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Bone Disease PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Bone Disease articles that have been published worldwide.
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Chronic kidney disease (CKD) adversely affects bone microarchitecture and increases fracture risk. Historically, bone biopsy has been the 'gold standard' for evaluating renal bone disease but is invasive and infrequently performed. High-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) quantifies bone microarchitecture noninvasively. In patients with CKD, it has not been compared with results derived from bone biopsy or with imaging using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA).
Alterations in the gene are a putative cause of Paget's disease of bone, yet results are conflicting about how these mutations impact osteoclasts, the cell type believed to be the main pathological contributor. In this issue of JBC, Zach provide important new evidence that the protein encoded by , p62, negatively regulates osteoclastogenesis and demonstrate that aged p62-deficient mice develop bone phenotypes similar to those of Paget's disease. These findings help to clarify the role of this important pr...
Postmenopausal osteoporosis is a bone metabolism disease that is caused by an imbalance between bone-resorbing osteoclast and bone-forming osteoblast actions. Herein, we describe the role of troxerutin (TRX), a trihydroxyethylated derivative of rutin, in ovariectomy (OVX)-induced osteoporosis and its effects on the regulation of osteoclasts and osteoblasts.
Metabolic bone disease of prematurity is characterised by disordered bone mineralisation and is therefore an increased fracture risk. Preterm infants are especially at risk due to incomplete in utero bone accretion during the last trimester. Currently, diagnosing metabolic bone disease mainly relies on biochemistry and radiographs. Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry and quantitative ultrasound (US) are used less frequently. However, biochemical measurements correlate poorly with bone mineralisation and althou...
Paget's disease of bone is a common bone disorder characterized by disorganized bone remodeling. The most likely etiology is a slow paramyxoviral viral infection in genetically susceptible individuals, however the exact cause is unknown. Enhanced bone resorption due to and increased activity of osteoclasts recruits numerous osteoblasts to resorption sites with large quantities of new bone matrix produced as a result. The accelerated bone resorption and formation are not as closely coupled as in a healthy bo...
Multiple myeloma is a plasma cell malignancy, which develops in the bone marrow and frequently leads to severe bone destruction. Current antiresorptive therapies to treat the bone disease do little to repair damaged bone; therefore, new treatment strategies incorporating bone anabolic therapies are urgently required. We hypothesized that combination therapy using the standard of care antiresorptive zoledronic acid (Zol) with a bone anabolic (anti-TGFβ/1D11) would be more effective at treating myeloma-induc...
Landmark advances in skeletal biology have arisen mainly from the identification of disease-causing mutations and the advent of rapid and selective gene targeting technologies to phenocopy human disease in mice. Here, we discuss work on newly identified mechanisms controlling the remodeling of bone, communication of bone cells with cells of other lineages, and crosstalk between bone and vital organs, as these relate to the therapeutic targeting of the skeleton.
Cortical bone is a significant determinant of bone strength and its deterioration contributes to bone fragility. Thin cortices and increased cortical porosity have been noted in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), but the "Turnover Mineralization Volume" classification of renal osteodystrophy does not emphasize cortical bone as a key parameter. We aimed to assess trabecular and cortical bone microarchitecture by histomorphometry and micro-CT in patients with CKD G5 and 5D (dialysis).
Although bone histology remains the diagnostic standard in renal osteodystrophy (ROD), biomarkers are used more commonly. Data comparing bone biopsy results and biomarkers of bone metabolism remain sparse.
Patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) are at risk for bone fragility from multiple factors including vitamin D deficiency. To date, no studies have evaluated the efficacy and safety of long-term vitamin D therapy for bone disease in children with SCD. We report a cohort of 4 children with SCD found to have severe vitamin D deficiency, secondary hyperparathyroidism, and abnormal bone mineral density treated with monthly high-dose oral cholecalciferol over 2 years. All patients exhibited a positive response...
Measurements of bone markers (BMs) in peripheral blood or urine are a pivotal part of bone research within modern clinical medicine. In recent years the use of BMs increased substantially as they can be useful either to diagnose bone (related) disease and to follow its natural history, but also to monitor the effects of interventions. However, the use of BMs is still complicated mainly due to (pre)analytical variability of these substances, limited accessibility of assays, variable cut-off values in differe...
Bone loss in anorexia nervosa (AN) is multifactorial; its mechanisms are not yet clearly understood and may vary depending on disease duration and severity. To determine to what extent adipokines may be involved in the bone alterations found in anorexic patients, we evaluated plasma levels for leptin, adiponectin and Pref-1 against other clinical and biological parameters in a population of anorexic patients split according to weight and bone status.
