PubMed Journals Articles About "Behavioral Intervention Obesity" RSS

02:17 EST 25th January 2020 | BioPortfolio

Behavioral Intervention Obesity PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Behavioral Intervention Obesity articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Behavioral Intervention Obesity" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 8,900+

A systematic review and meta-analysis of the overall effects of school-based obesity prevention interventions and effect differences by intervention components.

Childhood obesity is a serious public health concern. School-based interventions hold great promise to combat the rising trend of childhood obesity. This systematic review aimed to assess the overall effects of school-based obesity prevention interventions, and to investigate characteristics of intervention components that are potentially effective for preventing childhood obesity.

Developing a Psychological-Behavioral Intervention in Cardiac Patients Using the Multiphase Optimization Strategy: Lessons Learned From the Field.

The Multiphase Optimization Strategy (MOST) is an approach to systematically and efficiently developing a behavioral intervention using a sequence of experiments to prepare and optimize the intervention.

Cost-Effectiveness of Three Doses of a Behavioral Intervention to Prevent or Delay Type 2 Diabetes in Rural Areas.

Rural Americans have higher prevalence of obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D) than urban populations and more limited access to behavioral programs to promote healthy lifestyle habits. Descriptive evidence from the Rural Lifestyle Intervention Treatment Effectiveness trial delivered through local cooperative extension service offices in rural areas previously identified that behavioral modification with both nutrition education and coaching resulted in a lower program delivery cost per kilogram of weight loss...

Efficacy of Homeopathy in Addition to a Multidisciplinary Intervention for Overweight or Obesity in Mexican Adolescents: Study Protocol for a Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial.

 Current recommendations for treating obesity in adolescence include a comprehensive approach (nutritional, behavioral, and exercise). () is a homeopathic medicine usually prescribed in obese individuals, but its effects on weight and body fat are not completely known.

Assessing the acceptability of intervention components, delivery methods, and outcome measures of an adapted preschool obesity prevention programme: ToyBox-Scotland.

Childhood obesity is a global public health issue. Interventions to prevent the onset of obesity in the early years are often implemented in preschool settings. The ToyBox intervention was delivered across Europe and targeted energy-balance related behaviours in preschools and children's homes through teacher-led activities and parental education materials, and was adapted for use in Scotland. This study assessed the acceptability of the 18 week adapted intervention to both parents and teachers.

Effects of Weight Loss on Sweet Taste Preference and Palatability following Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Women with Obesity.

Current evidence suggests that obesity is associated with alteration of sweet taste perception. The purpose of this study was to determine if nonsurgical cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)-based weight loss can cause a change in sweet taste perception.

Diversity in pediatric behavioral sleep intervention studies.

Studies designed to assess the efficacy of behavioral sleep interventions for infants and young children often report sleep improvements, but the generalization to children and families of diverse backgrounds is rarely assessed. The present study describes a systematic review of the racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic diversity of behavioral sleep intervention studies for young children. Thirty-two behavioral sleep intervention studies (5474 children) were identified using PRISMA guidelines. Each study was co...

User Acceptance of an Online-Intervention for Improving Depressive Symptoms in Adults with Obesity - Results of a Pilot Study.

Investigating the user acceptance and associated factors regarding the use of an unguided online-intervention in people with obesity and comorbid depressive symptoms.

Exploring Mediators of a Guided Web-Based Self-Help Intervention for People With HIV and Depressive Symptoms: Randomized Controlled Trial.

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is frequently used to treat depressive symptoms in people living with HIV. We developed an internet-based cognitive behavioral intervention for people with HIV and depressive symptoms, which was based on an effective self-help booklet. The Web-based intervention was previously found to be effective.

Effects of Nondigestible Oligosaccharides on Obesity.

Obesity is a major public health concern that has almost reached the level of pandemic and is rapidly progressing. Gut microbiota has emerged as a crucial regulator involved in the etiology of obesity, and the manipulation of it by dietary intervention has been widely used for reducing the risk of obesity. Nondigestible oligosaccharides (NDOs) are attracting increasing interests as prebiotics, as the indigestible ingredients can induce compositional or metabolic improvement to the gut microbiota, thereby im...

Exploring an Existing Weight Management App for Use With Adolescents and Young Adults With Spina Bifida: Usability Study.

Adolescents and young adults with spina bifida (AYA-SBs) have unique user needs, given their variable and complex symptom profile. Owing to multiple barriers to prevention and intervention treatments for secondary conditions (eg, obesity), AYA-SBs may benefit from the use of behavioral intervention technologies (BITs). However, as BITs are often designed and tested with typically developing individuals, it is unclear if existing BITs may be usable for AYA-SBs.

Obesity, smoking habits, and serum phosphate levels predicts mortality after life-style intervention.

Life-style interventions, including smoking cessation and weight control are of importance for managing future escalating prevalence of obesity. Smoking habits and obesity have jointly great impact on mortality, however mechanisms behind the effect and variables involved in the obesity paradox is still unknown.

Design of an educational strategy based on Intervention Mapping for nutritional health promotion in Child Care Centers.

