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PubMed Journals Articles About "Burden Disease Children With Respiratory Tract Infections Primary" RSS

05:31 EST 26th February 2020 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Burden disease children with respiratory tract infections primary" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 42,000+

Respiratory Syncytial Virus: Spectrum of Clinical Manifestations and Complications in Children.

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the leading cause of lower respiratory tract infection in infants and young children. Despite its substantial disease burden, no effective vaccine is available. Clinical manifestations of RSV encompass the spectrum of acute upper and lower respiratory tract infection. Hallmarks of the virus are its propensity to progress to lower respiratory disease and to cause disproportionate disease severity at extremes of ages. Acute RSV infection may be complicated by secondary bac...


Respiratory sequelae and quality of life in children one-year after being admitted with a lower respiratory tract infection: A prospective cohort study from a developing country.

Respiratory tract infections in children can result in respiratory sequelae. We aimed to determine the prevalence of, and factors associated with persistent respiratory sequelae 1 year after admission for a lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI).

Human bocavirus infections and co-infections with respiratory syncytial virus and Rotavirus in children with acute respiratory or gastrointestinal disease.

The objective of this study was to determine the frequency and seasonal distributions of HBoV detections among Iranian children presenting with acute respiratory or gastrointestinal symptoms and to compare infections among children with concomitant respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and rotavirus (RV) infections. A cross-sectional study at Mofid Children's Hospital in Tehran, Iran, enrolled children


Evaluation of a clinical decision rule to guide antibiotic prescription in children with suspected lower respiratory tract infection in The Netherlands: A stepped-wedge cluster randomised trial.

Optimising the use of antibiotics is a key component of antibiotic stewardship. Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are the most common reason for antibiotic prescription in children, even though most of these infections in children under 5 years are viral. This study aims to safely reduce antibiotic prescriptions in children under 5 years with suspected lower RTI at the emergency department (ED), by implementing a clinical decision rule.

Attitudes of High Versus Low Antibiotic Prescribers in the Management of Upper Respiratory Tract Infections: a Mixed Methods Study.

Inappropriate antibiotic use for upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) is an ongoing problem in primary care. There is extreme variation in the prescribing practices of individual physicians, which cannot be explained by clinical factors.

Intestinal microbiota dysbiosis in children with recurrent respiratory tract infections.

The impact of the gut microbiota on recurrent respiratory tract infection (RRTI) remains to be fully elucidated.

Aspergillus Infections and Progression of Structural Lung Disease in Children with Cystic Fibrosis.

Recent data show that Aspergillus species are prevalent respiratory infections in children with cystic fibrosis (CF). The biological significance of these infections is unknown.

Comparison of the clinical and laboratory characteristics of pertussis or viral lower respiratory tract infections.

Whooping cough-like respiratory tract infections (WCLRTI) caused by factors other than the Bordetella pertussis are available. Clinical picture is difficult to differentiate between the B. pertussis and viral respiratory infections.

Urinary Tract Infections With Extended-spectrum-β-lactamase-producing Bacteria: Case-control Study.

Urinary tract infections (UTI) are the most common bacterial infections among infants and young children with fever without a source. Extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) have emerged as emerging cause of UTI globally; however, data about risk factors and clinical features of children with ESBL-UTI have been scarce.

Respiratory Conditions: Upper Respiratory Tract Infections.

Upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) include the common cold, rhinosinusitis, pharyngitis, and acute otitis media (AOM). URTIs account for billions of dollars in annual health care costs; acute respiratory tract infections are the most common reason for acute care appointments. Although URTIs typically are viral, these infections are the most common reason for prescription of antibiotics in adults. Recommended therapy for the common cold involves symptom management with over-the-counter drugs, though ...

Evolving Concepts in how Viruses Impact Asthma.

Over the last decade, there have been substantial advances in our understanding about how viral infections regulate asthma (Table 1). Important lessons have been learned from birth cohort studies examining viral infections and subsequent asthma, understanding the relationships between host genetics and viral infections, the contributions of respiratory viral infections to patterns of immune development, the impact of environmental exposure on severity of viral infections, and how the viral genome influences...

The clinical impact of PCR-based point-of-care diagnostic in respiratory tract infections in children.

