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PubMed Journals Articles About "Blue Photosensitizers APDT Eliminate Aggregatibacter Actinomycetemcomitans Absence Light" RSS

04:41 EDT 22nd May 2019 | BioPortfolio

Blue Photosensitizers APDT Eliminate Aggregatibacter Actinomycetemcomitans Absence Light PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Blue Photosensitizers APDT Eliminate Aggregatibacter Actinomycetemcomitans Absence Light articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Blue photosensitizers aPDT eliminate Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans absence light" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 9,400+

Blue photosensitizers for aPDT eliminate Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans in the absence of light: An in vitro study.

The main treatment of periodontal disease is the mechanical removal of supra and subgingival biofilm. Adjuvant therapies as antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) may offer improved clinical and microbiological results. The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of toluidine and methylene blue dyes, associated with red laser and LED, on elimination of a suspension of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (A.a). Experimental groups (n = 29) consisted of positive (broth) and negative (ge...


Antimicrobial Efficacy of Photodynamic Therapy Using Two Different Light Sources on the Titanium-Adherent Biofilms of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans: An in vitro study.

Antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT), is a promising approach proposed as an adjunct for the decontamination of dental implant surfaces. This study aimed to investigate the effect of aPDT with laser or light emitting diode (LED) compared with conventional chlorhexidine treatment on the titanium-attached biofilms ofAggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans.

PHOTOACTIVATED RESVERATROL AGAINST Staphylococcus aureus INFECTION IN MICE.

Among the pathogens, Staphylococcus aureus is the main causative agent of bacterial diseases in the world. In this context, antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) appears as a promising tool by means of microbial inactivation with the use of light. aPDT is applied in treatments involving photosensitizers capable of generating oxygen free radicals. Thus, this work proposes in a pioneering way, the use of resveratrol as a photosensitizer.


Effectiveness of 405-nm blue LED light for degradation of Candida biofilms formed on PMMA denture base resin.

This study investigated (i) the degradation effect of 405-nm blue light-emitting diode (LED) light irradiation on Candida albicans and C. glabrata biofilms formed on denture base resin and (ii) the effects of 405-nm blue LED light irradiation on the mechanical and surface characteristics of the resin. Polymethyl methacrylate denture base resin discs were prepared, and C. albicans or C. glabrata biofilms formed on the denture base resin discs. Each biofilm was irradiated with 405-nm blue LED light under a co...

Different photodynamic effects of blue light with and without riboflavin on methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and human keratinocytes in vitro.

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is an important cause of infections in humans. Photodynamic therapy using blue light (450 nm) could possibly be used to reduce MRSA on different human tissue surfaces without killing the human cells. It could be less harmful than 300-400 nm light or common disinfectants. We applied blue light ± riboflavin (RF) to MRSA and keratinocytes, in an in vitro liquid layer model, and compared the effect to elimination using common disinfection fluids. MRSA diluti...

Antimicrobial efficacy of methylene blue-mediated photodynamic therapy on titanium alloy surfaces in vitro.

Bacterial elimination using antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) has been considered an alternative therapeutic modality in peri-implantitis treatment. The present in vitro study was to evaluate the dose-dependent and pH-dependent bactericidal effects of methylene blue (MB)-mediated aPDT at eliminating Gram-negative (P. gingivalis and A. actinomycetemcomitans) and Gram-positive (S. mutans) bacteria on sandblasting, large-grit and acid-etching (SLA)-pretreated titanium alloy. The effects of different MB...

Sensitivity of Eucalyptus globulus to red and blue light with different combinations and their influence on its efficacy for contaminated soil phytoremediation.

The influence of combined red and blue light on the capacity of Eucalyptus globulus to phytoremediate a metal-polluted soil was evaluated in this study. Five combinations of blue and red light (0%, 10%, 25%, 50% and 100% blue) at the same intensity were used to treat E. globulus, and its biomass generation, metal uptake and water absorption in phytoremediation under different light treatments were assessed. The plant produced significantly more biomass under blue light, regardless of the ratio, than under s...

A fluoride activated methylene blue releasing platform for imaging and antimicrobial photodynamic therapy of human dental plaque.

We report a F- activated methylene blue (MB) releasing platform for imaging and antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT). By utilizing this platform, one of the selected probes, FD-F3, displays a remarkable near-infrared fluorescence and absorption increase towards F- with good selectivity and low detection limit. This probe has been successfully applied for visualizing F- and performing F- activated aPDT in naturally grown human plaque biofilms.

