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PubMed Journals Articles About "Cannabinoid Induces Cell Cycle Arrest Apoptosis Inhibits Proliferation" RSS

15:28 EDT 18th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Cannabinoid Induces Cell Cycle Arrest Apoptosis Inhibits Proliferation PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Cannabinoid Induces Cell Cycle Arrest Apoptosis Inhibits Proliferation articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Cannabinoid induces cell cycle arrest apoptosis inhibits proliferation" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 31,000+

Cannabinoid WIN 55,212-2 induces cell cycle arrest and apoptosis, and inhibits proliferation, migration, invasion, and tumor growth in prostate cancer in a cannabinoid-receptor 2 dependent manner.

Cannabinoids have demonstrated anticarcinogenic properties in a variety of malignancies, including in prostate cancer. In the present study, we explored the anti-cancer effects of the synthetic cannabinoid WIN 55,212-2 (WIN) in prostate cancer.


Cadmium induces apoptotic program imbalance and cell cycle inhibitor expression in cultured human astrocytes.

Cadmium is a highly neurotoxic heavy metal impairing neurogenesis and induces neurodegenerative disorders. Toxic concentrations of cadmium induce astrocytic apoptosis by depleting intracellular glutathione levels, elevating intracellular calcium levels, altering mitochondria membrane potentials, and activating JNK and PI3K/Akt signaling pathways. Cadmium suppresses cell proliferation in kidney epithelial cells, lung fibroblasts, and primary myelocytes; however, cadmium's effects on proteins regulating oxida...

Sophocarpine inhibits the growth of gastric cancer cells via autophagy and apoptosis.

Sophocarpine is one of the major ingredients of Sophorae flavescentis which could inhibits many kinds of cancers. However, the effect of sophocarpine on gastric cancer (GC) and the mechanism involved remain unknown. The present study aims to explore the effects of the sophocarpine on the proliferation and apoptosis of GC cells and elucidates the relevant molecular mechanisms. After treatment with sophocarpine, GC cells were evaluated on their proliferation, autophagy, cell cycle progress and apoptosis. The ...


Adenosine diphosphate-sensitive P2Y11 receptor inhibits endothelial cell proliferation by induction of cell cycle arrest in the S phase and induces the expression of inflammatory mediators.

Extracellular adenosine diphosphate (ADP) mediates a wide range of physiological effects as an extracellular signaling molecule, including platelet aggregation, vascular tone, cell proliferation, and apoptosis by interacting with plasma membrane P2 receptors. However, the effect of ADP on cell proliferation was contradictory. In this study, we found that ADP significantly inhibited cell proliferation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells at high concentrations (50 to 100 µM). Treatment with ADP did n...

MicroRNA-140-5p suppresses retinoblastoma cell growth via inhibiting c-Met/AKT/mTOR pathway.

MiR-140-5p is low expression and acts as a tumor suppressor in various types of human cancers. However, the potential role of miR-140-5p in retinoblastoma (RB) remains unknown. In this study, we performed the miRNA microarray analysis to investigate miRNAs expression are associated with RB tumorigenesis in RB tissues. We found that a large set of miRNAs were ectopic expressions and miR-140-5p is the most significantly downregulated in human RB tissues compared with normal retinas. In addition, low miR-140-5...

Antifibrotic Agent Pirfenidone Suppresses Proliferation of Human Pancreatic Cancer Cells by Inducing G0/G1 Cell Cycle Arrest.

Pirfenidone (PFD), which is an antifibrotic agent used for treatment of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, induces G0/G1 cell cycle arrest in fibroblasts. We hypothesized that PFD-induced G0/G1 cell cycle arrest might be achieved in other types of cells, including cancer cells. Here we investigated the effects of PFD on the proliferation of pancreatic cancer cells (PCCs) in vitro.

Gambogenic acid inhibits the proliferation of small‑cell lung cancer cells by arresting the cell cycle and inducing apoptosis.

Gambogenic acid (GNA), which is an important active compound present in gamboge, exerts anticancer activity in various types of tumor cells. However, the effect of GNA on small‑cell lung cancer (SCLC) cell lines and the underlying mechanism involved still remain unclear. In the present study, GNA inhibited the proliferation and cell cycle progression of SCLC cells. GNA also promoted the apoptosis of SCLC cells in a dose‑dependent manner, which is associated with modulating the levels of proteins involve...

Effects of 9-cis-retinoic acid on the proliferation and apoptosis of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma cells.

The vitamin A derivative 9-cis-retinoic acid (9-cis-RA) has been used for the treatment and prevention of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL). However, the precise mechanism by which 9-cis-RA treatment ameliorates CTCL remains elusive. Our research shows that 9-cis-RA inhibits proliferation and induces apoptosis in CTCL cells in a dose-dependent and time-dependent manner. 9-Cis-RA also induced G0/G1 cell cycle arrest by downregulation of cyclin D1. We confirmed that 9-cis-RA significantly decreased phosphoryla...

