PubMed Journals Articles About "Association Daytime Nighttime Blood Pressure With Cardiovascular Disease" RSS

18:04 EDT 15th September 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Association Daytime Nighttime Blood Pressure With Cardiovascular Disease" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 44,000+

Association of Daytime and Nighttime Blood Pressure With Cardiovascular Disease Events Among African American Individuals.

Little is known regarding health outcomes associated with higher blood pressure (BP) levels measured outside the clinic among African American individuals.

Ethnic Differences in Nighttime Melatonin and Nighttime Blood Pressure: A Study in European Americans and African Americans.

Ethnic differences in nighttime blood pressure (BP) have long been documented with African Americans (AAs) having higher BP than European Americans (EAs). Recently, lower nighttime melatonin, a key regulator of circadian rhythms, has been associated with higher nighttime BP levels in EAs. This study sought to test the hypothesis that AAs have lower nighttime melatonin secretion compared with EAs. We also determined if this ethnic difference in melatonin could partially explain the ethnic difference in night...

Association of Visit-to-Visit Variability of Blood Pressure with Cardiovascular Disease among Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients: A Cohort Study.

Increasing evidence has shown that visit-to-visit variability (VVV) of blood pressure (BP) is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of VVV of systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) on the risk of CVD among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in China.

Association of daytime napping with incident cardiovascular disease in a community-based population.

To investigate the association between self-reported daytime napping habits and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in a large community-based study population.

Associations of blood pressure categories according to the 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association hypertension guideline and long-term blood pressure change with incident cardiovascular disease in middle-aged and elderly Chinese: the Dongfeng-Tongji cohort study.

To assess the associations of newly defined blood pressure (BP) categories by the 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guideline and changes in BP with the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) among the middle-aged and older Chinese.

Blood Pressure Variability and Age-related Blood Pressure Patterns in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.

Despite the high prevalence of cardiovascular disease among patients with systemic lupus erythematosus, the relationship between age, blood pressure, and blood pressure variability (BPV) is not well understood. We studied visit-to-visit BPV, its relationship to age, clinical, demographic characteristics and its potential role as a cardiovascular risk factor in patients with SLE.

Automated Ambulatory Blood Pressure Measurements and Intraoperative Hypotension in Patients Having Noncardiac Surgery with General Anesthesia: A Prospective Observational Study.

Intraoperative hypotension is associated with significant postoperative complicationsIntraoperative hypotension has been defined relative to preinduction blood pressureBlood pressure varies during the day, and the relationship between preinduction blood pressure and usual blood pressure over 24 h is incompletely describedSimilarly the relationship between low blood pressure intraoperatively and 24-h usual blood pressure is unknown WHAT THIS ARTICLE TELLS US THAT IS NEW: There is a poor correlation between p...

Nighttime blood pressure decline as a predictor of renal injury in patients with hypertension: a population-based cohort study.

We explored whether the nighttime blood pressure (BP) decline predicts renal function decline in a population-based cohort with primary hypertension. We measured the baseline ambulatory BP and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in a cohort of 1,042 primary hypertensive patients. We repeated the GFR measurements and calculated the rate of GFR decline after a median follow-up of 5.8 years. The estimated GFR (eGFR) declined by -0.23 to -0.20 mL/min per year as the nighttime systolic BP (SBP), diastolic BP (DBP),...

Validation of finger blood pressure monitoring in children.

Continuous beat-to-beat blood pressure monitoring permits the rapid detection of blood pressure fluctuations for cardiovascular reflex testing and clinical haemodynamic monitoring. In adults, this can be achieved noninvasively with high accuracy, using finger blood pressure monitoring with volume clamp photoplethysmography. However, data are lacking on the validity of finger blood pressure monitoring in children compared to the gold standard - invasive intra-arterial blood pressure monitoring.

Relation of short-term blood pressure variability to early renal effects in hypertensive patients with controlled blood pressure.

Microalbuminuria is a common early hypertension-mediated organ damage, which correlates with the overall cardiovascular risk and development of end-stage renal damage. Lately, blood pressure variability has shown an additive value over traditional BP measurement in prediction of cardiovascular and renal involvement.

Relation of choline intake with blood pressure in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2010.

Dietary choline is a precursor of trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO), a metabolite that has been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. The mechanism underlying this association is unknown, but may include TMAO effects on blood pressure (BP).

Visit-to-visit variability in blood pressure and the development of chronic kidney disease in treated general hypertensive patients.

Data on the association between visit-to-visit variability (VVV) in blood pressure (BP) and the risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in general treated hypertensive patients were limited. We aimed to evaluate the relation of VVV in BP with the development of CKD, and examine any possible effect modifiers in hypertensive patients without prior cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) or CKD.

Predictors and Consequences of Pediatric Hypertension: Have Advanced Echocardiography and Vascular Testing Arrived?

Pediatric hypertension is relatively common and associated with future adult hypertension. Elevated blood pressure in youth predicts future adult cardiovascular disease and blood pressure control can prevent progression of pediatric kidney disease. However, pediatric blood pressure is highly variable within a given child and among children in a population.

Analysis of Short-term Blood Pressure Variability in Pheochromocytoma/Paraganglioma Patients.