Antimicrobial Photodynamic Therapy with Phenothiazinium Photosensitizers in non-vertebrate model Galleria mellonella infected with Fusarium keratoplasticum and Fusarium moniliforme.

Fusarium keratoplasticum and Fusarium moniliforme are filamentous fungi common in the environment and cause mycosis in both animals and plants. Human infections include mycetoma, keratitis and onychomycosis, while deeper mycosis occurs in immunocompromised patients. Most of the Fusarium spp. are frequently resistant to treatment with currently used antifungals. The frequent occurrence of antifungal resistance has motivated the study of antimicrobial photodynamic therapy as an alternative treatment for funga...

Effect of blue LED light and antioxidants potential in a somatic cell.

Light is an indispensable part of routine laboratory works in which conventional light is generally used. Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) have come to replace the conventional light thus could be a potent target in biomedical studies. Since blue light is a major component of visible light wavelength, in this study, using a somatic cell from African green monkey kidney, we assessed the possible consequences of blue spectra of LED light in future animal experiments and proposed a potent mitigation against light ...

Triggering Mitophagy with Photosensitizers.

One can utilize light illumination to stimulate mitochondrial reactive oxygen species production through the use of mitochondria-specific photosensitizers. By proper tuning of the light dosage, the methodology permits probing of a multitude of mitochondrial damage responses, including mitophagy. This light-controllable trick offers unique opportunities for the investigation of mitophagy-one can spatiotemporally define mitochondrial damage, alter the number of impaired mitochondria, as well as modulate the s...

Effect of Chloroaluminium phthalocyanine in cationic nanoemulsion on photoinactivation of multispecies biofilm.

Photosensitizers in nanocarriers have been investigated for antimicrobial Photodynamic Therapy (aPDT). However, most studies are focused against microorganisms in planktonic or monospecies biofilm. Thus, this in vitro study evaluated the effect of aPDT using Chloroaluminium phthalocyanine (ClAlPc) in cationic nanoemulsion (NE) against Candida albicans, Candida glabrata and Streptococcus mutans grown as multispecies biofilm.

Irradiation by blue light-emitting diode enhances osteogenic differentiation in gingival mesenchymal stem cells in vitro.

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of blue light irradiation on the process of osteogenic differentiation in stem cells. The cells used in this study were derived from human gingival mesenchymal stem cells (hGMSCs), and were treated with 0 (control group), 1, 2, 4 or 6 J/cm blue light using blue light-emitting diodes. Cell growth was assessed by the 3-(4,5-Dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-Diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) cell proliferation assay and osteogenic differentiation was evaluated ...

Changes of microbial cell survival, metabolic activity, efflux capacity, and quorum sensing ability of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans due to antimicrobial photodynamic therapy-induced bystander effects.

The bystander effects, whereby naive (bystander) microbial cells near microbial cells directly exposed to certain treatment show responses that would not have happened in the absence of the directly targeted microbial cells, is recently documented in the field of microbiology. In this article, we discuss that substantial bystander responses are also observed after antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) using curcumin (Cur).

Assays of Protonemal Growth Responses in Physcomitrella patens Under Blue- and Red-Light Stimuli.

The non-seed land plant Physcomitrella patens is a model species for developmental, cellular, and molecular biology studies in mosses and also for performing genetic analyses. Previously, it was shown that wild-type P. patens displays a unique photomorphogenetic behavior, in which chloronemal filaments grow in the opposite direction to a blue-light source. Here, we describe bioassay systems that can be used to study light avoidance responses as well as other aspects of photomorphogenetic regulation in P. pa...

Atomically Precise Bimetallic Nanoclusters as Photosensitizers in Photoelectrochemical Cells.

An atomically precise bimetallic nanocluster, Au24Ag20-(PhCC)20(SPy)4Cl2 (1), is for the first time employed as photosensitizer for photoelectrochemical application. The sensitization of TiO2 nanotube arrays (TNA) with 1 greatly enhances the light harvest ability of the composite, as 1 shows high molar-extinction-coefficient in the UV-Vis region. Compared to a more standard Au25(SG)18 -TNA (2-TNA, SG: Glutathione), 1-TNA shows a much better stability under illumination both in neutral and basic conditions. ...

Quantitative Analysis of Tip Growth, Phototropic Responses, and Other Blue Light-Dependent Photoresponses of Vaucheria.

