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PubMed Journals Articles About "Based Intervention Reduce Substance Abuse Depression Three Randomized" RSS

10:22 EDT 22nd October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Based Intervention Reduce Substance Abuse Depression Three Randomized PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Based Intervention Reduce Substance Abuse Depression Three Randomized articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Based Intervention Reduce Substance Abuse Depression Three Randomized" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 44,000+

Web-Based Intervention to Reduce Substance Abuse and Depression: A Three Arm Randomized Trial in Mexico.

Web-based cognitive-behavioral interventions to reduce substance use can be a useful low-cost treatment for a large number of people, and an attractive option in countries where a greater availability of treatment is needed.


Gender-Moderated Pathways From Childhood Abuse and Neglect to Late-Adolescent Substance Use.

Substantial research has linked childhood maltreatment to the development of substance use in adolescence. However, gender differences in the mechanisms that connect child abuse and neglect to substance use remain unclear. In this study, we applied multiple-group structural equation modeling in a sample of 1,161 youths (boys, n = 552; girls, n = 609) from the Longitudinal Studies of Child Abuse and Neglect (LONGSCAN) to examine gender differences in the associations between childhood abuse and neglect expos...

Use of Antidepressants in Patients with Co-occurring Depression and Substance Use Disorders.

This chapter reviews antidepressant treatment considerations and recommendations for patients with co-occurring depression and substance use disorders. Depression and substance use disorders are highly comorbid conditions. Substance use disorders are chronic disorders that result in a cluster of symptoms indicating that an individual continues to use a substance despite significant problems resulting from their use. About 17 million Americans have an alcohol use disorder, and another approximately 7 million...


Baby Boomer's Substance Abuse and Researcher Indifference.

The current older adult population is more likely to need and seek treatment for alcohol and drug abuse than previous cohorts of older adults, which necessitates the need for age-appropriate substance use treatment. Building on previous research that examined the lack of attention on substance use among older adults, this study examines articles addressing substance use disorders among older adults in leading gerontological and substance abuse journals and federal funding between 2011 and 2017. Publications...

Cognitive functioning and treatment outcomes in a randomized controlled trial of internet-delivered drug and alcohol treatment.

Substance use disorders are associated with lower cognitive functioning, and this impairment is associated with poorer outcomes. The Therapeutic Education System (TES) is an internet-based psychosocial intervention for substance use disorders that may provide enhanced treatment for individuals with cognitive deficits. This secondary analysis investigates the association between cognitive functioning and treatment outcomes in a large (N = 507) randomized controlled effectiveness trial of TES compared to ...

Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment: Nurses Helping Colorado Training Program.

Nurses Helping Colorado was a Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration-funded program to train nurses on Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT), a research-based strategy for preventing substance use disorders.

ADHD, depression, and substance abuse risk among beginning college students.

This study examined differences in substance use, depression, and academic functioning among ADHD and non-ADHD college students.

A randomized trial examining a physical activity intervention for the prevention of postpartum depression: The healthy mom trial.

Approximately 13-19% of women experience postpartum depression and approximately one-third of women who have a history of depression develop depression during the postpartum phase. Exercise is an efficacious intervention for depression among adults; however, few studies have examined the effect of exercise on postpartum depression. The purpose of this study was to conduct a randomized controlled trial examining the effect of exercise and wellness interventions on preventing postpartum depression among women...

Lagged effects of substance use on PTSD severity in a randomized controlled trial with modified prolonged exposure and relapse prevention.

To advance understanding of the effectiveness of evidence-based treatments for comorbid posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorder (SUD), research must provide a more nuanced picture of how substance use affects change in PTSD symptoms over the course of treatments and whether prolonged exposure techniques can be efficacious during active substance use. A data set that included patients with PTSD/subthreshold-PTSD and SUD treated with an exposure-based intervention provided an opportuni...

Ambient air pollution exposure and emergency department visits for substance abuse.

There is growing evidence supporting the notion that exposure to air pollution can contribute to cognitive and psychiatric disorders, including depression and suicide. Given the relationship between exposure to acute stressors and substance abuse, the present study assessed the association between exposure to ambient air pollution and emergency department (ED) visits for alcohol and drug abuse. ED visit data selected according to International Classification of Disease (ICD-9) coding 303 (alcohol dependence...

Introducing supported self-management for depression to primary care in Vietnam: A feasibility study in preparation for a randomized controlled trial.

Although depression is a major contributor to the global burden of disease, services remain scarce in many low- and middle-income countries. In Vietnam, depression services are limited, and the government has recently prioritized primary care and community-based service integration. We conducted a pilot study in 2 districts of Hanoi to test the feasibility of (a) introducing a supported self-management (SSM) intervention for adult depression in primary care in Vietnam, and (b) conducting a randomized contro...

Impact of comprehensive treatment for first episode psychosis on substance use outcomes: A randomized controlled trial.

Lifetime co-occurring substance use disorders are common at the time of presentation for treatment of a first episode of primary psychosis and persistent substance use disorder (SUD) leads to poorer outcomes. We assessed whether the NAVIGATE program, a coordinated specialty care service that includes optional substance abuse content reduced substance use compared to usual care in 404 individuals in the Recovery After Initial Schizophrenia Episode-Early Treatment Program (RAISE-ETP) study. Participants were ...

