modifiable risk factors has the potential to prevent up to 80 % of CVD. Therefore, disease prevention is based on the assessment of individual total CVD risk by using risk scores such as SCORE-algorithm that include the known main cardiovascular risk factors such as age, sex, smoking status, arterial hypertension und cholesterol.

Natriuretic peptide-guided treatment for the prevention of cardiovascular events in patients without heart failure.

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality globally. Early intervention for those with high cardiovascular risk is crucial in improving patient outcomes. Traditional prevention strategies for CVD have focused on conventional risk factors, such as overweight, dyslipidaemia, diabetes, and hypertension, which may reflect the potential for cardiovascular insult. Natriuretic peptides (NPs), including B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide ...

Comparison of prevalence of life style risk factors and 10 year risk of CVD event among rural and tribal population of Kollegal Taluk, Chamrajanagar district, South India.

Cardiovascular diseases have been recognized as leading cause of death. Three-fourths of CVD deaths occur in low and middle income countries. Surveillance of CVD risk factors is a key strategy for effective CVD prevention.

Coronary artery calcium scoring for individualized cardiovascular risk estimation in important patient subpopulations after the 2019 AHA/ACC primary prevention guidelines.

The 2018 and 2019 American Heart Association and American College of Cardiology (AHA/ACC) guidelines for primary prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) recommend consideration of so-called "risk-enhancing factors" in borderline to intermediate risk individuals. These include high-risk race/ethnicity (e.g. South Asian origin), chronic kidney disease, a family history of premature ASCVD, the metabolic syndrome, chronic inflammatory disorders (e.g. rheumatoid arthritis [RA], psoriasis, or...

Gottesfeld-Hohler Memorial Foundation Risk Assessment for Early-Onset Preeclampsia in the United States: Think Tank Summary.

Preeclampsia is responsible for significant maternal and neonatal morbidity and is associated with a substantial economic burden. Aspirin has been shown to be effective in decreasing the risk of preterm preeclampsia; however, there is no consensus on the target population for aspirin prophylaxis. In May 2018, the Gottesfeld-Hohler Memorial Foundation organized a working group meeting with the goal of identifying the optimal preeclampsia risk-assessment strategy and consequent intervention in the United Stat...

Consensus on Cardiovascular Prevention in Childhood and Adolescence. Brief version. Recommendations.

Cardiovascular disease secondary to atherosclerosis is the leading cause of morbimortality in the adult population worldwide. Although clinical manifestations of atherosclerosis (coronary heart disease, stroke and peripheral vascular disease) are extremely rare in the pediatric population, the presence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease and the development of health-behavior patterns that promote them are observed since early childhood. In this document, recommendations were developed addressing two...

Cases in Precision Medicine: A Personalized Approach to Stroke and Cardiovascular Risk Assessment in Women.

Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death among women in the United States, and stroke is third. This article uses a case scenario to examine female sex-specific cardiovascular risk factors across the lifespan and describes a precision medicine-based approach to risk factor modification and primary prevention. It also presents recent updates to the role of genetic testing and polygenic risk scores for the prediction of stroke and cardiovascular disease.

Risk prediction of future cardiac arrest by evaluation of a genetic risk score alone and in combination with traditional risk factors.

Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a leading cause of death globally, commonly through sudden cardiac death. Cardiac arrest of cardiac origin (CA) is associated with a poor prognosis and there is a great need for risk assessment and intensified preventive actions. In this study we aim to assess if a genetic risk score for CHD, composed of 50 common CHD susceptibility variants (GRS), predicts CA and to evaluate a novel composite risk score including traditional risk factors as well as GRS.

Parenteral viral hepatitis infection risk assessment by teenagers.

Introduction: Developing strategy of parenteral viral hepatitis prevention among adolescents and youth is becoming an urgent issue. The aim of the research was to study the available data on the risk factors and ways of parenteral viral hepatitis transmission among adolescents and youth, as well as their attitude toward the problem of infection process spread by parenteral way and awareness of the personal risk of contamination.

National Analysis of Risk Assessment Content in Prenatal Records Across Canada.

Each Canadian province/territory has a distinct prenatal record form to guide maternity health care. Because there is no national oversight of these forms, little is known about how they compare regarding content on risk assessment for adverse perinatal outcomes. We cataloged and compared the risk factors that are captured on prenatal record forms across Canada. Nine out of 12 records included risk sections, with an average of 35 risk items. We identified 100 prenatal risk factors and categorized them as me...

Predictive efficacy of the Braden Q Scale for pediatric pressure ulcer risk assessment in the PICU: a meta-analysis.

Risk assessment is recommended as the foremost step in the prevention of pressure ulcers. This study aimed to evaluate the predictive efficacy of the Braden Q Scale for the assessment of pediatric pressure ulcer risk in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU).

Material-Psychosocial-Behavioral Aspects of Financial Hardship: A Conceptual Model for Cancer Prevention.

Risk of cancer increases with age; and socioeconomic factors have been shown to be relevant for (predictive of) cancer risk-related behaviors and cancer early detection and screening. Yet, much of this research has relied on traditional measures of socioeconomic status (SES) to assess socioeconomic circumstances, which limits our understanding of the various pathways through which the socioeconomic environment affects cancer risk. Research on hardship and health suggests that concepts of financial hardship ...