The coenocytic tip-growing alga Vaucheria exhibits positive and negative phototropism, apical expansion, polarotropism, and branch induction from the illuminated region of the cell, all of which are caused by blue light. The bending response of Vaucheria is a blue light-mediated growth response. Differently from diffuse-growing cells or organs, the apical hemispherical dome of the Vaucheria cell is the site of not only maximum growth activity but also the site of blue light perception. Thence the phototropi...

Adventitious rooting of Chrysanthemum is stimulated by a low red:far-red ratio.

Adventitious rooting, a critical process in the vegetative propagation of many ornamentals, can be affected by both light intensity and light quality. We investigated the use of spectral light quality to improve adventitious rooting of Chrysanthemum morifolium cuttings by applying different combinations of blue, red and far-red light. Additionally, unrooted cuttings were treated before planting with two auxin transport inhibitors (TIBA and NPA) to study the effect of light quality on auxin biosynthesis and/...

Antimicrobial Photodynamic Therapy associated with long term success in endodontic treatment with separated instruments: A case report.

This paper describes a case with a 5- year follow-up of Antimicrobial Photodynamic Therapy (aPDT) associated with long-term success in endodontic treatment in a tooth with separated instruments. The patient presented with a tooth exhibiting a periapical lesion, slight swelling, and severe pain. A radiograph revealed the presence of two separated files in the middle and apical thirds of the mesial root on a lower first molar. Attempts at bypassing were not successful. In the mesial root, instrumentation was ...

Algicidal effect of blue light on pathogenic Prototheca species.

Prototheca spp. are pathogenic algae with important zoonotic potential. Most importantly, these algae often infect dairy cattle. Since there is no effective therapy against the algae, the standard recommendation is the disposal or culling of infected cows to avoid outbreaks. This study investigated the ability of blue light to inactivate pathogenic Prototheca species. Blue LED light (λ = 410 nm) was used to inactivate in vitro suspensions of P. zopfii genotypes 1 and 2, and P. blaschkeae. Our results...

In- vitro-activity of additive application of hydrogen peroxide in antimicrobial photodynamic therapy using LED in the blue spectrum against bacteria and biofilm being associated with periodontal disease.

Although antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) has been shown to be efficient in killing planktonic periodontopathogenic bacteria, its activity on established biofilms is very limited. The aim of the present in-vitro study was to evaluate the potential effect of hydrogen peroxide as a pretreatment for aPDT.

Blue light exacerbates and red light counteracts negative insults to retinal ganglion cells in situ and R28 cells in vitro.

Neurones are dependent on their mitochondria to produce the necessary amounts of ATP for survival. Retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) have a particularly large number of mitochondria which-unlike neurones in the brain-are exposed to visual light of 400-850 nm. Here we demonstrate that short wavelength visual blue light negatively affects mitochondrial function, causing oxidative stress and decreased cell survival. In contrast, long wavelength red light enhances mitochondrial function to increase survival of cu...

Enhancement of corneal epithelium cell survival, proliferation and migration by red light: Relevance to corneal wound healing.

The aim of the present study was to analyse how short wave blue and long wave red light differentially affect corneal epithelial (HCE-2) cells in culture. The corneal epithelium in situ is exposed to more blue light than in the past because of Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) used for indoor lighting and computer, television and phone screens. Compared with cultures maintained in the dark, low intensity blue light, such as that emitted from computer screens, reduced the proliferation rate of HCE-2 cells and c...

Adjunctive antimicrobial photodynamic therapy using methylene blue/ethanol formulation in experimental periodontitis in diabetic rats: short-term results.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of an MB experimental formulation (ethanol 20%) in aPDT used as an adjuvant to scaling and root planing (SRP) in the periodontal treatment of diabetic rats. Forty male Wistar rats received streptozotocin-intraperitonial injections to induce diabetes. After 14 days, 5 animals were allocated in the non-ligate group (NLG), and 35 animals received ligature at the first right mandibular molar to induce periodontitis. After 7 days, the ligature was removed and th...

DWARF4 accumulation in root tips is enhanced via blue light perception by cryptochromes.

Brassinosteroid (BR) signalling is known to be coordinated with light signalling in aboveground tissue. Many studies focusing on the shade avoidance response in aboveground tissue or hypocotyl elongation in darkness have revealed the contribution of the BR signalling pathway to these processes. We previously analysed the expression of DWARF 4 (DWF4), a key BR biosynthesis enzyme, and revealed that light perception in aboveground tissues triggered DWF4 accumulation in root tips. To determine the required wav...


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