Evidence-Based Practice Guideline: Elder Abuse Prevention.

Elder abuse occurs in all practice settings and presents in various forms. The purpose of the current evidence-based practice guideline is to facilitate health care professionals' assessment of older adults in domestic and institutional settings who are at risk for elder abuse, and to recommend interventions to reduce the incidence of mistreatment. Limited research has been conducted on interventions to prevent or reduce elder abuse. Research is available on the prevalence of elder abuse and indicators of i...

Effectiveness of community-based depression intervention programme (ComDIP) to manage women with depression in primary care- randomised control trial.

In low and middle income countries where mental health resources are limited, community based depression intervention models, which can be implemented through the existing health system, are extremely relevant.

Child maltreatment severity, chronic substance abuse, and disability status.

Biological theories explain how exposure to child maltreatment and chronic substance abuse result in significant health reductions, often years or decades after the maltreatment and substance abuse end. Relationships among these variables are known to exist; however, the relative impact of each risk factor on disability status is not clear.

Understanding child protection decisions involving parents with mental illness and substance abuse.

Among children investigated for maltreatment, those with parents experiencing mental illness or substance abuse are more likely to be placed out-of-home; however, little is known about why these children are at greater risk. Using a sample of 2488 Structured Decision Making assessments administered in San Francisco county from 2011 to 2015, we identified a profile of safety threats that accounts for why workers are more likely to determine children of parents with mental illness and/or substance abuse unsaf...

Mood, Meth, Condom Use, and Gender: Latent Growth Curve Modeling Results from a Randomized Trial.

Methamphetamine use poses increased risk for HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. There is robust evidence that methamphetamine use increases sexual risk behavior, like condomless sex, primarily among men who have sex with men but also among heterosexual women and men. Gender differences have been found among women and men who use meth, and there is a high degree of interconnectedness between meth use, depression, and condomless sex. The aims of the current study are to evaluate the efficacy of a ...

Evaluation of the Substance Abuse Research and Education Training (SARET) program: Stimulating health professional students to pursue careers in substance use research.

We developed and implemented the Substance Abuse Research Education and Training (SARET) program for medical, dental, nursing, and social work students to address the dearth of health professionals pursuing research and careers in substance use disorders (SUD). SARET has two main components: (1) A novel online curriculum addressing core SUD research topics, to reach a large number of students. (2) A mentored summer research experience for in-depth exposure.

Addressing the measurement challenge in elder abuse interventions: need for a severity framework.

The field of elder abuse is evolving toward an emphasis on intervention research. However, researchers currently rely on binary approaches to measure elder abuse phenomena, which fail to capture changes in problem status over the course of intervention. This commentary develops a case for severity as a framework to operationalize and measure elder abuse in intervention research and practice. A severity framework provides enhanced elder abuse measurement responsiveness and aligns with the dominant client-cen...

Physical Activity Interventions to Decrease Substance Use in Youth: A Review of the Literature.

Adolescent substance use, a major problem in the United States, has a significant negative effect on both short- and long-term mental and physical health. Physical activity (PA) may offer potentially effective strategies to combat substance use in youth. Like substance use, PA behaviors developed during adolescence persist into adulthood, so adolescence may be an ideal period in which to implement PA interventions to prevent substance abuse. However, there are no known systematic literature reviews of PA-ba...

Substance Abuse Poisoning Reported to the Poisons Information Centre Erfurt from 2002 to 2016.

Poisoning due to substance abuse has changed significantly during the last few years. Therefore, developments of substance abuse reported to the Poisons Information Centre Erfurt were investigated and compared to other circumstances of human exposures during the last 15 years.

Efficacy of a Multi-Component Intervention to Reduce Workplace Sitting Time in Office Workers: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial.

The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of a work-based multicomponent intervention to reduce office workers' sitting time.

Results from the family and coping oriented palliative homecare intervention study (FamCope)-A randomized controlled trial.

We tested if a family-and-coping-oriented basic palliative homecare intervention (six visits within 15 weeks) could improve quality-of-life and reduce anxiety and depression of advanced cancer patients and their closest relative, and reduce acute hospital admissions of patients. Fifty-seven families were randomized, but patient enrollment was terminated before reaching target sample due to a low recruitment rate. We found no evidence of effect of the FamCope-intervention, but further investigation of effect...

Bridging the "digital divide": A comparison of use and effectiveness of an online intervention for depression between Baby Boomers and Millennials.

Psychological online interventions (POIs) for depression have demonstrated promising effects. However, there are fewer randomized controlled studies on POIs among older adults with depression. The goal of the present study was to compare the use and efficacy of Deprexis, an online intervention for depression, among Millennials (18-35 years) and Baby Boomers (50-65 years).

I-CARE randomized clinical trial integrating depression and acute coronary syndrome care in low-resource hospitals in China: Design and rationale.

Depression and acute coronary syndromes (ACS) are both common public health challenges. Patients with ACS often develop depression, which in turn adversely affects prognosis. Low-cost, sustainable, and effective service models that integrate depression care into the management of ACS patients to reduce depression and improve ACS outcomes are critically needed. Integrating Depression Care in ACS patients in Low Resource Hospitals in China (I-CARE) is a multicenter, randomized controlled trial to evaluate the...


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