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Behavioral Weight Loss Therapy Meal Replacements Enhanced Behavioral PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Behavioral Weight Loss Therapy Meal Replacements Enhanced Behavioral articles that have been published worldwide.
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Current evidence suggests that obesity is associated with alteration of sweet taste perception. The purpose of this study was to determine if nonsurgical cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)-based weight loss can cause a change in sweet taste perception.
Weight gain can be a consequence of stroke, or cerebrovascular accident (CVA), because of impaired mobility, behavioral and emotional disorders, and sensory losses. Weight gain increases the patient's risk of recurrent stroke and chronic diseases, such as diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and pulmonary and heart disease. Approaches to weight loss in this population are lacking, although necessary because of the unique physiological and cognitive needs of persons after a stroke. Evidence shows that intensive beh...
Current guidelines recommend behavioral intervention to achieve a modest weight loss (e.g., 3-5%) as a first-line obesity treatment. Online behavioral obesity treatment, delivered via the Rx Weight Loss (RxWL) program, produces clinically significant initial weight losses. However, the program's pragmatic utility in routine medical care has yet to be tested. Further, additional research is needed to determine how best to extend the RxWL program to facilitate weight loss maintenance. This paper summarizes me...
Ability to restrain one's dietary intake is a necessary skill for weight loss. However, dietary restraint has been shown to paradoxically increase disinhibited eating in certain populations, thereby negatively impacting weight loss and leading to worse overall health outcomes. The aim of this study was to address gaps in the literature regarding the relationships between separate facets of dietary restraint (intention; behavior) with weight loss and various types of disinhibited eating (binge eating, extern...
Loss-of-function mutations in the progranulin gene cause frontotemporal dementia, a genetic, heterogeneous neurodegenerative disorder. Progranulin deficiency leads to extensive neuronal loss in the frontal and temporal lobes, altered synaptic connectivity, and behavioral alterations.
With behavioral and pharmacological interventions continuously failing to tackle the obesity epidemic, bariatric surgery has been hailed as the most effective treatment strategy. Current literature suggests that bariatric surgery successfully decreases body weight and excess fat mass through targeting both variables of the energy homeostasis - energy intake and energy expenditure. Here we review current knowledge on changes in caloric consumption, an important arm in the energy balance equation, in rodent m...
Formal psychosocial support programs after weight-loss surgery are limited in scope and availability.
Although cognitive behavioral therapy is an effective intervention for chronic pain, it is a lengthy treatment typically applied only in specialty care settings. The aim of this project was to collect preliminary effectiveness data for Brief Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Chronic Pain (Brief CBT-CP), an abbreviated, modular form of treatment designed for use in primary care.
In 1968, Weight Watchers International introduced behavior modification practices to their established commercial program. At the time, the addition of behavioral psychology gave Weight Watchers a distinct advantage over the many competing weight control groups in postwar America. The process of combining group therapy with a controlled diet plan, behavior techniques and later, exercise, has significantly influenced American popular culture. This article considers how the commercialization of group weight c...
Obesity is one of the largest drivers of health care spending but nearly half of the population with obesity demonstrate suboptimal readiness for weight loss treatment. Black women are disproportionately likely to have both obesity and limited weight loss readiness. However, they have been shown to be receptive to strategies that prevent weight gain.
Weight outcomes after bariatric surgery are due to an adequate adjustment of eating behavior to the new gastrointestinal conditions created by operation. The efficacy of dietary/behavior counseling for promoting weight loss and maintenance in a growing number of bariatric patients was investigated.
Evidence-based behavioral weight loss treatment is under-utilized. To increase initiation of treatment, we developed a single-session, online, primary care-based intervention ("mobilization tool"). We evaluated the mobilization tool's acceptability for primary care patients with obesity, trial design feasibility, and signal of an effect of the tool on treatment initiation. In this cluster randomized feasibility trial, primary care providers (PCPs) were randomized to a mobilization tool or comparator tool ar...
Supervised exercise therapy is the first step in treatment of intermittent claudication. However, adherence to supervised exercise therapy is low. Limited access and reimbursement issues are known reasons, though lack of motivation is often leading. Behavioral determinants influencing motivation and thus adherence to supervised exercise therapy remain to be investigated. In this study we sought to determine which behavioral determinants would be of influence on the long-term adherence of supervised exercise...
This secondary analysis assessed associations between changes in energy balance and sleep behaviors and the risk of weight regain following exercise-induced weight loss.
Recent conceptualizations in Research Domain Criteria have indicated that anhedonia, 1 of 2 core symptoms of depression, which can be treatment resistant, is associated with deficits in the positive valence system, and inaudible high-frequency sound therapy has been shown to enhance reward-related brain circuitry. Hence, cognitive behavioral therapy focusing on the positive valence system enhanced with sound therapy could have a synergistic effect on anhedonia.
Owing to biological, behavioral, and societal factors, sleep duration in teenagers is often severely truncated, leading to pervasive sleep deprivation.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate a new therapy for children with selective mutism (SM) that combines Parent-Child Interaction Therapy principles and behavioral techniques.
In a clinical trial, internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (I-CBT) embedded in stepped care was established as noninferior to face-to-face cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). However, treatment effects observed in clinical trials may not necessarily be retained after implementation.
Nearly half of all women gain above gestational weight gain (GWG) recommendations. This study assessed the feasibility and efficacy of a pilot behavioral intervention on GWG and physical activity behaviors.
Children with severe hearing loss are known to have more behavioral problems and may perform worse at school than children without. Few large-scale studies of slight to mild hearing loss are available.
The self-perception of weight and weight loss attempts might promote weight loss and maintenance.
The selective loss of von Economo neurons has been linked to the behavioral deficits in behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) but whether these neurons are affected in bvFTD patients with underlying Alzheimer's disease (AD) has yet to be established. The present study assesses the von Economo neurons in pathological AD cases clinically diagnosed with either AD or bvFTD. Our results demonstrate no significant loss of von Economo neurons in all pathological AD cases, irrespective of clinical diag...
This proposed study will systematically assess the effect and safety of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for heart failure (HF).
Ketogenic diets (KDs) are high-fat, low-carbohydrate diets that have been used therapeutically for decades, most notably for the treatment of epilepsy and diabetes. Recent data, however, suggest that KD may impart protective effects on mood disorders. The current experiments test the hypothesis that KDs can protect from stress-induced symptoms of mood disorders. To test this, we assessed behavioral and neuroendocrine effects of KD in male and female Long Evans rats. Animals experienced three weeks of chroni...
To evaluate changes in tremor severity and motor/emotion-processing circuits in response to cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) delivered as treatment for functional tremor (FT), the most common functional movement disorder in adults.