Bone remodeling takes place in the bone marrow environment. We investigated if levels of bone turnover markers (BTMs) differ between bone marrow and peripheral blood, if the bone marrow is an independent compartment, and how well the measurements in bone marrow correlate with bone mineral density.
A clinically meaningful impairment of bone mass secondary to malabsorption is frequent in untreated celiac disease. In adult patients, a rigorous gluten-free diet (GFD) significantly improves, but does not always normalize, bone mineral density (BMD). The reason for this marginal response is unclear. Accordingly, we evaluated the role of both local and systemic factors for bone loss in celiac patients on long-term GFD.
Results are consistent with MBC-11 targeting and treating cancer-induced bone lesions by concentrating cytarabine and etidronate at the site of disease.MBC-11 was well tolerated, with an maximum tolerated dose of 5 mg/kg per day and myelosuppression as the principal toxicity.Treatment significantly reduced cancer cell activity in over half of bone lesions detected at baseline.MBC-11 pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic parameters are consistent with the novel drug design goals, and encouraging results warran...
Osteoporosis is a bone metabolic disease that affects mostly post-menopausal women. There has been shown that vitamin K (VK) supplementation during menopause may decrease bone loss as well as risk of bone breaking. Aiming to clarify the beneficial role of VK in bone metabolism during menopause, we investigated mineral metabolism and bone ultrastructure of ovariectomized (OVX) mice.
There is limited information on the impact of recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) on the muscle-bone unit in children with Crohn's disease (CD). In this pilot study, we report on the effects of rhGH on bone formation, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) total body (TB) bone mineral density adjusted for height and lumbar spine (LS) bone mineral apparent density (BMAD), and body composition.
Osteoporosis associated with long-term glucocorticoid therapy remains a common and serious bone disease. In addition, in recent years it has become clear that more subtle states of endogenous glucocorticoid excess may have a major impact on bone health. Adverse effects can be seen with mild systemic glucocorticoid excess but there is also evidence of tissue-specific regulation of glucocorticoid action within bone as a mechanism of disease. This review article will examine a) the role of endogenous glucocort...
Background Almost 30% of the premature infants have low body weight and bone mineral density due to prematurity. There is no consensus of screening premature neonates for metabolic bone disease; therefore, it is important to investigate the use of bone biochemical parameters. Latest studies involved the activity of acetylcholinesterase as a mediator in bone remodeling. It is hypothesized that there is a possible correlation of bone biochemical biomarkers and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity in premature...
Bone scintigraphy is a method of choice in evaluating metastatic disease in patients with prostatic cancer. We describe the case of a 77-year-old man who was subjected to bone scan for evaluation of secondary metastatic disease due to an elevated prostatic-specific antigen level (7.2). Bone scintigraphy demonstrated a huge photopenic area in the left upper abdominal area, as a result of a huge kidney cyst (15 × 13 cm).
cystic fibrosis (CF) is the most common inherited disease in Caucasian population. Nowadays, long survival has led to the emergence of new complications, such as CF bone disease (CFBD), which is characterized by increased fracture risk.
Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) is now a highly curable disease, with an improving 5-year survival rate that has now reached 86%. At the time of presentation, HL is usually almost entirely confined to the lymph nodes. We performed a retrospective single-institution study of 384 cases with a median follow-up of 44 months, with the aim of identifying clinical and radiological characteristics and outcomes of patients with bone HL; 32 patients (8%) had primary bone involvement, always with concurrent nodal disease. The...
To describe the main pathways involved in the interplay between bone and cardiovascular disease and to highlight the possible impact of physical activity and medical nutrition therapy on the bone-vascular axis.
Prediction of Subclinical Coronary Artery Disease With Breast Arterial Calcification and Low Bone Mass in Asymptomatic Women: Registry for the Women Health Cohort for Breast, Bone, and Coronary Artery Disease Study.
This study sought to determine whether evaluations of breast arterial calcification (BAC) and low bone mass (LBM) could improve the ability to predict subclinical coronary artery disease (CAD) in asymptomatic women.
Nephropathic cystinosis is a rare lysosomal storage disorder. Patients present in the first year of life with renal Fanconi syndrome that evolves to progressive chronic kidney disease (CKD). Despite the multiple risk factors for bone disease, the frequency and severity of skeletal disorders in nephropathic cystinosis have not been described. We performed systematic bone and mineral evaluations of subjects with cystinosis seen at the NIH (N = 30), including history and physical examination, serum and uri...