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02:17 EST 20th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Balance motor functioning subjects with different stages cognitive" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 13,000+

Balance and motor functioning in subjects with different stages of cognitive disorders.

Approximately 30% of the elderly population is falling each year, resulting in a major health problem. Cognitive decline is an independent risk factor for fall. Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a cognitive decline that is higher than expected in the subjects' age but does not affect the activities of daily living OBJECTIVE: In the study, vestibulo-ocular reflexes, dynamic visual acuities and postural balances of subjects with mild cognitive impairment were evaluated and compared with the healthy control g...

Motor and cognitive functioning in children treated for idiopathic clubfoot at the age of 3 years.

Several studies have investigated motor and cognitive skills in infants as well as gross motor abilities in schoolchildren treated for congenital idiopathic clubfoot, mostly indicating specific impairments in those children. However, until now, little is known about the motor and cognitive abilities of preschool children treated for idiopathic clubfoot. Thus, it was the aim of this study to examine gross motor, fine motor and cognitive skills of 3-year-old-children treated for idiopathic clubfoot.

Cognitive-motor exergaming for reducing fall risk in people with chronic stroke: A randomized controlled trial.

Dual-task (simultaneous motor and cognitive task) (DT) training via virtual-reality exergaming is known to benefit balance control post-stroke. However, the efficacy of such training on DT balance control (volitional and reactive) and cognitive (executive function and attention) domains associated with fall risk remains unclear.

Computerized cognitive remediation therapy, REHACOM, in first episode of schizophrenia: A randomized controlled trial.

Patients with schizophrenia show cognitive impairments that have been linked to poor social functioning. Computerized cognitive remediation therapy has shown to be effective in improving both cognition and functioning in chronic schizophrenia, but relatively little is known about how these approaches improve cognition and functioning when applied to early stages of psychosis. Eighty-six participants with a first episode of psychosis, undergoing a specific program for early stages of schizophrenia, undertook...

Neuropsychological characteristics of benign multiple sclerosis patients: A two-year matched cohort study.

The definition of benign multiple sclerosis (BMS) is still debated. It is mainly based on physical status, however, there is an attempt to involve cognitive functioning or paraclinical factors in order to avoid unnecessary long-term treatment with disease-modifying therapies and to identify these subjects in the early stages of the disease. Therefore the aim of our two-year follow-up study was to investigate the pattern of cognitive functioning and depression in patients with BMS compared to treated relapsi...

Multisensory, Multi-Tasking Performance of Older Adults With and Without Subjective Cognitive Decline.

As the population ages, it is increasingly important to detect non-normative cognitive declines as early as possible. Measures of combined sensory-motor-cognitive functioning may be early markers for identifying individuals who are at increased risk of developing dementia. Further, older adults experiencing subjective cognitive decline (SCD) may have elevated risk of dementia compared to those without SCD. Tasks involving complex, multisensory interactions reflective of everyday challenges may be particular...

The effect of cognitive training in older adults: be aware of CRUNCH.

Cognitive training research has revealed support for both the magnification and compensation accounts, respectively predicting larger or smaller training benefits for individuals already having strong cognitive abilities. A recent study in older adults (OAs) revealed evidence for the Compensation-Related Utilization of Neural Circuits Hypothesis, which best fits a magnification account. Only few studies examined working memory (WM) training gains in OAs as a function of initial executive functioning level. ...

Recovery of cognitive functioning following abstinence from ketamine.

Acute and adverse effects of ketamine on cognitive functioning have been documented. No longitudinal study has examined whether cognitive deficits can be reversed following ketamine abstinence although it has been suggested in some cross-sectional studies. This study aimed to investigate the changes in cognitive functioning among ketamine users following a 12-week abstinence from ketamine.

Communicative abilities in young children with a significant cognitive and motor developmental delay.

Children with a significant cognitive and motor developmental delay are pre-symbolic communicators. The primary aim of this study was to reveal the variability within the communicative functioning of this group of children in terms of communication level, the reasons to communicate and behavioural expressions.

Lateralized cognitive functions in Parkinson's patients: a behavioral approach for the early detection of sustained attention deficits.

Parkison's disease (PD) has been described as a disconnection syndrome. The lateralized motor onset of symptoms indicates asymmetrical dysregulation of the dopamine production in the substantia nigra, in the striatum and, in turns, a dysfunction of the basal ganglia and of the connected cortical areas. However, lateralization of cognitive symptoms is less clear, and it would be important to determine whether lateralized motor deficits are associated with cognitive impairments typically documented following ...

The Association between Actor/Partner Optimism and Cognitive Functioning among Older Couples.

Higher optimism has been linked with health, well-being, and cognitive functioning. Spouses also play an important role on people's health, especially in older adulthood. Yet, whether a spouse's optimism is associated with an individual's cognitive functioning is understudied. Thus, we examined this question.

The effects of cognitive remediation on cognitive abilities and real-world functioning among people with bipolar disorder: A systematic review.

Bipolar disorder (BD) is characterized by cognitive impairments that are known to predict psychosocial functioning and quality of life. While cognitive remediation (CR) was originally developed to directly target cognitive symptoms in traumatic brain injury and psychotic illnesses, the efficacy of CR in BD has begun to emerge only in the last decade. Functional Remediation (FR) is an integrated intervention that has been developed to restore psychosocial functioning by means of ecological neurocognitive tec...