Expediting cataract surgery in New Zealand is cost-effective for falls prevention and improving vision-so what might be the next steps?

Multifactorial individual assessment with interventions tailored to the individual's risk factors can reduce the rate of falls and risk of fractures. Assessment of vision is one key aspect of multifactorial assessment and first eye cataract surgery reduces the rate of falls. We recently modelled the impact of expediting first eye cataract surgery in New Zealand for falls prevention (Boyd et al Injury Prevention). The model used was the same model used for previous modelling of home safety assessment and mod...

Measuring implementation: development of the implementation process assessment tool (IPAT).

Implementation science comprises a large set of theories suggesting interacting factors at different organisational levels. Development of literature syntheses and frameworks for implementation have contributed to comprehensive descriptions of implementation. However, corresponding instruments for measuring these comprehensive descriptions are currently lacking. The present study aimed to develop an instrument measuring care providers' perceptions of an implementation effort, and to explore the instrument's...

Identification and assessment of risk factors role in myocardial infarction development.

Introduction:The high level of morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular disease is largely due toinsufficient influence on the main risk factors that contribute to the development of myocardial infarction.Therefore, a detailed study and assessment of risk factors is among the most important problems of medical and social importance. The aim: To study and evaluate the impact of biological, social and hygienic, social and economic, psychological, natural and climatic risk factors on the development of myoc...

A Brief Review of Cardiovascular Diseases, Associated Risk Factors and Current Treatment Regimes.

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of premature death and disability in humans and their incidence is on the rise globally. Given their substantial contribution towards the escalating costs of health care, they also generate a high socio-economic burden in the general population. The underlying pathogenesis and progression associated with nearly all CVDs is predominantly of atherosclerotic origin that leads to the development of coronary artery disease, cerebrovascular disease, venous thro...

The Aachen Falls Prevention Scale: Multi-Study Evaluation and Comparison.

Fall risk assessment is a time-consuming and resource-intensive activity. Patient-driven self-assessment as a preventive measure might be a solution to reduce the number of patients undergoing a full clinical fall risk assessment.

Risk and protective factors for heroin use in a nationally representative sample of Ecuadorian youth.

Recent reports from a variety of sources indicate that heroin use among Ecuadorian adolescents is on the rise. In order to design effective prevention and intervention programs, research is needed that quantifies use and assesses risk and protective factors associated with use.

Pregnancy As a Predictor of Maternal Cardiovascular Disease: The Era of CardioObstetrics.

Globally, cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the most common cause of mortality in women accounting for one in three deaths. There remains an under recognition of CVD as well as a lack of awareness of risk in women. Promotion of CVD prevention is essential, but the current risk assessment tools do not incorporate any sex-specific cardiovascular risk factors. There is increasing recognition of sex-specific risk factors that appear during pregnancy that are associated with CVD. These adverse pregnancy outcomes (...

Sexual Risk Behavior: a Multi-System Model of Risk and Protective Factors in South African Adolescents.

Adolescent sexual risk behavior has typically been studied within singular, isolated systems. Using a multi-system approach, this study examined a combination of individual, proximal, and distal factors in relation to sexual risk behavior among adolescents. A large cross-sectional sample of 2561 adolescent (M = 14.92, SD = 1.70) males (n = 1282) and females in Grades 8 (n = 1225) and 10 completed a range of self-report measures. Hierarchical ordinal logistic regression results supported a mu...

A quantitative risk assessment method for synthetic biology products in the environment.

The need to prevent possible adverse environmental health impacts resulting from synthetic biology (SynBio) products is widely acknowledged in both the SynBio risk literature and the global regulatory community. To-date, however, discussions of potential risks of SynBio products have been largely speculative, and the limited attempts to characterize the risks of SynBio products have been non-uniform and entirely qualitative. As the SynBio discipline continues to accelerate and bring forth novel, highly-engi...

Burden of Gastric Cancer.

Gastric cancer is a global health problem, with more than 1 million people newly diagnosed with gastric cancer worldwide each year. Despite its worldwide decline in incidence and mortality over the past five decades, gastric cancer remains the third leading cause of cancer-related death. Knowledge of global as well as regional epidemiology and risk factors for gastric cancer is essential for the practicing gastroenterologist to make personalized decisions about risk stratification, screening and prevention....

German research perspectives on suicidality and the rationale for future multinational suicide prevention projects among military service personnel.

As a result of scientific publications indicating that the last two decades have seen an increase in the number of suicides in the US Armed Forces, the topic of suicide in the military of other countries, such as Germany, has also received a lot of attention in media and science alike. Risk factors for suicidal behaviour and suicide were identified in several research projects in the US, Canada, the UK, and Germany. Until now, German suicide research among military service personnel has mainly focused on ep...

Interventions for the prevention of risk factors and incidence of type 2 diabetes in the work environment: a systematic review.

To evaluate the effectiveness of interventions aimed at the prevention of risk factors and incidence of type 2 diabetes in the workers population.

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