PubMed Journals Articles About "Association Between Asymmetry Lower Extremity Lean Mass Functional" RSS

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Showing "Association between asymmetry lower extremity lean mass functional" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 38,000+

Association between asymmetry in lower extremity lean mass and functional mobility in older adults living in the community: Results from the Korean Frailty and Aging Cohort Study.

The asymmetry in lower extremity strength is known to be related to the functional mobility in older adults living in the community. However, little is known about the association between lower extremity lean mass asymmetry and functional mobility in this patient group. Hence, this study aimed to determine whether asymmetry in lower extremity muscle mass has a significant relationship with functional mobility in older adults living in the community.This cross-sectional study analyzed the pre-existing data f...

Translation into modern standard Arabic, cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric properties' evaluation of the Lower Extremity Functional Scale (LEFS) in Arabic-speaking athletes with Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) injury.

The Lower Extremity Functional Scale evaluates the functional status of patients that have lower extremity conditions of musculoskeletal origin. Regional Arabic dialects often create barriers to clear communication and comparative research. We aimed to cross-culturally adapt the Lower Extremity Functional Scale in modern standard Arabic that is widely used and understood in the Middle East and North Africa region, and assess its psychometric properties.

Age-Related Differences in Functional Asymmetry During Memory Retrieval Revisited: No Evidence for Contralateral Overactivation or Compensation.

Brain asymmetry is inherent to cognitive processing and seems to reflect processing efficiency. Lower frontal asymmetry is often observed in older adults during memory retrieval, yet it is unclear whether lower asymmetry implies an age-related increase in contralateral recruitment, whether less asymmetry reflects compensation, is limited to frontal regions, or predicts neurocognitive stability or decline. We assessed age-related differences in asymmetry across the entire cerebral cortex, using functional ma...

Advanced Functional Bracing in Lower Extremity Trauma: Bracing to Improve Function.

There are many bracing options for patients with functional limitations of the lower extremity following trauma. The first question that the provider must ask when evaluating a patient with a foot and ankle functional limitation because of weakness or pain is, "what are the patient's expectations?" One option for the patient who desires to return to a higher level of function is a novel, custom dynamic orthosis (CDO) that, when coupled with an advanced rehabilitation program, has improved outcomes in patien...

Does Lean Body Mass Equal Health Despite Body Mass Index?

To determine the association between having simultaneously high body mass index (BMI) and high relative lean body mass (LBM) and cardio-metabolic risk factors, metabolic syndrome (MetS), and diabetes in adults.

Associations of fat and lean body mass with circulating amino acids in older men and women.

Circulating amino acids are potential markers of body composition. Previous studies are mainly limited to middle age and focus on either fat or lean mass, thereby ignoring overall body composition. We investigated the associations of fat and lean body mass with circulating amino acids in older men and women. We studied 594 women and 476 men from the Helsinki Birth Cohort Study (age 62-74 years). Bioelectrical impedance analysis was used to indicate two main body compartments by fat (fat mass/height2) and le...

Trajectory of Lean Body Mass Assessed Using the Modified Creatinine Index and Mortality in Hemodialysis Patients.

Although a declining body mass index (BMI) is associated with higher mortality in patients on hemodialysis, BMI cannot distinguish lean body mass from fat mass. It remains unclear whether changes over time in lean body mass are associated with mortality. We examined the prognostic significance of changes in the modified creatinine index, a proxy for lean body mass.

Association between body composition and glomerular hyperfiltration among Chinese adults.

High body mass index (BMI) is the most common parameter to assess excess adiposity, and has been linked to glomerular hyperfiltration (GH). However, BMI may be misleading in the estimation of body fat content due to its inability to discriminate between body fat and lean mass. In recent years, the convenient biological impedance analysis (BIA) has made prediction of certain diseases somewhat feasible and accessible using body composition (BC). Accordingly, we conducted a cross-sectional study to explore the...

The Association Between Femoral Neck-Shaft Angle and Aging and Its Influence on the Performance of Functional Activity: A Cross-Sectional Investigation.

The purposes of this study were first to examine the association between aging and both the magnitude and asymmetry in the femoral neck-shaft angle (NSA). The second purpose was to determine the effects of both the magnitude and NSA asymmetry on the performance of functional activities in healthy individuals. Fifty-one subjects participated in this study. The femoral NSA was measured on computed tomography scout images. The participants performed four performance tests. Four hierarchical regression models w...

Structural and functional asymmetry of the language network emerge in early childhood.

Structural and functional neuroimaging studies show language and reading processes are left-lateralized, and associated with a dispersed group of left brain regions. However, it is unclear when and how asymmetry of these regions emerges. We characterized the development of structural and functional asymmetry of the language network in 386 datasets from 117 healthy children (58 male) across early childhood (2-7.5 years). Structural asymmetry was investigated using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and manual de...

lower extremity Burns, complications and outcome.

we have encountered many burn cases with lower extremity burn with adverse outcome.

Algorithm for free perforator flap selection in lower extremity reconstruction based on 563 cases.

Microsurgical lower extremity reconstruction remains a challenge. The use of perforator flaps in lower extremity reconstruction is expanding. The objective of this article is to review our experience and present an algorithm to guide in the selection of the ideal free perforator flap that can be tailored to each lower extremity defect.

Trunk Muscle Endurance, Flexibility, Stride Foot Balance, and Contralateral Trunk Lean in Collegiate Baseball Pitchers.

Myrick, KM, Pallone, AS, Feinn, RS, Ford, KM, and Garbalosa, JC. Trunk muscle endurance, flexibility, stride foot balance, and contralateral trunk lean in collegiate baseball pitchers. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2019-The incidence of shoulder and elbow injuries in baseball is increasing. The trunk is crucial to transmission of energy from lower limbs, achieving the largest angular momentum and torque during pitching, and controlling acceleration of the arm. Excessive contralateral trunk lean has be...

