PubMed Journals Articles About "Based Intervention Reduce Substance Abuse Depression Three Randomized" RSS

01:54 EST 20th January 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Based Intervention Reduce Substance Abuse Depression Three Randomized" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 44,000+

Gender-Moderated Pathways From Childhood Abuse and Neglect to Late-Adolescent Substance Use.

Substantial research has linked childhood maltreatment to the development of substance use in adolescence. However, gender differences in the mechanisms that connect child abuse and neglect to substance use remain unclear. In this study, we applied multiple-group structural equation modeling in a sample of 1,161 youths (boys, n = 552; girls, n = 609) from the Longitudinal Studies of Child Abuse and Neglect (LONGSCAN) to examine gender differences in the associations between childhood abuse and neglect expos...

Use of Antidepressants in Patients with Co-occurring Depression and Substance Use Disorders.

This chapter reviews antidepressant treatment considerations and recommendations for patients with co-occurring depression and substance use disorders. Depression and substance use disorders are highly comorbid conditions. Substance use disorders are chronic disorders that result in a cluster of symptoms indicating that an individual continues to use a substance despite significant problems resulting from their use. About 17 million Americans have an alcohol use disorder, and another approximately 7 million...

Baby Boomer's Substance Abuse and Researcher Indifference.

The current older adult population is more likely to need and seek treatment for alcohol and drug abuse than previous cohorts of older adults, which necessitates the need for age-appropriate substance use treatment. Building on previous research that examined the lack of attention on substance use among older adults, this study examines articles addressing substance use disorders among older adults in leading gerontological and substance abuse journals and federal funding between 2011 and 2017. Publications...

Cognitive functioning and treatment outcomes in a randomized controlled trial of internet-delivered drug and alcohol treatment.

Substance use disorders are associated with lower cognitive functioning, and this impairment is associated with poorer outcomes. The Therapeutic Education System (TES) is an internet-based psychosocial intervention for substance use disorders that may provide enhanced treatment for individuals with cognitive deficits. This secondary analysis investigates the association between cognitive functioning and treatment outcomes in a large (N = 507) randomized controlled effectiveness trial of TES compared to ...

Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment: Nurses Helping Colorado Training Program.

Nurses Helping Colorado was a Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration-funded program to train nurses on Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT), a research-based strategy for preventing substance use disorders.

Impact of an education intervention on knowledge of high school students concerning substance use in Kurdistan Region-Iraq: A quasi-experimental study.

Substance use among adolescents especially smoking, is becoming a public health problem in the Kurdistan region of Iraq. School-based health education is an appropriate approach for improving students' knowledge regarding substance use in an attempt to prevent or reduce such problem The purpose of the study was to examine the effect of an educational intervention for high school students to improve their knowledge for substance use and its negative consequences, which will, in turn, motivate students to tak...

ADHD, depression, and substance abuse risk among beginning college students.

This study examined differences in substance use, depression, and academic functioning among ADHD and non-ADHD college students.

Lagged effects of substance use on PTSD severity in a randomized controlled trial with modified prolonged exposure and relapse prevention.

To advance understanding of the effectiveness of evidence-based treatments for comorbid posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorder (SUD), research must provide a more nuanced picture of how substance use affects change in PTSD symptoms over the course of treatments and whether prolonged exposure techniques can be efficacious during active substance use. A data set that included patients with PTSD/subthreshold-PTSD and SUD treated with an exposure-based intervention provided an opportuni...

Introducing supported self-management for depression to primary care in Vietnam: A feasibility study in preparation for a randomized controlled trial.

Although depression is a major contributor to the global burden of disease, services remain scarce in many low- and middle-income countries. In Vietnam, depression services are limited, and the government has recently prioritized primary care and community-based service integration. We conducted a pilot study in 2 districts of Hanoi to test the feasibility of (a) introducing a supported self-management (SSM) intervention for adult depression in primary care in Vietnam, and (b) conducting a randomized contro...

Ambient air pollution exposure and emergency department visits for substance abuse.

There is growing evidence supporting the notion that exposure to air pollution can contribute to cognitive and psychiatric disorders, including depression and suicide. Given the relationship between exposure to acute stressors and substance abuse, the present study assessed the association between exposure to ambient air pollution and emergency department (ED) visits for alcohol and drug abuse. ED visit data selected according to International Classification of Disease (ICD-9) coding 303 (alcohol dependence...

Impact of comprehensive treatment for first episode psychosis on substance use outcomes: A randomized controlled trial.

Lifetime co-occurring substance use disorders are common at the time of presentation for treatment of a first episode of primary psychosis and persistent substance use disorder (SUD) leads to poorer outcomes. We assessed whether the NAVIGATE program, a coordinated specialty care service that includes optional substance abuse content reduced substance use compared to usual care in 404 individuals in the Recovery After Initial Schizophrenia Episode-Early Treatment Program (RAISE-ETP) study. Participants were ...


Drawing from an ecodevelopmental framework, this article examines if adding a parenting component, Families Preparing the New Generation (Familias Preparando la Nueva Generación), to an efficacious classroom-based drug abuse prevention intervention, keepin'it REAL, will boost the effects of the youth intervention in preventing substance use for middle school Mexican-heritage students. Youth attending schools in a large urban area in the Southwestern U.S. (N = 462) were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 conditi...

Evidence-Based Practice Guideline: Elder Abuse Prevention.

