PubMed Journals Articles About "Bictegravir Emtricitabine Tenofovir Alafenamide Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection" RSS

06:11 EST 22nd January 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Bictegravir emtricitabine tenofovir alafenamide Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 25,000+

Switching to bictegravir/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide maintained HIV-1 RNA suppression in participants with archived antiretroviral resistance including M184V/I.

Studies 1878 and 1844 demonstrated non-inferior efficacy of switching suppressed HIV-1-infected adults to bictegravir/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide (BIC/FTC/TAF) versus continuing boosted PI-based triple regimens or dolutegravir/abacavir/lamivudine (DTG/ABC/3TC). Here, detailed analyses of pre-existing resistance in the two BIC/FTC/TAF switch studies and efficacy at week 48 are described.

Elvitegravir-Cobicistat-Emtricitabine-Tenofovir Alafenamide Single-tablet Regimen for Human Immunodeficiency Virus Postexposure Prophylaxis.

We evaluated an elvitegravir-cobicistat-emtricitabine-tenofovir alafenamide single-tablet regimen for human immunodeficiency virus postexposure prophylaxis. The completion rate and adherence were good, and the tolerance was acceptable; no seroconversion was observed. We confirm that this regimen could be appropriate for postexposure prophylaxis.

Efficacy of oral tenofovir alafenamide/emtricitabine combination or single agent tenofovir alafenamide against vaginal SHIV infection in macaques.

Tenofovir alafenamide (TAF)-based regimens are being evaluated for pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). We used a macaque model of repeated exposures to SHIV to investigate if TAF alone or the combination of TAF and emtricitabine (FTC) can prevent vaginal infection.

Switching to Fixed-Dose Bictegravir, Emtricitabine, and Tenofovir Alafenamide (B/F/TAF) in Virologically Suppressed HIV-1 Infected Women: A Randomized, Open-Label, Multicenter, Active-Controlled, Phase 3, Noninferiority Trial.

Bictegravir, coformulated with emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide as a fixed-dose combination (B/F/TAF), is recommended for treatment of HIV-1-infection. Multiple studies of B/F/TAF in treatment-naive and virologically suppressed cohorts have shown high efficacy and tolerability with no treatment-emergent resistance through 48 weeks. Participants in these studies have been predominantly men. We report 48-week results from a phase 3 study evaluating switching to B/F/TAF, specifically in a globally distribut...

Dolutegravir plus Two Different Prodrugs of Tenofovir to Treat HIV.

Two drugs under consideration for inclusion in antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimens for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection are dolutegravir (DTG) and tenofovir alafenamide fumarate (TAF). There are limited data on their use in low- and middle-income countries.

Erratum to: Switching to bictegravir/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide maintained HIV-1 RNA suppression in participants with archived antiretroviral resistance including M184V/I.

Lipid profile changings after switching from rilpivirine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate/emtricitabine to rilpivirine/tenofovir alafenamide/emtricitabine: Different effects in patients with or without baseline hypercholesterolemia.

Tenofovir alafenamide (TAF) has similar efficacy compared to tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF), but a less favorable effect on lipids. Aim of this retrospective multicentre study was to evaluate the impact on lipids of switching from rilpivirine (RPV)/ emtricitabine (FTC)/TDF to RPV/FTC/TAF in a cohort of HIV-1 infected patients. Total cholesterol (TC), high density lipoproteins (HDL) and low density lipoproteins (LDL) were compared at the moment of the switch and at the first following evaluation, by usi...

Clinical pharmacology of the single tablet regimen bictegravir/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide (BIC/FTC/TAF).

The fourth HIV strand-transfer integrase inhibitor (INSTI) has been released into the market as part of a single-tablet-regimen (STR) consisting of bictegravir/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide (BIC/FTC/TAF). The newest component is thus BIC, a booster-free INSTI with pharmacological characteristics similar to those of dolutegravir (DTG), including high intrinsic antiretroviral potency. The BIC-containing STR underwent clinical development in both treatment-naive and virologically suppressed patients and ...

Week 96 efficacy and safety results of the phase 3, randomized EMERALD trial to evaluate switching from boosted-protease inhibitors plus emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate regimens to the once daily, single-tablet regimen of darunavir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide (D/C/F/TAF) in treatment-experienced, virologically-suppressed adults living with HIV-1.

Darunavir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide (D/C/F/TAF) 800/150/200/10 mg was investigated through 96 weeks in EMERALD (NCT02269917). Virologically-suppressed, HIV-1-positive treatment-experienced adults (previous non-darunavir virologic failure [VF] allowed) were randomized (2:1) to D/C/F/TAF or boosted protease inhibitor (PI) plus emtricitabine/tenofovir-disoproxil-fumarate (F/TDF) over 48 weeks. At week 52 participants in the boosted PI arm were offered switch to D/C/F/TAF (late-switch, 44...

Plasma concentration of neurofilament light chain protein decreases after switching from tenofovir disoproxil fumarate to tenofovir alafenamide fumarate.

Because tenofovir alafenamide (TAF) leads to significantly lower plasma tenofovir concentrations than tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) and is a stronger substrate for P-glycoprotein (P-gp) than TDF, TAF could lead to decreased central nervous system (CNS) tenofovir exposure than TDF. We aimed to determine if switching from TDF to TAF increases the risk of neuronal injury, by quantifying plasma levels of neurofilament light protein (NfL), a sensitive marker of neuronal injury in HIV CNS infection.