Stages of mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease can be differentiated by declines in timed up and go test: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Motor dysfunction increases in the moderate and severe stages of dementia. However, there is still no consensus on changes in mobility during its early stages. This meta-analysis aimed to measure the level of single-task functional mobility in older subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and/or Alzheimer's disease (AD). In a search of the PubMed, ISI Web of Knowledge, and Scopus databases, 2728 articles were identified. At the end of the selection, a total of 18 studies were included in the meta-anal...

Cognitive performance and cognitive workload in multiple sclerosis: Two different constructs of cognitive functioning?

Cognitive impairment in individuals with Multiple Sclerosis (iwMS) is traditionally diagnosed using performance measures on cognitive tests. Yet, performance on cognitive tests does not convey the amount of mental effort or cognitive workload it takes to complete the task. The main aim was to evaluate whether cognitive performance and cognitive workload are two different constructs of cognitive functioning in iwMS.

Cognitive Functioning and Psychological Well-being in Breast Cancer Patients on Endocrine Therapy.

Anti-cancer therapies may deteriorate cognitive functioning, affective functioning and psychological well-being.

Verbal memory predicts treatment outcome in syndromal anxious depression: An iSPOT-D report.

Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), anxiety disorders, and high levels of anxious symptoms are associated with impaired cognitive functioning. However, little is known of how cognitive functioning is impaired in people with anxious depression. Here, we compared cognitive functioning between people with anxious depression, non-anxious depression, and healthy controls. We also tested whether anxious depression moderated the relationship between cognitive functioning and treatment outcome.

Cortical Measures of Motor Planning and Balance Training in Patients With Chronic Ankle Instability.

Motor planning, a prerequisite for goal-driven movement, is a complex process that occurs in the cortex. Evidence has suggested that motor planning is altered in patients with chronic ankle instability (CAI). We know balance training can improve balance, but we do not know if it also improves motor planning. Such changes in cortical activity can be assessed using electroencephalography.

Functional correlates of cognitive dysfunction in clinically isolated syndromes.

Cognitive dysfunction can be identified in patients with clinically isolated syndromes suggestive of multiple sclerosis using ocular motor testing. This study aimed to identify the functional neural correlates of cognitive dysfunction in patients with clinically isolated syndrome using MRI. Eighteen patients with clinically isolated syndrome and 17 healthy controls were recruited. Subjects underwent standard neurological and neuropsychological testing. Subjects also underwent functional MRI (fMRI) during a ...

The Longitudinal Relationship of Perceived Stress Predicting Subsequent Decline in Executive Functioning in Old Age Is Attenuated in Individuals with Greater Cognitive Reserve.

Cognitively stimulating activities contribute to the accumulation of cognitive reserve that is proposed to be instrumental for maintaining cognitive functioning in aging. Adopting a novel, more general conceptual perspective including models of vulnerability, we argue that cognitive reserve may modify the longitudinal association between perceived stress and the rate of subsequent decline in executive functioning.

The Impact of Conductive Hearing Loss on Balance.

Balance is a complex process involving the coordinated activities of multiple sensory, motor and biomechanical components. Balance function may be disturbed in subjects suffering from hearing loss but the impairment has been attributed to the pathology underlying the hearing loss.

PedsQL™ Cognitive Functioning Scale in youth with epilepsy: Reliability and validity.

The objective of the study was to report on the internal consistency reliability and discriminant, concurrent and construct validity of the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory™ (PedsQL™) Cognitive Functioning Scale as a brief generic cognitive functioning measure in youth with epilepsy.

Eye tracking - The overlooked method to measure cognition in neurodegeneration?

Eye tracking (ET) studies are becoming increasingly popular due to rapid methodological and technological advances as well as the development of cost efficient and portable eye trackers. Although historically ET has been mostly employed in psychophysics or developmental cognition studies, there is also promising scope to use ET for movement disorders and measuring cognitive processes in neurodegeneration. Particularly, ET can be a powerful tool for cognitive and neuropsychological assessments of patients wi...

The importance of different learning stages for motor sequence learning after stroke.

The task of learning predefined sequences of interrelated motor actions is of everyday importance and has also strong clinical importance for regaining motor function after brain lesions. A solid understanding of sequence learning in stroke patients can help clinicians to optimize and individualize rehabilitation strategies. Moreover, to investigate the impact of a focal lesion on the ability to successfully perform motor sequence learning can enhance our comprehension of the underlying physiological princi...

Cognitive associations with comprehensive gait and static balance measures in Parkinson's disease.

Gait and balance impairments are cardinal features of Parkinson's disease (PD) that require cognitive input. However, the extent to which specific gait and balance characteristics relate to cognition in PD is unclear. In addition, independent models of gait and balance have not been developed from the same cohort. We aimed to i) develop models of gait and balance in a large PD cohort and ii) determine which gait and balance characteristics best related to cognition.

The Qualification of an Enrichment Biomarker for Clinical Trials Targeting Early Stages of Parkinson's Disease.

As therapeutic trials target early stages of Parkinson's disease (PD), appropriate patient selection based purely on clinical criteria poses significant challenges. Members of the Critical Path for Parkinson's Consortium formally submitted documentation to the European Medicines Agency (EMA) supporting the use of Dopamine Transporter (DAT) neuroimaging in early PD. Regulatory documents included a comprehensive literature review, a proposed analysis plan of both observational and clinical trial data, and an ...

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