Elder abuse occurs in all practice settings and presents in various forms. The purpose of the current evidence-based practice guideline is to facilitate health care professionals' assessment of older adults in domestic and institutional settings who are at risk for elder abuse, and to recommend interventions to reduce the incidence of mistreatment. Limited research has been conducted on interventions to prevent or reduce elder abuse. Research is available on the prevalence of elder abuse and indicators of i...

Preparing Advanced Practice Registered Nursing Students to Deliver Adolescent SBIRT for Substance Use.

Adolescent substance use is a significant public health problem in the United States screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) and is an evidence-based approach to assist individuals to reduce substance use before serious problems develop. Universal SBIRT is recommended for routine health care.

A randomized controlled trial and economic evaluation of the Parents Under Pressure program for parents in substance abuse treatment.

There is growing interest in the provision of parenting support to substance misusing parents.

Addressing the measurement challenge in elder abuse interventions: need for a severity framework.

The field of elder abuse is evolving toward an emphasis on intervention research. However, researchers currently rely on binary approaches to measure elder abuse phenomena, which fail to capture changes in problem status over the course of intervention. This commentary develops a case for severity as a framework to operationalize and measure elder abuse in intervention research and practice. A severity framework provides enhanced elder abuse measurement responsiveness and aligns with the dominant client-cen...

Results from the family and coping oriented palliative homecare intervention study (FamCope)-A randomized controlled trial.

We tested if a family-and-coping-oriented basic palliative homecare intervention (six visits within 15 weeks) could improve quality-of-life and reduce anxiety and depression of advanced cancer patients and their closest relative, and reduce acute hospital admissions of patients. Fifty-seven families were randomized, but patient enrollment was terminated before reaching target sample due to a low recruitment rate. We found no evidence of effect of the FamCope-intervention, but further investigation of effect...

I-CARE randomized clinical trial integrating depression and acute coronary syndrome care in low-resource hospitals in China: Design and rationale.

Depression and acute coronary syndromes (ACS) are both common public health challenges. Patients with ACS often develop depression, which in turn adversely affects prognosis. Low-cost, sustainable, and effective service models that integrate depression care into the management of ACS patients to reduce depression and improve ACS outcomes are critically needed. Integrating Depression Care in ACS patients in Low Resource Hospitals in China (I-CARE) is a multicenter, randomized controlled trial to evaluate the...

Effects of a depression-focused internet intervention in slot machine gamblers: A randomized controlled trial.

Problematic and pathological gambling have been linked to depression. Despite a high demand for treatment and negative financial consequences, only a small fraction of problematic and pathological gamblers seek professional help. The existing treatment gap could be narrowed by providing low-threshold, anonymous internet-based interventions. The aim of the present study was to examine the acceptance and efficacy of an online-intervention for depression ("Deprexis") in a sample of problematic and pathological...

Abuse and depression among Filipino foreign domestic helpers. A cross-sectional survey in Hong Kong.

The objectives of this study are to (1) explore physical and verbal abuse experience, perpetrators of abuse and abuse reporting behaviours of Filipino foreign domestic helpers in Hong Kong and (2) examine associations between their abuse experience and depression level.

Adolescent Depression and Substance Use: the Protective Role of Prosocial Peer Behavior.

Adolescents with depression disorders have higher rates of substance use. In order to advance contextually relevant mental health interventions, basic research is needed to test social ecological mechanisms hypothesized to influence adolescent depression and substance use. Accordingly, we conducted growth curve modeling with a sample of 248 urban adolescents to determine if depression's effect on substance use was dependent upon peer network health (sum of peer risk and protective behaviors) and activity sp...

Adapting substance use brief interventions for adolescents: perspectives of adolescents living with adults in substance use disorder treatment.

Brief interventions (BIs) have shown potential to reduce both alcohol and drug use. Although BIs for adults have been studied extensively, little is known about how to adapt them to meet the needs and preferences of adolescents. This article examines adolescents' preferences to consider when adapting BIs for use with adolescents.

Effectiveness of a school-based intervention to prevent child sexual abuse-Evaluation of the German IGEL program.

Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a problem with severe consequences for victimized children. A variety of interventions have been developed and implemented over the last decades to prevent CSA. However, most of them have not been systematically evaluated to determine their effectiveness. The IGEL program is a school-based intervention to prevent CSA in third-grade primary school children in Germany.

A Randomized Trial of an Online Risk Reduction Intervention for Young Black MSM. (HMP), is a mobile optimized, online intervention to reduce sexual risk behaviors among HIV-positive and HIV-negative young Black men who have sex with men (BMSM) by providing information and resources, fostering social support, and including game-based elements. A randomized controlled trial with 474 young BMSM compared HMP to an information-only control website. The rate of self-reported condomless anal intercourse (CAI) at 3-months was 32% lower in the intervention group compared to ...

Substance Abusing Mothers with a History of Childhood Abuse and Their Children's Depressive Symptoms: The Efficacy of Family Therapy.

This study examined the associations among maternal history of childhood abuse, substance use, and depressive symptoms and the change in children's depressive symptoms in therapy. Mothers (N = 183) were randomly assigned into either a family or an individual treatment condition. Mothers were assessed for their childhood abuse retrospectively, baseline depressive symptoms, and substance use, whereas their children's depressive symptoms were measured five times during 1.5 years. Maternal childhood abuse wa...

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