Data on short-term blood pressure variability (BPV), which is a well-established cardiovascular prognostic tool, in pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma (PPGL) patients is still lack and conflicting. We retrospectively evaluated 23 PPGL patients referred to our unit from 2010 to 2019 to analyze 24 h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (24-h ABPM)-derived markers of short-term BPV, before and after surgical treatment. PPGL diagnosis was assessed according to guidelines and confirmed by histologic examination....

Urinary Sodium Excretion, Blood Pressure, and Risk of Future Cardiovascular Disease and Mortality in Subjects Without Prior Cardiovascular Disease.

Hypertension is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Increased urinary sodium excretion, representing dietary sodium intake, is associated with hypertension. Low sodium intake has been associated with increased mortality in observational studies. Further studies should assess whether confounding relationships explain associations between sodium intake and outcomes. We studied UK Biobank participants (n=457 484; mean age, 56.3 years; 44.7% men) with urinary electrolytes and blood pressure data. Estima...

Upper Airway Stimulation versus Positive Airway Pressure Impact on Blood Pressure and Sleepiness Symptoms in Obstructive Sleep Apnea.

Positive airway pressure (PAP) and upper airway stimulation (UAS) are approved obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) treatment options.. Although the effect of PAP on improvement in blood pressure (BP) and daytime sleepiness (defined by Epworth Sleepiness Scale, ESS) has been established, the impact of UAS on BP remains unclear. We hypothesize that PAP and UAS will confer improvements in BP and daytime sleepiness.

Dissecting the association of autophagy-related genes with cardiovascular diseases and intermediate vascular traits: A population-based approach.

Autophagy is involved in cellular homeostasis and maintenance and may play a role in cardiometabolic health. We aimed to elucidate the role of autophagy in cardiometabolic traits by investigating genetic variants and DNA methylation in autophagy-related genes in relation to cardiovascular diseases and related traits. To address this research question, we implemented a multidirectional approach using several molecular epidemiology tools, including genetic association analysis with genome wide association stu...

Nighttime Ecology: The "Nocturnal Problem" Revisited.

The existence of a synthetic program of research on what was then termed the "nocturnal problem" and that we might now call "nighttime ecology" was declared more than 70 years ago. In reality, this failed to materialize, arguably as a consequence of practical challenges in studying organisms at night and instead concentrating on the existence of circadian rhythms, the mechanisms that give rise to them, and their consequences. This legacy is evident to this day, with consideration of the ecology of the night...

Characteristics of visit-to-visit blood pressure variability in hemodialysis patients.

Visit-to-visit blood pressure variability (VVBPV) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in the general population. Hemodialysis (HD) patients have a poor prognosis due to an increased prevalence of cardiovascular disease. Intradialytic hypotension is associated with excess mortality, but whether VVBPV influences mortality is still unclear in HD patients. The present study aimed to investigate the characteristics of VVBPV in these patients. A total of 324 maintenance HD pat...

Effect of 9 months of vitamin D supplementation on arterial stiffness and blood pressure in Graves' disease: a randomized clinical trial.

Risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is increased in Graves' disease (GD). CVD is predicted by increased pulse wave velocity (PWV) and blood pressure (BP). GD and these risk factors are all associated with lower levels of vitamin D. We aimed to assess the effect of supplemental vitamin D on PWV and BP in GD.

Improving blood pressure control in primary care: The ImPress study.

Hypertension is a preventable risk factor for cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of death globally. When hypertension is present with tobacco smoking, poor nutrition, physical inactivity or excessive alcohol consumption, risk of cardiovascular disease is increased. Given the prolonged engagement and ongoing relationship with patients, general practice nurses are ideally situated to actively engage with patients about optimal blood pressure control and lifestyle risk reduction.

Influence of blood pressure on the effects of low-dose asprin in elderly patients with multiple atherosclerotic risks.

We examined whether the efficacy of low-dose acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) for primary prevention of cardiovascular events is influenced by blood pressure (BP) using data from patients aged 60-85 years with hypertension, dyslipidemia, and/or diabetes, but without cardiovascular disease of the Japanese Primary Prevention Project.

Sleep apnea and the heart.

The normal sleep-wake cycle is characterized by diurnal variations in blood pressure, heart rate, and cardiac events. Sleep apnea disrupts the normal sleep-heart interaction, and the pathophysiology varies for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and central sleep apnea (CSA). Associations exist between sleep-disordered breathing (which encompasses both OSA and CSA) and heart failure, atrial fibrillation, stroke, coronary artery disease, and cardiovascular mortality. Treatment options include positive airway press...

The effect of a multidisciplinary weight loss program on renal circadian rhythm in obese adolescents.

Adolescent obesity is a serious health problem associated with many comorbidities. Obesity-related alterations in circadian rhythm have been described for nocturnal blood pressure and for metabolic functions. We believe renal circadian rhythm is also disrupted in obesity, though this has not yet been investigated. This study aimed to examine renal circadian rhythm in obese adolescents before and after weight loss.In 34 obese adolescents (median age 15.7 years) participating in a residential weight loss pro...

Response by Bress et al to Letters Regarding Article, "Potential Cardiovascular Disease Events Prevented With Adoption of the 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Blood Pressure Guideline".

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