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19:44 EDT 20th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Behavioral medicine behavioral health research practice introduction Special" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 57,000+

Behavioral medicine and behavioral health research and practice: An introduction to the Special Issue.

The field of behavioral medicine continues to have a major impact on psychological science and public health. Presently, the field of behavioral medicine is undergoing rapid development and continues to evolve as a sub-discipline in allied disciplines. This Special Issue highlights emerging work that contributes to the evolution of behavioral medicine as pertaining to behavioral, psychosocial, and biomedical science integration to prevent, diagnose, and treat illness and disease. The present introductory ar...

Introduction to the special series-behavioral medicine at 40: origins, achievements, and future directions.

The Journal of Behavioral Medicine emerged 40 years ago as a part of a concerted effort to promote a greater understanding of health and illness through the integrated lenses of behavioral and biomedical sciences. The aim of this special series is to commemorate the 40th anniversary of the Journal of Behavioral Medicine through state-of-the-science reviews synthesizing the origins, evolution, current status, and future directions of key aspects of the field. In this introduction, we outline the impetus for...

The evolution of professional societies in behavioral medicine.

The Academy of Behavioral Medicine Research, the American Psychosomatic Society, the Society for Health Psychology, and the Society of Behavioral Medicine are the four largest behavioral medicine research organizations in North America. All four of these organizations have evolved over the past 40 years, in response to changing times and conditions. They have done so independently, and each one occupies a unique niche in the field of behavioral medicine. However, all four recognize the need for cooperation...

Key milestones during 40 years of behavioral medicine at the National Institutes of Health.

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has played a major role in promoting behavioral medicine research over the past 40 years through funding, review, and priority-setting activities and programs including scientific conferences, meetings, workgroups, intramural research, and training opportunities. In this review of NIH activities in support of behavioral medicine over the past four decades, we highlight key events, programs, projects, and milestones that demonstrate the many ways in which the NIH has ...

Connectionism and Behavioral Clusters: Differential Patterns in Predicting Expectations to Engage in Health Behaviors.

The traditional approach to health behavior research uses a single model to explain one behavior at a time. However, health behaviors are interrelated and different factors predict certain behaviors better than others.

Should Electronic Health Record-Derived Social and Behavioral Data Be Used in Precision Medicine Research?

Precision medicine research initiatives aim to use participants' electronic health records (EHRs) to obtain rich longitudinal data for large-scale precision medicine studies. Although EHRs vary widely in their inclusion and formatting of social and behavioral data, these data are essential to investigating genetic and social factors in health disparities. We explore possible biases in collecting, using, and interpreting EHR-based social and behavioral data in precision medicine research and their consequenc...

Looking back, looking forward: forty years of the Journal of Behavioral Medicine.

The inception, development, and rise of the Journal of Behavioral Medicine (JOBM) has paralleled that of the field of behavioral medicine. Under the leadership of founding editor, W. Doyle Gentry, published its first issue in 1978. The subsequent 40 years have seen JOBM progress to the level of a top tier journal publishing inter-disciplinary work devoted to furthering understanding of physical health and illness through the theories and methodologies of behavioral science. In recent years, JOBM has become ...

A look at the increasing demographic representation within behavioral medicine.

Meeting the behavioral medicine research and clinical needs of an increasingly diverse United States population is an issue of national concern. We examine the trends in the demographic representation of the behavioral medicine scientific workforce through an analysis of the training grants funded by National Institutes of Health for the field of behavioral medicine from 1980 to 2018. We report the topics of these training grants, and we depict the demographic representation of the training leaders. We prov...

Historical perspective on behavioral medicine's success in bringing different disciplines to the table.

This article presents the author's perspective on the success of the field of behavioral medicine in recruiting, involving, and retaining upwards of 17 different professional disciplines over the 40 years of its existence. Acknowledging that health psychologists have historically dominated this interdisciplinary field, the author presents some possible solutions to increasing the viability and visibility of the other disciplines in carrying out the mission of behavioral medicine.

Translating behavioral medicine evidence to public policy.

Behavioral medicine has made significant contributions to our understanding of how to prevent disease and improve health. However, social and environmental factors continue to have a major influence on health in ways that will be difficult to combat on a population level without concerted efforts to scale interventions and translate the evidence into public health policies. Now is also the right time to increase our efforts to produce policy relevant research and partnerships that will maximize the chances ...

The history and future of digital health in the field of behavioral medicine.

Since its earliest days, the field of behavioral medicine has leveraged technology to increase the reach and effectiveness of its interventions. Here, we highlight key areas of opportunity and recommend next steps to further advance intervention development, evaluation, and commercialization with a focus on three technologies: mobile applications (apps), social media, and wearable devices. Ultimately, we argue that future of digital health behavioral science research lies in finding ways to advance more rob...

Is It Good To Be Good? Dispositional Compassion and Health Behaviors.