Children are commonly affected by respiratory tract infections. Based on clinical symptoms, laboratory evaluation, and imaging, the causative pathogen often cannot be delineated. Point-of-care-testing systems that provide an opportunity for fast detection of common viruses and some bacteria can therefore influence treatment's options. We aimed to examine whether the Biofire® FilmArray® has an effect on antibiotic treatment, duration of antibiotic therapy, and length of hospital stay within a pediatric coh...

Detection and clinical characteristics analysis of respiratory viruses in hospitalized children with acute respiratory tract infections by a GeXP-based multiplex-PCR assay.

The information regarding viral epidemiology and clinical characteristics in hospitalized children with acute respiratory tract infection (ARTI) in central Fujian is limited. In this study, we aimed at analyzing the viral epidemiology and clinical characteristics of ARTI in hospitalized children admitted to The First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University.

Acute Lower Respiratory Infections Associated With Respiratory Syncytial Virus in Children With Underlying Congenital Heart Disease: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most common viral pathogen associated with acute lower respiratory infections (ALRIs), with significant childhood morbidity and mortality worldwide. Estimates reporting RSV-associated ALRI (RSV-ALRI) severity in children with congenital heart disease (CHD) are lacking, thus warranting the need to summarize the available data. We identified relevant studies to summarize the findings and conducted a meta-analysis of available data on RSV-associated ALRI hospitalization...

Prevalence and contribution of respiratory viruses in the community to rates of emergency department visits and hospitalizations with respiratory tract infections, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma.

The individual and combined contribution of viral prevalence in the community to Emergency Department (ED) visits and hospitalizations with respiratory tract infections (RTIs), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma is unclear.

Epidemiology of urological infections: a global burden.

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are among the most frequent infections in clinical practice worldwide. Their frequency and burden must be higher than available data suggest because they are not among mandatory diseases to be notified.

Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae nasopharyngeal molecular detection in children with acute respiratory tract infection in SANADOR Hospital, Romania.

Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae are both commensals of the human nasopharynx with a high capacity to cause upper and lower respiratory tract infections.

Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections in Children 0-24 Months of Age in the Community.

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a major cause of hospitalization in young children, but there are little data on RSV infections in early childhood in the community. We conducted a prospective population-based birth-cohort study to determine the rates and characteristics of RSV infections in young children.

Rhinovirus C Is Associated With Severe Wheezing and Febrile Respiratory Illness in Young Children.

Rhinovirus is the most common virus causing respiratory tract illnesses in children. Rhinoviruses are classified into species A, B and C. We examined the associations between different rhinovirus species and respiratory illness severity.

Respiratory failure and death in vulnerable premature children with lower respiratory tract illness.

Efforts to better understand the risk factors associated with respiratory failure (RF) and fatal LRTI in premature children in developing countries are necessary to elaborate evidenced-based preventive interventions. We aim to characterize the burden of RSV and hMPV LRTI in premature children and determine risk factors for RF and fatal illness in a vulnerable population.

Antibiotic prescription rate for upper respiratory tract infections in general practice - a Croatian study.

Aim Acute upper respiratory tract infections are the most common indication for antibiotic prescribing in primary care. The frequency of antibiotics prescribed to patients with upper respiratory tract infections has been studied. Methods A cross-sectional survey has been conducted from October to December 2017 with participation of 17 General Practices in Croatia. Visits of patients with symptoms of upper respiratory tract infections made the survey framework. A specially structured questionnaire was a tool...

Viral etiology of acute respiratory infections in children in Southern Iran.

Prevalence of influenza A virus (Flu-A), respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), and human metapneumovirus (hMPV) was assessed in children with acute respiratory infections (ARIs).

Performance evaluation of the Panther Fusion® respiratory tract panel.

Respiratory tract infections are among the most common infections during winter season. Rapid diagnostics is required for clinical decision making regarding isolation of patients and appropriate therapy.

Risk Factors for Influenza Virus Related Severe Lower Respiratory Tract Infection in Children.

Influenza virus is one of the most common respiratory pathogens for all age groups and may cause seasonal outbreaks. Our aim was to identify risk groups and factors associated with severe clinical course including mortality in children with influenza-related lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI).

Observational study of the effects of upper respiratory tract infection on hydration status.

A frequent treatment recommendation during acute respiratory infection is to increase fluid intake. This is the first study to investigate whether upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) such as common cold can lead to dehydration, as commonly believed by the public.


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