Early childhood is a critical period for instilling healthy habits to prevent overweight and obesity. This paper describes the development of an educational intervention for the promotion of healthy eating and physical activity among two-to-four-year-old children in public child care centers (CCCs) in Mexico City. Following the Intervention Mapping (IM) protocol, we developed the Bright Futures multidisciplinary intervention. First, a formative research process to identify the personal and environmental det...

OBEDIS Core Variables Project: European Expert Guidelines on a Minimal Core Set of Variables to Include in Randomized, Controlled Clinical Trials of Obesity Interventions.

Heterogeneity of interindividual and intraindividual responses to interventions is often observed in randomized, controlled trials for obesity. To address the global epidemic of obesity and move toward more personalized treatment regimens, the global research community must come together to identify factors that may drive these heterogeneous responses to interventions. This project, called OBEDIS (OBEsity Diverse Interventions Sharing - focusing on dietary and other interventions), provides a set of Europea...

Influence of the interaction between cysticercosis and obesity on rabbit behavior and productive parameters.

Parasites induce behavioral changes in the host and obesity is a health problem affecting different animal species. Cysticercosis caused by Taenia pisiformis affects some behavior of rabbits and reproductive behavior of does. Rabbits do not escape from metabolic disorders, being long-live animals useful in breeding, research and companion animals. Here, we addressed the interaction between parasitosis and obesity, and studied how these conditions or the comorbidity affect behavioral and productive parameter...

Opportunities to Improve a Mobile Obesity Wellness Intervention for Rural Older Adults with Obesity.

Older adults with obesity are at a high risk of decline, particularly in rural areas. Our study objective was to gain insights into how a potential Mobile Health Obesity Wellness Intervention (MOWI) in rural older adults with obesity, consisting of nutrition and exercise sessions, could be helpful to improve physical function. A qualitative methods study was conducted in a rural community, community-based aging center. Four community leaders, 7 clinicians and 29 patient participants underwent focus groups a...

The Feasibility and Efficacy of a Behavioral Intervention to Promote Appropriate Gestational Weight Gain.

Nearly half of all women gain above gestational weight gain (GWG) recommendations. This study assessed the feasibility and efficacy of a pilot behavioral intervention on GWG and physical activity behaviors.

Sleep duration and bedtime in preschool-age children with obesity: Relation to BMI and diet following a weight management intervention.

Sleep duration is associated with obesity in preschoolers. Weight-management interventions may be an opportunity to incorporate sleep health recommendations.

The CHIRPY DRAGON intervention in preventing obesity in Chinese primary-school--aged children: A cluster-randomised controlled trial.

In countries undergoing rapid economic transition such as China, rates of increase in childhood obesity exceed that in the West. However, prevention trials in these countries are inadequate in both quantity and methodological quality. In high-income countries, recent reviews have demonstrated that school-based prevention interventions are moderately effective but have some methodological limitations. To address these issues, this study evaluated clinical- and cost- effectiveness of the Chinese Primary Schoo...

Is there a link between progranulin, obesity, and parameters of the Metabolic Syndrome in children? Findings from a longitudinal intervention study.

The inflammatory cytokine progranulin has been proposed to play a role in obesity and its associated comorbidities such as insulin resistance.

Cognitive behavioral intervention improves quality of life and perceived illness acceptance in patients after cardiac electrotherapy devices implantation.

This study is an attempt to provide an analysis of the influence of implementation of cognitive behavioral intervention (CBI) in patients after cardiovascular implantable electronic device (CIED) implantation on the quality of life following the procedure as well as the level of illness acceptance.

Reach of a low-intensity, multicomponent childhood overweight and obesity intervention delivered in an integrated primary care setting.

Reach (i.e., proportion and representativeness of participants) of low-intensity, multicomponent childhood overweight/obesity interventions delivered in primary care settings with low-income and/or minority families is unknown. The purpose of this research is to describe the reach of a low-intensity, multicomponent childhood overweight/obesity intervention delivered in an integrated primary care setting in a federally qualified health center (FQHC). Eligibility criteria included children aged 4-10 years wit...

Health and Wellness Coaching and Psychiatric Care Collaboration in a Multimodal Intervention for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Case Report.

Stimulant medications are the most common treatment for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, a multimodal approach that includes behavioral interventions may yield better outcomes. Coaching is gaining recognition as a client-centered behavioral intervention for the management of ADHD.

Generalized Multiplicative Model for Assessing Outcomes in Psychotherapy: Disordered Eating Behaviors and Obesity.

The study presents further development and application of generalized multiplicative models (GMultM) for assessing outcomes in psychotherapy. GMultM is a flexible nonlinear regression method which is able to predict the impact of subjects' psychological variables (common factors) as well as theirchanges on the outcomes of cognitive-behavioral therapy and rhythmic-movement therapy. The main objectives of our present study are (a) to construct GMultM with the aim to predict the impact of pre-treatment scores ...

The moralization of obesity.

Weight stigma is prevalent in Western society and has numerous negative effects on people with obesity. There remains a strong and currently unmet need to understand why anti-fat attitudes are tenacious and what intervention strategies might best produce lasting attitude change.

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