Xanthohumol inhibits cell proliferation and induces apoptosis in human thyroid cells.

The cell growth inhibitory potential of xanthohumol (XN), a natural prenylflavonoid present in hops and beer, on human papillary thyroid cancer cells is reported. We demonstrate that XN decreases the proliferation of TPC-1 cancer cells in a dose and time dependent manners. At low concentration (10 μM) XN was shown to significantly inhibit carcinogenesis by a mechanism that stops or slows down cell division, preserving the viability of the cells. At higher concentration (100 μM) a decrease of cell viab...

Glycogen synthase kinase-3 inhibition in glioblastoma multiforme cells induces apoptosis, cell cycle arrest and changing biomolecular structure.

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most malignant and aggressive primary human brain tumors. The regulatory pathways of apoptosis are altered in GBMs, leading to a survival advantage of the tumor cells. Thus, identification of target molecules, which are effective in triggering of the cell death mechanisms in GBM, is an essential strategy for therapeutic purposes. Glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) plays an important role in apoptosis, proliferation and cell cycle. This study focused on the effect of GSK-...

Loss of Peter Pan protein is associated with cell cycle defects and apoptotic events.

The nucleolus is a subnuclear compartment, which governs ribosome biogenesis. Moreover, it functions as hub in the stress response by orchestrating a variety of processes, such as regulation of cell cycle progression, senescence and apoptosis. Emerging evidence links the nucleolus also to the control of genomic stability and the development of human malignancies. Peter Pan (PPAN) is an essential ribosome biogenesis factor localized to nucleoli and mitochondria. We earlier showed that PPAN depletion triggers...

Cantharidin Inhibits Anti-Apoptotic Bcl-2 Family Proteins and Induces Apoptosis in Human Osteosarcoma Cell Lines MG-63 and MNNG/HOS via Mitochondria-Dependent Pathway.

BACKGROUND Cantharidin (CTD) is one of the major active ingredients of blister beetles and has significant antitumor activity in many cancer cell lines. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effect of CTD on the apoptosis of human osteosarcoma cells MG-63 and MNNG/HOS, and to explore the possible molecular mechanism. MATERIAL AND METHODS Osteosarcoma cells MG-63 and MNNG/HOS were treated with varying concentrations of CTD. The proliferation inhibition of cells was detected by MTS. Flow cytometry and Hoec...

JNK-dependent cell cycle stalling in G2 promotes survival and senescence-like phenotypes in tissue stress.

The restoration of homeostasis after tissue damage relies on proper spatial-temporal control of damage-induced apoptosis and compensatory proliferation. In imaginal discs these processes are coordinated by the stress response pathway JNK. We demonstrate that JNK signaling induces a dose-dependent extension of G2 in tissue damage and tumors, resulting in either transient stalling or a prolonged but reversible cell cycle arrest. G2-stalling is mediated by downregulation of the G2/M-specific phosphatase Strin...

Inhibition of JAK2/STAT3 Signaling Pathway Suppresses Proliferation of Burkitt's Lymphoma Raji Cells via Cell Cycle Progression, Apoptosis, and Oxidative Stress by Modulating HSP70.

BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the JAK2/STAT3 pathway on the proliferation, cell cycle distribution, apoptosis, and oxidative stress of Raji cells via regulating HSP70 expression. MATERIAL AND METHODS Raji cells were divided into Blank, HSP70 siRNA, NC siRNA, AG490 (a JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway inhibitor), and HSP70 siRNA + rh JAK2 (recombinant human JAK2) groups. HSP70 expression was detected by quantitative real-time reverse transcription-PCR (qRT-PCR); the expression ...

Chidamide-induced ROS accumulation and miR-129-3p-dependent cell cycle arrest in non-small lung cancer cells.

Epigenetic therapy is a promising popular treatment modality for various cancers. Histone modification and miRNA should not be underestimated in lung cancer. This study aimed to investigate whether chidamide, a histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACi), which inhibits telomerase activity and induces cell cycle arrest, influences ROS and miRNA production in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells.

Icariside II induces cell cycle arrest and differentiation via TLR8/MyD88/p38 pathway in acute myeloid leukemia cells.

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a devastating hematological malignancy, characterized by differentiation arrest and unscheduled proliferation of immature cells of the myeloid lineage. Inducing AML cell differentiation has emerged as a promising therapeutic strategy for the therapy of AML. Icariside II, an active component of Herba Epimedii, has been well defined to promote osteogenic differentiation. However, the differentiation-inducing effect of Icariside II on AML cells has not been explored. In this stu...

Dioscin-6'-O-acetate inhibits lung cancer cell proliferation via inducing cell cycle arrest and caspase-dependent apoptosis.

Lung cancer is the leading cause of global cancer-related mortality. Dioscin-6'-O-acetate (DA), a novel natural steroidal saponin, was firstly isolated from the rhizomes of Dioscorea althaeoides R. Knuth. Until now, there were no studies on its pharmacological activities.

