PubMed Journals Articles About "Bystander Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Long Term Outcomes Hospital Cardiac" RSS

06:48 EDT 24th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation long term outcomes hospital cardiac" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 20,000+

Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation and long-term outcomes in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest according to location of arrest.

Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) has increased in several countries following nationwide initiatives to facilitate bystander resuscitative efforts in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). We examined the importance of public or residential location of arrest on temporal changes in bystander CPR and outcomes.

When is a bystander not a bystander any more? A European Survey.

There is international variation in the rates of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). 'Bystander CPR' is defined in the Utstein definitions, however, differences in interpretation may contribute to the variation reported. The aim of this cross-sectional survey was to understand how the term 'bystander CPR' is interpreted in Emergency Medical Service (EMS) across Europe, and to contribute to a better definition of 'bystander' for future reference.

Interventions to improve the quality of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation: A systematic review.

Performing high-quality bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) improves the clinical outcomes of victims with sudden cardiac arrest. Thus far, no systematic review has been performed to identify interventions associated with improved bystander CPR quality.

Impact of prehospital physician-led cardiopulmonary resuscitation on neurologically intact survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a nationwide population-based observational study.

The impact of prehospital physician care for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) on long-term neurological outcome is unclear. We aimed to determine the association between emergency medical services (EMS) physician-led cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) versus paramedic-led CPR and neurologically intact survival after OHCA.

Effect of National Implementation of Telephone CPR Program to Improve Outcomes from Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: an Interrupted Time-Series Analysis.

In cardiac arrest, the survival rate increases with the provision of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), of which the initial response and treatment are critical. Telephone CPR is among the effective methods that might increase the provision of bystander CPR. This study aimed to describe and examine the improvement of neurological outcomes in individuals with out-of-hospital acute cardiac arrest by implementing the nationwide, standardized telephone CPR program.

Application of mechanical cardiopulmonary resuscitation devices and their value in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: A retrospective analysis of the German Resuscitation Registry.

Cardiac arrest is an event with a limited prognosis which has not substantially changed since the first description of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in 1960. A promising new treatment approach may be mechanical CPR devices (mechanical CPR).

Duration of CPR and impact on 30-day survival after ROSC for in-hospital cardiac arrest-a Swedish cohort study.

Resuscitation on in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) is estimated to occur in 200,000 hospitalised patients annually in the US. The duration of the resuscitation attempt, measured as minutes of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), and its impact on survival remains unknown.

Differences in durations, adverse events, and outcomes of in-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation between day-time and night-time: An observational cohort study.

Although patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) have a lower survival rate during night-time than during day-time, the cause of this difference remains unclear. We aimed to assess CPR parameters according to time period based on in-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation (IHCPR) duration and the frequency of iatrogenic chest injuries among OHCA patients.

Association between County-level Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Training and Changes in Survival Outcomes after Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest over 5 years: A Multilevel Analysis.

Associations between neighbourhood environments and survival outcomes after out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCAs) have been proposed. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between county-level cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training rates and improvements in survival outcomes after OHCA over 5 years.

A 5-year change of knowledge and willingness by sampled respondents to perform bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation in a metropolitan city.

Nationwide and regional interventions can help improve bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) awareness, knowledge, and the willingness. Periodic community investigation will help monitor the effect. This study aimed to compare the experience of CPR education, CPR knowledge, and CPR willingness, during a 5-year interval.

Hospitals' extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation capabilities and outcomes in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a population-based study.

Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) is the emerging resuscitative strategy to save refractory ventricular fibrillation (VF) or pulseless ventricular tachycardia (VT) patients. We investigated whether the receiving hospitals' ECPR capabilities are associated with outcomes in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients who have refractory VF or pulseless VT.

Effect analysis of abdominal compression-decompression device in patients with cardiopulmonary resuscitation in pre-hospital first aid.

To investigate the effect of active abdominal compression-decompression cardiopulmonary resuscitation (AACD-CPR) in patients with pre-hospital respiratory and cardiac arrest.