Despite the documented importance of dispositional compassions for a range of health-related outcomes, its role in predicting health behaviors remains unclear.

Childhood obesity research at the NIH: Efforts, gaps, and opportunities.

Childhood obesity is a major public health challenge. This article describes an overview of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) behavioral and social sciences childhood obesity research efforts. The overview will highlight five areas of childhood obesity research supported by the NIH: (a) basic behavioral and social sciences; (b) early childhood; (c) policies, programs, and environmental strategies; (d) health disparities; and (e) transagency and public-private collaboration. The article also describes ...

Designing health information technology tools for behavioral health clinicians integrated within a primary care team.

Electronic health records (EHRs) are a key tool for primary care practice. However, EHR functionality is not keeping pace with the evolving informational and decision-support needs of behavioral health clinicians (BHCs) working on integrated teams.

Behavioral Medicine: a retro/prospective view of the field.

The year 2017 was the 40th anniversary of the convening of the Yale Conference on Behavioral Medicine (Schwartz and Weiss, 1977). In honor of this defining moment in the history of the birthing of behavioral medicine as a formal integrative field of biobehavioral theories, research and applications, we were invited by the editors to take a retrospective and prospective look at the field. Recognizing that much has been written about this history over the years, we decided to write about the "back-channel," p...

Feasibility of expanded emergency department screening for behavioral health problems.

Behavioral health conditions and social problems are common yet underrecognized among emergency department (ED) patients. Traditionally, ED-based behavioral health screening is limited. We evaluated the feasibility of expanded behavioral health screening by a trained nonclinician.

Effectiveness of Occupational Therapy Services in Mental Health Practice.

National behavioral health care efforts have opened opportunities to reignite occupational therapy mental health practice and research. The profession's person-centered and occupation-based practice fits well with the growing needs of people with serious mental illness (SMI) served in community-based settings. The nine articles in this special issue provide a growing body of evidence to support the effectiveness of occupational therapy interventions for adults with SMI to enhance health management skills an...

Identifying Effective Behavior Change Techniques for Alcohol and Illicit Substance Use During Pregnancy: A Systematic Review.

During pregnancy, consuming alcohol and using illicit drugs can have serious health implications for both mother and child. Behavioral change interventions, especially those underpinned by theoretical constructs, can be effective in reducing harmful substance use among pregnant women.

Using Behavioral Economics to Encourage Parent Behavior Change: Opportunities to Improve Clinical Effectiveness.

Pediatric clinical practice often involves improving child health by changing parents' behavior. Strategies from behavioral economics - a field that leverages predictable patterns in human decision-making to overcome barriers to behavior change - can improve health outcomes in adults. Though more research is needed, the application of these approaches to parent behavior change in pediatric settings has the potential to improve the clinical effectiveness of child healthcare. We review the foundational concep...

Advancing implementation frameworks with a mixed methods case study in child behavioral health.

Despite a growing policy push for the provision of services based on evidence, evidence-based treatments for children and youth with mental health challenges have poor uptake, yielding limited benefit. With a view to improving implementation in child behavioral health, we investigated a complementary implementation approach informed by three implementation frameworks in the context of implementing motivational interviewing in four child and youth behavioral health agencies: the Active Implementation Framewo...

Daily Sedentary Behavior Predicts Pain and Affect in Knee Arthritis.

Sedentary behavior (SB), which has been linked with numerous adverse health outcomes, is prevalent among adults with osteoarthritis (OA). The associations between SB and daily physical and psychological health outcomes for OA patients, however, have received little attention.

Implementing Measurement-Based Care in Behavioral Health: A Review.

Measurement-based care (MBC) is the systematic evaluation of patient symptoms before or during an encounter to inform behavioral health treatment. Despite MBC's demonstrated ability to enhance usual care by expediting improvements and rapidly detecting patients whose health would otherwise deteriorate, it is underused, with typically less than 20% of behavioral health practitioners integrating it into their practice. This narrative review addresses definitional issues, offers a concrete and evaluable operat...

Update and future perspective of behavioral medicine in the treatment for chronic pain.

Chronic pain is a biopsychosocial condition, and behavioral medicine has made significant contributions to the understanding of the phenomenon and optimization of therapeutic outcomes. The objective of this article is to provide future perspectives of behavioral medicine in pain management based upon recent development in the field. We will briefly review the mainstream approach of cognitive-behavioral therapy, its variations and new and innovative approaches that are on the horizon. We also review strategi...

UNC Perceived Message Effectiveness: Validation of a Brief Scale.

Interventionists commonly identify promising messages for health communication efforts based on audience members' ratings of perceived message effectiveness (PME).

Awareness, Self-Assessment and Help Seeking Behavior for Behavioral Addictions Related to Use of Mobile Technology Among Attendees of a Health Camp.

Behavioral addictions are increasingly being recognized as a major public health problem. While this issue continues to hog the limelight in the media, there is limited scientific research on this theme from India.

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