Switching to Tenofovir Alafenamide in Elvitegravir-Based Regimens: Pharmacokinetics and Antiviral Activity in Cerebrospinal Fluid.

Tenofovir alafenamide fumarate (TAF) co-formulated with elvitegravir (EVG, E), cobicistat (C) and emtricitabine (F), a recommended antiretroviral regimen, was evaluated for distribution and antiviral activity in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) as well as neurocognitive (NC) performance change in participants switching from E/C/F/TDF to E/C/F/TAF.

Lipid changes due to tenofovir alafenamide are reversible by switching back to tenofovir disoproxil fumarate.

The aim of the present study is to assess the effect of tenofovir alafenamide (TAF) and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) on lipids in patients switching from TDF to TAF and back.

Potential Benefits of Switching Liver Transplant Recipients to Tenofovir Alafenamide Prophylaxis.

Tenofovir alafenamide (TAF) is the latest agent approved for chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) treatment. In its registrations trials, TAF demonstrated better renal safety and improvement in alanine aminotransferase (ALT) activities compared with tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF). However, data are scarce regarding these outcomes in liver transplantation (LTx) recipients. In this study, we determine effects of switching from other antivirals to TAF on ALT and renal function in LTx recipients.

Islatravir for the treatment and prevention of infection with the human immunodeficiency virus type 1.

To discuss the potential role of islatravir (ISL), a novel reverse transcriptase translocation inhibitor, in the treatment and prevention of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection.

Evolution of an Electronic Health Record Based-Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Screening Program in an Urban Emergency Department for Diagnosing Acute and Chronic HIV Infection.

Since 2006, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines recommend routine opt-out human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing among sexually active 13- to 64-year-olds. Earlier diagnosis and treatment of HIV infection reduces morbidity and mortality and can limit transmission to others.

Human Vault Nanoparticle Targeted Delivery of Antiretroviral Drugs to Inhibit Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infection.

"Vaults" are ubiquitously expressed endogenous ribonucleoprotein nanoparticles with potential utility for targeted drug delivery. Here we show that recombinant human vault nanoparticles are readily engulfed by certain key human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), predominately dendritic cells, monocytes/macrophages, and activated T cells. As these cell types are the primary targets for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection, we examined the utility of recombinant human vaults for targe...

Prevalence, Incidence, and Clearance of Human Papillomavirus Types Covered by Current Vaccines in Men With Human Immunodeficiency Virus in the SUN Study.

High-risk anal human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is prevalent among men living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV); the association between 9-valent (9v) high-risk HPV (HR-HPV) vaccine types and abnormal cytology has not been well characterized.

High Rates of Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) Functional Cure Among Human Immunodeficiency Virus-HBV Coinfected Patients on Antiretroviral Therapy in Zambia.

Among 284 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-hepatitis B virus (HBV) coinfected adults starting tenofovir-based antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Zambia, median baseline CD4+ count was 202 cells/mm3 and 41.6% were hepatitis B e-antigen positive. Within 2 years of therapy, 29 (10.2%) participants experienced HBV functional cure (confirmed loss of hepatitis B surface antigen). In multivariable analysis, baseline CD4 count

Human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome epidemic in adolescents from a Brazilian metropolis (1978-2017).

Prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus among adolescents is increasing. This study aimed to analyze this current situation in Rio de Janeiro City.

Late presentation among patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection in Turkey.

Late presentation of the patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is associated with less favourable treatment responses, more accelerated clinical progression, and a higher mortality risk. Although HIV prevalence is low in Turkey, it is steadily increasing and the information about late presentation among HIV-positives is limited. We aimed to analyze the status of late presentation among HIV-positive patients in Turkey.

Temporal Trends and Outcomes in Liver Transplantation for Recipients with Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection in Europe and United States.

We evaluated trends and outcomes of liver transplantation (LT) recipients with/without human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.

The willingness to receive sexually transmitted infection services from public healthcare facilities among key populations at risk for human immunodeficiency virus infection in Bangladesh: A qualitative study.

In Bangladesh, community-based and peer-led prevention interventions for human immunodeficiency virus infection are provided to key populations (KPs) by drop-in centers (DICs), which are primarily supported by external donors. This intervention approach was adopted because public healthcare facilities were reportedly insensitive to the needs and culture of KPs, particularly with regard to the provision of sexually transmitted infection (STI) services. Nonetheless, in the absence of external funding, STI ser...

Guides Concerning Tenofovir Exposure via Breastfeeding: A Comparison of Drug Dosages by Developmental Stage.

Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) is a prodrug of tenofovir, and after being administrated orally, it converts to tenofovir in the blood. With the increasing use of TDF in women for treatment and prevention of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of both human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV), or the pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV, many nursing mothers have to understand the risk of exposure to tenofovir via breastmilk and make the decision about breastfeeding while on TDF ...

Assessment of Biventricular Function by Three-Dimensional Speckle Tracking Echocardiography in Adolescents and Young Adults with Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection: A Pilot Study.

The purpose of the study was to assess biventricular parameters of wall deformation with three-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (3DSTE) in adolescents and young adults with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection on antiretroviral therapy in order to detect a possible subclinical myocardial dysfunction.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection and Diverse Physical Health Outcomes: An Umbrella Review of Meta-analyses of Observational Studies.

Our aim was to assess both the credibility and strength of evidence arising from systematic reviews with meta-analyses of observational studies and physical health outcomes associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) but not acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.

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