Mahanimbine Exerts Anticancer Effects on Human Pancreatic Cancer Cells by Triggering Cell Cycle Arrest, Apoptosis, and Modulation of AKT/Mammalian Target of Rapamycin (mTOR) and Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription 3 (STAT3) Signalling Pathways.

BACKGROUND Pancreatic cancer causes tremendous mortality across the globe mainly due to late diagnosis and unavailability of efficient chemotheruptic agents. In the current study the anticancer potential of a plant derived alkaloid, Mahanimbine, was examined against a panel of pancreatic cancer cells. MATERIAL AND METHODS The cell proliferation was determined by MTT assay. Annexin V/PI and DAPI staining were performed to detect apoptosis. Cell cycle distribution was investigated by flow cytometery. Cell mig...

Hesperidin Induces ROS-Mediated Apoptosis along with Cell Cycle Arrest at G2/M Phase in Human Gall Bladder Carcinoma.

A natural predominant flavonoid hesperidin rich in citrus fruits exhibits multifunctional medicinal properties. The anticancerous potential of hesperidin has been widely explored; however, the gall bladder carcinoma (GBC) still remains untouched due to the unavailability of efficient experimental model. The aim of our study was to identify the apoptotic and antiproliferative potential of hesperidin in GBC. The promising efficacy of hesperidin was assessed through the generation of reactive oxygen species (R...

Effects of miR-155 on hypertensive rats via regulating vascular mesangial hyperplasia.

Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) excessive proliferation is related to hypertension. The cell cycle inhibitory factor (p27) can arrest cell cycle, while its down-regulation is associated with hypertension. It is found that microRNA-155 (miR-155) plays a regulatory role in VSMC proliferation, while its relationship with hypertension is still unclear. Bioinformatics analysis reveals the targeted relationship between miR-155 and the 3'-UTR of p27 mRNA. This study aims to explore the role of miR-155 in regula...

NPS - 2143 (hydrochloride) inhibits melanoma cancer cell proliferation and induces autophagy and apoptosis.

Melanoma is a common and aggressive skin cancer caused by the oncogenic transformation of melanocytes. NPS-2143 (hydrochloride) is a calcification drug that acts as an antagonist of the calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) and consequently stimulates the release of parathyroid hormone. In the present work, we treated cells from the human melanoma cell line M14 to investigate the effects of NPS-2143 on melanoma cells and elucidate their underlying mechanisms. We observed that NPS-2143 inhibits the survival and pr...

MiR-31-5p promotes the cell growth, migration and invasion of colorectal cancer cells by targeting NUMB.

The aim of this study was to investigate the role and specific molecular mechanism of miR-31-5 in colorectal cancer. The relative expression of miR-31-5p and NUMB in colorectal cancer tissues was analyzed by qRT-PCR. To knock down the expression of miR-31-5p, the transfection of miR-31-5p inhibitor was performed. The transfection with miR-31-5p mimic was used for miR-31-5p overexpression and pcDNA3.0-NUMB plasmid was used for NUMB overexpression. CCK-8 assay was used to analyze the cell proliferation. Flow ...

Knockdown of lncRNA XIST inhibits retinoblastoma progression by modulating the miR-124/STAT3 axis.

Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) X-inactive specific transcript (XIST) was reportedly to be tightly associated with tumorigenesis and progression of multiple cancers. However, the expression, biological function, and action mechanisms of XIST in retinoblastoma (RB) are still unknown. Here, we found that XIST expression was upregulated in RB tissues and cell lines, and that increased XIST expression was positively associated with advanced cTNM stage (III-V) and late differentiation status. We also revealed that ...

Oxidative stress, apoptosis and abnormal expression of apoptotic protein and gene and cell cycle arrest in the cecal tonsil of broilers induces by dietary methionine deficiency.

Methionine (Met) is often called the first limiting amino acid in birds. Broilers have high requirement for Met, so they are at high risk of Met deficiency. The aims of the present research is to study the effects of Met deficiency on the histomorphological changes, antioxidant functions, apoptosis and cell cycle in the cecum tonsil of broilers. A batch of 120 one-day-old Cobb broilers in total are divided into two groups and fed on a Met deficiency diet or a control diet for six weeks, followed by analysis...

Mukonal Inhibits Cell Proliferation, Alters Mitochondrial Membrane Potential and Induces Apoptosis and Autophagy in Human CNE1 Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Cells.

BACKGROUND Nasopharyngeal carcinoma results in high patient morbidity and mortality, due to early metastasis, and toxicity due to chemotherapy. Mukonal is plant-derived carbazole alkaloid that has been used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat several types of cancer. This study aimed to investigate the effects of mukonal on cell proliferation, apoptosis, autophagy, and the mitochondrial membrane potential of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells in vitro. MATERIAL AND METHODS CNE1 human nasopharyngeal carcino...


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