A novel technique to assess the quality of ventilation during pre-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

Devices that measure ventilation in the pre-hospital setting are deficient especially during early cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) before placement of an advanced airway. Consequently, evidence is limited regarding the role of ventilation during early CPR and its effect on outcomes.

New Molecular Aspects of Cardiac Arrest; Promoting Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Approaches.

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a method to improve survival of patients with cardiac arrest. This study aimed to identify the key genes affected five minutes after cardiac arrest, hoping to elevate the efficacy of CPR.

Extracorporeal Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: One-Year Survival and Neurobehavioral Outcome Among Infants and Children With In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.

To describe neurobehavioral outcomes and investigate factors associated with survival and survival with good neurobehavioral outcome 1 year after in-hospital cardiac arrest for children who received extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

Outcome of exercise-related out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is dependent on location: Sports arenas vs outside of arenas.

The chance of surviving an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) seems to be increased if the cardiac arrests occurs in relation to exercise. Hypothetically, an exercise-related OHCA at a sports arena would have an even better prognosis, because of an increased likelihood of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and higher availability of automated external defibrillators (AEDs). The purpose of the study was to compare survival rates between exercise-related OHCA at sports arenas versus outside of s...

Blood in the airway and bystander Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation.

Incidence, Predictors, Causes, and Costs of 30-Day Readmission after In-Hospital Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation in the United States.

Readmissions after in-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ICPR) are common and contribute to increased health care utilization and costs. This study aimed to estimate the burden and patterns of 30-day readmission after ICPR from the US Nationwide Readmission Database (NRD).

Capnography during cardiac arrest.

Successful resuscitation from cardiac arrest depends on provision of adequate blood flow to vital organs generated by cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Measurement of end-tidal expiratory pressure of carbon dioxide (ETCO) using capnography provides a noninvasive estimate of cardiac output and organ perfusion during cardiac arrest and can therefore be used to monitor the quality of CPR and predict return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). In clinical observational studies, mean ETCO levels in patients wit...

The association between long-term glycaemic control, glycaemic gap and neurological outcome of in-hospital cardiac arrest in diabetics: A retrospective cohort study.

Resuscitation guidelines do not recommend a target blood glucose (BG) level specifically tailored for diabetics experiencing an in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA). The glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) level may be associated with neurological prognosis and used to identify the optimal BG level for diabetic IHCA patients.

Machine learning as a supportive tool to recognize cardiac arrest in emergency calls.

Emergency medical dispatchers fail to identify approximately 25% of cases of out of hospital cardiac arrest, thus lose the opportunity to provide the caller instructions in cardiopulmonary resuscitation. We examined whether a machine learning framework could recognize out-of-hospital cardiac arrest from audio files of calls to the emergency medical dispatch center.

Long-term neurological outcomes in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients treated with targeted-temperature management.

This study aimed to assess long-term cognitive and functional outcomes in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients treated with targeted-temperature management, investigate the existence of prognostic factors that could be assessed during initial admission and evaluate the usefulness of classic neurological scales in this clinical scenario.

Perception of inappropriate cardiopulmonary resuscitation by clinicians working in emergency departments and ambulance services: the REAPPROPRIATE international, multi-centre, cross sectional survey.

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is often started irrespective of comorbidity or cause of arrest. We aimed to determine the prevalence of perception of inappropriate CPR of the last cardiac arrest encountered by clinicians working in emergency departments and out-of-hospital, factors associated with perception, and its relation to patient outcome.

Low-flow time is associated with a favorable neurological outcome in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients resuscitated with extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the prognostic factors in extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) patients and to assess their accuracy as predictors of a favorable neurological outcome.

Cost-Utility of Extracorporeal Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation in Patients with Cardiac Arrest.

Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) is a resource-intensive tool that provides haemodynamic and respiratory support in patients who have suffered cardiac arrest. In this study, we investigated the cost-utility of ECPR (cost/QALY) in cardiac arrest patients treated at our institution.

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