Five-year longitudinal changes in thigh muscle mass of septuagenarian men and women assessed with DXA and MRI.

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) were used to assess changes in thigh lean mass in septuagenarian men and women during a 5-year longitudinal study. Twenty-four older individuals participated in the study (10 men: 71.6 ± 4.1 years; 14 women: 71.3 ± 3.2 years at baseline). Thigh MRI and whole-body DXA scans were used to estimate changes in thigh lean mass. Both MRI and DXA showed that thigh lean mass was reduced by approximately 5% (P = 0.001) over th...

Protein Intake Greater than the RDA Differentially Influences Whole-Body Lean Mass Responses to Purposeful Catabolic and Anabolic Stressors: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Under stressful conditions such as energy restriction (ER) and physical activity, the RDA for protein of 0.8 g · kg-1 · d-1 may no longer be an appropriate recommendation. Under catabolic or anabolic conditions, higher protein intakes are proposed to attenuate the loss or increase the gain of whole-body lean mass, respectively. No known published meta-analysis compares protein intakes greater than the RDA with intakes at the RDA. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the...

Does Lower Lean Body Mass Mediate the Relationship Between Falls and Higher Body Mass Index in Asian Older Persons?

The current evidence on the relationship between a higher body mass index (BMI) and falls in older adults is conflicting. This study, therefore, evaluated the relationship between BMI and falls and explored underlying mechanisms for this relationship. Data from 1,340 individuals from the Malaysian Elders Longitudinal Research study, obtained through home-based computer-assisted interviews and followed by hospital-based health checks, were utilized. A history of the presence of falls in the previous 12 month...

Lower-extremity total joint arthroplasty in shoulder arthroplasty patients: does the order of the lower-extremity total joint arthroplasty matter?

As total joint arthroplasty (TJA) utilization increases, arthroplasties of multiple joints in a patient are more common. An understanding of the success of shoulder arthroplasty patients also requiring a lower-extremity (hip or knee) TJA is lacking. We evaluated the following questions: (1) Is there a difference in the revision risk following shoulder arthroplasty in patients who also undergo a lower-extremity TJA compared with those who do not? (2) Does the revision risk differ depending on the sequence of...

Anesthesia Type Is Not Associated With Postoperative Complications in the Care of Patients With Lower Extremity Traumatic Fractures.

Lower extremity fracture fixation is commonplace and represents the majority of orthopedic trauma surgical volume. Despite this, few studies have examined the use of regional anesthesia or neuraxial anesthesia (RA/NA) versus general anesthesia (GA) in this surgical population. We aimed to determine the overall rates of RA/NA use and whether RA/NA was associated with lower mortality and morbidity versus GA for patients with lower extremity orthopedic trauma.

Multiple Concussions Increase Odds and Rate of Lower Extremity Injury in National Collegiate Athletic Association Athletes After Return to Play.

Concussion in collegiate athletics is one of the most prevalent sport-related injuries in the United States, with recent studies suggesting persistent deficits in neuromuscular control after a concussion and an associated increase in risk of lower extremity injury.

Timing of Microsurgical Reconstruction in Lower Extremity Trauma: An Update of the Godina Paradigm.

Marko Godina, in his landmark paper in 1986, established the principle of early flap coverage for reconstruction of traumatic lower extremity injuries. The aim of this study was to determine how timing influences outcomes in lower extremity traumatic free flap reconstruction based on Godina's original findings.

Lowering the Ankle Brachial Index Threshold in Blunt Lower Extremity Trauma May Prevent Unnecessary Imaging.

Current algorithms for the management of blunt lower extremity trauma recommend additional imaging in patients presenting with soft signs of vascular injury and an ankle-brachial index (ABI) less than 0.9. The aim of this study was to analyze lower extremity Computed Tomography Angiographies (CTAs) to determine the incidence and characteristics of patients sustaining vascular injury from blunt lower extremity trauma. We hypothesized that a lower ABI threshold can avoid unnecessary imaging without missing cl...

Effect of whey protein supplementation during resistance training sessions on body mass and muscular strength: a meta-analysis.

This study evaluates the effect of whey protein (WP) supplementation with resistance training (RT) on body mass and muscular strength through randomized controlled trials (RCTs). A literature survey was conducted using electronic databases, and study selection was based on predetermined eligibility criteria. Meta-analyses of mean differences (MD) in lean/fat mass or standardized MD (SMD) in muscular strength between WP-RT and placebo-RT groups were conducted along with sensitivity and subgroup analyses. Met...

Change in grip strength in trans people and its association with lean body mass and bone density.

Gender-affirming hormonal treatment (HT) in trans people changes physical appearance. Muscle mass and strength are important aspects of physical appearance, but few data exist on the effect of HT on grip strength and muscle mass. This study aimed to investigate the change in grip strength in trans people during the first year of HT, to study possible determinants of this change, and to study the associations between changes in grip strength, lean body mass, and bone mineral density (BMD).

Variables associated with 30-day postoperative complications in lower extremity free flap reconstruction identified in the ACS-NSQIP database.

Lower extremity free flaps are a common way to treat both traumatic and oncologic lower extremity wounds. These patients often suffer postoperative complications. We sought to use the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database to identify variables associated with postoperative complications.

Association Between Hormone Therapy and Muscle Mass in Postmenopausal Women: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Hormone therapy (HT) has been suggested for protection against age-related muscle weakness in women. However, the potential for HT-associated health risks necessitates a better understanding of the direction and magnitude of the association between HT and health outcomes, such as lean body mass (LBM).

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