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Brain Behavior Research Foundation PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Brain Behavior Research Foundation articles that have been published worldwide.
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The Brain Trauma Foundation (BTF) guidelines reflect evidence-based best practices in the management of traumatic brain injury (TBI) however compliance varies.
A new study on the zebrafish has discovered a population of forebrain neurons necessary for social orienting, providing a foundation for dissecting social brain networks in this powerful vertebrate model.
Currently no firm consensus exists regarding utilization of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) alone versus whole brain radiation (WBRT) ± SRS in patients with multiple brain metastases. The International Gamma Knife Research Foundation conducted a survey to review international practice patterns.
Increasingly, national governments across the globe are prioritizing investments in neuroscience. Currently, seven active or in-development national-level brain research initiatives exist, spanning four continents. Engaging with the underlying values and ethical concerns that drive brain research across cultural and continental divides is critical to future research. Culture influences what kinds of science are supported and where science can be conducted through ethical frameworks and evaluations of risk. ...
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) management based on Brain Trauma Foundation (BTF) guidelines is widely accepted and thought to improve outcome. The objectives of this study are to provide an overview of adherence to BTF guidelines and to explore which factors influence adherence. We conducted a search of relevant electronic bibliographic databases. Twenty articles met inclusion/exclusion criteria out of 666 papers screened. All were cohort studies. Wide variation in adherence to BTF guidelines was observed wit...
In brain research, the histopathological examination of coronar whole-brain slides provides important insights into spatial disease characteristics. Regarding brain tumor research, this enables visualization of tumor heterogeneity, infiltration patterns and the relationship with the surrounding brain parenchyma. The precise correlation between radiological imaging and post-mortem brains is of special interest.
Brain-control behaviors (BCBs) are behaviors of humans that communicate with external devices by means of human brain rather than peripheral nerves or muscles. In this paper, to understand and simulate such behaviors, we propose a mathematical model by combining a queuing network-based encoding model with a brain-computer interface (BCI) model. Experimental results under the static tests show the effectiveness of the proposed model in simulating real BCBs. Furthermore, we verify the effectiveness and applic...
Sleep is an innate behavior conserved in all animals and, in vertebrates, is regulated by neuronal circuits in the brain. The conventional techniques of forward and reverse genetics have enabled researchers to investigate the molecular mechanisms that regulate sleep and arousal. However, functional interrogation of genes in specific cell subtypes in the brain remains a challenge. Here, we review the background of newly developed gene-editing technologies using engineered CRISPR/Cas9 system and describe the ...
Sleep-disordered breathing is common in individuals with heart failure and may contribute to changes in the brain and decreased cognition. However, limited research has explored how the apnea-hypopnea index contributes to brain structure and cognition in this population. The aims of this study were to explore how the apnea-hypopnea index is associated with brain volume and cognition in heart failure patients.
Ursula Ward, Chief Executive, Florence Nightingale Foundation, email@example.com , describes the role of the foundation and its plans for the future.
Becoming a parent changes our choices and actions. Identifying the underlying neural circuits is necessary to understand the transformation of an animal's behavior post-parenthood. Multiple nodes of the 'parenting circuit' have now been identified to reveal the workings of a single brain region key to the orchestration of parent-specific behaviors.
Although concussion is one of the greatest health challenges today, our physical understanding of the cause of injury is limited. In this Letter, we simulated football head impacts in a finite element model and extracted the most dominant modal behavior of the brain's deformation. We showed that the brain's deformation is most sensitive in low frequency regimes close to 30 Hz, and discovered that for most subconcussive head impacts, the dynamics of brain deformation is dominated by a single global mode. In...
Preliminary research in humans and rodents demonstrates that various probiotic formulations of Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium have a clinical and neurochemical anxiolytic effect on the central nervous system (CNS). Further research is warranted to more extensively examine the theorized connection between the gastrointestinal tract and the CNS; however, initial evidence suggests probiotics affect various mechanisms of the gut-brain connection that modulate anxiety-like behaviors. This article describes th...
Emergent studies suggest a bidirectional relationship between brain functioning and the skin. This neurocutaneous connection may be responsible for the reward response to tanning and, thus, may contribute to excessive tanning behavior. To date, however, this association has not yet been examined.
Psychology and microbiology make unlikely friends, but the past decade has witnessed striking bidirectional associations between intrinsic gut microbes and the brain, relationships with largely untested psychological implications. Although microbe-brain relationships are receiving a great deal of attention in biomedicine and neuroscience, psychologists have yet to join this journey. Here, we illustrate microbial associations with emotion, cognition, and social behavior. However, despite considerable enthusi...
Research on brain oscillations has brought up a picture of coupled oscillators. Some of the most important questions that will be analyzed are, how many frequencies there are, what the coupling principles are, what their functional meaning is, and whether body oscillations follow similar coupling principles. It is argued that physiologically, two basic coupling principles govern brain as well as body oscillations: (i) amplitude (envelope) modulation between any frequencies m and n, where the phase of the sl...
The habenula is a small, mostly underrated structure in the pineal region. Multidisciplinary findings demonstrate an underlying complex connectivity of the habenula with the rest of the brain, subserving its major role in normal behavior and the pathophysiology of depression. These findings suggest the potential application of "habenular psychosurgery" in the treatment of mental disorders.
Being extremely soft, brain tissue is among the most challenging materials to be mechanically quantified. Despite recent advances in mechanical testing of ultra-soft matters, there still exists a need for robust procedures to analyze their behavior at large deformation. In this paper, it is shown how failing to taking into account the precise boundary conditions can result in substantial variation from the "assumed" ideal behavior, even for the case of simple loading conditions such as the uniaxial mode. Fo...
Alongside the exponential flourish of research on age-related trajectories of human brain development during childhood and adolescence in the past two decades, there has been an increase in the body of work examining the association between pubertal development and brain maturation. This review systematically examines empirical research on puberty-related structural and functional brain development in humans, with the aim of identifying convergent patterns of associations. We emphasize longitudinal studies,...
Several concepts, which in the aggregate get might be used to account for "resilience" against age- and disease-related changes, have been the subject of much research. These include brain reserve, cognitive reserve, and brain maintenance. However, different investigators have use these terms in different ways, and there has never been an attempt to arrive at consensus on the definition of these concepts. Furthermore, there has been confusion regarding the measurement of these constructs and the appropriate...